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3. Witch. Thou shalt get Kipgs, though thou be none; So, all bail, Macbeth and Banquo!

1. Witch. Banquo and Macbeth, all hail !

Macb. Stay, you imperfect speakers, tell me more:
By Sinel's 36) death, I know, I am Thane of Glamis;
But how of Cawdor ? the Thane of Cawdor lives,
A prosperous gentleman; and to be king,
Siands not within the prospect of belief,
No more than to be Cawdor. Say, from whence
You owe this strange intelligence ? or why,
Upon ibis blasted heath you stop our way
With such prophetick greeting? – Speak, I charge you,

[Witches vanish.]
Ban. The earth hath bubbles, as the water has;
And these are of them. - Whither are they vanish'd ?

Macb. Into the air; and what seem'd corporal, melted
As breath into the wind. 'Would they had staid!

Ban. Were such things bere, as we do spouk about?
Or have we eaten of the insane root *?),
That takes the reason prisoner ?

Macb. Your children shall be Kings.
Ban.

You shall be King.,
Macb. And Thane of Cawdor 100; went it not so?
Ban. To the self- same' tune, and words. Who's here?

Enter Rosse and Angus.
Rosse. The King. liath happily receiv'd, Macbeth,
The news of thy success: and when he reads
Thy personal venture in the rebels' fight,
His wonders and his praises do contend,'
Which would be thine, or his 38). Silenc'd with that 39).
In viewing o'er the rest o' the self-san

same day, He finds thee in the stout Norweyan ranks, Nothing afеard of what thyself didst make,

36) Sinel, the father of Macbeth. Pope. 37) Shakspeare alludes to the qualities anciently ascribed to hemlock. Steevens.

Holingshed informs us that Dúncn sent the Danes wine mingled with berries of a soporific quality, and murdered them. 38) is e private admiration of your deeds, and a desire to do them pullick justice by commendation, romiend in his mind for preeminence. Steevens. 39) Silenc'd with that i. e. wrapp'd in silent wonder at the deeds performed by Macbeth. Malone

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Strange images of death. As thick as tale,

with
post

and every one did bear
Thy praises in his kingdom's great defence,
And pour'd them down before him.
Ang

We are sent,
To give thee, from our royal master, thanks;
To herald thee into his sight, not pay thee.

Rosse. And for an earnest of a greater honour,
He bade me, from him, call thee Thane of Cawdor:
In which addition, hail, most worthy Thane!
For it is thine.

Ban. What, can the devil speak true?

Macb. The Thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress me
In borrow'd robes ?
Ang.

Who was the Thane, lives ret;
But under heavy judgement bears that life,
Which he deserves to lose. Whether he was
Combin'd with Norway; or did line the rebel
With hidden help and vantage, or that with both
He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not:
But treasons capital, confess'd, and prov'd,
Have overthrown him.
Macb.

Glamis, and Thane of Cawdor!
The greatest is behind.

Thanks for your pains. –
Do you not_hope, your children shall be kings?
When those, that gave the Thane of 'Cawdor to me,
Promis'd no less to them?
Ban.

That, trusted home (1),
Might yet enkindle *) you unto the crown,
Besides the Thane of Cawdor. But 'tis strange:
And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
The instruments of darkness tell us truth;
Win us with honest trifles, to betray us
In deepest consequence,
Cousins, a word, I pray you.
Macb.

Two truths are told,

*) That is, posts arrived as fast as they could be counted. Johnson As thick, in ancient language signified as fast. Stee

trusted home i. e. entirely, thoroughly relied on. Steevens. 42) enkindle, for to stimulate you to seek. Wasburton.

vens.

As happy prologues to the swelling act
Of ihe imperial theme. I thank you, gentlemen.
This supernatural soliciting *3)
Cannot be ill, cannot be good.

If ill,
Why hath it given me earnest of success,
Commencing in a truth? I am Thane of Cawdor:
If good, why do I yield to that suggestion *4),
Whose horrid image doih unfis my hair,
And make my seated 4s) heart knock at my ribs
Against the use of nature ? Present fears
Are less than horrible imaginings.
My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,
Shakes so my single state of man *), that function
Is smother'd in surmise *?); and nothing is,
Bui what is not +8).
Ban.

Look, how our partner 's rapt!
Macb. If chance will have me king, why, chance may

crown me, Without

my

stir.
Ban. . New honours come upon him ,
Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mould,
But with the aid of use.
Macb.

Come what come may,
Time and the hour *9) runs through the roughest day.

Ban. Worthy Macbeth, we stay upen your leisure.
Macb. Give me your favour 50):. my dull brain was

wrought 51) With things forgot. Kind gentlemen, your pains Are registred where every day I turn

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* }) soliciting i. e. incitement. Johnson. * 4) suggestion i. e. temptation. Steevens. 45) seated i. e. firmly placed, fixed. Steerens. 40) Double and single anciently signified strong and weak. The single state of Macbeth may therefore signify his weak and debile state of mind. Steevens. *?) surmise is speculation, conjecture concerning the futúre. Malone.

*8) all powers of aciion are oppressed and crushed by one overwhelming image ja The mind, and morbing is present to me, but that wbich is really future. Of things now about me I have no perception being insent wholly on that which has yet no existence. +9) Time and the hour is ime with his hours. Steerens. so) favour, in dulgence, pardon. Steeve n 8, 51) i. e. my head was worked, agitated, put into commotion. Johnson.

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The leaf to read them 52). Let us toward the King;
Think
upon

what hath chanc'd; and at more time,
The interim having weiglı'd it 53), let us speak
Our free hearts each to other.
Ban.

Very gladly. · Macb. Till then enough: come, friends. [Exeunt.]

SCENE Iv.

Fores. A Rooin in the Palace.
Flourish. Enter Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, Lenox and

Attendants.
Dun. Is execution done on Cawdor? Are not
Those in commission yet return'd ?
Mal.

My liege,
They

are not yet come back. But I have spoke
With one that saw him die: who did report,
That very frankly he confess'd his treasons;
Implor'd your biglmess' pardon; and set forih
A deep repentance; nothing in his life
Became him, like the leaving 'it; he died,
As one, that had been studied 54) in his death,
To throw away the dearest thing he ow'd,
As 'twere a careless trifle 55).
Dun.

There's no art,
To find the mind's construction in the face 56).
He was a

gentleman, on, whom I built An absolute trust. O worthiest cousin!

53

Or

It was

52) He means, that they are enregistered in the table-book of his heart. Malone.

The interim having weigh'd it. This intervening portion of time is almost personified: it is represented as a cool impartial judge; as the pauser Reason. perhaps we should read: ľth' inierim. Steevens. I believe, The interim is used adverbially: you having weighed it in the in terim. Malone. 5*) Instructed in the art of dying; usual to say studied, for learned in science. Johns o n.55) The behaviour of the Thane of Cawdor corresponds in almost every circumstance with that of the unfortunale earl of Essex. Such an allusion could not fail of having the desired effect on an audience, many of whom were eye-witnesses to the severity of that justice which deprived the age of one of its greatest ornaments, and Southampton, Shakspeare's patron, of his dearest friend. Sier

56) The meaning is: We cannot construe or discover the disposition of the mind by the lineaments of the face. Malone.

Vens.

Enter Macbeth, Banquo, Rasse and Angus.
The sia of my ingratitude even now
Was heayy on me.

Thou art so far before,
That swiftest wing of recompense is slow,
To overtake thee. 'Would thou 'dst less deserv'd,
That the proportion both of thanks and payment
Mybe have been mine! only I have left to say,
More is thy due than more than all can pay 5?).

Macb. The service and the loyalty I owe,
In doing it, pays itself. Your highness' part
Is to receive our duties: and our duties
Are to your throne and state, children and servants ;
Which do, but what they should, by doing every thing,
Safe toward your love and honour 38).
Dun.

Welcome hither:
I have begun to plant thee, and will labour
To inake thee full of growing 59). - Noble Banquo,
Thou hast no less deserv'd, and must be known
No less to have done so: let me infold thee
And hold thee to my heart.
Ban.
.

There if I grow,
The harvest is your own.
Dun.

My plenteous joys,
Wanton in fulness, seek to hide themselves
In drops of sorrow. Sons, kinsmen, Thanes,
And

you whose places are the nearest, know,
We will establislı our estate upoii
Our eldest, Malcolin, whoin we name hereafter
The Prince of Cumberland: which honour must,
Not unaccompanied, invest him only,
But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine
Ou all deservers. Hence to Inverness 60),
And bind us further to you.

5?) More is due to thee, than, I will not say all, but, more than all, i. e. the greatest recompence, can pay. Malone. 58) Read

Safe (i. e. saved) toward you love and honour;” and then the sense will be: » our duties are your children, and servants or vassals to your throne and state, who do but what they should, by doing every thing with a saving of their love and honour toward you." Blackstone. 59) full of growing, is, I beliere, exuberant, perfect, complete in ihy growth. Malone. *) Dr. Johnson observes, in his Journey to the western Isles of

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