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Lady. M. You have displac'd ihe mirth, broke the good
Can such things be,
What sights, my lord?
Len. Good night, and better health
A kind good night to all.
(xeunt Lords and attendants. ] Macb. It will have blood. They say, ' blood will have
blood: Stones have been known to move, and trees to speak 205); Augurs, and understood relations 20*), have
200) The meaning is: can sạch wonders as these pass over as without wonder, as a casual summer cloud passes over us. Johnson. 201) The meaning is :: You prove to me that I am a stranger eren to my own disposition, when I perceive that the very object which steals the coloor from my cheek, permits it to remain in yours. In other words: You prove to me how false an opinion I have hitherto maintained of my own courage, when your's on the trial is found to exceed it. Steevens. 302) blanch'd with fear i. e. turn'd pale. Steevens. 263) Alluding perhaps to the vocal tree which (see the third book of the Aeneid) revealed the murder of Polydorus. Steevens. "204) By the word relation is understood the connection of effects with causes; understand relations as an augur, is to kuow, how those things relate to each other, which have no visible combinatiou or dependence. Johnson.' Perhaps we should read auguries i. e. prognostications by means of omens and prodigies. These,' together with the connection of effects with causes, being understood, (says he) bave been instrumental in divulging the most' secret murders. Steeren's..
By magot - pies 295), and choughs, and rooka, brought forth The secret'st man of blood. What is the night?
Lady M. Almost at odds with morning, which is which.
Macb. How say'st thou, that Macduff denies his person, At our great bidding 206)?
Lady M. Did you send to him, Sir?
Macb. I hear it by the way; but I will send :
Lady M. You lack the season of all natures, sleep 209);
Macb. Come, we'll to sleep, my strange and self- abuse Is the initiate fear 210), that wants hard use. We are yet but young in deed.
Thunder. Enter Hecate 211) meeting the three Witches. 1. Witch. Wliy, how now,
look angerly. Hec. Have I not reason, beldams, .as you are,
205) magot - pie is the original name of the bird: Magot being the familiar appellation given to pies, as we say Robin to a redbreast etc. The modern mag is the abbreviation of the ang cient Magot. Steevens. 200) The circumstance on which this question is founded, took its “rise from the old history. Macbeth sent to Macduff to assist in building the castlo of Dunsinane. Maco duff sent workmen etc. but did not choose to trust his person in the tyrant's power. From that time he resolved on his death. Steevens. 207) a one of them i. e. an individual. Steevens. 208) to scan is to examine nicely. Steevens. 209) I take the meaning to be: you want sleep, which seasons, or gives the relish to, all nature. Johnson. 210) The initiate fear, is the fear that always attends the first initiation into guilt, before the mind becomes callous and insensible by frequent repetition of it, or (as the poet says) by hard use. Steevens. , a!!) Shakspeare
Saucy, and overbold! How did you dare
has been censored for introducing Hecate among the vulgar witches, and, consequently for confounding ancient with modern superstitions.
He has, however, authority for giving a mistress to the witches. Delrio Disquis. Mag. lib. 2 , quæst. 9, quotes a passage of Apulejus, Lib. de asino aureo: de quadam Caupona, regina Sagarum. And adds further: ui scias eciam tum quasdam ab iis hoc titulo honoratas. Shakspeare is therefore blameable only for calling his presiding character Hecate, as it might have been brought on with propriety under any other title whatever. Steevens. 212) Shakspeare seems to bave thought it allowable to bestow the name of Acheron on any fountain, Jake or pit, through which there was vulgarly supposed to be a communication between this and the infernal world. The true original Acheron was e river in Greece; and yet Virgil gives this name to his lake in the valley of Amsanctus in Italy. Steevena. 213) This vaporous drop seems 10 bare been meant for the same as the virus lunare of the ancients, being a foam which the moon was supposed to shed on · particular berbs, or other objects , when strongly solicited by en. ebantment. Steevens. 214) Arts; subtle practices. Johnson.
Shall raise such artificial sprights,
Song. [within.] Come away, come away 215) etc.
[Exit. ) 1. Witch. Come, let's make haste; she'll soon be back
again. [Exeunt. )
Enter Lenox and another Lord..
marry, he was dead :
215) This entire song I found in a MS, dramatic piece, entitled: „ A Tragi- Coomodie called the witch; long since acred etc. written by Thomas Middleton." Steevens. 216) The sense requires can; yet, I believe, the text is not corrupt. Shakspeare is sometimes incorrect in these minutiæ. Malone.
What 'twere to kill a father; so should Fleance.
for from broad words', and 'cause he fail'd His presence at the tyrant's feast, I hear, Macduff lives in disgrace. Sir,
The son of Duncan,
gone to pray the holy king, on his aid
Sent he to Macduff?
And that well might
My prayers with him!
and this report
*!?) free may be either honours freely bestowed, not purchased by crimes; or honours without slavery, without dread of tyrant. Johnson.' 218) exasperate i. e. exasperated. Stee
219) the-king i. e. Macbeth. Steevens. 220) The constructiog is : our country suffering under a band accursed. Malone.