Artisans and Machinery: The Moral and Physical Condition of the Manufacturing Population Considered with Reference to Mechanical Substitutes for Human Labour

J.W. Parker, 1836 - 399 páginas

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Página 401 - Law," in which a comparison is occasionally made between the Roman Laws and those of England, by Samuel Hallifax, late Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, and formerly the King's Professor of Civil Law in this University.
Página 373 - The father of a family would earn from eight shillings to half-a-guinea at his loom ; and his sons, if he had one, two or three alongside of him, six or eight shillings each per week ; but the great sheet-anchor of all cottages and small farms, was the labour attached to the hand-wheel...
Página 246 - To condemn man to such severity of toil is, in some measure, to cultivate in him the habits of an animal. He becomes reckless. He disregards the distinguishing appetites and habits of his species. He neglects the comforts and delicacies of life. He lives in squalid wretchedness, on meagre food, and expends his superfluous gains in debauchery.
Página 184 - ... in the mass, it would be impossible to congregate in a smaller compass. Their complexion is sallow and pallid — with a peculiar flatness of feature, caused by the want of a proper quantity of adipose substance to cushion out the cheeks.
Página 318 - In those spacious halls the benignant power of steam summons around him his myriads of willing menials, and assigns to each the regulated task, substituting for painful muscular effort on their part the energies of his own gigantic arm, and demanding in return only attention and dexterity to correct such little aberrations as casually occur in his workmanship.
Página 319 - And wields his trident, — while the Monarch spins. — First with nice eye emerging Naiads cull From leathery pods the vegetable wool...
Página 335 - From the year 1770 to 1788 1 a complete change had gradually been effected in the spinning of yarns. That of wool had disappeared altogether, and that of linen was also nearly gone ; cotton, cotton, cotton, was become the almost universal material for employment. The hand-wheels, with the exception of one establishment, were all thrown into lumber-rooms, the yarn was all spun on common jennies...
Página 139 - The untimely labour of the night, and the protracted labour of the day, with respect to children, not only tends to diminish future expectations as to the general sum of life and industry, by impairing the strength and destroying the vital stamina...

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