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Rugg, H. W. [ed.] (573), The Universalist register, 1883, 16°, pap., 25 C... Universalist Pub. House. Russell, F. T. (575), Use of the voice in reading and speaking, 12°, $1.50... ....Appleton. Ryan, A. J. (573), A crown for our qeeen, 12°, $1.50; gilt, $2....... J. B. Piet. Sabbath, The Christian, see Dabney, R. L. Sacred books of the East, see Pahlavi; Sacred. - (574) laws of the Aryas, tr. by Geo Bühler, pt. 2, Vasishtha and Baudháyana, 8°, net, $2.75.....Macmillan. Saintsbury, G., see Corneille.


Salon of Mme. Necker, see Haussonville, Vicomte de. Salter, H. H. (574), On Asthma, 8o, subs., $1.25.. Wood. Salter, W. (574), Words of the Lord Jesus, arr. for responsive readings, 16°, 50 c.; pap., 20 č.... F. H. Revell. Salvator, see Dumas, A.

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Sanborn, J. W. (574), A method of teaching the Greek language tabulated, etc., 12°, 40 c.; Lds., 35 c.; pap., 30 c. 3. W. Sanborn. Sanborn, K. [ed.] (572), Mountain-day, Smith College, Oct. 13, 1882, sel. made by first class in English literature, 16°, pap., ribbon-tied, 25 c... Bridgman & Childs. Sawyer, L. S. B. (572), United States Circuit and District Court repts., Ninth Circuit, v. 6 and 7, 8°, shp., ea., $6.50..... ......A. L. Bancroft & Co. Scientific evidence of organic evolution, see Romanes, G. J.

Scott, Mrs. C. H. (574), Royal anthem-book, $1.

F. W. Helmick.

Scott, R., see Liddell, H. G.
Searles, W. H. (574), The railroad spiral, 12°, mor. tuck,
$1.50 (574), Field engineering, etc., 4th ed., 12°, mor.
tuck, $3.
Seaside library, see Andersen, H. C.; Argel, Mrs. M.;
Barham, R. H.; Besant, W; Bloomfield, G.; Buchan-
an, R.: Du Boisgobey, F.; Dumas, A.; Francillon, R.
E.; Gibbon, C.; Haussonville, Vicomte de Macdonald,
G.; Meade, L. T.; Meritt, P.; Mrs. Raven's temptation;
Murray, D. C.; Pask, A. T.: Payn, J.; Robinson, F.
W.; Smith, J. F.; Spender, Mrs. J. K.; Trollope, A.;
Trollope, F. E.; Valentina.

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Shepherd, S. (575), Tragedy of Calvary, il. sq. 24°, 50 c. Ward & Drummond. Shoemaker, Mrs. J. W. [ed.] (572), The elocutionist's annual, no. 10; 16°, pap., 35 c...... Nat. School of Eloc. Short sayings of great men, see Bent, S. A. Sickels, H. E. (573), N. Y. Court of Appeals repts., v. 43, 8°, shp., $2.50... Weed, Parsons & Co. Silman and Thompson [comp.] (575), Georgia form7. P. Harrison & Co.

book, 8°, shp., $4. Sketch-book, see Irving, W. Smith, E. H. [ed.] (572), Latin selections, 120, $2. John Aliyn.

Smith, G. W., see Furness, H. B.
Smith, H. B. (5-3), Introduction, to Christian theology,
ed. by Wm. S. Karr, 12°, $1................Armstrong.
Smith, J. F. (574), Charles Vavasseur, 2 pts., 4°, pap.,
ea., 20 c.-(574), Henri de la Tour, 4o, pap., 20 c.
Munro N. Y. News Co.
Smith College, Mountain-day, see Sanborn, K.
Smithsonian Institution, see Rhees, W. J.
Slide-rule, The, see Riddell, R.
Social information, see Collier's cycl.
Socrates, see Plato.

Songs of praise for S.-S., see Johnson, E. H.

Southwick, A. P. (574), Question-book of botany,-of general history,-of rhetoric and composition, 16°, pap., C. W..Bardeen.

ea., 10 C....

Sower, The, see Wilson, R.
Sparks, Mrs. M. C. ["M. C. S."] (572), Hymns, home,
Harvard [anon.], il. 12°, $2.50......A. Williams & Co.
Spender, Mrs. J. K. (573), Gabrielle de Bourdaine, 4°,
pap.. 20 c.....
— (574), Same, 4°, pap., 20 c.... Munro; N. Y. News Co.
Spinal nerves, see Leuf, A. H. P.
Spine, Injuries of, see Page, H. W.

Spiritual reformation, Battleground of, see Brittan, S. B. Standard series, see White, J. C..

Starr, M. (575), Index-digest of Wisconsin Sup. Ct. repts., 8°, shp., $6... ..Callaghan & Co. Steele, J. W. (573), Frontier army sketches, 120, $1.50. Jansen, McClurg & Co. Sterne, S. (575). Constitutional history and political deCassell. velopment of U. S., 4th rev. ed., 12°, $1.25... Stillman, J. M., and Straub, S. W. (573), Anthem treasures, $1.25... S. W. Straub.


Straub, S. W., see Stillman, J. M. Student's legal analysis, see Ford, M. H. Studer's (574) popular ornithology: The birds of North America, drawn and colored from nature, by T. Jasper, 119 pl., fol., satin, $50; rus. leath., $45; full tky. mor., $40 hf. tky. mor., $36.50... 7. H. Studer & Co. Sunday-school normal class, see Vincent. J. H. Suprapubic lithotomy, see Helmuth, W. T. Sutherland, J. G. (572), On the law of damages, v. 2., 8°, shp., $6.. Callaghan & Co. Swinburne, A. C. (574), Tristram of Lyonesse, and other poems, 12°, $1.75.. Worthington. Tale (573) of the clam, by two Providence boys, il. obl. 32°, pap., 25 C. Tibbitts, Shaw & Co. Talks on art, see Hunt, W. M. Tangles and corners in Kezzie Driscoll's life, see Hamilton, K. W.

Taylor, Mrs. J. (573), How to make 100 puddings, 16°,
pap., 10 C.........
Telegraph engineers' (572) and electricians' Index to
Journal of Soc.. v. 1-10, 1872-1882; comp. by A. J.
Frost, 8°, pap., $t..
Ten Brink, B. (575), Early English literature (to Wiclif),
from the German, 12°, $2.25..

Theatre, etc., of America, Guide, 'see Jeffery, J. B.
Theologica, Bibliotheca, see Hurst, J. F.
Thompson, see Silman.



Thompson, H. (574), Diseases of the prostate, 8°,$1.25; pap., 75 C........ Blakiston.

Thoms, J. A. (574), Complete concordance to the revised version of the New Testament, 8°, $2.50. Scribner's Sons. Thorold, A. W. (575), The claim of Christ on the young, Author's ed., 12°, 90 C......... ..Randolph.

Thoughts on great mysteries, see Faber, F. W.

Thrum, T. G. [ed.] (573), Hawaiian almanac and annual for 1883, 8°, pap., 25 c... .......T. G. Thrum. Thurston, R. H. (573), Materials of engineering construction and for the use of the trades, in 3 pts., pt. 1, il. 8°, $4... Wiley. Township officers, Law governing, see Clarke, T. M. Toy, C. H. (574), The history of the religion of Israel, 16o, flex., 50 c... Tragedy of Calvary, see Shepherd, S. Treacy, J. J. [comp.] (574), Catholic flowers from Protestant gardens, 16°, 85 c.............. ..P. J. Kenedy.

Unitarian S. S. Soc.


.......... .......

Trials of all countries, see Remarkable.
Tributes (573) of Hawaiian verse, sq. 16°. T. G. Thrum.
Trimble, E. J. (574), A hand-book of English and Amer-
ican literature, 12°, $1.50..

Tristram of Lyonesse, see Swinburne, A. C.
Trollope, A. (574), Not if I know it, etc., 4°, pap., 10 c.'
Munro, N. Y. News Co.
-(575), The two Plumplington heroines, 4°, pap., 10 c.
Trollope, F. E. (572), Veronica, a novel [anon.], 4°,
pap., 20 c...
Munro; N. Y. News Co.

-, see also Robinson, F. W.
Turner-Kalender, see Amerikanischer.
Twice-told tales, see Hawthorne, N.

Two Plumplington heroines, see Trollope, A.

Uniplanar kinematics of solids and fluids, see Minchin,

United States Cir. and Dist. Ct. repts., see Federal ;
Sawyer, L. S. B.

Constitutional hist., etc., see Sterne, S.
Ct. of Claims repts., see Nott, C. C.
Pension Bureau, see Walker, C. B.

Sup. Ct. repts, see Cranch, W.; Otto, W. T.
Universalist register, see Rugg, H. W.
Urinalysis, Practitioners' guide to, see Mitchell, C.
Use of the voice in reading and speaking, see Russell, F. T.
Valentina (573), by the author of "A French heiress in
her own château," 4°, pap., 20 c.

Munro: N. Y. News Co.


Valentine Strange, see Murray, D. C.
Vannah, Kate (573), Verses, sq. 16°, $г..
Van Nostrand's Science ser., see Clerk, D.; Gerhard,
Veitch, J. (573). Hamilton, por. 12°, $1.25....Lippincott.
Vermont Sup. Ct. reports, see Palmer, E. F.
Veronica, see Trollope, F. E.

W. P.

Vertebrate dissection, see Martin, H. N. Victoria, Queen, Court and diplomatic life, see Bloomfield, G.

Vincent, J. H. (572), The revival and after the revival, 18°, 40 C.-(572), The Sunday-school normal class, 16°, pap., Io c...... Phillips & Hunt.

Virgil (575). The greater poems, V. 1. containing the pastoral poems and six books of the Eneid; ed. by J. B. Greenough, il. 12°, $1.55; without vocabulary, $1.25. Ginn, Heath & Co.


Voice, Use of, see Russell, F. T.
Wagner, W. (574), Epics and romances of the middle
ages; adapted by M. W. Macdowall, and ed. by W. S.
W. Anson, il. cr. 8°, $3.
Walker, C. B. (575), On the practice of the Pension Bu-
reau, 8°, hf. shp... Government Printing Office.
Walker, F. A. (575), Political economy, 12°, $2.25..Holt.
Warren, J. H. (574), A practical treatise on hernia, zd
rev. ed., il., $5.
Washburn, E. A. (572) Sermons, 12°, $1.75.....Dutton.
Washington-Irvine (574) correspondence, arranged
and annotated, etc., by C. W. Butterfield, il. 8°, $3.50.
D. Atwood.
Water, Domestic filtration of, see Denton, E. F. B.,
Wayte, W., see Demosthenes.

Weighed and wanting, see Macdonald, G.

Weigley, see Bond.

West, E. W. see Pahlavi texts.

Western reserve, Pioneers of, see Rice, H.

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Wharton, F. (572), Commentary on the law of contracts,
2 v., 8°, shp., $12.
...Kay & Bro.

Whist, or bumblepuppy? see Pembridge.
White, J. C. (573), Personal reminiscences of Lyman
Beecher, 8°, pap., 10 c....
Funk & Wagnalls.
Whittet, R. (573), The brighter side of suffering and
other poems, sq. 12°, $2 (corr. title.)
7. W. Randolph & English.
Whittier, J. G., see Kennedy, W. S.
Williams, G. F. (572), Bullet and shell, il. by E. Forbes,
8°, subs., $2.75 and $3.25
..Fords, H. & H.
Wilson, R. (574), The sower, 16°, 75 c.; pap., 35 c.

Whittaker. Windisch, E. (575), Concise Irish grammar, etc., from the German, 16o, net, $2.. ..Macmillan. Winfield, Chas. H. (574), Adjudged words and phrases, 8°, shr., $5.50 ..... 7. J. Griffiths & Co. Winship, R. C. (574), Manual for guidance of deputy sheriffs, 12°, flex., $1.50 ........Wm. F. Murphy's Sons. Wisconsin Sup. Ct. repts., Index-digest, see Starr, M. Woman suffrage, see Munger, G. G.

Wood, H. G. (575), Limitation of actions at law and in
equity, 8°, shp., net, $6.50....
Soule & Bugbee.
Wood-engraving in America, see Linton, W. J.
Wood's Library of standard medical authors, see Salter,
H. H.

Woods and timbers of North Carolina, see Hale, P. M.
Word and works of God, see Bailey, G. S.
Words of the Lord Jesus, see Salter, W.

Workers together, see Chaplin, Mrs. A. C.

The Continent enters the lists as a rival to the monthly magazines. Its weekly issues are bound up monthly, and form in this shape an attractive volume. We are pleased to notice from week to week the improvement in the illustrations.

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JORDAN BROS., the well-known booksellers. in Philadelphia, have just issued the first number of The Old Bookbuyer's Guide. It is a fourpage quarto, and contains reading matter calcuillus-lated to interest lovers of old books and antiquarians. Two pages are given to a catalogue of books for sale by the publishers of the Guide.


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The Oxford Magazine is the title of a new journal which will be issued weekly during term time by members of the University of Oxford, both graduates and undergraduates. The periodical is intended to represent every shade of Oxford life, and is to be established as a real and worthy organ of university opinion. It will contain, in addition to numerous general articles, reports of the chief clubs and societies of the

university, important Oxford sermons, and all university intelligence.

The Literary Era hails from Philadelphia. It is "a monthly repository of literary and miscellaneous information for home reading," published by Porter & Coates at fifty cents per annum. "It will," according to its editorial greeting, "not give extracts from, even mention the names of all the books published, but it will endeavor to point out to its readers"-and may they be a mighty multitude!-" such books as it honestly believes will be of interest and instructive." A curiosity of the lists is that, while prices are given of the "Recent Importations," those of the "Recent Publications," confined to Holiday Books," and " Children's Books," chiefly American, are omitted. A subject for an editorial.


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MERELY as a sample of the venom which the London Athenæum seems to be unable to hold back whenever, even with the best intentions, it starts to view things that are American, we quote the following introductory paragraph from its editorial, headed “English and American Publishers," which appeared in its issue of January 20:

"An old controversy was renewed in our columns a few weeks ago by Mr. Clark Russell, and it may, therefore, be worth pointing out that while Mr. Marston in his able letters stigmatized as freebooters publishers like Mr. Munro and others who now reprint, without leave asked or acknowledgment made, the English works reproduced by the Messrs. Harper and other firms, a recent publication recalls to mind the fact that once upon a time Messrs. Harper used to reprint, without permission or payment, any English book which they thought would sell in the United States. Sir Archibald Alison in his autobiography describes a meeting with one of the Harpers at Mr. Bancroft's in 1846. Mr. Harper told Sir Archibald that his voluminous history had sold so largely in the United States as to have enabled him to reap a profit of thirty thousand dollars from the sale of a single edition; and the autobiographer omits to state what proportion of the profit was received by him-perhaps he received nothing. But Messrs. Harper no doubt can supply information on this point."

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MR. PUTNAM's letter and the New York Evening Post editorial given below, refer to the following editorial paragraph which appeared in the New York Evening Post, January 26:

"Mr. George Munro, the eminent pirate, whose efforts in behalf of cheap books have attracted world-wide attention, has given another proof of his public spirit and zeal in the cause of learning, in endowing three tutorships in a Canadian college at Dalhousie, at $1000 a year each. How much more sensible this employment of the money made in his business is than the use the old pirate put his to in paying what he called an honorarium to the foreign author! The ill-conditioned fellows who got it were never satisfied; on the contrary, they were always complaining that they were not given enough, and even treating the payment of what was paid as a recognition of their rights,' and consequently as an argument for an international copyright law. No man can pretend that the Munro system suggests the idea of 'rights' of any description, except, of course, the right to cheap books. By the way, what has become of the copyright treaty, in the negotiation of which the old pirates were so much interested? We were assured at first that if we would only keep silent about its terms, it would be all right. Everybody has been silent about them now for some time, yet we do not hear of its having been signed. Have the wicked foreign publishers killed it?"


(From the N. Y. Evening Post, Feb. 5.) SIR: The standard of the Evening Post, with reference as well to accuracy of information as to fairness of view and precision of statement, is, as a rule, so high that it is with diffidence I venture any criticism of its editorial utterances, but some of its recent expressions concerning American publishers and their relations to international copyright impress me as hardly in accord with such standard. If the readers of the Evening Post had no other information on the subject than

what was contained in its several recent articles concerning copyright, they might well be excused for concluding that American publishers were, without exception, a body of shameless depredators, the profits of whose nefarious proceedings were now (as all right-minded persons were rejoiced to see) being to some extent curtailed by the competition of a new lot of pirates, not more shameless, but somewhat shrewder and more outspoken than themselves. The para

graph in the Evening Post of Friday last, in which the former were pleasantly referred to as "old pirates," in contradistinction to the more recent variety of pirate to whose "libraries" of 'appropriated" material the Evening Post gives such frequent editorial advertisement, is but one of a number of similar recent utter



Now, the literature on the subject of copyright and copy-wrong has during the past few years beer so considerable, and such comprehensive statistics and details have come into print concerning international literary and publike the Evening Post can hardly be excused if lishing arrangements, that a writer in a journal he has failed to provide himself with all essential information. It is, however, difficult to under

position to it; nor have the signers to it received any authoritative information as to the grounds for its being pigeon-holed in the Department of the State, instead of being duly presented for consideration in the Senate. It is, therefore, hardly correct to refer to the publishers who have initiated the only measure that has for a number of years been planned, a measure which is now in shape for consideration, modification, and official action, as "obstructing" the establishment of international copyright. We are told incidentally that considerable pressure has been brought to bear upon the State Department on the part of certain printers and binders of Philadelphia to prevent this treaty from receiving favorable consideration, and it is certainly the case that in this headquarters of the so-called "protective system of American industry" the opposition to international copyright has always been most active and most bitter. The protectionists have mainly, in the dread of some possible competition with the work of American printers, shown an utter disregard for the rightclaims of that other class of American producers known as authors (while they have expressed an anxiety, which is for them unusual, in behalf of the interests of consumers), and their opposition appears for the present at least to be successful. But the Evening Post ought by this time to be familiar with the uniform influence of "protection" theories in twisting the ideas of right and wrong and in lowering the standard of national ethics, and ought not to throw upon the publishers a responsibility which belongs to the protectionist leaders, who are at present engaged (under the instructions of the manufacturing rings) in shaping the commercial policy of the nation.

stand how, if your contributor has so informed
himself, he can justify the positions he has taken
and the expressions he has used. He ought cer-
tainly to be aware that for a number of years
the reprinting of English works by American
publishers has, with but few exceptions, been
done subject to arrangements entered into by
these publishers with the authors or their repre-
sentatives, such arrangements providing for the
payment, in acknowledgment of authors' rights,
of such sums as were mutually agreed upon.
According to the testimony of authors before the
Parliamentary Commission of 1878, and in vari-
ous ways since, such sums are often very con-
siderable, and have not unfrequently been even
larger than the authors' receipts from their Eng-
lish editions. It has also been in evidence that the
profits of English authors from their American
issues would in many instances have been much
more considerable, and that some criticism on
their part would have been avoided, if their
English publishers had always made a full and
frank accounting to their clients concerning re-
ceipts from America. The agreements for Eng-ful
lish books entered into by one American house
have, with hardly an exception, been duly re-
spected by all other reputable firms, and have,
in fact, constituted a provisional international
copyright arrangement. Unsatisfactory and in-
complete as such provisional arrangement has
been (and to none more unsatisfactory than to
the publishers making payments and " pur-
chases," which gave them no property title or
means of defence), I submit that it is hardly ac-
curate to describe it as piracy." In fact, I do
not at the moment call to mind any other class
of traders in the country who make payments
without any legal obligation to do so, for prop-
erty to which the sellers can give them no title.
The principal exceptions to the publishing cus-
tom above referred to are some Canadian firms
doing business in New York and Chicago, who
have built up a business by appropriating mate.
rial for which American houses have paid, and
who in such appropriation secure the advantage
of the literary judgment and the advertising ex-
penditure of the authorized publishers. I have
been informed also by English authors that the
publishers of the weekly issues of some of our
leading journals do not always remember to
make a business acknowledgment for their re-
printed stories, but this, of course, cannot be
the case with any of the journals which are striv-
ing to reform the "piratical book-publishers.



Your contributor ought also to be aware that the suggestion for an international copyright treaty, which two years ago was submitted to the State Department, bore the signatures of nearly every publishing house in the country. This suggested treaty was doubtless in many of its provisions open to amendment, and it was the fact that a number of the leading publishers were in accord with my own firm in endeavoring to secure a measure that should be wider, simpler, and freer from restrictions. It is nevertheless the case that, imperfect or faulty as this treaty in certain of its provisions may be, it would constitute, if put into force, a long step in the right direction; while the tendency would doubtless be to widen and simplify it as experience might show the equity and the wisdom of so doing. It is in any case also a fact that the publishers of the country are on record in demanding the establishment of this treaty or of some equivalent measure, and are not on record in any op


Your contributor is, in my opinion, further in error in believing that the operations of the "new pirates" before referred to are furthering the work of securing international copyright. On the contrary, it is my conviction that the apparent advantage to the public of obtaining certain literature in cheap forms is doing a great Ideal to build up a public sentiment against paying "any author's tax" on books, and to develop a feeling that such tax is an oppressive monopoly," and the impression, industriously fostered by a certain class of reprinters, that copyright means of necessity dear books, may yet stand very much in the way of securing any popular recognition of the rights of authors. That such impression rests upon false assumptions, that the educational and literary interests of the community would in many ways be better served under a system which gave proper recognition and compensation to literary producers, that cheap literature for the million is perfectly compatible with such recognition, and that many literary enterprises of importance to the community which are now not practicable would, under a copyright system, be successfully undertaken, could easily be demonstrated. But it is useless to ignore the fact that at present the tendency of popular opinion is in favor of the freest possible "appropriation" and the cheapest possible results. The public standard of ethics is being lowered, and teachers whose special task it should be to guide the community in applying the principles of ethics have too often confused their own minds on this question of literary property, and have permitted themselves to be quoted on the side of the wrong.

Notwithstanding, however, the efforts of the

protectionists to maintain that copyright must be readers' and printers' wrong, and notwithstanding also the extent of the popular prejudice and ignorance to be overcome, it ought still to be possible to awaken on the subject an enlightened public opinion, which may at an early date secure the action necessary to put an end to this long-standing wrong. My desire that in this undertaking the influence of a journal like the Evening Post should be exercised with due discrimination and with justice to all concerned, is my excuse for troubling you with this letter. GEO. HAVEN PUTNAM. NEW YORK, January 29, 1883.



WE publish elsewhere a letter from Mr. George Haven Putnam on the subject of international copyright, in which he makes a number of complaints of our treatment of the subject. With regard to the merits of the question there is no room for any dispute between Mr. Putnam and ourselves. He is opposed to piracy; so are we. He is in favor of international copyright; so are He supported the proposed treaty as apparently the best attainable way of dealing with the matter; so did we. He is sorry that it has not been signed; so are we. He finds fault with us, however, for misrepresenting the attitude of publishers with regard to the matter, and chiefly for calling them "pirates." How, he asks, can we speak of the "old pirate," when he was in the habit of paying an honorarium to the foreign author? He says that we ought to be aware" that


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nate this practice. Any one can see for himself that if Mr. Putnam's account of the system as it existed before the appearance of the new pirate on the scene were correct, the foreign author's complaints of the hardships of his lot were absurd.

It is very true that the suggestions for an international copyright treaty bore the signature of nearly every publisher in this country. The trouble with the treaty was that the publishers were unwilling to grant a foreign author a copyright unless he would consent to the manufacture of the book in this country, and even then, unless he made arrangements within three months of its appearance in England, anybody would have been at liberty to pirate his book. We favored the treaty because we thought it better than nothing, but it was a measure devised to protect the American manufacturer of books, and thus it aroused the hostility of foreign publishers.

All that we have maintained with regard to Mr. Munro is that this great and good man has actually given us cheap books. The great argument in favor of international piracy always used to be that it would do this for us; but it never really did. Now, the new system of piracy has made books almost as cheap as newspapers. But we are convinced that the new pirate is unconsciously doing a great work for the cause of international copyright by proving to the publishers that in their own interest the foreign author must be protected exactly as the domestic author is. There is no way for them to meet Munro except this, and we have no doubt that they will in a few years be converts to an authors' copyright. This is a matter of opinion, of course, about which Mr. Putnam may differ from us. But we shall continue to urge the new pirate not to falter in his noble undertaking, for we are convinced that he is a great public benefactor.

"For a number of years the reprinting of English works by American publishers has, with but few exceptions, been done subject to arrangements entered into by these publishers with the authors or their representatives, such arrangements providing for the payment, in acknowledgment of authors' rights, of such sums as were mutually agreed upon.

And he proceeds to draw a rosy picture of the complete protection afforded by the honorarium system, for the evidence of which he refers us to the investigations of the Parliamentary Commission of 1878, and declares that under it the receipts of the foreign author were not unfrequently" ""even larger than the authors' receipts from their English edition."


We are not aware of anything of the kind. We have the report of the Commission before us, and what it says on the subject is: "We

are assured that there are cases in which authors
reap substantial results from these arrange-printed at home.
ments," and "instances are even known in which
an English author's returns from the United States
exceed the profits of his British sale; but in the
case of a successful book by a new author it would
appear that this understanding affords no pro-
tection. Even in the case of eminent men, we
have no reason to believe that the arrangements
possible under the existing conditions are at all
equivalent to the returns which they would
secure under a copyright convention."

This is exactly what we might expect from such
a system. In the case of popular writers the
publisher paid a royalty, and was protected
against the other publishers in this country by
the "
courtesy of the trade;" but in the case of
a new author (i e., in three cases out of four) he
usually reprinted his book without paying any-
thing for it-in other words, "pirated" it. The
word "firacy" is the usual term used to desig-

From The Nation, February 1.

SIR In the excellent letter upon "The Interests of American Art," published in your issue of yesterday, I note the following paragraph:

"The protection of books does come logically into our illogical system of political economy, because the capital and labor involved in the production of books are pure trade interests, and combined with our systematic piracy of foreign brains, the tariff on books probably does not make books dearer or discourage their production, for the books which without the tariff would be printed abroad are now

The error of this statement is so manifest that it seems almost a waste of time and of your space to correct it. Yet it should be corrected; for it must be upon some such incomplete view of the case that those protectionists who are animated by sincere zeal for the public welfare maintain this American tax upon knowledge. The protection of books enters logically into our illogical system of political economy only so far as there are books to protect; in other words, the imposition of duty upon a foreign publication for the protection of American publishers is illogical unless that publication is reproduced here. The only escape is to hold-as the protectionists, to do them justice, perhaps do holdthat one book is as good as another, and that, if the reader is prevented by the duty from buying the foreign book he needs for his pleasure or instruction, he will seek his pleasure in some

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