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The “Kadish,” from which the Christian Messiah conceived his “Lord's Prayer," was of Babylonian origin, copied and improved upon by Ezra. It formed part of an incantation of Merodach the Chaldæan “Creator," and was found as a clay tablet in 1882, among the ruins of the ancient city of Sippura, which is now in the British Museum. It is as follows:“By the incantation of Merodach, King of the host of

heaven and earth, May the abundance of the world descend into thy

midst,
May thy command be accomplished in time to come,
O Ezeda,* glorious seat, the beloved of Anu and

Ishtar art thou,
Mayst thou shine like heaven; mayst thou be glorious

like the earth;
Mayst thou shine like the midst of heaven; mayst (the

evil spirit] dwell outside of thee.” The “ Kadish” runs : “Our father who art in heaven, be gracious to us, O Lord

our God; Hallowed be thy name, and let the remembrance of

thee be glorified in heaven above, and upon earth

here below. Let thy kingdom reign over us, now and for ever. The holy men of old said, remit and forgive unto all

men whatsoever they have done against me; And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from

the evil thing; For thine is the kingdom, and thou shalt reign in glory,

for ever and for evermore." One the oldest of the four Gospels (Mark) does not contain the prayer.

Then, again, with regard to the prediction attributed to the Messiah, this has never yet been fulfilled ; and, if it really emanated from him, it condemns him, not only to its non-fulfilment, but to threats- very ungodlike and contrary to all his other reputed teaching—to vengeance, injustice, and cruelty. His vengeance was to be wreaked upon all

* The chief temple to the moon at Birs Nimroud.

who had not known him, or could not believe in him! No flesh was to be saved, and there was to be great tribulation such as the world had never seen before, including the darkening of the sun and moon, and the falling of the stars (which nearly always was made to accompany the death of great heroes, messiahs, etc.). They were to “ watch and pray” that their flight was not “in the winter "nor “on the Sabbath.” And all these things were to occur unless “those days were shortened”! However, these simple and credulous people waited and “watched and prayed” in vain for the promised coming of the false prophet, and they might have worn their knees through if they could have only lived long enough to have gone on praying; for eighteen centuries have passed, and the promise still remains unfulfilled, and in all human probability is likely to remain so. This prediction was no doubt the invention of the Essenes. That the Reformer may have led his followers to believe that he would return after death is possible, but that he taught the foolish things above reproduced is highly improbable. The prediction, however, has given birth to a class of knavish humbugs in these days, who live on the credulity of the public by foretelling the end of the world. As the dates fall in and are found to be false, sermons are preached and the error is smoothed over by plausible excuses, fresh books are published, and fresh dates arranged. One of the chief of these fraudulent prophets was a Scotch preacher named Cumming, who declared that the end of the world would take place in fifteen years from a certain date, but he very shortly after took a thirty years' lease of his house. Another, named Baxter, has been engaged for some time in foretelling the end of the world, shifting his dates as they fall in, as the previous one did. He has now fixed 1908 as the terminal year of the world's existence. But he has lately renewed a lease—which would have lasted him till the end of the world, according to his own reckoning--for a further term of eighty years! Yet there are still to be found people as credulous as the Jessæan disciples watching and praying in vain for the expected apparition which has not happened "on the Sabbath” or on any other day of the week. Why they should pray that the vengeance of the “ loving” and “beneficent” incarnation of the “ Creator" should not be on the Jewish Sabbath is not very clear, for surely the “tribulations ” and wholesale cruelty would be as bad to bear on a Friday or a Sunday as on a Saturday.

We are also told that “I the Lord change not,” and that “the Lord does according to his will, and none can stay his hand.” Then, what is the use of praying to this firmlyresolved deity that he will arrange his coming to suit the convenience of a handful of praying people? The simple fact of this mention of a Sabbath shows that the prophecy was intended by the writer and embellisher of it for the Jews, the only people who attached sanctity to the seventh day; and that, whoever the author was, he believed, or pretended to believe in order to intimidate the Jews into submission to the new religion, that the end of the world would occur during their lifetime, and before the Sabbath was entirely blotted out by their conversion.

XIX.

TRIAL AND SO-CALLED “CruciFIXION”-ROMAN MODE OF GIBBETING—HELENA'S PILGRIMAGE TO JERUSALEM IN SEARCH OF Nails—EXAMINATION OF THE GOSPEL NARRATIVE--No SUCH PLACE AS GOLGOTHA— THE GOSPEL OF PETER—MORE INSPIRED CONTRADICTIONS -UNNATURAL DARKNESS—ZODIACAL ORIGIN OF THE “ CRUCIFIXION” LEGEND.

The idea of redemption from sin by the sufferings and death of a divine incarnate Saviour was common among the ancients thousands of years before the time of Jesus, and was the crowning-point of the idea entertained by primitive man that the gods required a sacrifice from him to atone for sin or to avert calamity. The gods are represented in the Rig Veda sacrificing to Purushna. The same old story of the solar crucified god is to be traced as the basis of the legendary lives of all the saviours of mankind Bacchus (identical with the Phænician Ies and the Greek Dionysos), “ the only begotten son” of Jupiter and Semele, “the sin-bearer,” “redeemer," etc.; Hercules, son of Zeus ; Apollo ; Serapis ; Mithras, of ancient Persia, called “The Logos”; Zoroaster; Hermes, etc. Attys was “the only begotten son and saviour” of the Phrygians, represented as a man nailed and sometimes tied to a tree or stake, at the foot of which was a lamb. Tammuz, or Adonis, the Syrian and Jewish Adonai, was another virgin-born god, who “suffered for mankind,” as a “crucified saviour." Krishna, whose history so closely resembles that of the

Christian Jesus, came upon earth to "redeem mankind by his sufferings,” and was “crucified.” He is represented hanging on a cross to which he is transfixed by an arrow; and, again, with marks of nail-holes in feet and hands, and a hole in the side. In one of the representations of him the emblem of a heart hangs from his shirtwhich reminds us of the Catholic devotion of the “Sacred Heart” — and on his head a yoni-linga. The plate shows Krishna attached to a yoni-linga.

Osiris and Horus were ANCIENT Asiatic Crucifix, crucified as “saviours” Representing Krishna. Taken from and “redeemers ”; the

Doane's Bible Myths. sufferings, death, and resurrection of Osiris formingthe great mystery of the Egyptian religion. Prometheus, of Greece, was with chains nailed to the rocks on Mount Caucasus, “with arms extended,” as a saviour; and the tragedy of the crucifixion was acted in Athens 500 years before the Christian era. The “incarnate god ” and “suffering saviour,” Buddha, expired at the foot of the cross. Crucifixes displaying the god Indra are to be seen at the corners of the roads in Thibet.

The cross in connection with the gibbeting of Jesus was not known in the early ages of Christianism. The Greek word rendered “cross" in the N. T. ought to be rendered upright beam or gibbet. The idea of the cross as a Christian symbol originated with Constantine, as we have seen, who connected the emblem of the Roman crucified sun-god and the old phallic emblem, with the Christian Saviour of his newly-adopted religion ; but it was not till after the Council of Constantinople (707) that the cross came into actual use as a Christian emblem.

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