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surface of other rocks, imbedded in the earth. One particularly, in the Southern part of the township, is raised up from the surface on three stones, about twelve or fifteen inches in diameter. The diameter of the rock itself is about fifteen feet. How, or when, it was thus placed, is unknown; and has hitherto baffled conjecture.

The farms in this township contain from sixty to three hundred acres each. Almost half of them are cultivated by tenants. A great part of these are poor people from Rhode Island; who make Stonington their half-way house, in their progress towards the new settlements. Accustomed from their childhood to labour hard on a sterile soil, and to live on very scanty means of subsistence, they come with their families to the rich lands of Stonington, and take small farms, or parts of farms, upon lease. Here, with the most assiduous industry, aud a minute frugality, they gradually amass money enough to purchase farms in the wilder

They then leave their habitations to successors from the same State, who regularly follow them in the same track. In this manner a considerable part of the inhabitants of this towship are almost annually changed. It is however to be observed, that some of the Stonington people lease their own farms, and hire, and cultivate others, which are larger.

The rents of these farms are from one to seven hundred dollars per annum ; paid usually in their produce, and in the greater number of instances in cheese only. Of this commodity 370,000 pounds are annually exported from this township. Seventeen thousand pounds have been made in a year on the lands of Mr. Denison; the gentleman with whom we lodged. The mode, in which each farm is to be managed by the tenant, is regularly described with minute exactness in the lease.

I have mentioned this subject thus particularly, because it is in a great measure peculiar to this spot. There are, indeed, several instances, in which farms are taken upon lease in Groton ; and, in solitary instances, the same thing exists in other places; but there are probably more cases of this nature in Stonington, than can be found elsewhere in a third part of the State.

There are four villages in Stonington: one on the Mystic; another at the head of navigation on the Paukatuc; a third, four miles further up the same stream, called Mill Town; and a fourth on Stonington Point. The population in these villages is increasing : in the rest of the township it is at a stand. The houses are, generally, good farmers' dwellings. The villages are built in a neat manner.

Stonington Point is a semi-ellipsis, a third of a mile in length; and, where widest, a fourth of a mile in breadth. From the centre, the surface declines every way, with an easy, arched slope, to the shore. It is disagreeably encumbered with rocks; but is otherwise handsome, and pleasant. The houses, about one hundred and seventy in number, are neat in their appearance, and their appendages. There are two churches on the Point; a Presbyterian, and a Baptist; both new, and good.

The Point is accommodated with two harbours. That on the Western side has a bold shore ; is sufficiently deep for vessels, under two hundred and fifty tons, to load at the wharves; and is safe from all winds, except the South-West; and in the upper parts even from that. The wharves are built of stone, and are in

good order. *

The following letter is an official account of an abortive attempt made during the late war, by the squadron under Commodore Hardy, to burn the borough of Stonington.

“STONINGTON Borough, Aug. 21st, 1815. To the Hon. William H. Crawford, Secretary of War. “SIR—The former Secretary of War put into my care, as chairman of the committee of defence, the two eighteen pounders, and all the munitions of war that were here belonging to the general government, to be used for the defence of the town; and I gave my receipt for the same.

As there is no military officer here, it becomes my duty to inform you of the use we have made of it. That on the 9th of August last, the Ramilies seventy-four, the Pactolus forty-four, the Terror bomb-ship, and the Despatch twenty gun brig, anchored off our harbour. Commodore Hardy sent off a boat with a flag: we met him with another from the shore, when the officer of the flag handed me a note from Commodore Hardy informing me that one hour was given the unoffending inhabitants, before the town would be destroyed.

We returned to the shore where all the male inhabitants were collected, when I read the note aloud. They all exclaimed they would defend the place to the last extremity, and if it was destroyed they would be buried in its ruins.

Mystic river is a good harbour for vessels of not more than sixty tons : but they are loaded a mile and a half below the settlement, at Packer's ferry. Paukatuck has a crooked channel, admitting small vessels only. Even these are loaded at a considerable distance below the bridge. Those, which are larger, take in their lading at Stonington Point; appropriately called the Port.

Between forty and fifty vessels, (coasters, fishermen, and others) are owned in Stonington. The Cod fishery is by far the most profitable business done here. It is chiefly carried on at Green Island, and the straits of Belleisle ; and has been uniformly prosperous. The West-Indian business has been generally unprosperous.

A considerable number of Indians reside in this township, also; and possess a tract of land, on and about Lanthern Hill, in the Northern part of the township, and the most elevated spot in this region. Here some of them live in weekwams; and others, in houses, resembling poor cottages; at the best small, ragged, and

We repaired to a small battery we had hove up, nailed our colours to the flagstaff, while others lined the shore with their muskets.

At about seven in the evening they put off five barges and a large launch carrying from thirty-two to nine pound carronades in their bows, and opened their fire from the shipping with bombs, carcasses, rockets, round grape and cannister shot, and sent their boats to land under cover of their fire. We let them come within small grape distance, when we opened our fire upon them from our two eighteen pounders with round and grape shot. They soon retreated out of grape distance, and attempt. ed a landing on the East side of the village. We dragged a six pounder that we had mounted, over, and met them with grape ; and all our muskets opened a fire upon them, so that they were willing to retreat the second time. They continued their fire till eleven at night.

The next morning, the brig Despatch anchored within pistol shot of our battery ; and they sent five barges and two large launches to land under cover of their whole fire (being joined by the Nimrod twenty gun brig.) When the boats approached within grape distance, we opened our fire upon them with round and grape shot ; they retreated and came round the East side of the town. We checked them with our six pounder, and muskets, till we dragged over one of our eighteen pounders. We put in a round shot, and about forty or fifty pounds of grape, and placed it in the centre of their boats, as they were rowing up in a line and firing on us; we tore one of their barges all in pieces, so that two, one on each side, had to lash her up to keep her from sinking. They retreated out of grape distance, and we turned onr fire upor

unhealthy. Others, still, live on the farms of the white inbabitants in houses, built purposely for them; and pay their rent by daily labour. Two thirds of them are supposed to be contained in the Indian families; the remaining third are employed in the service of the farmers. One half of the former division live on the lands, reserved for them. These are held in fee simple; and cannot be disposed of without the consent of the Legislature, or of the Overseer.

The whole body of these Indians are a poor, degraded, miserable race of beings. The former, proud, heroic spirit of the Pequod, terrible even to other proud heroic spirits around him, is shrunk into the tameness and torpor of reasoning brutism. All the vice of the original is left. All its energy has vanished. They are lazy in the extreme; and never labour, unless compelled by necessity. Nor are they less prodigal than lazy. The earnings of a year, hardly as they are acquired, they will spend in a day, without a thought of the morrow. Wherever they can obtain credit, they involve themselves in debt; and never dream of paying their debts, unless under the iron hand of law. Thieves they are the brig, and expended all our cartriges but five, which we reserved for the boats if they made another attempt to land. We then lay four hours without being able to annoy the enemy in the least except from muskets on the brig, while the fire of their whole fleet was directed against our buildings. After the third express to New-London, some fixed ammunition arrived: we then turned our cannon on the brig, and she soon cut her cable and drifted out.

The whole fleet then weighed and anchored nearly out of reach of our shot, and continued this and the next day to bombard the town.

They set the buildings on fire in more than twenty places ; and we as often put them out. In the three days bombardment they sent on shore more than sixty tons of metal, and strange to tell, wounded only one man, since dead. We have picked up fifteen tons, including some that was taken up out of the water, and the three anchors that we got. We took up and buried four poor fellows that were hove overboard out of the sinking barge.

Since peace, the officers of the Despatch brig have been on shore here. They acknowledge they had twenty-one killed, and fifty badly wounded; and further say, had we continued our fire any longer they should have struck, for they were in a sinking condition; for the wind blew South-West directly into the harbour. All the shot suitable for the cannon we have reserved. We have now more eighteen pound shot than was sent us by government. We have put the two cannon into the arsenal, and housed all the munitions of war."


of course; but have too little enterprise to steal any thing of importance. It is hardly necessary to observe, that they are liars. They have no such thing among them as marriage ; but cohabit without ceremony, or covenant; and desert each other at pleas

Their children, when young, they place in English families, as servants. In the earlier parts of life these children frequently behave well; but, when grown up, throw off all that is respectable in their character, and sink to the level of their relatives. Some of them, when hired as labourers, and servants, are tolerably industrious ; from a conviction, that they cannot safely be indolent. The rest, and even these when not employed, doze away life in uniform sloth and stupidity. To strong drink their devotion is complete; and for ardent spirits, or cider, they will part with every thing, which they possess. "Generally, they are healthy; but, when sick, seem in a great measure to be beyond the reach of medicine. Those, who live by themselves, are halfnaked, and often half-starved.

The Indian, in a savage state, spent life chiefly in roving; but he roved in pursuit of the deer, the bear, the wolf, or his enemy. A high sense of glory, an ardent passion for achievement, a proud consciousness of independence, and a masculine spirit of exertion were the prominent features of his character. He had customarily an object before him; in his view, great, useful, and honourable. He had, therefore, powerful motives to rouse his faculties into action. When he had not, he either spent his time in violent gambling, in which, like the polished adventurers of civilized society, he hazarded, and lost his all; even his blanket and his gun; or, when he could not gamble, dozed away life in precisely the same paralytic inactivity, which is so remarkable in his tamed countrymen.

The Indian of the latter character lounges; saunters; gets drunk; eats, when he can find food; and lies down to sleep under the nearest fence. Without any present or future object in view, without proposing any advantage to himself, or feeling any interest in what is proposed by others, he leads the life, not of a man, but of a snail ; and is rather a moving vegetable, than a rational being

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