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of becoming so, it is only as peacemakers that we proffer our advice. We hope our pages will never be equally abused ; but, if such were our misfortune, we should hasten to apprize our readers that we had sent the traitor to Coventry.
The Scotsman's Library; being a complete Collection of Anecdotes and Facts
relative to Scotland and Scotsmen in all Ages. By James Mitchell, LL.D. -square 12mo. 10s. 6d. A LIBRARY for an illuminated nation is a bold assumption of Dr. Mitchell. He does not intend, however, that his library should supersede all other books; but that this, above all, is a work which every true Scot should possess and study. In this respect he has, we 'must acknowledge, been successful; and that Scotsman must be cold
blooded who does not thank him for thus illustrating his common country; and fastidious to a fault who does not read with satisfaction nine-tenths of the numerous articles which are given in the volume. As we are among those who have always acknowledged the good points of the Scottish character, so we concede it to Dr. M. as a fact, that few nations in the world could produce a more interesting display of original and exalted qualities of conduct and mind than have been assembled in this work. Scotsmen will, of course, seize on the volume as a treasure; but, if Englishmen could also prevail on themselves to read it, the perusal would diminish many of their prejudices against their northern fellow-subjects.
A Succinct History of Tithes in London ; shewing the Progress of that
Portion of the Ecclesiastical Revenues, from a very early Period: drawn from original Records, and respectfully inscribed to the Inhabitants of St. Botolph, Aldgate. By A Parishioner.-8vo. pp. 40.
Letts, jun. To abridge “a succinct history," whose contents correspond with the title, is a task which is impossible. To make extracts from a work whose value depends upon its appearance as a whole, is invidious. The question of tithes has recently occasioned much discussion in the metropolis, and, so far as the metropolis is concerned, the object of the writer of this sensible pamphlet is, to furnish the most authentic information with regard to their origin and fluctuations. The pamphlet is so well worthy of perusal, that it would be difficult to give it sufficiently extensive circulation. We
say many accounts; not the weakest reason for our doing so, is to show, that after all the clamour which has been raised against the clergy, the person, whose rapacious exactions, under the form of tithes, have been most severely felt, and most rigidly enforced, as a lay-impropriator-Mr. Kynaston; of St. Botolph, Aldgate.
this on 576
FOREIGN LITERATURE. The National Calendar for the United operation is repeated. At Tan-yai there are
States, for the Year 1824. By P. plains of gold: the metal there is so mixed Force. Vol. V.-1 vol. 12mo. with sand and earth, that it is necessary to pp. 280. Washington.
dig deep in order to find it. If it be entirely
taken away, no reproduction of it occurs; ACCORDING to the exposé of the American and, therefore, it is only possible to wash and marine contained in the Calendar, the smelt a certain quantity in the course of United States have, at the present time, the year. Among the Southern Tartars, seven ships of the line, seventy-fours; five gold' is found in caverns at a certain depth frigates of forty-four guns, three of thirty- beneath a stratum of the stone named six, two of twenty-four, four of eighteen, He-thsiao. In the province of Honan, at one of fourteen, and five of twelve. Besides Thay-koung and other places, and in the these, they have the Fulton steain-frigate, province of Kiangsi, at Yo-phing, Sinkian, constructe i in 1814, and four other small and other places, pits are dug in the plains, ships of war; fifteen sloops are devoted to whence an extremely fine sand is taken, the suppression of piracy; twenty-seven which is washed and purified in order to vessels of different sizes are employed on reduce it to a metallic state. The Ling the lakes; and, finally, there are five ships Pao asserts that the common people wash of the line, and five frigates now construct. the entrails of the ducks and geese which ing in the six public docks of the States. are fed on these plains ; and sometimes The statistic table which accompanies the obtain as much as an ounce of gold in a Calendar, puts us in a conditior to judge of pound; but the author, from whom our the state of the commerce of the United account is translated, adds slily that he States with the different regions of the fears the statement is a fable. world. The countries with which they carry on the largest commercial intercourse, are England, the Isle of Cuba, China, On the Employment of Time. By France, South America, and Mexico, the
Jullien. Paris. Hanseatic towns, the Republic of Hayti, the Danish possessions in the West Indies, In this work, the third edition of which has Malta, and Italy. The imports chiefly just appeared at Paris, self-knowledge and come from England, and her colonies in self-management, as the fruits of what the the East and West Indies, Russia, Sweden, author has read and meditated, in the book the Isle of Cuba, China, South America, of Common Sense, present those philosoand Spain. As to the exports, they are phical ideas, which, most gratefully, rule principally directed to France, Prussia, the morality, in proportion to our advances Republic of Hayti, Denmark, Holland, the in them. The good and the wise know the Hanseatic Towns, Trieste, and Terre worth of these, as affecting a revolution Neuve.
in the heart, as enlightening the ignorant,
as favouring benign dispositions, and imRemarks on Gold, and the Manner' pressions not easily got rid of; as restoring
of using it. From a Chinese Work strength to the feeble, consoling with hopes entitled Description of the Arts of with the gifts of vigorous youth. In the
the unfortunate, and often blessing old age the Empire.
estimable society of these, the moral virtues The empire of China contains nearly 100 are welcomed and esteemed; without them gold mines; and the greater portion of this life cannot enjoy tranquil repose, but is liametal is derived from the south-eastern ble to be perpetually, though differently, provinces. The mines where it is found agitated, in its most common occurrences. are more than 100 feet (tchangs) deep. It "If you love life,” says Franklin, “ don't is also collected from rivers. It is the waste your time; its right use will open all Kinteha-kiang or Gold Sand River in the roads to success, and even to the glory, Yunnan, which supplies almost all the which your labours, brilliant or immense, gold obtained from river sand. This river may deserve.” Mr. J. wields this instruhas its source in Thibet, and arrives at ment, once brandished with the hand and Petching-tcheou, making a circuit of about arm of Franklin, in conditions very different 500 lis, (50 leagues.) It is there that and quite opposite, his whole life being a it is intersected in several places for the commentary on his text. He could enjoy purpose of the gold fishery. The metal his praise and renown as a politician with derived from it is of a pale yellow when the enthusiasm of the people, grateful for first smelted ; but it becomes red, if the the benefits and happiness he had afforded
them ; but he never appeared tired of con- Independence des Colonies considerle templative pursuits; and indolence was dans ses rapports avec L'Interêt et unknown to him. The justice, moderation, la Politique de L'Europe. Par and frankness, which he possessed and M. De G.-Paris. 8vo. pp. 59. cultivated, in his humbler destinies, were not obscured or extinguished, by proximity
1 fr. 50 cents. Trouvé. to, and communications with, a court; the The author of this pamphlet knows very introduction to which is often of a very little of the present situation of St. Domingo. mischievous tendency, M. Jullien's views He has the temerity to pretend that the refer, not only to the moral but physical re-conquest of this island would not be a and intellectual life of man.
war, but a simple measure of police. But In approaching the subject of self- he would find himself mistaken if the attempt management, which is ever looking for
were made. ward to a period of improvement, self
If the forcible subjugation of St. Domingo knowledge should be our business and were undertaken, according to a statement study in the little domestic, as well as
made by M. Mazois, an old proprietor and higher employment, whether we live in the director-general of the royal packets, it midst of profusion, or hope to find and would require 250 transports, eight menappreciate content in a cottage and its in-of-war, and 30,000 troops. It would be
in to our duty, we must submit to the lot an all- and recruit the army, to despatch, during wise Providence has appointed for us, and, the first eight months, 80 or 100 more in the endeavours and exertions
which transports. These different expeditions, occupy the mind, we should make a faithful according to the same authority, requiring examination of the past, a rule for framing to maintain in active service 54,000 sea, those dispositions, affections, and emotions, and land forces, at 1800 leagues distance, which become a Being who would be during an entire year, would not cost less respected as reasonable.
than 200,000 millions. In the performance of a duty of such magnitude as self-examination, the author Parables, by Dr. F. A. Krummaker. recommends, (as sure and meritorious, and From the German, by Frederick what habit will render an easy task,) to say or do nothing of consequence, whether We have before expressed our view of the
Shoberl, Ackerman. it be to amuse and please, or to consult the obligation of the public to Mr. Ackerman, humours and feelings of the heart, more repulsive, without calculating in different he is in the habit of dispensing in new and
for the variety of tasteful gratifications which points ; or without dwelling on the ques- elegant forms : and the little work before tion of cui bono, as a subject, not to be us constitutes an augmented claim upon its judged of superficially, like others. Also patronage. The beautiful little collection to require an account, every morning or of parables and epilogues contained in it evening, of the transactions which related may be considered as a valuable addition to or closed the preceding day, and to set to the sum of our juvenile “physic" for down this account, in writing, in a stýle the soul. Administered in the present form, concordant with our feelings, at the time; the medicine will be as agreeable to the to shrink from no investigation, and to palate as serviceable to the tone of the preserve the diary as an analytical record. mind. The author extends this plan to details of expense, to the comforts and blessings we
So the sick infant's taste disguised to enjoy, or the abundance we lack, and are
meet, endeavouring to make our own.
The vessel's brim is tinged with juices On the whole, the author, during a
sweet; practice of twenty years, has kept three The saving draught his willing lip receives, journals of this description ; one of a general He tastes deluded, and deluded
lives. kind, not for daily memoranda, but for recollections and reflections of a certain Neue Untersuchungen des Kellenthums interest. The second he terms the agenda,
Zur Aufhellung Der Ungeschichte more extensively relating to receipts and
Der Deutschen. J. G. Radloff, disbursements, to social intercourse and Bonne. correspondence by letters; to biographical The author endeavours to prove the fallacy researches, historical, necrological notices. of the commonly-received notion, that we The third, he calls a biometer, specifying have received all our knowledge from the the hour of each day, respectively, allotted to East, alleging that the first teachers of the such recorded particulars.
Greeks, who instructed them in the doctrines of the immortality of the soul, came from the north. It has been generally be- has seen them all; the causes of this great lieved till now, he says, that the Germans political earthquake, and the nature of the were not known to civilization till about 110 interests which have set it in motion, beyears before the Christian æfa ; and, ex- cause he has studied them at their source : cept what Cæsar and Tacitus relate, very for he too has been able to say, respecting inaccurate particulars were obtained with the facts which he recounts,-Quæque ipse regard to them. The little that some Greek miserrima vidi. writers and philosophers, despatehed thither by Alexander, recorded, was not suffi- La Chaumiere Indienne, Le Café de ciently appreciated. Under these circum
Surate, fc. et Paul et Virginie. stances, he thinks himselfenabled to supply the world with certain particulars, relative
Par Jacques-Henry-Bernardin de
St. Pierre.-2 vol. small 8vo, each to the Celts and Germans, drawn from the ancient connection between the northern
38. tribes and the great oracles, and from the. These two elegant little volumes, which voyages of ancient German priests into may be had separately or together, are, in Greece.
every respect, worthy of a lady's library. The
contents of each are complete in themselves, Histoire de la Regeneration de la those of the first comprising La Chaumiere
Grece; comprenant le precis des Indienne, La Café de Surate, Voyage en evenements depuis 1740, jusqu' en Siberia; Immensité de la Nature, &c. &c. 1824. Par F. C. M. L. Pouque- preceded by the life of the author : and ville, ancien Consul - general de those of the second, Paul et Virginie, with France aupres d'Ali Pacha de Ja
an Avant-Propos. nina, fc.-4 vol. 8vv, avec cartes et
The work is brought forward under the
general title of Choix des Classiques Franportraits. Paris. Firmin Didot, cais, and is edited by L: 'T. Ventouillac, Pere et Filx.
The present volumes form the seventh and We cannot follow M. de Pouqueville eighth of a series, the intended extent of through all the details of this history; it which is not announced ; and should they would be necessary to copy them entirely, all be as carefully and delicately prepared to comprise all that is worthy, the atten- as those now lying before us, their claim tion and the admiration of the reader. His to public favour.will be considerable. The vivid and eloquent narrative is not fitted for 'plan of the editor is, we perceive, to ornaanalysis: the events, moreover, that he ment each volume with two vignettes, illusrecounts, are present to the thoughts of the trative of certain scenes or incidents in the whole world, and are, in fact, passing un- principal piece in the volume. In the preder our eyes. But the peculiar position of sent instances, these are ingeniously dethe historian in this case, has enabled us to signed, and executed with much taste and say much more than could be known re- ability; and the printer, vying with the exspecting them. He is enabled to describe ertions of the engraver, has performed his the places accurately, because he has visited part with uncommon neatness and accuthem;
the principal persons, because he racy.
We hope we fulfil our engagement, in noticing every Book published soithin five or six weeks, from the date of its publicalion to tliat of our Number ; but, although we adopt every means to discover novelties, some omissions may take place, in spite of our industry ; we, therefore, repeut the rish, thut Authors would themselves take charge of the early delivery of copies of their works at our Publishers?; and, in every case, if desired, they shall be returned with exactress.
On the publication of the 12th Number, we shall introduce copious Indexes for the Year. The Volume will thus' be a complete Register of the Literature of the previous twelve Months, and form an invaluable present to friends throad.
The continued demand for the first five Numbers proves the estimation in chick this work is held, und stimulates the best exertions of the Conductors to merit the liberal patronuge with which they have been and continue to be honoured.
The Editors have to uprilogize for the inadvertent admission into the present Number of the Memoirs of BRASBRIDGE and EARLE, which they huvé found are some months old; but they were misled by the advertisements in the newspapers.
In the present Number, at page 487, line 42, for other nations, reud other authors.
TO VOLUME THE FIRST.
HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY.
VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.
cal Genius of Lord Byron 885
during the Siege of Quebec 492
Crit. Gaz. Vol. 1, No. 6.