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time was taken up in preparing to move towards Onore ; for we had not a cooly, carriage, or bullock, to convey any stores. The battering cannon, ammunition, provisions, &c. were sent by sea ; and the great additions that Hyder had made to the fortifications of Onore and fortified Island, prevented my entering the river with the small craft, and obliged me to land every thing through a heavy surf on the beach, and then to cross the river to the northward of the fort. These impediments were got over; and a practicable breach being effected, the assault was made-and the garrison, consisting of two thousand five hundred men, were either killed, drowned, or made prisoners.—Shortly after this event, the troops from the southward, under Lieutenant Colonel Macleod, were landed at Rajamundroog. To wait for a junction, would take up much time : so, that Bet a moment should be lost, I embarked, and landed near Cundapore, under the fire of the Bombay Grab and the Intrepid, and immediately seized a small fort that served to secure our stores. The enemy were in sight, and seemed numerous : some prisoners that we took, reckoned them at twelve hundred horse, one thousand Sepoys, and five hundred Peons. My party was composed of three hundred and fifty Europeans, six hundred Sepoys, and four sinall field-pieces-with which I marched, first towards the enemy, who drew back, and then I proceeded to Cundapore. They incommoded my rear very much; but being determined to attack the fort, I only acted on the defensive, and at seven in the evenin got possession of the fort, and the several redoubts that commanded the river. The grand object of the expedition, an attack upon Bidanore, remained to be undertaken ; and much serious reflection it required before the hazardous enterprize should be determined on.--Your Honors will now take a view of the state of my army : No carriage-bullock, and the few draft not able to draw cight light field-pieces-not a cooly to carry musquet, ammunition or provisions-not a tent-and many officers, His Majesty's in particular, had not a single servantaneither bullock or sheep to be had, the enemy having drove them off.

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sisted of about eleven hundred effective Europeans, and three thousand Sepoys. The distance from Cundapore to the foot of the Ghaut is thirty miles, through a woody country: the enemy's army had been reinforced and lay in the way. The reports of the strength of the various works that defended the pass up the mountains, was such as gave me but very faint hope of success; and the difficulty of supplying my troops with rice, was almost itself sufficient to deter a person from the attempt. However, having positive orders to take possession of Bidanore, I resolved to make a trial, and issued directions for the march. We had not gone six miles, before the enemy opposed us in force. We pushed forwards; and, by the effect of well 'served artillery, and the steadiness of the men, the enemy retired as vanced. The skirinish continued about three hoursafter which we were left to pursue our route unmolested; nor did the enemy make any stand till we were on the fourth day's inarch, within three miles of the passwhere, the ground being favorable, they attempted opposition, and were roughly treated, losing, by the bayonet and shot, above three hundred men. They were pursued to a small fort, which was immediately abandoned ; and then fled to the first barrier or entrance of the pass.

This was a line of masorry that covered all the open ground, and was closed by woods to the right and left. Upon six bastions were mounted fifteen pieces of cannon ; and on the left was a work on a steep mountain, with two twelve pounders. This altogether had too formidable an appearance to attack in front; but having reconnoitred the right, I imagined that the flank might be turned by ascending the hill through the wood. 'Early in the morning, two parties were formed-one to attempt the flank, the other to escalade the wall; but the enemy saved us that trouble by evacuating the place. This was a happy moment to try the pass; for the enemy by felling trees, &c. would have thrown so many obstacles in the way, that the want of provision would have compelled me to relinquish the design. A party was instalītly ordered to follow the enemy up the hill, which, with little loss, gained the second barrier,

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on which were mounted eleven guns. Fifty of the ene. my were either killed or taken at this work. Having this success, I relieved the exhausted by fresh detachments, which excited emulation, and encouraged the ardor of the Sepoys; for, to the unremitting exertions of this branch of your troops is due the honor of this day. Battery after battery was taken ; and the possession of the fort on the top of the Ghaut, about five in the afternoon, called Hyderghur, crowned the whole. At this fort we found mounted thirty pieces of cannon, from twenty-four to four pounders; and at the different works in the pass, forty others, from four to twelve.

When we contemplated the numerous redoubts and the height of the Ghaut, and were told by prisoners that we had drove off seventeen thousand men, including dismounted cavalry, regular Sepoys, and match-lock Peons, we could not consider the victory we had gained as due to use our weak efforts would have been in vain. The progress


your arms is to be ascribed to the Divine will. In the course of this war, Providence has been peculiarly bountiful-When we were in want of rice, we were sure to find a supply left for our use by the enemy--When our musquet ammunition was expended, the. enemy's magazines furnished us abundantly-cannon we found in every fort, and such quantities of warlike stores, that we are apt, to suppose that Hyder supplied all his garrisons from this coast and from Bidanore. Hyderghur is about fourteen miles from Hydernagurr alias Bidanore, the capital of the Province.

In the night of the day that we gained the Ghaut, I was visited by Captain Donald Campbell, the son of Colonel Charles Campbell. He had been wrecked off the coast, was seized, and kept in irons, until the approach of this army caused the Jemadar to release him, to enploy him as an Ambassador. His message was, that the Jemadar having lost his Master (Hyder) and being upon bad terms with Tippoo Sabib, would willingly put himself under the protection of the Company, provided that the management of the country was continued to him. The idea of getting possession of the capital and the forts of the kingdom towards Seringapatain, as well as

the great advantage I might expect from his experience, abilities and influence, with the weak state of my army, induced me to close with the proposal ; and I sent him a cowl, signifying that his power and influence should not be lessened. This, though not drawn with the pen of a lawyer, was equal in value to the capital of Bidanore. Captain Campbell returned with it, and was to tell the Jemadar that I should march in the morning.

Not expecting the great success that we had met with by forcing the pass on the main road, I had detached Lieutenant-Colonel Macleod to the left to ascend the Ghaut through a narrow path, in order to attack Hyder. ghur in the rear. The absence of this detachment, and the fatigue of the former day, reduced my party to about four hundred Europeans and seven hundred Sepoys ; and all my guns were at the bottom of the Ghaut. With this detachment I moved towards Bidanore, and was within a mile of the walls before any message came from Captain Campbell or the Jemadar: but having no. thing to apprehend in the field from the panic-struck enemy, we continued our march until the welcome approach of Captain Campbell assured me the place was our own. On entering it, I was pleased to see about four hundred of your Sepoys that had been taken in the Carnatic, who offered me their service. Upon visiting the Jemadar, I repeated my assurances, that while he behaved faithfully to the Company, the management of the country should be continued to him ; nd, although the sword must be in your hands, that he should have as much power and influence as his station required and that you would not refuse settling upon him very ample allowances. The enemy being in force, and my army much weakened, with other disagreeable matters that occured, prevented my further advance than to take possession of two forts to the Eastward ; for, being apprehensive that the Killidar of Mangalore would not deliver up that place to the order of Hyat Sahib, and considering that famous seaport of more consequence to your affairs than acquiring territory beyond the mountains, I held myself in readi. ness to march that way, and was forced to lay siege to it. A practicable breach being made, the Killidar thought proper to surrender it. Upon this happy event give me leave to congratulate you; for it partly secures our conquests from Carwar to Cananore. There are two or three places that I have not been able to summons ; but as these garrisons cannot expect any succor, they will fall of course.

Thus have I given your honors a short recital, from the first landing of your arms on the 12th of December, to the reduction of Mangalore on the 9th of March; in which short time a series of success has attended us that can liardly be paralleled. All the enemy's marine has fallen in our hands, among which are eight ships of the line, either built or on the socks; and five of them might be sent to sea in a short time. After informing you of the happy and glorious success of your arms, it is painful for me to tell you, that dissention in the army, on account of plunder and booty, has arisen to such a height as to threaten open mutiny. I have informed your Honors of the terms that the Jemadar required, and that I in your name granted; and you know in how peaceable a manner this capital was resigned to you. I: am sorry to say, that His Majesty's officers have been foremost in the clamors; and that the agents appointed by thein have occasioned me much trouble and anxiety, and a great deal of discontent throughout the army. í sball send you copies of the several letters that have passed, for your determination. They may suppose that I have appropriated treasure to my own use, or bargained to restore the private property of the Jemadar to him ; or that I should agree that he should call all treasure and jewels his private property, to the exclusion of what of right should belong to the Honorable Company or the captors. I have only to assure your Honors, that I have made no bargain whatever, either public or private, but what was expressed in the 'cowl sent from Hyder. ghur, to which captain Campbell was witness: and as I have frequently mentioned to my friends, that I would not receive a present of consequence without the consent of the Honorable Company, I shall inform you, that on my first visit the Jemadar insisted on making me a present of a lack of rupees; and when he pleased

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