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lies...Sir William Howe moves towards White Marsh...Skir-

mish there...Returns to Philadelphia... Washington goes into

winter quarters at Valley forge... Distresses of the American

army.

112

Chap. v. Events of 1777 continued... Proceedings of Congress...

Resignation of the President..lenry Laurens

appointed

President...Colonel Wilkinson delivers a message to Con-

gress from General Gates...Is brevetted a Brigadier Gene-

ral...General Mifflin resigns as Quarter Master General..

Board of war appointed...Mr. Silas Deane recalled...General

Conway appointed Inspector General...Discontent of the

officers...Confused state of the finances...Articles of confe-

deration.

128

Chap. vi. Events of 1777 continued... March of Burgoyne's

troops...His reception by General Schuyler...Conduct of his

troops on the march... Their reception at Cambridge...Gene-

ral Burgoyne complains that the publick faith is broken...

Congress resolve to delay the embarkation of the troups...

Correspondence between Washington and Howe on the

subject of prisoners...Report of the Board of War thereon...

Conduct of a party of the enemy under Captain Emmerick...

Contemplated expedition of General Spencer against New-

port..Savage inroads on the western frontiers... Proceedings

of Congress.General Lincoln sends an expedition against

Lake George and Ticonderoga...Surprise of General St.

Clair.Extra pay given to Washington's army.

147

CHAP. VII. Events of 1778... Proceedings of the British Par-

liament...Lord North's second conciliatory scheme...Duke

of Richmond proposes to acknowledge the independence of

America...Last publick appearance of Lord Chatham... Dis-

grace of Burgoyne...Situation of the American army at Val-

ley Forge...Commissary General appointed... Baron Steuben

appointed Inspector General...Inactivity of Sir William

Howe at Philadelphia...Conduct of Congress on receiving

Lord North's Bills. Arrival of Mr. Simeon Deane with

copies of the treaties with France... Proceedings of Con-

gress thereon...Sir Henry Clinton arrives and supersedes Sir

William Howe...Arrival of the Commissioners, Lord Car-

lisle, Mr. Eden and Mr. Johnston... Their unsuccessful ne-

gotiation and outrageous conduct...Sir Henry evacuates Phi-

PAGE.

ladelphia... Is pursued by Washington... Battle in New Jer-

sey..Arrest and trial of Lee...Congress return to Philadel-

phia...Lieutenant Brown shot by a centinel at Cambridge...

Arrival of Count D'Estaing with a French fleet... Pursues

Lord Howe to New-York, and blockades him there...Sails

to Rhode Island to assist in the expedition of General Sul-

livan... British and French fleets prevented from engaging

by a storm.-Retreat of General Sullivan...Count D'Estaing

sails for Boston.-Mysterious affair of Captain Folger..Mr.

Deane... Beaumarchais...Loss of the Frigate Randolph...

Bloody massacre at Wyoming...Colonel Clarke's expedition

to the Mississippi.

164

CHAP. VIII. Events of 1778 continued...Recognizance of M. Ge-

rard as Minister from the French King...Dr. Franklin ap-

pointed Minister Plenipotentiary to France...Marquis de la

Fayette returns to France...Count D'Estaing sails from Bos-

ton...Unsuccessful attempt of Admiral Byron...General

Gates arrives to take command at Boston...Movements of

Sir Henry Clinton...His expedition against Bedford...

Against Egg Harbour...Slaughter of Pulaski's Light Infan-

try...Of Baylor's regiment of Horse...Congress grant half

pay to the American officers...Exchange of prisoners...Ex-

peditions against East Florida...Sir Henry Clinton sends an

expedition against Georgia... Defeat of General Robert

howe, and capture of Savannah, by Colonel Campbell...Ma-

rauding incursions into Georgia from East Florida...Gene-

ral Prevost arrives...Takes Sunbury, and the whole of Geor-:

gia falls...Expedition from Scoharie-Gallant exploit of

Major Talbot...Conduct of the enemy at Cherry Valley...

Mr. Silas Deane makes an appeal to the people... Is answered

by

“Common Sense”... Monsieur Gerard presents a memo-

rial to Congress... The French and British fleets meet in the

West Indies...Generals Schuyler and St. Clair honourably

acquitted by their Courts Martial.Sentence against Gene-

ral Lee confirmed...Reflections on the state of the Country. . 204,

CHAP. ix. Events of 1779...General Lincoln is sent to take

command in the southern department...General Prevost at-

tempts to gain Port Royal, and is repulsed...Colonel Boyd

at the head of the tories defeated by Colonel Pickens.. Co-

Ionel Campbell abandons Augusta...General Ashe defeated

PAGE.

at Briar Creek...Brave stand of General Elbert...Lincoln is

reinforced and crosses the Savannah..General Prevost

attacks Moultrie, who retreats to Charleston...Siege of

Charleston...Prevost retires without attacking... Lincoln

arrives at Dorchester...Attacks the British at Stono...Is com-

pelled to retreat...General Prevost establishes a post at

Beaufort, and retires to Savannah...Sir Henry Clinton sends

an expedition into the Chesapeake... They enter Elizabeth

River, and destroy the American shipping and stores, and

retire to New-York.

226

CHAP. X. Events of 1779 continued...Sir Henry Clinton

sends an expedition up the Hudson...Takes Stony Point, and

Fort La Fayette...Gallant attack and recapture of Stony

Point, by General Wayne...Surprise of the British garrison

at Powle's Hook...Expedition of Governour Tryon against

the Coast of Connecticut...Destruction of the towns of Fair-

field and Norwalk...Unexampled enormities of the British

army.Tryon is recalled by Sir Henry Clinton... Massachu-

setts expedition against Penobscot...Proceedings of Con-

gress...Report of the Commissioners of Foreign Afairs... De-

cease of Colonel Trumbull... Washington is empowered to

draw on the Treasurer... Instructions to Dr. Franklin...Con-

ference with M. Gerard... His ideas on the prospect of peace...

Retaliatory resolutions...Thanks voted to Washington,

Wayne, and other officers... Distribution of money to the

troops

241

GHAP. X1. Events of 1779 continued... The Count D'Estaing

arrives on the coast of Georgia with the French fleet...Lands

his army and is joined by General Lincoln before Savan-

Þah...The Siege of Savannah. The Confederate Generals

attempt to storm the works and are repulsed...Count Pu-

laski is mortally wounded... The Siege is raised and the allied

armies retreat...Count D'Estaing sails for the West Indies...

Extraordinary enterprise of Colonel White...Expedition of

Colonel Clarke against Lieutenant Governour Hamilton...

Of Colonel Goose Van Schaick...

General Sullivan sent

against the Six Nations...Attacks the Indians and Tories at

Newtown, and suffers them to escape...Lays waste the In-

dian Country, and returns to Head Quarters... Resigns his

commission...Brandt destroys the Minisink Settlements...

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Captain M'Donald captures Freland's Fort...Expedition of

General Williams against the Creeks...Spain declares War.

against England...Expedition of the Spanish Governour of

Louisiana, and his recognition of American Independence. 264

CHAP. x11. Events of 1779 continued... Proceedings of Con-

gress...Ultimatum of Negotiations for Peace... Instructions to

the Ministers at foreign Courts...Mr. Jay appointed Minisi.

teto Spain..Mr. Adams to negociate a peace with Great

Binain...Further emission of Bills of Credit...Lieutenant Co-

lonel Talbot made a Captain in the Navy...Gold Medal

presented to Major Lee...Mr. Huntington elected Presi.

dent...Convention Troops ordered to be fed with Indian

Corn... Chevalier de la Luzerne presents his credentials to

Congress, and is received as Minister from France...Regue

lation of prices...Loans from Spain and Holland...Commu.

nication from the French Minister...Cruize of Captain Paul

Jones...Action between the Bon Homme Richard and Ser

rapis... The Countess of Scarborough surrenders to the Pals

las...Jones enters the Texel... Remonstrance of the British

Ambassadour, and reply of their High Mightinesses, the

States General.

CHAP. XIII. Events of 1780...Sir Henry Clinton evacuates

Rhode Island, and prepares an expedition to the South.

The British fleet arrive at North Edisto, and disembark the.

army... Rencontre between the British and American Cali

valry...Sir Henry appears before Charleston.Situation of

General Lincoln...Earl of Caithness wounded in a skir

mish...Charleston is summoned to surrender, and the sum-

mons rejected...

The enemy's batteries are opened...Dan :

gerous situation of Lincoln... Terms of capitulation oftered

by Lincoln and rejected...

Movements of the Cavalry..Sur

prise of Lieutenant Colonel Washington at Monk's Cór-

ner...Success of Lieutenant Colonel White against a forag

ing party of the enemy...Disappointment and discomfiture

at Lerew's ferry...Sir Henry again demands the surrender

of Charleston, which is given up, and Lincoln and his army

become prisoners of war...Terms of capitulation, and Ame

rican loss... Treachery and punishment of Colonel Hamil

ton Ballendine...Route and butchery of an American-party

at Waxhaw by Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton...Measures of

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Sir Henry Clinton to secure the submission of South Caro-

lina...He sails for New-York...Lord Cornwallis succeeds

to the command... Manifestations of revolt against the

Royal Authorities in South Carolina... The Baron de Kalb

and Major General Gates arrive in North Carolina... Two

battalions of militia leave the enemy, and rejoin the Ame-

rican standard...General Gates advances towards Cambden...

Skirmish of Brigadier General Sumpter...Gates and Corn-

wallis meet between Clermont and Cambden...Battle and

defeat of Gates...Losses of the American army...Surprise

and discomfiture of General Sumpter...Retreat of the rem-

nant of the American army to Salisbury and Hillsborough...

Their wretched condition.

296

CHAP. xiv. Events of 1780 continued... Proceedings of Con-

gress, their reply to the communications of the French mi-

nister... Second communication of the French Minister...

Congress resolve to issue a new species of paper bills...

They fix the value of loan certificates... Situation of the

American army at Morristown... Their distresses relieved

by the people of Jersey..Severity of the winter.-Lord

Stirling makes an unsuccessful attempt on Staten Island...

Mutiny in the American army...Expedition of the royal

army into Jersey...Destruction committed at Connecticut

Farms...Murder of Mrs. Caldwell... The enemy move to-

wards Springfield—but retire to Elizabeth Town without

an attack...Sir Henry Clinton arrives from Charleston,

sends over reinforcements, and the army a second time

move upon Springfield, which they destroy... Brave conduct

of the American troops... The enemy evacuate New Jersey,

and return to Staten Island...Arrival of the Count De Ro-

chambeau, and a French fleet at Newport...Joy of the citi-

zens... Washington orders the white and black cockade to

be united...Admiral Graves arrives at New-York with re-

inforcements to the fleet and army... The enemy project

an attack against Rhode Island...General Wayne is des

tached to Bergen Neck... Washington's situation at Orange-

town...bis letters to Governour Reed... Treachery of Ar-

nold...Capture, trial and execution of Major Andre, a

British spy...Arnold arrives at New York, and receives the

reward of his treachery.. Makes an insolent address to the

VOL. II,

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