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ARTICLE XVIII.

i The United States shall guaranty to each state a republican form of government, and shall protect each state against foreign invasions; and, on the application of its legislature, against domestick violence.

ARTICLE XIX.

On the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the states in the union for an amendment of this constitution, the legislature of the United States shall call a convention for that purpose.

ARTICLE XX.

The members of the legislatures, and the executive and judicial officers of the United States, and of the several states, shall be bound by oath to support this constitution.

ARTICLE XXI.

* The ratification of the conventions of

states shall be sufficient for organizing this constitution.

ARTICLE XXII.

This constitution shall be laid before the United States in congress assembled, for their approbation ; and it is the opinion of this convention that it should be afterwards submitted to a convention chosen in each state, under the recommendation of its legislature, in order to receive the ratification of such convention.

ARTICLE **11.

To introduce this government, it is the opinion of this convention, that each assenting convention should notify its assent and ratification to the United States in congress assembled; that congress, after receiving the assent and ratification of the conventions of states, should appoint and publish a day, as early as may be, and appoint a place for commencing proceedings under this constitution; that after such publication, the legislatures of the several states should elect members of the senate, and direct the election of members of the house of representatives; and that the members of the legislature should meet at the time and place 'assigned by congress, and should, as soon as may be, after their meeting, choose the president of the United States, and proceed to execute this constitution.

TUESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1787.

It was moved and seconded to refer the report of the committee of detail to a committee of the whole

Which passed in the affirmative.

Yeas—Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virgipia, South Carolina

5 Nays—New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, North Carolina

4 Delaware being represented during the debate, a question was again taken on referring to' a committee of the whole, and

Passed in the negative.
Yeas-Delaware, Maryland, Virginia

3

Nars New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina 6

On the question to agree to the preamble to the constitution, as reported from the committee to whom were referred the proceedings of she convention,

It passed unanimously in the affirmative.

On the question to agree to the first article, as reported,

It passed in the affirmative.

On the question to agree to the second article, as reported,

It passed in the affirmative.

It was moved and seconded to alter the second clause of the third article, so as to read,

" Each of which shall, in all cases, have a negative on the legislative acts of the other" Which passed in the negative.

Yeas-New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, North Carolina

5 Nays--Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia

5 On the question to strike the following clause out of the third article, namely, - Each of which shall, in all cases, have a negative

the other It passed in the affirmative.

Yeas—New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia 7

Nays Connecticut, Maryland, North Carolina 3

It was moved by Mr. Randolph, and seconded, to add the following words to the last clause of the third article, “ Unless a different day shall be appointed by law".. Which passed in the affirmative.

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Yeas-Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

8 NAYS–New Hampshire, Connecticut

2 It was moved and seconded to strike out the word “ December," and insert the word" May," in the third article

Which passed in the negative.
YeasSouth Carolina, Georgia

Nays-New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina

8 It was moved and seconded to insert after the word " senate,” in the third article, the following words, namely,

Subject to the negative hereafter mentioned"
Which passed in the negative.
YEA-Delaware

1 Nays—New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

9 It was moved and seconded to amend the last clause of the third article, so as to read as follows, namely,

“ The legislature shall meet at least once in every year; and such meeting shall be on the first Monday " in December, unless a different day shall be appoint"ed by law"

Which passed in the affirmative.

It was moved and seconded to strike out the last clause in the first section of the fourth article,

Which passed in the negative.
YEA-Delaware

1 Nays-New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecti

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cut, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Ca. rolina

17 DIVIDED--Maryland It was moved and seconded to adjourn. Which passed in the negative.

YEAS-Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia

4 Nays-New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, North Carolina, South Carolina

5 It was moved and seconded to adjourn till to-morrow morning, at 10 o'clock

Which passed in the negative.

YEAS--New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut

3 Nays-Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina

1.5
Divided-South Carolina
The motion to adjourn renewed.
Passed in the affirmative.

YEAS--Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolinais 7 -..Nays-New Hampshire, Massachusetts

7.2 The house then adjourned till to-morrow morning, at 11 o'clock.

4

1

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1787. On the question to agree to the first section of the fourth article, as reported,

It passed unanimously in the affirmative.

It was moved and seconded to strike out the word " three," and to insert the word “seven," in the second section of the fourth article

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