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lect to attend at the day assigned, without showing sufficient reasons for not attending, or, being present, shall refuse to strike, the senate shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each state, and the clerk of the senate shall strike in behalf of the party absent or refusing. If any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or shall not appear to prosecute or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to pronounce judgment.
The judgment shall be final and conclusive. The proceedings shall be transmitted to the president of the senate, and shall be lodged among the publick records for the security of the parties concerned. Every commissioner shall, before he sit in judgment, take an oath, to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state where the cause shall be tried, “ well and truly to hear and determine the mat" ter in question, according to the best of his judgment; " without favour, affection, or hope of reward."
Sect. 3. All controversies concerning lands claimed under different grants of two or more states, whose jurisdictions, as they respect such lands, shall have been decided or adjusted subsequent to such grants, or any of them, shall, on application to the senate, be finally determined, as near as may be, in the same manner as is before prescribed for deciding controversies between different states.
Sect. 1. The executive power of the United States shall be vested in a single person. His style shall be, “ The President of the United States of America ;" and his title sball be, “ His Excellency." He shall be elected by ballot by the legislature. He shall hold his office during the term of seven years ; but shall not be elected a second time.
Sect. 2. He shall, from time to time, give information to the legislature of the state of the union. He may recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. He may convene them on extraordinary occasions. In case of disagreement between the two houses, with regard to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he thinks proper. He shall take care that the laws of the United States be duly and faithfully executed. He shall commission all the officers of the United States; and shall appoint officers in all cases not otherwise provided for by this constitution. He shall receive ambassadors, and may correspond with the supreme executives of the several states. He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons; but his pardon shall not be pleadable in bar of an impeach
He shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states. He shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be in. creased nor diminished during his continuance in office. Before he shall enter on the duties of his department, he shall take the following oath or affirmation : "1— “ solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully exe« cute the office of President of the United States of 66 America." He shall be removed from his office on impeachment by the house of representatives, and conviction in the supreme court, of treason, bribery, or corruption. In case of his removal as aforesaid, death, resignation, or disability to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the president of the senate shall exercise those powers and duties until another president of the United States be chosen, or until the disability of the president be removed.
Sect. 1. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as shall, when necessary, from time to time, be constituted by the legislature of the United States.
Sect. 2. The judges of the supreme court, and of the inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour. They shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
Sect. 3. The jurisdiction of the supreme court shall extend to all cases arising under laws passed by the legislature of the United States ; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other publick ministers and consuls; to the trial of impeachments of officers of the United States ; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies between two or more states (except such as shall regard territory or jurisdiction ;) between a state and citizens of another state ; between citizens of different states; and between a state or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects. In cases of impeachment, cases affecting ambassadors, other publick ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, this jurisdiction shall be original. In all the other cases before mentioned, it shall be appellate, with such exceptions and under such regulations as the legislature shall make. The legislature may assign any part of the jurisdiction above mentioned (except the trial of the president of the United States) in the manner, and under the limitations, which it shall think proper, to such inferior courts as it shall constitute from time to time.
Sect. 4. The trial of all criminal offences (except in cases of impeachments) shall be in the state where they shall be committed ; and shall be by jury.
Sect. 5. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend farther than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honour, trust, or profit, under the United States. But the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law.
No state shall coin money; nor grant letters of marque and reprisal; nor enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation ; hor grant any title of nobility.
No state, without the consent of the legislature of the United States, shall emit bills of credit, or make any thing but specie a tender in payment of debts; lay imposts or duties on imports; nor keep troops or ships of war in time of peace ; nor enter into any agreement of compact with another state, or with any foreign power ; nor engage in any war, unless it shall be actually invaded by enemies, or the danger of invasion be só imminent as not to admit of a delay until the legislature of the United States can be consulted.
The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.
Any person charged with treason, felony, or high misdemeanour, in any state, who shall flee from justice, and shall be found in any other state, shall, on demand of the executive power of the state from which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the state having jurisdiction of the offence.
Full faith shall be given in each state to the acts of the legislatures, and to the records and judicial proceedings of the courts and magistrates of every other state.
New states, lawfully constituted or established within the limits of the United States, may be admitted by the legislature into this government; but to such admission the consent of two thirds of the members present in each house shall be necessary. If a new state shall arise within the limits of any of the present states, the consent of the legislatures of such states shall be also necessary to its admission. If the admission be consented to, the new states shall be admitted on the same terms with the original states. But the legislature may make conditions with the new states concerning the publick debt, which shall be then subsisting.