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To borrow money, and emit bills on the credit of the United States;

To appoint a treasurer by ballot ;
To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;

To make rules concerning captures on land and water;

To declare the law and punishment of piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and the punishment of counterfeiting the coin of the United States, and of offences against the law of nations ;

To subdue a rebellion in any state, on the application of its legislature;

To make war;
To raise armies ;
To build and equip fleets;

To call forth the aid of the militia, in order to execute the laws of the union, enforce treaties, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; and, To make all laws that shall be necessary


proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested, by this constitution, in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 2. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against the United States, or any of them; and in adhering to the enemies of the United States, or any of them. The legislature of the United States shall have power to declare the punishment of treason. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses. No at. tainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, por forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted.

Sect. 3. The proportions of direct taxation shall be regulated by the whole number of white and other free citizens and inhabitants, of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and three fifths of all other persons not comprehended in the foregoing description, (except Indians not paying taxes ;) which number shall, within six years after the first meeting of the legislature, and within the term of every ten years afterwards, be taken in such manner as the said legislature shall direct.

Sect. 4. No tax or duty shall be laid by the legisla. ture on articles exported from any state ; nor on the migration or importation of such persons as the several states shall think proper to admit; nor shall such migration or importation be prohibited.

Sect. 5. No capitation tax shall be laid, upless in proportion to the census herein before directed to be taken.

Sect. 6. No navigation act shall be passed without the assent of two thirds of the members present in each house,

Sect. 7, The United States shall not grant any title of nobility.


The acts of the legislature of the United States made in pursuance of this constitution, and all treaties made under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the several states, and of their citizens and inhabitants ; and the judges in the several states shall be bound thereby in their decisions; any thing in the constitutions or laws of the several states to the contrary, notwithstanding.


Sect. 1. The senate of the United States shall have power to make treaties, and to appoint ambassadors, and judges of the supreme court.

Sect. 2. In all disputes and controversies now subsisting, or that may hereafter subsist, between two or more states, respecting jurisdiction or territory, the senate shall possess the following powers: Whenever the legislature, or the executive authority, or the lawful agent of any state in controversy with another, shall, by memorial to the senate, state the matter in question, and apply for a hearing, notice of such memorial and application shall be given, by order of the senate, to the legislature or the executive authority of the other state in controversy. The senate shall also assign a day for the appearance of the parties, by their agents, before that house. The agents shall be directed to appoint, by joint consent, commissioners or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in question. But if the agents cannot agree, the senate shall name three persons out of each of the several states; and from the list of such persons each party shall, alternately, strike out one, until the number shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that number not less than seven nor more than nine names, as the senate shall direct, shall, in their presence, be drawn out by lot; and the persons whose names shall be so drawn, or any five of them, shall be commissioners or judges to hear and finally determine the controversy; provided a majority of the judges, who shal! hear the cause, agree in the determination. If either party shall neg. lect to attend at the day assigned, without showing sufficient reasons for not attending, or, being present, shall refuse to strike, the senate shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each state, and the clerk of the senate shall strike in behalf of the party absent or refusing. If any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or shall not appear to prosecute or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to pronounce judgment. The judgment shall be final and conclusive. The proceedings shall be transmitted to the president of the senate, and shall be lodged among the publick records for the security of the parties concerned. Every commissioner shall, before he sit in judgment, take an oath, to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state where the cause shall be tried, “ well and truly to hear and determine the mat" ter in question, according to the best of his judgment; " without favour, affection, or hope of reward.”

Sect. 3. All controversies concerning lands claimed under different grants of two or more states, whose jurisdictions, as they respect such lands, shall have been decided or adjusted subsequent to such grants, or any of them, shall, on application to the senate, be finally determined, as near as may be, in the same manner as is before prescribed for deciding controversies between different states.


Sect. 1. The executive power of the United States shall be vested in a single person. His style shall be, “ The President of the United States of America;" and his title sball be, “ His Excellency." He shall be elected by ballot by the legislature. He shall hold his office during the term of seven years ; but shall not be elected a second time.

Sect. 2. He shall, 'from time to time, give information to the legislature of the state of the union. He may recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. He may convene them on extraordinary occasions. In case of disagreement between the two houses, with regard to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he thinks proper. He shall take care that the laws of the United States be duly and faithfully executed. He shall commission all the officers of the United States; and shall appoint officers in all cases not otherwise provided for by this constitution. He sball receive ambassadors, and may correspond with the supreme executives of the several states. He shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons ; but his pardon shall not be pleadable in bar of an impeachment. He shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states. He shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during his continuance in office, Before he shall enter on the duties of his department, he shall take the following oath or affirmation : "I

solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully exe( cute the office of President of the United States of 6 America." He shall be removed from his office on impeachment by the house of representatives, and conviction in the supreme court, of treason, bribery, or corruption. In case of his removal as aforesaid, death, resignation, or disability to discharge the powers and

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