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Sect. 7. The house of representatives, and the senate, when it shall be acting in a legislative capacity, shall keep a journal of their proceedings; and shall, from time to time, publish them: and the yeas and nays of the members of each house, on any question, shall, at the desire of one-fifth part of the members present, be entered on the journal.

Sect. 8. Neither house, without the consent of the other, shall adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that at which the two houses are sitting. But this regulation shall not extend to the senate, when it shall exercise the powers mentioned in the

article. Secr. 9. The members of each house shall be ineli. gible to, and incapable of holding any office under the authority of the United States, during the time for which they shall respectively be elected; and the members of the senate shall be ineligible to, and incapable of holding any such office for one year afterwards.

Sect. 10. The members of each house shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained and paid by the state in which they shall be chosen.

Seot. 11. The enacting style of the laws of the United States shall be, " Be it enacted, and it is hereby " enacted by the house of representatives, and by the " senate of the United States, in Congress assembled.”

Sect. 12. Each house shall possess the right of oric ginating bills, except in the cases before mentioned..

Sect. 13. Every bill, which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, sball, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States, for his revision. If, upon such revision, he approve of it, he shall sigaify his approbation by

signing it; but if, upon such revision, it shall appear to him improper for being passed into a law, he shall return it, together with his objections against il, to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider the bill; but if, after such reconsideration, two thirds of that house shall, notwithstanding the objections of the president, agree to pass it, it shall, together with his objections, be sent to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered; and if approved by two thirds of the other house also, it shall become a law. But, in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the persons voting for or against the bill shall be entered in the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the president within seven days after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be a law, unless the legislature, by their adjourn. ment, prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.

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Sect. 1. The legislature of the United States shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises;

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states ;

To establish a uniform rule of naturalization throughout the United States; ; To coin money;

To regulate the value of foreign coin;
To fix the standard of weights and measures ;
To establish post offices ; x

To borrow money, and emit bills on the credit of the United States; : To appoint a treasurer by ballot;

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;

To 'make rules concerning captures on land and water;

To declare the law and punishment of piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and the punishment of counterfeiting the coin of the United States, and of offences against the law of nations ;

To subdue a rebellion in any state, on the application of its legislature;

To make war;
To raise armies ;
To build and equip fleets ;

To call forth the aid of the militia, in order to execute the laws of the union, enforce treaties, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; and, To make all laws that shall be necessary


proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested, by this constitution, in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 2. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against the United States, or any of them; and in adhering to the enemies of the United States, or any of them. The legislature of the United States shall have power to declare the punishment of treason. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses. No attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, nor forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted.

Sect. 3. The proportions of direct taxation shall be regulated by the whole number of white and other free citizens and inhabitants, of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and three fifths of all other persons not comprehended in the foregoing description, (except Indians not paying taxes ;) which number shall, within six years after the first meeting of the legislature, and within the term of every ten years afterwards, be iaken in such manner as the said legislature shall direct.

Sect. 4. No tax or duty shall be laid by the legisla. ture on articles exported from any state ; nor on the migration or importation of such persons as the several states shall think proper to admit; por shall such migration or importation be prohibited.

Sect. 5. No capitation tax shall be laid, upless in proportion to the census herein before directed to be taken.

Sect. 6. No navigation act shall be passed without the assent of (wo thirds of the members present in each house.

Sect. 7, The United States shall not grant any title of nobility.


The acts of the legislature of the United States made in pursuance of this constitution, and all treaties made under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the several states, and of their citizens and inhabitants; and the judges in the several states shall be bound thereby in their decisions; any thing in the constitutions or laws of the several states to the contrary, notwithstanding.

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Sect. 1. The senate of the United States shall have power to make treaties, and to appoint ambassadors, and judges of the supreme court. .

Sect. 2. In all disputes and controversies now subsisting, or that may hereafter subsist, between two or more states, respecting jurisdiction or territory, the senate shall possess the following powers : Whenever the legislature, or the executive authority, or the lawful agent of any state in controversy with another, shall, by memorial to the senate, state the matter in question, and apply for a hearing, notice of such memorial and application shall be given, by order of the senate, to the legislature or the executive authority of the other state in controversy. The senate shall also assign a day for the appearance of the parties, by their agents, before that house. The agents shall be directed to ap. point, by joint consent, commissioners or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in question. But if the agents cannot agree, the senale shall name three persons out of each of the several states; and from the list of such persons each party shall, alternately, strike out one, until the number shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that pumber not less than seven por more than nine names, as the senate shall direct, shall, in their presence, be drawn out by lot; and the persons whose names shall be so drawn, or any five of them, shall be commissioners or judges to hear and finally determine the controversy; provided a majority of the judges, who shall hear the cause, agree in the determination. If either party shall neg. .

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