Equal Protection: Rights and Liberties Under the Law

Portada
ABC-CLIO, 2003 - 383 páginas

An introductory survey of the government's role in America's continuing drive for equality.

Today's lingering inequalities, particularly the "American dilemma" of racism, runs throughout U.S. history. Equal Protection provides readers with a historical overview of the controversies over the issue of equality, an understanding of how government-and, particularly, the courts and Congress-has reacted to these controversies, and the role these issues have played in shaping U.S. society.

This volume follows the push for equal treatment regardless of age, gender, disabilities, economic status, or sexual orientation. It focuses on legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, and political initiatives and movements such as The Great Society, the ERA, and the War on Poverty. Here are American's interpretations of equal rights, then and now.

* Includes a section of A-Z entries covering people, laws, events, judicial decisions, statutes, and concepts related to equal protection in the United States

* Primary source documents include court decisions, executive orders, and legislation that shaped the status of equal protection in our society today

 

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Contenido

Introduction
1
Compromising with the Devil
2
The Court and Slavery
7
The Civil War and the ReconstructionEra Amendments
12
The End of Reconstruction
21
The Court Reenters the Fray
27
The NAACP and Its Legal Strategy
29
The Supreme Court Reexamines Separate but Equal
32
Dred Scott v Sandford 1856
198
The Emancipation Proclamation 1863
204
The Freedom Amendments 1865 1868 1870
205
The Civil Rights Cases 1883
207
Plessy v Ferguson 1896
215
Brown v Board of Education 1954
220
Brown v Board of Education II 1955
222
Cooper v Aaron 1958
224

School Segregation before the Court
35
The Cooper v Aaron and Green v County School Board Decisions
45
Conclusion
48
References and Further Reading
49
Origins and Development
51
The Burger Court
55
The Busing Controversy
60
Affirmative Action
69
Conclusion
91
References and Further Reading
95
The Twentieth Century
97
The Demise of the Old Court and the Rise of the Modern Court
99
The New Equal Protection
101
The Court and Legislative Apportionment
105
Substantive Equal Protection
119
The Burger Court and Fundamental Rights
128
The Burger Court and Sex Discrimination
134
The Rehnquist Court and the New Equal Protection
142
Conclusion
152
References and Further Reading
155
Twentyfirst Century Issues
157
References and Further Reading
162
Key People Cases and Events
163
Documents
193
Selections from the US Constitution 1787
195
The Missouri Compromise 1820
197
Reynolds v Sims 1964
227
Green v County School Board 1968
231
Swann v Board of Education 1971
233
Frontiero v Richardson 1973
239
Keyes v School District No 1 Denver 1973
243
San Antonio v Rodriguez 1973
249
Milliken v Bradley 1974
255
Craig v Boren 1976
258
Regents of the University of California v Bakke 1978
261
Rostker v Goldberg 1981
272
Bowers v Hardwick 1986
274
Richmond v J A Croson Co 1989
278
Freeman v Pitts 1992
284
Shaw v Reno 1993
288
Adarand Constructors Inc Petitioner v Federico Pena Secretary of Transportation et al 1995
292
Romer v Evans 1996
298
United States v Virginia 1996
303
Gratz and Hamacher v Bollinger 2003
309
Grutter v Bollinger 2003
313
Lawrence and Garner v Texas 2003
323
Chronology
335
Table of Cases
341
Annotated Bibliography
345
Index
361
About the Author
383
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Referencias a este libro

Racial Profiling
Deborah Kops
Vista previa limitada - 2007

Acerca del autor (2003)

Francis Graham Lee is professor of political science at Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, PA.

Información bibliográfica