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the sword; whose tongue outvenoms all the worms of Nile; whose breath rides on the posting winds, and doth belie all corners of the world.-Shakespeare.

Divines do rightly infer from the sixth commandment, that scandalizing one's neighbor with false and malicious reports, whereby I vex his spirit, and consequently impair his health, is a degree of murder-Sir W. Raleigh.

Slugs crawl and crawl over our cabbages, like the world's slander over a good name. You may kill them, it is true, but there is the slime.-Douglas Jerrold.

A slanderer felt an adder bite his side: What followed from the bite? The serpent died.

Curst be the tongue, whence slanderous rumor, like the adder's drop distils her venom, withering friendship's faith, turning love's favor.-Hillhouse.

Slander meets no regard from noble minds; only the base believe what the base only utter.-Bellers.

There would not be so many open mouths if there were not so many open ears.-Bp. Hall.

The man that dares traduce because he can with safety to himself, is not a man.-Cowper.

He, who would free from malice pass his days, must live obscure, and never merit praise.-Gay.

Oh! many a shaft, at random sent, finds mark the archer little meant; and many a word, at random spoken, may soothe or wound a heart that's broken. -Walter Scott.

Done to death by slanderous tongues. -Shakespeare.

It is commonly unnecessary to refute slander and calumny, except by perseverance in well doing; they are sparks, which, if you do not fan them, will soon go out.

If evil be said of thee, and it is true, correct it; if it be a lie, laugh at it.

That thou art blamed, shall not be thy defect; for slander's mark was ever yet the fair; so thou be good, slander doth but approve thy worth the greater. -Shakespeare.

Next to the slanderer, we detest the

bearer of the slander to our ears.-M. H. Catherwood.

Life would be a perpetual flea-hunt if a man were obliged to run down all the innuendoes, inveracities, insinuations, and suspicions which are uttered against him.-H. W. Beecher.

The surest method against scandal is to live it down by perseverance in welldoing.-Boerhaave.

If slander be a snake, it is a winged one. It flies as well as creeps.-Douglas Jerrold.

How frequently are the honesty and integrity of a man disposed of by a smile or shrug! How many good and generous actions have been sunk into oblivion by a distrustful look, or stamped with the imputation of bad motives, by a mysterious and seasonable whisper!-Sterne.

There is nothing which wings its flight so swiftly as calumny, nothing which is uttered with more ease; nothing is listened to with more readiness, nothing dispersed more widely.-Cicero.

The slander of some people is as great recommendation as the praise of others.-Fielding.


Listen not to a tale-bearer or slanderer, for he tells thee nothing out of good will; but as he discovereth of the secrets of others, so he will of thine in turn.-Socrates.

Calumny would soon starve and die of itself if nobody took it in and gave it lodging-Leighton.

If any speak ill of thee, flee home to thy own conscience, and examine thy heart: if thou be guilty, it is a just correction; if not guilty, it is a fair instruction: make use of both; so shalt thou distil honey out of gall, and out of an open enemy create a secret friend. -Quarles.

When the tongue of slander stings thee, let this be thy comfort,-they are not the worst fruits on which the wasps alight.-Burger.

Close thine ear against him that shall open his mouth secretly against another. If thou receivest not his words, they fly back and wound the reporter. If thou dost receive them, they fly forward, and wound the receiver.-Lavater.

The way to check slander is to despise it; attempt to overtake and refute it, and it will outrun you.-A. Dumas.

If any one tells you a person speaks ill of you, do not make excuse about what is said, but answer: "He was ignorant of my other faults else he would not have mentioned these alone."Epictetus.

There is nobody so weak of invention that he cannot make up some little stories to vilify his enemy.-Addison.

Have patience awhile; slanders are not long-lived.-Truth is the child of time; ere long she shall appear to vindicate thee.-Kant.

Slander cannot make the subject of it either better or worse.-It may represent us in a false light, or place a likeness of us in a bad one, but we are always the same.-Not so the slanderer, for calumny always makes the calumniator worse, but the calumniated never. -Colton.

We cannot control the evil tongues of others, but a good life enables us to despise them.-Cato.

SLAVERY.-Whatever makes man a slave takes half his worth away.-Pope.

Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still, slavery, thou art a bitter draught.— Sterne.

That execrable sum of all villainies commonly called the slave-trade.-J. Wesley.

Corrupted freemen are the worst of slaves.-Garrick.

Here lies the evil of slavery: Its whips, imprisonments, and even the horrors of the middle passage, are not to be named, in comparison with the extinction of the proper consciousness of a human being-with the degrada- | tion of a man into a brute.-Channing.

There is a law above all human enactments, written upon the heart by the finger of God; and while men despise fraud, and loathe rapine, and abhor blood, they shall reject with indignation the wild and guilty phantasy, that man can hold property in man.Brougham.

Slavery is a system of the most complete injustice.-Plato.

Every man has a property in his own

person; this nobody has a right to but himself.-Locke.

Natural liberty is the gift of the beneficent Creator of the whole human race.-Alexander Hamilton.

Slavery is a system of outrage and robbery.-Socrates.

Slavery is an atrocious debasement of human nature.-Franklin.

Slavery is a state so improper, so degrading, so ruinous to the feelings and capacities of human nature, that it ought not to be suffered to exist.Burke.

Slavery is not only opposed to all the principles of morality, but, as it appears to me, is pregnant with appalling and inevitable danger to the Republic.Humboldt.

I envy neither the heart nor the head of that man from the North, who rises here in Congress to defend slavery from principle.-John Randolph.

We have found that this evil, slavery, has preyed upon the very vitals of the Union, and has been prejudicial to all the States in which it has existed.James Monroe.

The abolition of domestic slavery is the greatest object of desire in these colonies, where it was unhappily introduced in their infant state.-Thos. Jefferson.

I can only say that there is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than I do to see a plan adopted for the abolition of slavery.-Washington.

Not only does the Christian religion, but Nature herself, cry out against the state of slavery.-Pope Leo X.

It is injustice to permit slavery to remain for a single hour.-William Pitt.

Slavery is contrary to the fundamental law of all societies.-Montesquieu.

Slavery in all its forms, in all its degrees, is a violation of divine law, and a degradation of human nature.-Brissot.

Those are men-stealers who abduct, keep, sell, or buy slaves or freemen.Grotius.

Where slavery is, there liberty cannot be; and where liberty is, there slavery cannot be.-Charles Sumner.

It is observed by Homer that a man loses half his virtue the day he becomes a slave; he might have added, with truth, that he is likely to lose more than half when he becomes a slave-master. -Whately.


We can apply to slavery no name than its own. Men have always shrunk instinctively from this state, as the most degraded. No punishment, save death, has been more dreaded; and, to avoid it, death has often been endured. Slavery virtually dissolves the domestic relations. It ruptures the most sacred ties upon earth. It violates home. It lacerates best affections; produces and gives license to cruelty; compels the master systematically to degrade the mind of the slave; and to resist that improvement which is the design and end of the Creator.-Millions may rise up and tell me that the slave suffers little from cruelty. I know too much of human nature, human history, and human passion, to believe them.Channing.

Those who carry on the traffic in human flesh and blood; those who steal a person in order to sell him into bondage; or those who buy such stolen men or women; or the nations who legalize or connive at such traffic; all these are men-stealers, and God classes them with the most flagitious of mortals.-Adam Clarke.

The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions; the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submission on the other. The man must be a prodigy who can retain his manners and morals undepraved by such circumstances. The hour of emancipation must come; but whether it will be brought on by the generous energies of our own minds, or by the bloody scenes of St. Domingo, is a leaf of our history not yet turned over. The Almighty has no attribute which can take sides with us in such a contest. -Jefferson.

From my earliest youth I have regarded slavery as a great moral and political evil. I think it unjust, repugnant to the natural equality of mankind, founded only in superior power; a standing and permanent conquest by

the stronger over the weaker.-All pretence of defending it on the ground of different races, I have ever condemned, and have even said that if the black race is weaker, that is a reason against and not for its subjection and oppression. In a religious point of view, I have ever regarded and spoken of it, not as subject to any express denunciation, either in the Old Testament or the New, but as opposed to the whole spirit of the gospel, and to the teachings of Jesus Christ.-The religion of Christ is a religion of kindness, justice, and brotherly love:-but slavery is not kindly affectionate; it does not seek another's and not its own; it does not let the oppressed go free; it is but a continual act of oppression.-Daniel Webster.

No one is a slave whose will is free. -Tyrius Maximus.

SLEEP. (See "BED.")

Our foster-nurse of nature is repose.Shakespeare.

Blessings on him who first invented sleep.-It Covers a man all over, thoughts and all, like a cloak.-It is meat for the hungry, drink for the thirsty, heat for the cold, and cold for the hot.-It makes the shepherd equal to the monarch, and the fool to the wise. There is but one evil in it, and that is that it resembles death, since between a dead man and a sleeping man there is but little difference.Cervantes.

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'Sleep is so like death," says Sir Thomas Browne, "that I dare not trust myself to it without prayer." They both, when they seize the body, leave the soul at liberty; and wise is he that remembers of both, that they can be made safe and happy only by virtue.Sir W. Temple.

Sleep, to the homeless thou art home; the friendless find in thee a friend.Ebenezer Elliott.

Sleep, that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care; the death of each day's life, sore labor's bath; balm of hurt minds; great nature's second course; chief nourisher in life's feast.-Shakespeare.

Sleep is pain's easiest salve, and doth

fulfil all offices of death, except to kill. -Donne.

Tired nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep; he, like the world, his ready visit pays where fortune smiles-the wretched he forsakes.-Young.

When tir'd with vain rotations of the day, sleep winds us up for the succeeding dawn.-Young.

In thee oppressors soothe their angry brow; in thee, th' oppress'd forget tyrannic pow'r; in thee, the wretch condemn'd is equal to his judge; and the sad lover to his cruel fair; nay, all the shining glories men pursue, when thou art wanted, are but empty noise.-Steele.

Sleep, the antechamber of the grave. -Richter.

One hour's sleep before midnight, is worth two after.-Fielding.

Downy sleep, death's counterfeit.Shakespeare.

Put off thy cares with thy clothes; so shall thy rest strengthen thy labor; and and so shall thy labor sweeten thy rest. -Quarles.

God gives sleep to the bad, in order that the good may be undisturbed.Saadi.

When one turns over in bed, it is time to turn out.-Wellington.

Weariness can snore upon the flint, when restive sloth finds the down pillow hard. Shakespeare.

Leave your bed upon the first desertion of sleep; it being ill for the eyes to read lying, and worse for the mind to be idle; since the head during that laziness is commonly a cage for unclean thoughts.-F. Osborn.

It is a shame when the church itself is a cemetery, where the living sleep above the ground, as the dead do beneath.-Fuller.

Sleep, the type of death, is also, like that which it typifies, restricted to the earth. It flies from hell, and is excluded from heaven.-Colton.

Sleep, thou repose of all things; thou gentlest of the duties; thou peace of the mind, from which care flies; who dost soothe the hearts of men wearied with the toils of the day, and refittest them for labor.-Ovid.

It is a delicious moment, certainly.

that of being well nestled in bed and feeling that you shall drop gently to sleep. The good is to come, not past; the limbs are tired enough to render the remaining in one posture delightful; the labor of the day is gone. A gentle failure of the perceptions creeps over you; the spirit of consciousness disengages itself once more, and with slow and hushing degrees, like a mother detaching her hand from that of a sleeping child, the mind seems to have a balmy lid closing over it, like the eye-it is closed-the mysterious spirit has gone to take its airy rounds.-Leigh Hunt.

SLOTH.-Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labor wears, while the key often used is always bright.-Franklin.

Sloth, if it has prevented many crimes, has also smothered many virtues.Colton.

Flee sloth, for the indolence of the soul is the decay of the body.-Cato.

Sloth makes all things difficult, but industry all easy; and he that riseth late must trot all day, and shall scarce overtake his business at night; while laziness travels so slowly that poverty soon overtakes him.-Franklin.

Sloth is torpidity of the mental faculties; the sluggard is a living insensible.-Zimmermann.

Many are idly busy.-Domitian was busy, but then it was in catching flies.Jeremy Taylor.

Excess is not the only thing that breaks up both health and enjoyment; many are brought into a very ill and languishing habit of body by mere sloth, which is both a great sin, and the cause of many more.-South.

Sloth never arrived at the attainment of a good wish.-Cervantes.

SMILES.-A smile is the whisper of a laugh.-Child's Definition.

A face that cannot smile is never good.-Martial.

Smiles from reason flow, to brute denied, and are of love the food.-Milton.

A woman has two smiles that an angel might envy-the smile that accepts a lover before words are uttered, and the smile that lights on the first-born babe, and assures it of a mother's love.Haliburton.

Those happiest smiles that played on her ripe lips seemed not to know what guests were in her eyes, which parted thence as pearls from diamonds dropped. -Shakespeare.

A smile is the color which love wears, and cheerfulness, and joy-these three. It is the light in the window of the face, by which the heart signifies to father, husband, or friend, that it is at home and waiting.-H. W. Beecher.

What a sight there is in that word "smile!" it changes like a chameleon. There is a vacant smile, a cold smile, a smile of hate, a satiric smile, an affected smile; but, above all, a smile of love.Haliburton.

A beautiful smile is to the female countenance what the sunbeam is to the landscape: it embellishes an inferior face, and redeems an ugly one.-Lavater.

Something of a person's character may be discovered by observing how he smiles. Some people never smile; they only grin.-Bovee.

There are many kinds of smiles, each having a distinct character. Some announce goodness and sweetness, others betray sarcasm, bitterness, and pride; some soften the countenance by their languishing tenderness, others brighten by their spiritual vivacity.-Lavater.

Loud laughter is the mirth of the mob, who are only pleased with silly things; for true wit or good sense never excited a laugh since the creation of the world. -A man of party and fashion, therefore, is only seen to smile, but never heard to laugh.-Chesterfield.

Laughter is day, and sobriety is night; a smile is the twilight that hovers gently between both, more bewitching than either.-H. W. Beecher.

A disagreeable smile distorts the lines of beauty, and is more repulsive than a frown.-Lavater.

A face that cannot smile is like a bud that cannot blossom which dries up on the stalk.-H. W. Beecher.

SNEERING.-The habit of sneering marks the egotist, the fool, or the knave, or all three.-Lavater.

There was a laughing devil in his sneer, which raised emotions both of rage and fear; and where his frown of

hatred darkly fell, hope withering fled, and mercy sighed farewell.-Byron.

The most insignificant people are the most apt to sneer at others. They are safe from reprisals, and have no hope of rising in their own esteem but by lowering their neighbors.-Hazlitt.

What would the nightingale care if the toad despised her singing? She would still sing on, and leave the cold toad to his dark shadows. And what care I for the sneers of men who grovel upon earth? I will still sing on in the ear and bosom of God.-H. W. Beecher.

A sneer is often the sign of heartless malignity.-Lavater.

SNOBS. He who forgets his own friends meanly to follow after those of a higher degree is a snob.-Thackeray.

Snobs in high places assume great airs, and are pretentious in all they do, and the higher their elevation, the more conspicuous is the incongruity of their position.-S. Smiles.

A snob is one who is always pretending to be something better-especially richer or more fashionable than others. -Thackeray.

SOBRIETY.-Modesty and humility are the sobriety of the mind; temperance and chastity are the sobriety of the body.-Winchcote.

SOCIETY.-Man is a social animal, formed to please and enjoy in society.Montesquieu.

Society is the offspring of leisure; and to acquire this forms the only rational motive for accumulating wealth, notwithstanding the cant that prevails on the subject of labor.-Tuckerman.

Man, in society, is like a flower blown in its native bud. It is there only that his faculties, expanded in full bloom, shine out, there only reach their proper use.-Cowper.

We take our colors, chameleon-like, from each other.-Chamfort.

There are four varieties in society; the lovers, the ambitious, observers, and fools. The fools are the happiest.Taine.

Society is a wall of very strong masonry, as it now stands; it may be sapped in the course of a thousand years, but stormed in a day-no! You

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