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There are but few proverbial sayings that are not true, for they are all drawn from experience itself, which is the mother of all sciences.-Cervantes.

Sensible men show their sense by saying much in few words.-If noble actions are the substance of life, good sayings are its ornament and guide.-C. Sim

mons.

Few of the many wise apothegms which have been uttered from the time of the seven sages of Greece to that of poor Richard, have prevented a single foolish action.-Macaulay.

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APPEARANCES. There greater wretches in the world than many of those whom people in general take to be happy-Seneca.

Do not judge from mere appearances; for the light laughter that bubbles on the lip often mantles over the depths of sadness, and the serious look may be the sober veil that covers a divine peace and joy. The bosom can ache beneath diamond brooches; and many a blithe heart dances under coarse wool.-E. H. Chapin.

Foolish men mistake transitory semblances for eternal fact, and go astray more and more.-Carlyle.

Half the work that is done in this world is to make things appear what they are not.-E. R. Beadle.

How little do they see what is, who frame their hasty judgments upon that which seems.-Southey.

A man of the world must seem to be what he wishes to be thought.—Bruyere.

Beware, so long as you live, of judging men by their outward appearance.La Fontaine.

The world is governed more by appearances than by realities, so that it is fully as necessary to seem to know something as to know it.-Daniel Webster.

The shortest and surest way to live with honor in the world, is to be in reality what we would appear to be.Socrates.

APPETITE.- Reason should direct, and appetite obey.-Cicero.

Good cheer is no hindrance to a good life.-Aristippus.

Choose rather to punish your appetites than to be punished by them.Tyrius Maximus.

Animals feed; man eats.-Only the man of intellect and judgment knows how to eat.-Savarin.

Let not thy table exceed the fourth part of thy revenue: let thy provision be solid, and not far fetched, fuller of substance than art: be wisely frugal in thy preparation, and freely cheerful in thy entertainment: if thy guests be right, it is enough; if not, it is too much: too much is a vanity; enough is a feast. -Quarles.

There are so few that resist the allurements and luxuries of the table, that the usual civilities at a meal are very like being politely assisted to the grave. -N. P. Willis.

Now good digestion wait on appetite, and health on both.-Shakespeare.

Temperance and labor are the two best physicians of man; labor sharpens the appetite, and temperance prevents from indulging to excess.-Rousseau.

A well-governed appetite is a great part of liberty.-Seneca.

The lower your senses are kept, the better you may govern them.-Appetite and reason are like two buckets when one is up, the other is down. Of the two, I would rather have the reasonbucket uppermost.-Collier.

For the sake of health, medicines are taken by weight and measure; so ought food to be, or by some similar rule.Skelton.

APPLAUSE.-Applause is the spur of noble minds; the end and aim of weak ones.-Colton.

Neither human applause nor human censure is to be taken as the test of truth; but either should set us upon testing ourselves.-Whately.

When the million applaud you, seriously ask what harm you have done; when they censure you, what good!Colton.

Applause waits on success.-The fickle multitude, like the light straw that floats on the stream, glide with the current still, and follow fortune.-Franklin.

Praise from the common people is generally false, and rather follows the vain than the virtuous.-Bacon.

A slowness to applaud betrays a cold temper or an envious spirit.-H. More. O popular applause!-What heart of

man is proof against thy sweet, seducing charms!-Cowper.

Great minds had rather deserve contemporaneous applause without obtaining it, than obtain without deserving it. -If it follow them it is well, but they will not deviate to follow it.-Colton.

Man's first care should be to avoid the reproaches of his own heart, and next to escape the censures of the world.-If the last interfere with the first it should be entirely neglected.-But if not, there cannot be a greater satisfaction to an honest mind than to see its own approbation seconded by the applauses of the public.-Addison.

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Next to excellence is the appreciation of it.-Thackeray.

To love one that is great, is almost to be great one's self.-Mad. Neckar.

You may fail to shine in the opinion of others, both in your conversation and actions, from being superior, as well as inferior, to them.-Greville.

We must never undervalue any person. The workman loves not to have his work despised in his presence. Now God is present everywhere, and every person is his work.-De Sales.

Contemporaries appreciate the man rather than the merit; but posterity will regard the merit rather than the man.— Colton.

We should allow others' excellences, to preserve a modest opinion of our own.-Barrow.

Appreciation, whether of nature, or books, or art, or men, depends very much on temperament.-What is beauty or genius or greatness to one, is far from being so to another.-Tryon Edwards.

One of the Godlike things of this world is the veneration done to human worth by the hearts of men.-Carlyle.

When a nation gives birth to a man who is able to produce a great thought, another is born who is able to understand and admire it.-Joubert.

No story is the same to us after a lapse of time; or rather we who read it are no longer the same interpreters.George Eliot.

Next to invention is the power of

interpreting invention; next to beauty the power of appreciating beautyMargaret Fuller.

You will find poetry nowhere unless you bring some with you.-Joubert.

It is with certain good qualities as with the senses; those who have them not can neither appreciate nor comprehend them in others.-Rochefoucauld.

We never know a greater character unless there is in ourselves something congenial to it.—Channing.

He is incapable of a truly good action who finds not a pleasure in contemplating the good actions of others.-Lavater.

In proportion as our own mind is enlarged we discover a greater number of men of originality. Commonplace people see no difference between one man and another.-Pascal.

Whatever are the benefits of fortune, they yet require a palate fit to relish and taste them.-Montaigne.

Every man is valued in this world as he shows by his conduct that he wishes to be valued.-Bruyere.

In an audience of rough people a generous sentiment always brings down the house. In the tumult of war both sides applaud a heroic deed.-T. W. Higginson.

We are very much what others think of us. The reception our observations meet with gives us courage to proceed, or damps our efforts.-Hazlitt.

A work of real merit finds favor at last.-A. B. Alcott.

To feel exquisitely is the lot of very many; but to appreciate belongs to the few. Only one or two, here and there, have the blended passion and understanding which, in its essence, constitute worship.-C. Auchester.

ARCHITECTURE. Architecture is the printing press of all ages, and gives a history of the state of society in which the structure was erected, from the cromlachs of the Druids to the toyshops of bad taste.-The Tower and Westminster Abbey are glorious pages in the history of time, and tell the story of an iron despotism, and of the cowardice of an unlimited power.-Lady Morgan.

The architecture of a nation is great only when it is as universal and established as its language, and when pro

vincial differences are nothing more than so many dialects.-Ruskin.

Architecture is frozen music. - De

Staël.

Greek architecture is the flowering of geometry.-Emerson.

Architecture is a handmaid of devotion. A beautiful church is a sermon in stone, and its spire a finger pointing to heaven.-Schaff.

A Gothic church is a petrified religion. -Coleridge.

If cities were built by the sound of music, then some edifices would appear to be constructed by grave, solemn tones, and others to have danced forth to light fantastic airs.-Hawthorne.

Architecture is the art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by man, that the sight of them may contribute to his mental health, power, and pleasure.-Ruskin.

Houses are built to live in, more than to look on; therefore let use be preferred before uniformity, except where both may be had.-Bacon.

ARGUMENT.-Argument, as usually managed, is the worst sort of conversation, as in books it is generally the worst sort of reading.-Swift.

Be calm in arguing; for fierceness makes error a fault, and truth discourtesy-Herbert.

In argument similes are like songs in love; they describe much, but prove nothing.-Prior.

Wise men argue causes; fools decide them.-Anacharsis.

He who establishes his argument by noise and command, shows that his reason is weak.-Montaigne.

Nothing is more certain than that much of the force as well as grace of arguments, as well as of instructions, depends on their conciseness.—Pope.

When a man argues for victory and not for truth, he is sure of just one ally, that is the devil.-Not the defeat of the intellect, but the acceptance of the heart is the only true object in fighting with the sword of the spirit.-G. Macdonald.

Men's arguments often prove nothing but their wishes.-Colton.

Prejudices are rarely overcome by

argument; not being founded in reason they cannot be destroyed by logic.Tryon Edwards.

Clear statement is argument.—W. G. T. Shedd.

If I were to deliver up my whole self to the arbitrament of special pleaders, to-day I might be argued into an atheist, and to-morrow into a pickpocket.—Bul

wer.

Never argue at the dinner table, for the one who is not hungry always gets the best of the argument.

Weak arguments are often thrust before my path; but although they are most unsubstantial, it is not easy to destroy them. There is not a more difficult feat known than to cut through a cushion with a sword.-Whately.

The soundest argument will produce no more conviction in an empty head than the most superficial declamation; a feather and a guinea fall with equal velocity in a vacuum.-Colton.

An ill argument introduced with deference will procure more credit than the profoundest science with a rough, insolent, and noisy management.-Locke.

Heat and animosity, contest and conflict, may sharpen the wits, although they rarely do; they never strengthen the understanding, clear the perspicacity, guide the judgment, or improve the heart.-Landor.

Be calm in arguing: for fierceness makes error a fault, and truth discourtesy; calmness is a great advantage. -Herbert.

There is no good in arguing with the inevitable. The only argument available with an east wind is to put on your greatcoat.-J. R. Lowell.

The first duty of a wise advocate is to convince his opponents that he understands their arguments, and sympathises with their just feelings.-Coleridge.

There is no dispute managed without passion, and yet there is scarce a dispute worth a passion.-Sherlock.

Testimony is like an arrow shot from a long-bow; its force depends on the strength of the hand that draws it.But argument is like an arrow from a cross-bow, which has equal force if drawn by a child or a man.-Boyle.

ARISTOCRACY. - And lords, whose

parents were the Lord knows who.-De Foe.

Some will always be above others.Destroy the inequality to-day, and it will appear again to-morrow.-Emerson.

A social life that worships money or makes social distinction its aim, is, in spirit, an attempted aristocracy.

Among the masses, even in revolutions, aristocracy must ever exist.-Destroy it in the nobility, and it becomes centred in the rich and powerful Houses of Commons.-Pull them down, and it still survives in the master and foreman of the workshop.-Guizot.

I never could believe that Providence had sent a few men into the world, ready booted and spurred to ride, and millions ready saddled and bridled to be ridden. -Richard Rumbold.

Aristocracy has three successive ages: the age of superiorities, that of privileges, and that of vanities.-Having passed out of the first, it degenerates in the second, and dies away in the third. -Chateaubriand.

ARMY.-The army is a school where obedience is taught, and discipline is enforced; where bravery becomes a habit and morals too often are neglected; where chivalry is exalted, and religion undervalued; where virtue is rather understood in the classic sense of fortitude and courage, than in the modern and Christian sense of true moral excellence.-Ladd.

Armies, though always the supporters and tools of absolute power for the time being, are always its destroyers too, by frequently changing the hands in which they think proper to lodge it.-Chesterfield.

The army is a good book in which to study human life.-One learns there to put his hand to everything. The most delicate and rich are forced to see poverty and live with it; to understand distress; and to know how rapid and great are the revolutions and changes of life.-De Vigny.

The best armor is to keep out of gunshot.-Bacon.

ARROGANCE.-When men are most sure and arrogant they are commonly most mistaken, giving views to passion without that proper deliberation which

alone can secure them from the grossest absurdities.-Hume.

Nothing is more hateful to a poor man than the purse-proud arrogance of the rich.-But let the poor man become rich and he runs at once into the vice against which he so feelingly declaimed. -There are strange contradictions in human character.-Cumberland.

The arrogant man does but blast the blessings of life and swagger away his own enjoyments.-To say nothing of the folly and injustice of such behavior, it is always the sign of a little and unbenevolent temper, having no more greatness in it than the swelling of the dropsy-Collier.

ART. True art is reverent imitation of God.-Tryon Edwards.

All great art is the expression of man's delight in God's work, not his own.Ruskin.

The highest problem of any art is to cause by appearance the illusion of a higher reality.-Goethe.

The true work of art is but a shadow of the divine perfection. Michael Angelo.

All that is good in art is the expres sion of one soul talking to another, and is precious according to the greatness of the soul that utters it.-Ruskin.

Art, as far as it has the ability, follows nature, as a pupil imitates his master, so that art must be, as it were, a descendant of God.-Dante.

The perfection of art is to conceal art.-Quintilian.

Never judge a work of art by its defects.-Washington Allston.

There is no more potent antidote to low sensuality than admiration of the beautiful.-All the higher arts of design are essentially chaste, without respect to the object. They purify the thoughts, as tragedy purifies the passions.—Their accidental effects are not worth consideration; for there are souls to whom even a vestal is not holy.-Schlegel.

The artist is the child in the popular fable, every one of whose tears was a pearl. Ah! the world, that cruel stepmother, beats the poor child the harder to make him shed more pearls.-Heine.

The highest triumph of art, is the truest presentation of nature.-N. P. Willis.

The names of great painters are like passing bells.-In Velasquez you hear sounded the fall of Spain; in Titian, that of Venice; in Leonardo, that of Milan; in Raphael, that of Rome.-And there is profound justice in this; for in proportion to the nobleness of power is the guilt of its use for purposes vain or vile; and hitherto the greater the art the more surely has it been used, and used solely, for the decoration of pride, or the provoking of sensuality.-Ruskin.

The mission of art is to represent nature; not to imitate her.-W. M. Hunt.

The real truthfulness of all works of imagination, sculpture, painting, and written fiction, is so purely in the imagination, that the artist never seeks to represent positive truth, but the idealized image of a truth.-Bulwer.

The ordinary true, or purely real, cannot be the object of the arts.-Illusion on a ground of truth, that is the secret of the fine arts-Joubert.

Art does not imitate nature, but founds itself on the study of naturetakes from nature the selections which best accord with its own intention, and then bestows on them that which nature does not possess, viz.: the mind and soul of man.-Bulwer.

The object of art is to crystallize emotion into thought, and then fix it in form.-Delsarte.

The learned understand the reason of art; the unlearned feel the pleasure.— Quintilian.

The highest problem of every art is, by means of appearances, to produce the illusion of a loftier reality.-Goethe.

The mother of the useful art, is necessity; that of the fine arts, is luxury.The former have intellect for their father; the latter, genius, which itself is a kind of luxury.-Schopenhauer.

The painter is, as to the execution of his work, a mechanic; but as to his conception and spirit and design he is hardly below even the poet.-Schiller.

In the art of design, color is to form what verse is to prose, a more harmonious and luminous vehicle of thought.Mrs. Jameson.

Very sacred is the vocation of the artist, who has to do directly with the works of God, and interpret the teaching of creation to mankind. All honor

to the man who treats it sacredly; who studies, as in God's presence, the thoughts of God which are expressed to him; and makes all things according to the pattern which he is ever ready to show to earnest and reverent genius on the mount.-Brown.

Art employs method for the symmetrical formation of beauty, as science employs it for the logical exposition of truth; but the mechanical process is, in the last, ever kept visibly distinct, while in the first it escapes from sight amid the shows of color and the shapes of grace.-Bulwer.

Would that we could at once paint with the eyes!-In the long way from the eye through the arm to the pencil, how much is lost!-Lessing.

The artist ought never to perpetuate a temporary expression.

In sculpture did any one ever call the Apollo a fancy piece; or say of the Laocoon how it might be made different? -A masterpiece of art has, to the mind, a fixed place in the chain of being, as much as a plant or a crystal.-Emerson.

Art does not lie in copying nature.Nature furnishes the material by means of which to express a beauty still unexpressed in nature. The artist beholds in nature more than she herself is conscious of.-H. James.

The highest art is always the most religious, and the greatest artist is always a devout man.-A scoffing Raphael, or an irreverent Michael Angelo, is not conceivable.-Blaikie.

Artists are nearest God. Into their souls he breathes his life, and from their hands it comes in fair, articulate forms to bless the world.-J. G. Holland.

Since I have known God in a saving manner, painting, poetry, and music have had charms unknown to me before. -I have either received what I suppose is a taste for them, or religion has refined my mind, and made it susceptible of new impressions from the sublime and beautiful.-O, how religion secures the heightened enjoyment of those pleasures which keep so many from God by their being a source of pride!-Henry Martyn.

ARTIFICE.-The ordinary employment of artifice, is the mark of a petty mind; and it almost always happens that

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