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pharmacists to neutralise or slightly acidulate them when poisonous alkaloids are to be dissolved therein.
Mistura Cretæ. (Pharm. Journ., 3rd series, ii., p. 878.) The following is the formula according to which the specimen of mistura crete was prepared that was exhibited at a recent meeting of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, in perfect condition after having been kept ten months :B Crete Præp.
. zss. Glycerini
zss. Pulv. Acaciæ
zij. 01. Cinnamomi
gtt. viij. Aquæ Dist.
žviij. Mix thoroughly.
Iodoform Ointment. (Chicago Med. Exam., from Boston Med. and Surg. Journ.) In the Boston City Hospital, iodoform ointment in connection with iodide of potassium is extensively and successfully used in the treatment of syphilitic ulcers and rapia. Dr. William Ingals, attending surgeon, advocates this formula in two obstinate cases under his care: Bc Iodoformi.
388. Spts. vini rect.
Adipis suill. Chloroform and Glycerin. (Atlanta Med. and Surg. Journ., Nov., 1871.) Dr. W. Murdock, of New York, recommends the following formula as a convenient mode of administering chloroform : Glycerin, six ounces; chloroform, two ounces. This solution is clear, and not unpleasant in taste or odour. One drachm contains fifteen minims of chloroform.
Medicated Lint. Dr. T. Tommasi. (Physician and Pharm., vol. iv., 11.)
10 parts. Dip linen in this solution, allow to dry in open air, and work into lint by scraping or pulling the threads apart.
Styptic and Antiseptic Lint.
10 parts. Alcohol Dilut.
100 parts. Dissolve-use as above.
q.s. zvijss. M.
For the purpose of obtaining a prompt cicatrization, he recommends lint prepared in the following manner :
Solution No. 1-
250 parts. Dissolve.
Dip pieces of linen of the same size in each solution, dry, work separately into lint, and mix intimately before using.
On the Employment of the Alcoholic Tincture and the Distilled Water of Eucalyptus for Dressing and Disinfecting Wounds. By M. Cochet. (Union Pharm., xiii., 176.) Preparations of eucalyptus have been found useful in some of the French hospitals for dressing putrid sores. It appears to act like camphor and other bodies of the same nature, by putting a stop to fermentive action, whilst at the same time its aromatic odour becoming diffused through the room, renders the atmosphere less disagreeable.
On the Preparation of Saccharated Cod-Liver Oil. By M. Tissier. (Journ. Pharm. Chim., 4th series, xiv., 370.) The recipe proposed by M. Tissier is as follows :
& White Gelatine (Grenetine).
. 50 Pure Cod-Liver Oil
50 The gelatine is cut up and dissolved with the aid of a gentle heat, by the aid of a water-bath, in the water and syrup. The cod-liver oil and the sugar having been mixed separately in a mortar, the warm solution of gelatine is gradually added, taking care to stir constantly till the whole is quite cold.
After a little time the mass sets into a dense and homogeneous jelly; it may then be incorporated with a sufficient quantity of powdered sugar so as to obtain a paste of firm consistence, the weight of which should be 250 grams.
This paste is spread out on a marble slab and divided into small pieces. After some hours it may be cut up into little grains the size of a lentil, which in time become solid enough to be rubbed down in a mortar into a more finely granular state.
The desiccation of this granulated powder is completed in a
stove at 30°-35° C. It should be preserved in well-closed bottles. The product contains one-fifth of its weight of cod-liver oil.
Chloral Hydrate and Cod-Liver Oil. (Lancet, 1871, vol. ii., p. 17.) The Gaz. Farm. Ital. advocates the addition of chloral hydrate to cod-liver oil, which renders it much less nauseous, and prevents the night-sweats of the phthisical invalid, induces sound sleep, and creates appetite. It is prepared as follows: 10 grains of pure chloral hydrate crystals to 190 grains of cod-liver oil, digested in a sand-bath with gentle heat. Dose, six tablespoonfuls daily.
Cod-Liver Oil with Essence of Eucalyptus. M. Duquesnel. (Journ. Pharm. Chim., 4th series, xv., 383.)
R Cod-liver Oil pale or brown
Essential Oil of Eucalyptus
Cod-liver oil flavoured with this proportion of the essence is entirely deprived of its ordinary taste and smell. It is digested easily, and leaves upon the palate no flavour but that of the essence. The eructations, usually so disagreeable when they are produced by codliver oil, are also completely modified.
Tincture of Cimicifuga against Inflammation. G. C. Close. (Proc. Amer. Pharm. Assoc., 1871, 488.) A concentrated tincture of black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) made by percolation with stronger alcohol, using one pound avoirdupois of powdered root to make a quart of tincture, the author believes to be very valuable as an external application for the purpose of reducing inflammation. It should be applied with a plain pencil or feather, in quantity of at least one teaspoonful, to the part affected and its immediate surroundings. It has been known as tincture of macrotys, the old botanical name of the plant.
Tincture of Pyrethrum for Toothache. G. C. Close. (Proc. Amer. Pharm. Assoc., 1871, 489.) The author has found a concentrated alcoholic tincture of pyrethrum to be the best ordinary remedy for toothache. He thinks it will relieve quite as large a proportion of cases as creosote, and it is far more pleasant to use, not being liable to blister or make ugly sores in the mouth. It may be freely applied to the gums for ulcerated teeth, or in the ordinary way to the cavity where one exists.
Hydrochloric Acid for Chapped Hands. G. C. Close. (Proc. Amer. Pharm. Assoc., 1871, 489.) The author states that he has recommended a mixture of one or two drachms of hydrochloric acid to four ounces of water for use in cases of chapped bands, and even when the skin was cracked and bleeding, he has no recollection of
its failure to relieve the complaint at once, and if persevered in, to effect a cure.
Infusion of Quassia as a Dressing for Wounds and Ulcers. (Lancet, 1871, vol. i., p. 75.) Mr. Charles C. Mitchinson, assistantsurgeon, R.N. (retired), calls attention to the use of infusion of quassia as a dressing for open wounds and ulcers in hot climates, or during the prevalence of hot weather. Flies cannot, he says, bear the smell of the wood. Maggots are therefore entirely avoided. Our correspondent's attention was first called to the subject by a friend in the medical department of the United States Army, who had 500 wounded men under his care at one time, after one of the James River engagements.
Tetanus treated by Inhalations of Opium. (Lancet, 1871, vol. ii., p. 547.) This is a Chinese mode of treating tetanus, and is recommended by Dr. Shrimpton. From four to five grains of solid opium are mixed with tea-leaves or dried roses, and carefully beaten together with molasses. The patient smokes this mixture, and endeavours to draw the smoke into the lungs, leaving off when the narcotic effects are produced. These last generally from three to four hours. The same operation should be repeated whenever there are any signs of returning spasms.
Diarrhea Mixture. G. C. Close. (Proc. Amer. Pharm. Assoc., 1871, 488.) The author recommends the following acid mixture for the cure of diarrhæa:
R Acidi Sulphurici Diluti
Tinct. Cardamomi Comp.
Dose: Two teaspoonfuls in a wineglass of water, after each movement of the bowels, in diarrhæa; or as a tonic, one teaspoonful three times a day.
A New Antiseptic. (Lancet, 1871, vol. i., p. 307.) Dr. Emerson Reynolds, attached to the laboratory of the Royal Dublin Society, has lately suggested the use of sulphite of zinc as an antiseptic and deodoriser, and considers that its power of checking decomposition, and absorbing sulphuretted hydrogen and other noxious gases, renders it useful as a sanitary agent. It can be prepared at a cheap rate by treating the refuse zinc oxide from brass foundries or zinc factories, with sulphurous acid in presence of water. It is also inodorous, and not liable toʻrapid change. The only matter requiring elucidation is as regards its poisonous properties, for should it not be harmless its use can never be expected to become general, especially when deaths from poisonous deodorising preparations have of late become so unfortunately frequent.
Olfactorium Anticatarrhoicum Hageri. A Cure for Colds. (Pharm. Centr., xiii., 1872, 122.) The author recommends a smelling bottle, containing cotton wool, wetted with the following mixture, for use in cases of colds, or disorders of the air passages :
Ro Acid. Carbolic. .
Liq. Ammoniæ, .960.
Eau Brune. Dr. Wartomont. (Journ. Pharm. Chim., 4th series, XV., 309.)
R. Borax .
Extract of Henbane
Employed in ulcerous keratites, in catarrhal and traumatic ophthalmia, after operation, and in all acute affections of the eyes.
To apply it, the bottle is shaken, and a portion, poured out into a cup, is made warm. A linen compress, wetted with the lotion, is then applied over the closed lids for about half an hour. After an interval of two hours, it is applied again in the same manner.
Carbolic Acid and Iodine in Diphtheria. Dr. C. F. Holtz, in the Chicago Medical Journal, strongly recommends the local use of carbolic acid and iodine in diphtheria. He reports eight cures, and this is his formula :
Bc Acid. Carbolic. Cryst., Alcohol
He says: “ This makes a perfectly clear transparent mixture, of brown-red colour, which soon passes over into a pale yellow. The combination with alcohol and iodine effectually moderates the unpleasant smell of the carbolic acid, and increases the antiseptic effect. The solution was applied to the diphtheritic exudation, three or four times in twenty-four hours, by means of a camel's hair brush. In adults and older children, it was in a diluted form (fifteen to twenty drops to a cup of water), used also as a frequent gargle, and for injections into the nostrils if the nose was implicated."
Carbolic Acid in Gonorrhea. Dr. Woods, writing to the Lancet