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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Monument to Werner.The Saxon go- Mineralogical chemistry.-It may be vernment has ordered the erection of a useful to our readers to know those chemists magnificent monument in honour of the who are at present considered as the princi. celebrated Werner.
pal authorities in chemical mineralogy. On Professor Mohs. Professor Mohs, the the continent, the most eminent are successor to Werner, has commenced his Vauquelin, Berzelius, Bucholz, and Strepublic labours at the mining school of meyer,Gmelin, a pupil of Berzelius, Freyberg. He teaches the method of Wer. Vauquelin, Klaproth, and Rose, promises, ner, and also his own new and highly im. from his great knowledge and practical portant views in regard to crystallography. skill, to improve this difficult and important
La Place. The celebrated La Place has branch of chemistry. In Great Britain just published some important geological Wollaston stands unrivalled for the accura. inferences in regard to the formation of the cy and elegance of his methods of analysis. earth. He seems now inclined to the Nep- Next to him ranks Hatchett, who unites tunian system, although formerly rather a great ingenuity with neatness and accuracy. Plutonist. This change of creed in geolo. Our active and distinguished countryman gy is not uncommon ; for one day we find Thomson, has published many analyses of naturalists vigorously supporting the ab. minerals, which are executed with his usual surdities of the Neptunian system, and the address and ingenuity. We look forward next as keenly embarked in a defence of all to numerous and important discoveries in the visionary fancies of the Plutonists. chemical mineralogy, from the great che.
New Fire Theory of the Earth. The mical laboratory which Thomson has just Italian geologist Breislac, a great volcanist established in the college of Glasgow. and active investigator of volcanic countries, Murray has principally distinguished him. has just published a work on geology, in self by his analysis of mineral waters which he proposes a new igneous theory of Philips in London, and Holme in Cam. the earth, and rejects the fire system of bridge, promise important services to che Hutton as absurd.
mical mineralogy. Hope appeared but New Minerals.- The number of well as. once as a chemical mineralogist, and emi. certained mineral species is inconsiderable. nently distinguished himself by his paper Very lately a considerable addition has been on Strontites. Chenevir, excellent chemade to the list of vagne species. Of this de. mical mineralogist, has entirely abandoned scription are the following: spak, kollyrit, the field. copper-indigo, allophane, skordite, stilpnosi- Dictionary of Mineralogy.-We under derite, hauyne, konite.--Old minerals have stand that a dictionary of mineralogy got new names, thus the Andalusite has by naturalist of this country, is conbeen re-described and named Jamesonite, siderably advanced, and will appear next while new species, as the Allanite of season. This will supply a desideratum in Thompson, have been banished from the our mineralogical literature. system. Even the mountain rocks have not Mineralogical Map of England. - The been allowed to remain at rest, some geolo- great geological map of England, by the pregists having reduced them all to one exten- sident of the geological society of London, sive species, while others have increased the will appear next month. We trust that a number of species tenfold.
part, at least, of the mineralogical map Chemistry of Minerals.-All moun- of Scotland, will ere long be laid before tain rocks are more or less compound, and the public. hence are not fit subjects for regular che. New Expedition.-We understand that mical analysis. Yet in defiance of this, a new expedition, under Lieut. Parry, is chemists are daily favouring the world with to sail early in May to Cumberland's Straits, the results of their chemical examination of with the view of discovering a north-west the rocks of different districts we have ana- passage in that direction. lyses of granite,white-stone, porphyry,&c.!!! Mr Adie's Sympiesometer.- Mr Adie. Other chemists are more laudably employed of Edinburgh, has taken out a patent for in analysing simple minerals, but to these a his new and valuable barometer, to which hint may be useful. The analysis of one he has given the name of Sympiesometer. variety of a mineral species will not afford The instrument was carried out with the us a distinct and accurate conception of its expedition under Captain Ross, and was chemical composition. This can be obtained found greatly superior in every respect to only by a regular analysis of all the princi- the mercurial barometer. pal' varieties of the species. This mode of New Hygrometer.-Mr Adie has also investigating minerals has never been fola invented a new hygrometer of great delowed,
and hence nearly all the information licacy, which will form a valuable addiwe have in regard to the chemical composi- tion to our stock of meteorological instru. tion of mineral species is unsatisfactory.
New Life Boat.-A new life boat has has been lately found in considerable quanbeen invented by Lieut. Gardiner, R. N. tity at Carlisle, about 34 miles west of Al. It supports eighteen men when filled with bany, state of New York, imbedded in clay water, and rights itself again spontaneous slate, forming very extensive strata. It was ly when overset, even though its mast and first tried by a common smith as a substi. sail are standing.
tute for borax, and has been found the Shower of Salt Water in Dumfriesshire. most useful flux ever employed in brazing - Some weeks ago a severe shower of salt and welding. By employing a very smali water fell in the parish of St Mungo, in quantity of it in powder, instead of clay, he Dumfriesshire. The day after, when the welded easily the most refractory steel ; and wind evaporated the water, the leaves of in brazing, it proved superior to borax, on evergreens, and branches of hedges, glisten- account of its remaining more fixed at : ed with crystals of salt.
high temperature. Scientific Expedition in America.-A Woodanium.-M. Lampadius gives the scientific party will proceed in March to ex. above name to a new metal which he has plore the natural productions of the numer. discovered in some English ores ; but the ous large rivers tributary to the Mississippi. characters of the ores are not mentioned in They will go in a steam-boat now building the letter which he has addressed to Dr Mülfor the purpose at Pittsburg, and expect to ler on this subject. be absent for upwards of three years. T. Universally Applicable Theory of the Say, Esq. of Philadelphia, will be one of Earth.-A tract is in preparation on the the party.
Theory of the Earth. We understand it is Subterranean Noises.--At Haddam, in to combine the principles (if there be any) Connecticut, for several years past, noises, of the Huttonian, Wernerian, Volcanic, and like the firing of small arms, have been con- Breislackean, theories, in such a manner as tinually heard, which have been accompa- to produce a consistent and harmonious nied with almost continual concussions of whole !!-We would advise the author of the earth. So frequently have these effects this adventurous and very meritorious unbeen experienced, that they are quite disre- dertaking to write in such verse (as it must garded by the inhabitants. About six necessarily be a poem) as has been used in years since, however, a serious explosion took celebrating the volcanic fires of Ireland, and place, which rent and dislocated large masses in painting the formation of the organic of the granite mountains.
mountains and valleys of the black foSulphate of Strontian. This substance
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LONDON. A Traveller's Tale of the Last Century ; Bagdad, Koordestan, Armenia, Asia Minot, in 3 vols 12mno; by Miss Spence, author &c. ; by William Hende, Esq. of the Maof Letters from the Highlands, &c.
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Robinson; this history is to be finished in In the press, Specimens of Irish Elethe present year, and will form a portion of quence, now first arranged and collected, the author's series of the “ Cathedral Anti. with Biographical Notices, and a Preface; quities of England.
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ber, of Travels in Italy by the Miss Berrys
EDINBURGH. A System of Mineralogy ; by Robert Ja- the author both to the text and the notes; meson, Regius Professor of Natural His. and the whole work has undergone a thotory, Lecturer on Mineralogy, and Keeper rough revisal. It now exhibits the state of of the Museum in the University of Edin. the Criminal Practice to the present year. burgh, a new edition, 3 vols. 8vo.
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