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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
THE COD-BANK OF SHETLAND.
Edinburgh College Museum.— The inter- canic and neptunian views of the formation nal arrangements of this museum are rapidly of these districts. The details of this interadvancing, and promise, when completed, esting investigation will, it is reported, apto rival in beauty and classic taste the most pear in the first number of the Edinburgh admired works of this description in Europe. Journal of Science. We hear that the splendid galleries of the Letters have been received from M. Bel.. great rooms are to be appropriated for the zoni, dated Thebes, November 14, that reception of a magnificent collection of fo- completely remove the apprehensions which reign birds, at present in the possession of an obtained respecting his death. eminent naturalist in Paris, and which the Principal and Professors intend purchasing. Colonel Imrie lately presented to the mu- Discovery.-
This bank was, we believe, seum of the university of this city his col. first fished upon by the vessels of Mr Ross lection of Grecian minerals, an example of Weesdale, in Shetland, in the autumn of which we trusted would be followed by all 1816. who feel an interest in the national museum Situation and Extent. The bank comnow forming in this metropolis. Since that mences about twelve to twenty miles north time many donations have been received, by west from Papa Westray, one of the Ork. and we have now the satisfaction of an- ney Islands. It is prolonged to the westnouncing, that Colonel Imrie has presented ward of the coast of the Shetland Islands, to the university the whole of his valuable and has been entered upon to the north, by collection of Greenland minerals. This pa- steering west-north-west, as well as north triotic conduct, which is deserving of the by west, from the island of Foula. But its highest praise, eminently distinguishes Co, terminations has not been reached, and it is lonel Imrie amongst the proinoters of natu- imagined to extend much farther north. ral science in this country.
The colour of the fish is described to be siNatural History Society of Glasgow.- milar to what has been observed in the cod We are happy to learn that a Natural His- caught off the coast of the Faro Islands, thus tory Society has just been established in appearing to identify this much more northGlasgow.— The zeal and intelligence of its erly bank with that of Shetland. The fish members, and the ample funds they already is said to be gray backed, spotted with black, possess, promise the most valuable results and tinged with a ring of a colour from for this country in particular, and natural brown to gray, The length that has been history in general.
already traced of the bank is about 140 Substitute for Limestone in the Art of miles. Printing from Stone. We are informed Bread!h.--The breadth of the bank is that in France, a mixture of plaister-of- from 18 to 25 miles. Paris and alum, allowed to harden in a Depth.Is from 28 to 47 fathoms, smooth metallic mould, is found to answer Productiveness. — 'Thirteen vessels emfully as well as limestone in stone-engraving. ployed in this fishery are computed to have A German in London has just published a made this year about £3000. These ves. series of well-executed views in Italy from sels do not exceed 35 tons, and on account stone.
of the bounty, are not less than six tons. Black Lead Mines.—The famous black They carry from six to eight hands. The lead mine in Cumberland, which has for so vessels this year on the bank are said to many years supplied the market with the have fished about 12 tons of fish, in the best and most esteemed varieties of grapaite, dried state, on an average. Some vessels is understood at present to be so very unpro- procured from 18 to 19 tons each. The ductive that the public look with anxiety for abundance of the fish is so great, that one supplies from other quarters. In this island, vessel in a tide or day caught 1200 fish. the black lead or graphite of Ayrshire has The Shetland Islands, in this fishery, will been long known, but the mine has never possess an advantage over their Orkney been fully worked. The black lead of Glen neighbours, from the
superiority of their dryStrath Farrard, mentioned in a former num. ing beaches. These being composed of ber of this magazine, has but lately excited rounded pebbles, ejected by the sea, are the attention of the public. We expect that more or less abundant, or are better in qua. the present state of the market will have the lity, according to the nature of the rocks effect of inducing the proprietors of our of which each of the groups of islands is Scottish black lead mines to open them up composed, This superiority of beach is of in a manner so as to supply the present de- such consequence to the drying of the fish, mands of the market.
as to give the ling and cod of Shetland a de Volcanic Mountains of Cantal.-We un- cided advantage in the market over every derstand that all the volcanic districts in the other like article of fish to which it is oppos. south-west of France have been lately exa- ed. The greatest inconvenience is felt from mined by a pupil of Professor Jameson's. the want of bait, which being obtained from The results he has obtained are highly in the bays of Shetland, prove a great loss of teresting, and go to support both the vole time to the fishers, who are often obliged Vol. IV.
precipitously to leave the bank for the want 1.-Objects of the Institution.--1. The of it. Any account of the manner in which collection of curious and rare exotic plants, this inconvenience is remedied in other such as are not commonly met with in the places, either by the preservation of bait, greenhouses of nurserymen. collected previously to the fishing season, 2. The collection of ornamental and rare 'or by any mode of fishing for the bait, which plants, natives of Britain. consists of shell-fish, on the bank itself, will 3. The collection of ornamental, rare, and
be most acceptable information to the vessels useful exotic plants that have been natural. employed in the pursuit.
ized in Britain, or which may be naturalized
in this country. DOCTOR Spicker of Berlin, who last year Such plants to be propagated as extenperformed what our neighbours call a sively as possible, and their seeds to be pre* Voyage litteraire" to England, Scotland served, for the purpose of being distributed and Wales, has just published the first vo- among the subscribers, according to such Tume of his journey. We shall gladly re- rules as may be afterwards agreed upon. ceive an account of ourselves, after so many 4. Two acres to be set apart for the purwhich we have had lately of other people; pose of experiments in horticulture and but we hope the doctor has not changed his vegetable physiology, and for atten pts to horses too quickly—three kingdoms in three naturalize exotics ; to which none but submonths! may spread an alarm through them scribers (accompanied by the chief gardener) all, how they are to appear in the post- can be admitted. chaise observations of a summer philosopher. 6. The rest of the garden to be devoted
We feel a real pleasure in recording one to the culture of such new or foreign sorts of of those events in the history of men of ge- culinary vegetables, fruit, and forest trees, nius, which is so honourable to a nation. as may be recommended for triad; seeds, It is a tribute now offering by the inhabi- grafts, or plants of which, if found worthy tants of Cambray, and all France, to the of cultivation, to be distributed among the memory of Fenelon. Fenelon lived twenty subscribers. years at Cambray-It was there he compos- In this part of the garden, experiments ed his Telemachus; and it is there his bones will be made with the view of raising varierest. The municipality of Cambray, who ties from seed, in order to procure fruits declare themselves to be only the interpret- that may be better adapted for the climate ers of the wishes of the inhabitants of that of Scotland. city, have opened a subscription to raise a II.- Property. The property of the gar. monument to his virtues and his genius. den to be held in shares of £20 each ; and The spot chosen for this monument is that it is proposed that the society shall immewhere the voice of the archbishop was often diately subscribe for twenty-five shares; ex, hocard with all its a donde eetta noche
de mis be clusive of the subscriptions of individual mains are laid. The subscription is to close The number of shares to be limited to in April ; and it is proposed, that the list 500; and no individual to be allowed to of the subscribers shall be published, and hold a greater number than two, on the first afterwards deposited in the monument.
subscription, although, afterwards, shares THE EDINBURGH HORTICULTURAL AND may be purchased or acquired to any i
BOTANICAL INSTITUTION. mount. The want of an extensive garden, in which As soon as 250 shares, exclusive of those the study of Botany, as applicable to the taken by the society, are subscribed for, appurposes of rural economy, might be prose- plication to be made for a royal charter; cuted by those who cannot attend the lec- and, as soon as that is obtained, measures to tures of the Professor in the University, has be taken for the purchase of ground. long been felt. But now, when vegetable Subscribers to be furnished with tickets, physiology, and its application to horticul- which will admit them, and friends accomture, and to the treatment of woods and panying them; and with transferable tickets plantations, has rapidly advanced, it has be- for the use of their families. come of importance that this society should An interim committee to be appointed to take the lead in forming an institution, with- collect subscriptions, and to prepare a set of out which its efforts for improving that art, regulations, to be submitted to a meeting the name of which it bears, certainly cannot to be called as soon as 250 subscriptions have their full effect. Although, therefore, shall have been obtained, preparatory to the the propriety of the Caledonian Horticultural application for a charter. Society patronizing and sharing in the pro-As every plant in the garden, of every deposed establishment cannot be questioned, scription, will have its name attached to it, yet it appears most advisable that, as a body, and its time of flowering and ripening its it should be connected with it, only as hold- seed or fruit in the garden, together with its ing shares in an heritable property, sufficient various properties and qualities, carefully to entitle it to have a certain proportion of recorded, this establishment will form the the garden allotted fer experiments most im- means both of instruction and recreation, mediately connected with its proper objects; while it will largely contribute to improve and leaving it in the power of the society, the art of horticulture in all its branches as well as of individual proprietors, to sell It is proposed to have a complete range of or transfer their shares at pleasure. houses, viz, stoves, green-house, vinery,
peach-house, and a house for experiments. acid makers, who are the manufacturers Also a sufficient number of hot-bed frames, that chiefly employ platinum upon a great and hand-glasses ; together with every ar
scale. ticle necessary for carrying on the establish- Ridolfi separates mechanically such fo. ment in a style creditable to the capital of reign bodies as can be detected by the eye in Scotland.
crude platinum.' He then washes it in di. If it shall afterwards be deemed advisable lute muriatic acid. The next step of the to increase the number of shares, the addi- process is to fuse the crude metal with four tion will, in the first place, be put in the times its weight of lead, and to throw the power of subscribers who may wish to take melted alloy into cold water. It is then kem.
pulverized, mixed with its own weight of The superfluous produce of the garden, sulphur, and thrown into a hessian crucible in fruit-trees, grafts, flowers, &c. to be sold, previously heated to whiteness. A cover is in order to assist in defraying the annual placed on the crucible, and it is kept at a expenses.
red heat for 10 minutes. When allowed The garden to be within two miles of to cool, a brilliant metallic button is found Edinburgh, or as near as possible, without under the scoriæ, composed of platinum, the risk of being injured by smoke.
lead, and sulphur. A little more lead is Deaths in Paris during 1817.—The fol added, and the alloy is fused a second time. 'lowing tables are so curious and so instruc- The sulphur separates with the new scoriæ, tive, that I have copied them from the an- and there remains an alloy of platinum and nual report published in the Journal de lead. This alloy is heated to whiteness, and Pharmacie.
while in this state, hammered upon an anDeaths in 1817..momm... 21.386 vil with a hot hammer.. The lead is squeeze 1816.monarca.19,805 ed out, and the platinum remains.
Platinim obtained in this way is as mal. Excess in 1817...mmm... 1,581 leable and ductile as the finest platinum. These deaths consist of 13,555 who died sts specific gravity is said to be 22-630, If in their own houses. viz. :
so, it must be alloyed with lead; for pure Mealestes 26,588} Females.com.mm.6,956
platinum is not so heavy. 13,555
Perchloric Acid. Sir Humphry Davy The remainder consist of 276 dead bodies has verified the curious 'discovery made deposited in the Morgue, and 7,827 who some years ago, by Count von Stadion, of a died in the hospitals, viz.
combination of chlorine and oxygen, con
taining more oxygen than chloric acid, and Females....3,999 } 7,827
which, therefore, may be distinguished by The number of persons who died of the the name of perchloric acid. A particular small-pox in 1817 was 486, viz.
account of the experiments of Count von Males marinaror.....250
Stadion will be found in the Annals of PhiFemales.com
losophy, ix. 22. The number in 1816 was.....150
Sea Snake of America. Extracted from
a letter from T. Say, Esq. of Philadelphia, Excess in 1817...........336
to Dr Leach: The 276 dead bodies deposited at the “ I have to regret that many of the Morgue in 1817 consisted of
scientific journals of Europe have taken seMales.com 205
rious notice of the absurd story which has
276 Females de
originated to the eastward about the sea The number of drowned in
serpent ; a story attributed here to a defec1816 was.com
278 Eve observation, connected with an extraAnd that of suicides.............188 ordinary degree of fear. You have proba
Suicides in 1817... m.197 bly been informed that Capt. Rich has exIf we admit that at least one half of the plained the whole business; he fitted out drowned persons underwent a voluntary an expedition purposely to take this leviadeath, the number of suicides in 1817 win than; he was successful in fastening his amount to 335, or to more than six every harpoon in what was acknowledged by all week.
his crew to be the veritable sea serpent (and ** In 1808, 1809, 1810, the annual number which several of them had previously seen of suicides was from 50 to 55. This num. and made oath to); but when drawn from ber has increased progressively since 1812. the water, and full within the sphere of 2. Purification of Platinum. - The Marquis their vision, it proved to their perfect conof Ridolfi has proposed a method of purify- viction, that the sea serpent which fear had ing platinum, which seems worth the at- loomed to the gigantic length of 100 feet, tention of those who have occasion for pla- was no other than a harmless Tunny sinum vessels for the purposes of manufac- (Schomber Thynnus) nine or ten feet long. ture, as it would materially diminish the Thus natural history is probably indebted price of that expensive metal. It is obvious to Capt. Rich for keeping from its pages flat the platinum will not be obtained quite an account of a second Kraken; and a mefree from lead; but it is not probable that morable instance is added to the catalogue the small portion of that metal still left in of credulity already pregnant with warning it would render it injurious to the sulphuric to naturalists."
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
The Rev. James Townley is preparing for publication, Illustrations of Biblical Lite.
rature, exhibiting the History and fate of The title of Mr Rogers' poem is Human the Sacred Writings from the earliest time, Life—it is completely ready for publication. including Biographical notices of eminent
John Nichols, Esq. is preparing for the Translators of the Bible, and other Biblical press, An Account of the Guildhall of the scholars. City of London, including a description of The Entomologist's Pocket Compendium: the Monuments and Pictures contained containing, an Introduction to the Know. therein.
ledge of British Insects; the Apparatus Mr Rose's Letters from the North of used, and the best means of obtaining and Italy, will appear in the first week of Fe- preserving them ; the Genera of Lipnè ; bruary.
together with the modern Method of arran. Views of the Architectural Antiquities of ging the Classes Crustacea, Myriapoda, Sicily, in a Series of finished Etchings by Spiders, Mites, and Insects, according to Pinelli of Rome, with a Descriptive Account, their Affinities and Structure, after the from drawings by John Goldicutt, architect, System of Dr Leach. Also, an Explanamember of the Academy of St Luke, Rome, tion of the Terms used in Entomology: a to consist of 30 plates, folio.
Kalendar of the Time and Situation where A new edition of Dr King's Anecdotes of usually found, of nearly 3000 Species ; his own Times, is on the point of publica and Instructions for collecting and fitting tion.
up Objects for the Microscope. Illustrated Mr Montgomery is preparing a new vo- with Twelve Plates ; by George Samouelle, lume for the press, under the title of Green- Associate of the Linnæan Society of Lon: land and other Poems.
don. "Ιρις, ή τα νυν Ελληικά. A Periodical Early in the Spring, Miss Smith will Work, written in ancient or modern Greek publish her work on the Costumes of various only, and by Natives of Greece; the princi. Nations. pal object of which is to make the Friends C. F. Wieles, Esq. has in the press of the Greek Nation acquainted with the Lamioli, a novel, in three volumes, present state of Knowledge amongst them, A New Monthly Dramatic Journal called and with their endeavours for their regener. the Inspector, will appear in a few days. ation. The Publication of the Work will Mr Rennel, Christian Advocate in the be by Subscription. A number a Month, University of Cambridge, and Vicar of Kenof Four Sheets in quarto, will be published. sington, has in the press, Remarks on Scep, Three Shillings and Sixpence will be the ticism, especially as it is connected with the Price of each Number. Subscribers' Names Subject of Organization and Life, being an will be received by Mr MURRAY, Alle answer to some recent works both of French marle-street.
and English Physiologists. A work of Biblical Criticism on the A volume of Familiar Dissertations on Books of the Old Testament, and trans- Theological and Moral Subjects ; by the lations of sacred songs, with notes critical Rev. Dr William Barrow, Prebendary of and explanatory ; by Samuel Horsley, Southwell, will shortly be published. L.L.D. F.R.S. F.A.S, late Bishop of St Mr Hazlitt's Lectures on the Comic Ge. Asaph, is in the press.
nius and Writers of Great Britain, now deLord John Russell has nearly completed livering at the Surrey Institution, will be a Biographical Account of his Illustrious published in a few days. Ancestor.
The Poetical Remains, accompanied by The First Part of Mr Crabbe's new Memoirs, of the late John Leyden, M.D. poem, will be published in February; it is author of " Historical Account of Disco. entitled, Forty Days, a Series of Tales re- veries in Africa,” will appear this month. lated at Binning-Hall.
The continuation of Sir Richard Hoare's The Miss Berrys, the friends of the late History of Ancient Wiltshire will be pubLord Orford, are preparing an Account of lished in the spring; the plates will be very their Travels and Residence in Italy. numerous, and their execution surpasses
The Rev. M. D. Duffield has for some those already given. time been making collections for a His- Dr Edward Percival is preparing for pubtory of the Town and County of Cam- lication a series of Practical Observations bridge, and intends shortly to prepare them on the Pathology, Treatment, and prevena The first number of a General History of Mr Wilkinson, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the County of York, by Thomas Durham is about to publish a work on the Locked Whittaker, L.L.D. F.S.A. illustrated by Jaw and Tetanus in Horses, and likewise engravings, from drawings by J. M. W. on the epidemical disease or catarrhal afTurner, Esq. R.A., and M. Buckler, will fection that sometimes prevails amongst appear in a few days.
tion of Typhus Fever, Mr Boileau is preparing for publicą. The Rev. P. Bliss' will complete the old tion, An Essay on the Nature and Genius work of the Athena Oxonienses, by the of the German Language : also, The Art of publication of a fourth volume, which is French Conversation, exemplified on a new very nearly ready; he will then proceed up plan. OG
on the continuation.
for the press.
those animals. The fourth volume is nearly ready for The Annals of Coinage of the United publication of the Personal Narratives of Kingdom, from the earliest record to the M. D. Humboldt's Travels to the Equi- present time, by the Rev. Roger Runoctial Regions of the New Continent, du- ding, has been delayed, in consequence of ring the years 1799 and 1804: translated the accession of much additional and valuaby Miss Williams, at Paris.
ble information : it will however be publishA new novel, by the author of the ed in the month of February, and be comPhysiognomist and the Bachelor and Mar- prised in five octavo volumes, and a quarto ried Man, will appear shortly, entitled, of plates, bringing the engraved series down *Hesitation, or To Marry or not to Marry.” to the recent issue of sovereigns and crown
A novel will appear in a few days, en- pieces. titled, Mondouro; by a lady of high rank.
The Authoress, a tale, by the author of " Rachel,” will be published this month.
EDINBURGH. A novel will appear in a few days, entitled Oakwood Hall, by Miss Hutton, of We have much pleasure in announcing Birmingham, authoress of " the Miser to our readers, that on the first of April will Married," &c.
appear, the first number of The Edinburgh A new novel is preparing for the press by Philosophical Journal ; or, Quarterly Registhe author of " Correction."
ter of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, NaAnother novel is announced, called, the tural History, Practical Mechanics, and the Intriguing Beauty, and the Beauty without Fine and Useful Arts. Intrigue.
The Life of the late Right Honourable An interesting work is preparing for the John Philpot Curran, Master of the Rolls press, and in great forwardness, entitled, a in Ireland ; by his son, William Henry Biographical Dictionary of the Worthies of Curran, Esq. Barrister-at-law, 2 vols Svo. Ireland; to comprise succinct and impar- with Portraits and Fac-similes. tial sketches of the lives and characters of An Account of the Arctic Regions, in. eminent natives of Ireland, of every rank cluding the Natural History of Spitzbergen and station, at any time celebrated, in their and the adjacent Islands ; the Polar Ice ; own or other countries, for their genius, ta- and the Greenland Seas; with a History and lents, or public virtues, in the various de- Description of the Northern Whale F'ishpartments of arms, politics, literature, eries, illustrated with many Anecdotes of sciences, and arts.
the Dangers of that Occupation. Chiefly Mr Martin of Liverpool has in the derived from Researches made during Sevenpress, a Discourse, read in the Literary and teen Voyages to the Polar Seas ; by Wil. Philosophical Society of that town, entitled, liam Scoresby, jun. Member of the Wer. ZHTHMATA AIANOHTIKA, or a View of nerian Society, 2 vols 8vo, with numerous the Intellectual Powers of Man, with ob- Engravings. servations on their cultivation.
Speedily will be published, First Latin Shakh Mansur will soon publish, in oc- Lessons, selected from the Classics, (with tavo, a History of Seyd Said, Sultan of the authorities subjoined,) arranged under Muscat, with an account of the countries the respective rules of Syntax, beginning and people on the shores of the Persian with exercises on the first declension, and gulf, particularly of the Wahabees.
advanced by gentle gradations ; to which Mr Teissier has in the press, a Narrative will be added, English Exercises under of the Operations of the Royalist Armies in each rule, with notes, and a complete vocathe Interior of France, in 1815; translated bulary ; by Thomas Macgowan, one of the from the “ Panache d'Henri IV. ou les masters of the academy, 25, Sect Street, Phalanges Royales," a work prohibited by Liverpool, 18mo. the French police.
Illustrations of tlre Power of CompresThe following will appear this winter :- sion and Percussion in the Cure of Rheuma. The Black Robber, a romance, 3 vol.- tism, Gout, and Debility of the Extremities; Emily, or the Wife's First Error, by Eliza- and in Promoting General Health and Lon beth Bennett, 4 yol.— The Express, a no- gevity; by William Balfour, M.D. author of vel, by Frances D'Aubigne, 3 vol. a. Treatise on Emetic Tartar, &c.
A new Part of Lackington & Co.'s Illustrations of the Power of Emetic Catalogue will be published in a few days, Tartar in the Cure of Fever, Inflammation, containing a very large collection of Gram- and Asthma ; and in Preventing Phthisis mars, Dictionaries, and Lexicons-Critical and Apoplexy; by William Balfour, M.D. and Bibliographical works_Greek and La- author of a Treatise on Rheutnatism, &c. tin Classics—their Translations and Books The Autumnal Excursion, or Sketches in in the French, Italian, Spanish, and other Tiviotdale, with other Poems; by Thomas Foreign Langyages.