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Though a lawyer, Laine* is a good sort of man,
* M. Laine, a lawyer of Bordeaux.-As President of the Deputies he opposed Bonaparte before his first fall ; and on the King's first fall followed him to Ghent : these two brilliant actions he has contrived to obscure by a crowd of little weaknesses, meannesses, and vanities, which have procured him the situation he fills in the Government, and lost him that which he held in the world.
† Marshal Gouvion St Cyr, like most dull men, has a kind of reputation, because nobody envies him. Admitting that St Cyr means well, his advancement to the ministry is the strongest proof of the contempt of his colleagues for his understanding. An able man who meant well would ruin them all.
# Matthew Molé.—This man is at present a creature of De Caze's, but by-and-by will set up for himself. He is chiefly remarkable for having been Bonaparte's Grand Judge and Minister of Justice, and for prostituting in 1810 that character to destroy what little remained of freedom in the French Legislative Body, and to defeat the election, as President, of his present colleague, M. Lainé. Is it not a monstrous, and almost incredible scandal, to see Bonaparte's slavish Grand Judge become Louis's liberal Minister of Marine ? A lawyer turned sailor is not a stranger metamorphose, than the tool of a despot who affects liberality of principle.
& Corvetto (a little raven), one of Bonaparte's Council of State, and now the King's Minister of Finance-a mere man of straw-and therefore placed at the head of that empty system, called French Finance. His worthy rival, the Duke of Gaete, was Bonaparte's last Minister of Finance, and will probably be the King's next.
|| De Caze, a Gascon lawyer, who was private Secretary to old Mrs Bonaparte. “The lame and impotent conclusion" of this stanza, is closely borrowed from the account which all the journals in Paris were forced to publish the other day of De Caze's heroic opposition to Bonaparte ; and which, after all, consisted simply in his “ going to his countryhouse.” De Caze is the King's favourite ; or, as it was formerly called, the King's minion, and deserves to be so. In his elevation, however, he does not belie his early education ; in public affairs he is still a clerk, and in private society has all the little merits
of a page.
Pasquier was the Prefect of Police to Bonaparte, and would have hanged any one who had behaved to Napoleon as he himself did to Louis—but Louis is forgiving as well as discerning : and as he made the Imperial Grand Judge, Royal Minister of Marine-50 he has made the Imperial Police Magistrate, the Royal Grand Judge. It is by these men, and these measures, that France, we are told, is to be saved !
Now keeps the King's conscience, and, wonderful fate!
The Royal Vision.
On the well-cushion'd throne, where the curious still see
All clotted with blood, and all dripping with tears,
Bonaparte's furniture was all embroidered with bees ; on the King's return the bees were picked out, and fleur-de-lis substituted.
+ Messrs De Caze and Laine are from the department of the Gironde.
AND PERSIANS WITH RUSSIA AND
AN HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL thing else but that which thou canst
ESSAY ON THE TRADE AND COM- gain with this sword. When the MUNICATIONS OF THE ARABIANS King passes judgment between two
men in a public meeting, and they are SCANDINAVIA, DURING THE MID- not contented with the decision, he
says to them, ' decide the matter by
the sword, and he that overcomes ( Continued from page 300.) the other has gained the cause. These
are they who made themselves masters That which Abdallah Yacuti ad- of, and oppressed Bordaah in the year duces, in his geographical dictionary, until God destroyed them. respecting the Russians, is worthy of at- “ I have read a letter of Ahmud tention; as it thence appears, that they Ibn Fodhelan ben Abbas, ben Rashid, must have had a religion, manners, ben Hamad, the enfranchised slave and condition, not unlike those of our of Mohammed, the son of Soliman, the northern progenitors. « The Rus- ambassador of Almoctadr to the King sians are a people whose country bor- of the Slavi, in which he relates what ders upon that of the Slavi and the he had seen on his journey from and Turks. Their religion, manners, and to Bagdad. I shall here adduce what laws are different from those of other he has said, in his own language, from nations. Almocaddin says that they astonishment at it. He says: I saw live upon an island (or peninsula) the Russians come with their articles which is unhealthy and pestilential, of trade, and embark upon the river and is surrounded by a sea, which is Atel. They clothe themselves in vests, a protection to them agninst those who not in caftans; but the men dress would assail them. This island un- themselves in a cloak, which covers doubtedly contains 100,000 inhabi- one side, while one hand remains untants, who do not cultivate the ground covered. Every one carries with him or have any pasturage. The Slavi an axe, a knife, and a sword, which have a hatred of them, and deprive never forsake them. Their swords them of their riches (property). When are thin plates marked with fura man has a son born, he throws to rows, and are Frankish (Europe him a sword, saying, thou hast no an); from the end of the hilt each person bears, as high as the neck, thin house. At the time when their ships pieces of wood, images, and such like arrive in their haven, every one goes things. The women cover their out, and takes bread, flesh, leaves, and breasts with a case made of iron, eop- palm wine (grape wine) with him ; per, silver, or gold, according to the and they proceed until they come to a means of their husbands. On each of long piece of a tree raised upright, these cases there is a ring, in which which has a face resembling that of a there is a knife, which is likewise fas- human being. Around this there are tened to the breast. Round their small images, and behind these long necks they wear silver and gold trees (pieces of wood) raised in the chains; for when the husband pos- ground. When one comes to the sesses 10,000 dirhems, he gets a chain large image, he falls down before it made for his wife ; and if 20,000, and says, O Lord, I am come from two; and, in like manner, for every a far distant land, and bring girls that 10,000 dirhems the wife gets a new are so and so in the head, and marchain, so that some of them occasion- tens that are so and so in the skin.' ally have a great number. The neck. He thus reckons up all his articles of laces, or ornaments of the women, are trade, and then says: "Now I come made of the greenest shells (conchæ), to thee with this present (he then which are upon the shore. They have lays it down), between the hands of a great value for them, and pay a dir- (near to) the piece of wood. I wish hem for each of them, and thus they that thou wouldst provide me a mercompose their necklaces.
The Ruse chant who has plenty of dinars (monsians are the dirtiest creatures God ey in gold); who will buy from me has created; they never wash the filth according to my terms, and will say, from their heads,
nothing against any thing that I say.'
He then goes away; but in case his
They live from trade does not succeed favourably, and their lands, and moor their ships in the time appears too tedious, he rethe river Atel, which is a large river; turns with a second and third present. on the banks of which they build If his affairs should not yet succeed to large wooden houses. They meet fre- his wishes, he carries a present to one quently in one house, to the number of the small images, and entreats them of ten or twelve, more or less; have for their intercession, saying, are not each of them a couch to sit upon, and these our Lord's sons and daughters ?" beside each there are girls that are He continues in this manner, subbeautiful, for sale (so beautiful that missively and constantly, to call upon they might be sold).
and implore one image after the other,
until it once appears that he can disSometimes a great number of them pose of his goods to advantage. He collect together,
then says: 'Now has my Lord fulfilled my wishes ; I cannot therefore
do better than reward him for it.' He * then takes a number of cows and
sheep, kills them, and gives away
a part of the Aesh in alms. He
Every morning lays down the remainder near the they regularly wash their faces and great piece of wood, and the smaller heads in the dirtiest and filthiest water ones surrounding it, and hangs the that can be found. A girl comes heads of the cattle and sheep upon the every morning early with a large cask tree which is raised in the ground. of water, wliich she carries to her mas. Next night the dogs come and
eat the ter. He washes therein his face, flesh; but the person who haut laid it hands, and hair, and then combs him- there, says : 'My lord loves me, for self; blows his nose and spits into it; he has eaten my gift. in short, performs in it every possible “When one of them falls sick, they sort of uncleanliness. When he has erect a tent for him, lay him in it, finished, the girl carries the cask to and give him some bread and water; the person who is nearest to him, and but they never approach him theme he does the same. She carries it, in selves, excepting once a-day, especially like manner, from one to the other, if he is a poor wretch, or a slave. if until she has brought it to all in the the sick person recovers, he returns home; but if he dies, they burn him, fast) four supporters, of the chaling unless it be a slave, for such they and other trees, and around these aleave, without any ceremony, to be gain, wooden images of men and gidevoured by dogs and birds of prey. ants. They then drew it so far, so as
“ When they catch a thief or a to place it upon this wood (the four robber, they lead him to a large thick supporters). They walked up and tree, bind a strong rope round his down, came and talked together in a neck, and strangle him by this cord, language I did not understand. The which at last falls to pieces by the dead person was in the back part of rain and the wind.
his grave, from which they did not “ I have said that they shewed great take him out, until an old woman regard for their chiets after their death, came, whom they called Death's angel, of which the least instance was, that and placed herself upon the beforethey burned them. I wished to learn
She unsomething more accurately on this sub- mentioned couch (pr. pw). ject, and at last I was informed that a derstood the sewing of the clothes that mighty man had just died, whom they were to be put upon the deceased chief, laid in his grave, and built a roof over and the preparations that should be for ten days, until they had finished made. It was her business also to cutting and sewing his clothes. If a kill the girl. She had the appearance poor man dies, they make for him a of a thick, yellow, wrinkled witch. small ship, place him in it, and set it When the men came to the grave, on fire. But the rich man's property which was near the pieces of wood, they collected together, and divided they took the body out and wrapped into three portions, of which his family received the third ; his clothes, it in the shirt ( 3!;Y1) in which he which they cut, formed a third part; had died. I saw him ; he was black and for the remaining third they on account of the cold of the country. bought palm wine, which they drank They had placed by him in the grave, on the day when his girl killed her- palm wine, fruits, and a musical instruself, and was burnt along with her ment; now all this was taken out. As master. They are extremely addicted the body had not been in the least change to wine, which they drink day and ed except in colour, they put upon it night, and it may easily happen that breeches, boots, a vest (waistcoat), and one of them may die with the glass in a warrior's cloak of embroidered work, his hand. When one of their chiefs with clasps of gold; they farther placdies, the family asks his girls and fa- ed upon his head, and dressed him in vourites, whether any of them will die embroidered work with martens' skin, with him? if one of them answers yes, and carried him away in order to place it is necessary to do so, for it is no him in the tent, which was on the matter of indifference to them to mourn ship, in which they placed him on the for ever. But if one of them will matrass, and drew him up upon the mourn for ever, she may do so ; and cushions. They now brought forward the greatest number that do this are the palm wine, fruits, and the fragrant girls. When, therefore, so eminent a herbs, which they placed beside him, personage died, they asked his girls and brought bread, flesh, and leaves, which of them would die with him. and placed them beside him; they One answered that she would. Her then brought a dog, which they cut in they committed to the care of two two pieces, and threw into the ship; girls, who watched her, and attended they brought afterwards all his weaher wherever she went, and sometimes pons, which they laid by his side. washed her feet with their hands. They now took two beasts of burden, The men now began to cut her clothes, which they caused to run until they and set in order whatever was neces- were covered with perspiration ; they sary; and the girl, in the meantime, then killed them with a sword, and lived every day in great joy, and de- cast the flesh into the ship. The girl lighted by drinking and singing. When who was to be killed came and went, the day arrived, on which he and the and at last entered one of their tents, girl were to be burnt, she went down where her comrade (friend, lover) laid to the river where the ship was. When himself beside her, saying to ber, say it was drawn out of the river, they to thy master, I have done this most placed about it (that it might stand assuredly for love to thee.' When