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have been denied a degree in the that punishment which is now inflicte schools of scepticism. There is not ing upon them, and of which they one of all their number who under- have as yet sustained but a very insigstands the language of the New Tes- nificant portion. tament.
The querulous eulogists of this inBefore we conclude, let us shortly no- fidel Journal have made use of a very tice the feeble and querulous complaints delicate but perhaps not very apposite which we understand the friends of illustration. The religion of a man, this class of writers have, in the sore- they say, is like the virtue of a woness of their wounded affection, been man, and may be destroyed by the piping abroad. They would fain charge slightest breath. This is not happy. us with an unwarrantable interfer. We cannot, for our lives, perceive any ence with their religious opinions, resemblance between a modest young which, it is said, are between them- virgin and an impudent old Edinburgh selves and their God. We know that Reviewer. Were a young lady to there is, or ought to bè, a sanctuary in make immodest gestures to gentlemen every man's bosom, in which his own on the street, and indulge in loose contrite spirit may hold converse with conversation, no doubt her virtue the Divine Being. Into that sanc- would be suspected. But the reputatuary we never sought sacrilegiously to tion of a well-behaved woman is very enter. But the religion of the Edin- safe in this country-and so is that of a burgh Reviewers is not between them- sincere christian. When, however, a selves and their God. Shame to the man tells the whole world that he does hypocrite who dares to utter such a not believe Christianity, what can the falsehood. It is between themselves world do but take him at his word ? and the whole world. They have Nor does it at all alter the matter, forced it upon those who wished not that his disbelief may have been to hear it, - they have juggled it into told by inuendo and insinuation. It our minds under the cover of far dif- is not incumbent on us to shéw an exferent matters,--they have decoyed us treme and sensitive delicacy in our unawarés into the dark nooks of their language to a man who has wholly infidelity, when we believed that we were dismissed it from his own practice walking in an open country and in day- and really, if we were seeking for a silight—they have met us suddenly at mile to apply to any of the infidel Edinthe corners of streets, and thrust their burgh Reviewers, it would be just the manifestoes into our unwilling hands reverse of that now so current among - they have, at times, ventured to cry the agitated friends of their dissolving loudly from the house-top. And can Confederacy, it indeed be, that now they wish to throw themselves on our mercy-on our charity-on our christian forbearance-and to demand for themselves, after a long course of loud and brazen infidelity, a respectful and soothing dence of Count Algarotti, in the possession
[This Letter is taken from the Corresponattention to their feelings forsooth— of Mr Murray.] they who have all their lifetime so bitterly, and so savagely, and so unre
Cambridge, Sept. 9, 1763. mittingly persecuted, reviled and ri.
SIR, diculed all those who fortunately dif- I RECEIVED, some time since, the unfered from them in their religious be expected honour of a letter from you, lief. If they or their friends wish and the promise of a pleasure, which, at once to subject themselves to the till of late, I had not the opportunity charge of the grossest and most foolish of enjoying. Forgive me if I make falsehood, let them declare boldly that my acknowledgments in my native the Edinburgh Review never attack- tongue, as I see it is perfectly familiar ed Christianity. The whole world to you; and I (though not uñacquaintknows that they have been its unceas- ed with the writings of Italy) should, ing foes. And the whole world ac- from disuse, speak its language with knowledges that their wickedness in an ill grace, and with still more conhaving so attacked Christianity, is one straint to one, who possesses it in all ly equalled by their folly in now deny- its strength and purity. ing it, and their pusillanimity under I see, with great satisfaction, your
LETTER FROM GRAY THE POET TO
efforts to reunite the congenial arts of Nicollina) with little voice and less Poetry, Musick, and the Dance, which, beauty, but with the utmost justness of with the assistance of Painting and ear-the strongest expression of counArchitecture, regulated by taste, and tenance—the most speaking eyes—the supported by magnificence and power, greatest vivacity and variety of gesture. might form the noblest scene, and be. Her first appearance instantly fixed stow the sublimest pleasure, that the their attention ; the tumult sunk at imagination can conceive: but who once, or, if any murmur rose, it was shall realize these delightful visions ? soon hushed by a general cry for siThere is, I own, one prince in Europe, lence. Her first air ravished every body that wants neither the will, the spirit, they forgot their prejudices--they nor the ability ; but can he call up forgot that they did not understand a Milton from his grave, can he reanie word of the language,-they entered mate Marcello, or bid the Barberina or into all the humour of the part-made the Sallé move again? Can he (as her repeat all her songs and contimuch a King as he is) govern an Ita, nued their transports, their laughter, lian Virtuosa, destroy her caprice and and applause, to the end of the piece. impertinence, without hurting her ta. Within these three last years the Palents, or command those unmeaning ganina and Amici have met with algraces and tricks of voice to be silent, most the same applause, once a-week, that have gained her the adoration of from a politer audience, on the Opera her own country?
stage. The truth is, the Opera itself, One cause that so long has hinder- though supported here at a great exed and (I fear) will hinder that hap- pence for so many years, has rather py union which you propose, seems to maintained itself by the admiration beme to be this, that Poetry (which, as stow'd on a few particular voices, or you allow, must lead the way, and di- the borrow'd taste of a few Men of rect the operations of the subordinate condition, that have learned in Italy arts) implies at least a liberal educa- how to admire, than by any genuine tion, a degree of literature, and various love we bear to the Italian musick: nor knowledge ; whereas the others (with have we yet got any style of our own, a few exceptions) are in the hands of and this I attribute, in a great measlaves and mercenaries, I mean, of sure, to the language which, in spite of people without education, who, though its energy, plenty, and the crowd of Reither destitute of genius, nor in- excellent writers this nation has prosensible to fame, must yet make gain duced, does yet, I am sorry to say it, their principal end, and subject them- retain too much of its barbarous origiselves to the prevailing taste of those, nal to adapt itself to musical composiç whose fortune only distinguishes them tion. I by no means wish to have from the multitude.
been born any thing but an EnglishI can not help telling you, that eight man; yet I should rejoice to exor ten years ago, I was a witness of the change tongues with Italy. power of your comic musick. There Why this Nation has made no ads was a little troop of Buffi that exhi. vances hitherto, in painting
and sculpbited a Burletta in London-not in ture, is hard to say. The fact is unthe Opera House, where the audience is deniable, and we have the vanity to chiefly of the better sort, but on one apologize for our ourselves, as Virgil of the common theatres, full of all did for the Romans,." Excudent alii,” kinds of people ; and, I believe, the &c. It is sure that Architecture had fuller from that natural aversion we introduced itself in the reign of the bear to foreigners ;-their looks and unfortunate Charles the first, and Inigo their noise made it evident they did Jones has left us some few monunot come thither to hear ;-and, on sic ments of his skill, that shew him milar occasions, I have known candles capable of greater things. Charles had lighted-broken bottles and pen knives not only a love for the beautiful arts, flung on the stage--the benches torn but some taste in them. The confus up the scenes hurried into the streets sion that soon follow'd, swept away and set on fire. The curtain drew his magnificent collection—the artists up, the musick was of Cocchi, with a were dispersed or ruin'd—and the few airs of Pergolesi interspersed: the arts disregarded till very lately. The singers were, as usual, deplorable, but young Monarch now on the throne is there wasone Girl (she called herself the said to esteem and understand them;
I wish he may have the leisure to cul- say, that as the king never mentioned the tivate, and the skill to encourage will more, whispers only by degrees inthem, with due regard to merit, other formed the public that the will was burnt; wise, it is better to neglect them. You, tained ; but rumour
assigned to the Duchess
the contents of course were never ascer. Sir, have pointed out the true sources, of Kendal forty thousand pounds, and a and the best examples, to your Coun- large legacy to the Queen of Prussia. trymen. They have nothing to do, but
" Discoursing," says his Lordship, to be what they once were ; and yet, with Lady Suffolk, on that suppressed perhaps, it is more difficult to restore testament, she made the only plausible good taste to a nation that has de- shadow of an excuse that could be made generated, than to introduce it in for George the Second ; she told me that one, where, as yet, it has never flour- George the First had burnt two wills made ished. You are generous enough to adds, “ of the First George could only pal
in favour of his son." _“ The crime,” he wish, and sanguine enough to foresee, liate, not justify, the criminality of the that it shall one day flourish in Eng- Second; for the Second did not punish the land. I too must wish, but can hardly guilty, but the innocent. But bad precedents extend my hopes so far. It is well are always dangerous, and too likely to be for us that you do not see our public copied.”j exhibitions, but our artists are yet
October 14, 1778. in their infancy, and therefore I will I THINK you take in no newspapers, not absolutely despair.
nor, I believe, condescend to read any I owe to Mr Howe the honour I
more modern than the Paris à la main have of conversing with Count Alga- at the time of the Ligue-conserotti, and it seems as if I meant to in- quently, you have not seen a new dulge myself in the opportunity: but scandal on my father, which, you will I have done, Sir ;-1 will only add, not wonder, offends me. You cannot that I am proud of your approbation, be interested in his defence, but as it having no relish for any other fame comprehends some very curious anecthan what is confer'd by the few real dotes, you will not grudge me inJudges, that are so thinly scattered dulging myself to a friend in vindiover the face of the earth.—1 am, Sir, cating a name so dear to me. with great respect,
In the account of Lady ChesterYour most obliged humble servant, field's death and fortune, it is said,
T. GRAY. that the late king, at the instigation of A. S. E.
Sir R. W., burnt his father's will, Il Conte Francesco Algarotti
which contained a large legacy to that Ciambellan di s. M. Il
his supposed daughter, and I believe Ré di Prussia &c. &c. &c.
his real one, (for she was very like Bolognia
him,) as her brother General SchuItalia
lembourg is in black to the late king. The fact of suppressing the will is in
dubitably true; the instigator most LETTER FROM THE HON. HORACE
false, as I can demonstrate thus.
When the news arrived of the death [The following letter of Horatio Walpole, of George I., my father carried the Lord Orford, in defence of Sir Robert Wal account from Lord Townshend to the pole, against a charge of his having insti- then Prince of Wales. One of the gated George II. to burn his father's will, first acts of royalty is for the new contains a curious history, which is but par: monarch to make a speech to the privy tially told in the 6th chapter of his " Re- council. Sir Robert asked the king, miniscences."-" At the first council,” he who he would please to have draw the says, “ held by the new sovereign (George speech;" which was, in fact, asking II.), Dr Wake, archbishop of Canterbury, produced the will of the late king, and Majesty replied, Sir Spencer Comp
who was to be prime minister. His delivered it to the successor, expecting it would be opened, and read in council. On
ton. It is a wonderful anecdote, and the contrary, his majesty put it in his pocket, and stalked out of the room, without * " Sir Spencer Compton," says Lord uttering a word on the subject. The poor Orford, “ was speaker of the House of prelate was thunderstruck, and had not the Commons, and treasurer, I think, at that presence of mind, or the courage, to demand time to his Royal Highness, who, by that the testament's being opened ; or, at least, first command, implied his intention of to have it registered." "He then goes on to making Sir Spencer his prime minister. He
Little known, that the new premier, a Duke of N-; the late Lord Waldevery dull man, could not draw the grave shewed me a letter from that speech, and the person to whom he Duke to the Earl of Waldegrave, then applied was—the deposed premier. Embassador at Paris, with directions
The Queen, who favoured my father, about that transaction, or at least observed how unfit a man he was for about payment of the pension, I forget successor, who was reduced to beg which. I have somewhere, but cannot assistance of his predecessor. The turn to it now, a memorandum of that council met as soon as possible, the affair, and who the prince was, whom next morning at latest. Then Arch- I may mistake in calling the Duke of bishop Wake, with whom one copy of Wolfenbuttle. There was a third copy the will had been deposited, (as an- of the will, I likewise forget with other was, I think, with the Duke of whom deposited.
The newspapers Wolfenbuttle, who had a pension for say, which is true, that Lord Chestersacrificing it, which, I know, the late field filed a bill in Chancery against Duke of Newcastle transacted,) ad- the late king, to oblige him to produce vanced and delivered the will to the the will, and was silenced, I think, by king, who put it into his pocket, and payment of £20,000. There was anwent out of council without opening other legacy to his own daughter, the it; the archbishop not having courage, Queen of Prussia, which has at times or presence of mind, to desire it to be been, and I believe is still, claimed by read, as he ought to have done. the King of Prussia.
These circumstances, which I so- Do not mention any part of this lemnly assure you are strictly true, story; but it is worth preserving, as I prove that my father neither advised, am assured you are satisfied of my nor was consulted ; nor is it credible scrupulous veracity. It may, perhaps, that the king, in one night's time, be authenticated hereafter, by collashould have passed from the intention teral evidence that may come out. If of disgracing him, to make him his ever true history does come to light, bosom confidant in so delicate an my father's character will have just affair.
honour paid to it. Lord Chesterfield, I was once talking to the late Lady one of his sharpest enemies, has not, Saffolk, the former mistress, on that with all his prejudices, left a very unextraordinary event. She said, “I favourable account of him, and it cannot justify the deed to the legatees, would alone be raised by comparison bat towards his father, the late king of their two characters. Think of one, it was justifiable; for George I. had who calls Sir Robert the corrupter of burt two wills made in favour of youth, leaving a system of education George II.”-I suppose they were the to poison them from their nursery ! testaments of the Duke and Duchess Chesterfield, Pulteney, and Bolingof Zell, parents of George the First's broke, were the saints that reviled my wife, whose treatment of her they father. always resented.
I beg your pardon, but you allow I said I know the transaction of the me to open my heart to you when it
is full. Yours ever, was a worthy man, of exceeding grave for
H. W. mality, but of no parts--as his conduct immediately proved. The poor gentleman was so little qualified to accommodate him. self to the grandeur of the moment, and to
A VERBAL TRANSLATION OF THE EMcoaceive how a new sovereign should address
PEROR OF MOROCCO's LETTER TO himself to his ministers, and he had also QUEEN ANNE; BY SIMON OCKLEY. been so far from meditating to supplant the premier, that in his distress it was to Sir
Har. MSS. 7525. Robert himself he had recourse, and whom he besought to make the draught of the In the name of the most merciful king's speech for him ;"_" from that mo- God; he that depends upon God ment,” he adds, " there was no more ques. eth straight to the right way. From tion of Sir Spencer Compton as prime mini, the servant of God, the Emperor of ster. He was created an earl, soon received the garter, and became president of that the Believers, who maketh war for council, at the head of which he was much the cause of the Lord of both worlds, fitter to sit than to direct." -Lord Orford's Ismael Ebn Asshariph Alhossnai, Tó Reminiscences.
the Queen of the English, nay of EngVol. IV.
land, and the Mistress of the great God will. Wherefore be kind to our Parliament thereof, happiness to every servant with respect. one that followeth the right way, and Written the first of the glorious believes in God, and is so directed.
Ramadan, in the year 1125. This premised, we have heard from more than one of the comers and goers from that country, that thou hast seized our Armenian servant, a person of great esteem. We sent him to thee to compose a difference between Morning-Scenes in the Dressing-room us and thee, and we wrote to thee of a rich Róman Lady. concerning him, that thou shouldst use him well. Then after this we (From the German of Böttiger.) heard that thou hadst set him at liberty. But for what reason didst thou
SCENE I. take him, and for what reason didst thou set him at liberty ? Hath he ex- Sabina comes from her Bed-chamber ceeded any covenant, or hath he made into her Dressing-room-Restauraany covenant with thee and broke it? tions—Skaphion brings the Asses' We had not sent him unto thee but Milk- Phiale the Paint-Stimmi upon the account of our knowledge the black Eye-tincture--Mastiche the and assurance of his understanding
Teeth. and integrity; and when he resolved upon his journey into that country, In the Royal Museum at Portici, awe gave directions to dispatch some mong the immense numbers of ancient of our affairs. Wherefore we wrote paintings brought from Herculaneum unto thee concerning him, and said, and Pompeii, there are four little If thou hast any necessity or business pieces which have attracted particular with us, he will convey it to us from attention, for this reason, that they thee. And we said unto thee, speak were not, like the others, painted upwith him, which if it should be, what on the wall, but attached to it sepathou talkest about with him will come rately, a circumstance which implies to us, without addition or diminu. that, by their possessors, fifteen huntion,
dred years ago, they had been regardAs for what our servant Alkaid Ali ed as of something more than common Abdo'llah did to
value. The third of these pieces revant the Christian, by God we know presents the dressing-chamber of an nothing of it, nor gave him any per- Herculanean lady. One of the virtumission as to any thing that passed osi, who have described the curiosities between them. And in the instant of Portici, speaks of it in these terms: that we heard from him that he had A young woman is standing among taken thy man, we commanded him her attendants; one of these dresses her to set him at liberty, and he set him hair, another sits by her, a third stands at liberty forthwith, out of hand; and near; they are all elegantly attired.” from that we never shewed any favour After having bestowed a more accurate to Alkaid Ali, nor was our mind right attention upon this beautiful and neartowards him till he died,
ly uninjured painting as engraved in Our Christian servant, the mer- the Pitture D'Erculano, * I am inclinchant (Balih), told us that thou hadsted to suppose that the following would a mind to an ostrich, and we gave be a more correct description of it. It him two, a male and a female, which is a family piece, representing a moshall come to thee if God will
. And ther with her two beautiful daughters, lo, O Secretary ! the goods of our ser- whose features sufficiently indicate vant, much esteemed with us, when their relation to her. The mother is he cometh he shall bring what is seated upon a chair somewhat elevated, with him, if it please God. And we with a footstool before it, of the kind are in expectation of thy messenger, always mentioned, as constituting a the ambassailor ; and if he comes, he principle article of ornamental furnishall see nothing from us but what is ture in the female apartments of these fair, and we will deliver to him the Christians, and do what he pleases, if Pitture D'Erculano, t. iv. tab. xliii.