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finement by his father ; but learning came these animals ? and whence got you the name of the slave who had betray- this mare, that excites my wonder? Now ed him, his wrath immediately swells the mare Antar was riding belonged to the into irresistible violence, he bursts his chief of the Cahtanians, and the other horses cords like Samson, and, rushing into were those the horsemen rode whom he had

slain ; the spoil and all he had collected the field, he immediately slays the ob

were concealed at his mother's. O master, ject of his resentinent in the same he replied, as I was tending the flocks yes. shocking manner in which he had al- terday, there came some Cahtanians, and ready despatched the slave of Prince with them an immense quantity of cattle; Shas. This homicide brings him into they were much fatigued, and moreover new jeopardy, and his father and frightened at the Arab horsemen. I follow. brothers pursue him with intent to ed them, and finding these horses separated kill him. They come up with Antar from the rest, I took them and brought in the desert, and find him in the act dad, these are no horses strayed from their

them back. Thou wicked slave, said sheof killing a prodigious lion, pour se

owners, thou hast carried them off from bedisennuyer. As soon as he had strangled neath their riders ; it is on this account thou this “ dog of the plain,” he rips her wanderest alone in these wilds and rocks, up, kindles a fire with dry sticks, and and every Arab thou canst meet thou killest roasts and devours the entire carcase. him, and thou carest not whether he is of Shedad and his companions, amazed the tribe of Cahtan or Adnan. Never wilt by this display of strength and stom- thou leave off this conduct till thou hast exach, think it prudent to make a quiet cited feuds among the Arabs, and slain heretreat ; and Prince Malik, hearing thee take my cattle to the pasture ; and he

roes and horsemen !' Never again will I let their account of what had occurred, beat him with the whip he had in his hand; again interests himself so much as to and as he continued to lash and thrash him, procure the pardon of Antar.

no good will come of thee, said he ; evil Shortly after this, while Shedad is and abominations are rooted in thee; thou absent, the women are amusing them- wilt breed dissensions among the Arab tribes, selves with dancing and music in the and thou wilt make us a common tale among garden, when they are surprised by a

nations. His father still beat him and aparty of horsemen of another tribe, and bused him, and he bore it all.

“ At last Semecah (the wife of Shedad) carried off in the unceremonious man

came out, and seeing what was going on, she ner to which Arabian ladies are so well wept bitterly. She sprang forwards and accustomed. Among the rest is Ibla. threw herself on his breast, exclaiming, Antar, who happened to be at some sooner shalt thou beat me than him; he little distance, does not hear of this does not deserve such ill treatment, o Sheoutrage immediately; but returning in dad. But Shedad became very angry with a short time, and learning the absence her, and shoving her away, threw her down of his love, his

rage becomes so great on her back. She rose up and cast herself that he runs off, on foot, and single- letting her hair flow down her shoulders.

into Antar's arms, uncovering her head, and handed, in pursuit of the marauders. This excited Shedad's surprise. What has He engages them with irresistible fu- happened to this wretch, he exclaimed, that ry, and ends with slaying seventy of you feel so much affection and tenderness? them, and bringing back the whole Loose his bands, said Semecah, and I will of the females in triumph-Ibla being relate the whole story to you. Tell me, mounted en croupe on the horse which said he, and I will release him. Then she he himself rides. The women are pas- he alone had attacked seventy horsemen,

told Shedad all that Antar had done ; how sionate in their acknowledgments; and had driven them back in confusion and but their minds are quite distressed by despair, and had secured in safety all their the idea of having been seen unveiled families and children. Then Semeeah reby strangers; and fearing that their peated these verses : lords and masters might conceive a dis- " • O Shedad, badst thou seen me, my gust for them in consequence of this face uncovered, and my person carried off exposure, it is earnestly intreated of behind the warriors, and the women of Prince all present that the affair should be Cais in dismay, no resource at hand, and kept a profound secret. On the day their veils trailing on the surface of the after his return, Shedad goes out on earth. Ibla too! they mounted her behind horseback to examine his herds and her cheeks. The slaves whom I encourag

a warrior, whilst her tears streamed down flocks;

ed, fled ; every one fled, all trembling in “ And he perceived amongst his horses affright. Our families surrounded us weepsome strange ones, and also saw Antar rid- ing in anguish and in misery. Our camels ing upon a black mare. Whence, cried he, were driven away, and every heart was distracted. Then Antar plunged into the travelling with a royal bride through midst of them ; into the black rolling dust; the plain, forms their first booty. The the atmosphere was involved in darkness, second is a horse of unrivalled lineage and the birds sunk motionless ; their horse- and grace--the illustrious Abjer, men fled through fear: this one was slain, thenceforth the inseparable companion that made captive; he protected us. After he had comforted us all, he pursued them, of all the adventures of Antar.“ His and the honour of them all was destroyed. hoofs," says our narrative, were as O it is right I should respect him ; protect flat as beaten coin ; when he neighed, him ; my honour he protected, and he pre- he seemed about to speak, and his ears served the honour of us all.'

were like quills. His sire was Wasil, “ Semeeah's account of Antar's actions and his dam Hemema.” Mounted on astonished Shedad, and he rejoiced and was this horse, armed with the unconquerglad. It is surprising, said he to himself, he kept all this secret, and his submission able Indian sword Dhami, and animate to be bound by me! 'uis most wonderful ! ed with the love of Ibla, nothing can Antar stood unconcerned,

and listened to resist the prowess of Antar. After a Semeeah's acknowledgments; and Shedad variety of adventures in the desert, he came up to him, and released him, and is engaged in the most cruel of all his begged his pardon," &c.

battles with the tribe of Maan, when Another scene of the same kind, but his friend, Prince Malik, arrives by displaying, in a still more remarkable accident in the field, and is the witness manner, the peerless strength and va- of his victory. The joy and gratitude lour of Antar, occurs not long after of Antar, on this meeting, are as enthis. King Zoheir himself has gone thusiastic as his valour had been. The out with all his warriors to attack the prince insists that Antar should return rival tribe of Cahtan. That tribe, with him to the king his father, and however, happen to be on their march our hero consents. They are proceedto attack Zoheir, and the two armies ing on their journey homeward, when miss each other by the way. Antar, Antar's passion seizing him, he thus in spite of all the heroism he had for- exclaims: merly displayed, is still, from feelings

" When the breezes blow from Mount of Arab pride, kept in the station of a slave by his father Shedad, and he has Saadi, their freshness calms the fire of my not therefore gone forth with the free- ber I have preserved their faith ; but they

love and transports. Let my tribe remem. men to battle. He is at home, as of feel not my worth, and preserve not threir old, tending the cattle, when the ene

engagements with me. Were there not a my approaches the tents of Zoheir and maid settled in the tents, why should I prehis tribe. He received them as the fer their society to absence ? Slimly made is dry dust receiveth the first drops of she, and the magic influence of her eye prerain." He defends the women and

serves the bones of a corpse from entering the wealth of the king, and puts the the tomb. The sun as it sets, turns towards Cahtanians to flight. On his return, do nhou rise in my absence ; and the brilli

her, and says, Darkness obscures the land, King Zoheir, understanding what has

ant moon calls out to her, Come forth, for occurred, clothes Antar in a robe of thy face is like me when I am at the full, honour, mounts him upon a fine horse, and in all my glory! The Tamarisk trees and entertains him at table “ till the complain of her in the morn and the eve, wine sported with their senses." Not- and say, Away, thou waning beauty, thou withstanding all this, however, She form of the laurel ! she turns away abashed, dad still refuses to acknowledge An- and throws aside her veil, and the roses are tar as his son, and so to elevate him scattered from her soft fresh cheeks. She above his servile condition. The hero, lashes, sharp and penetrating as the blade of

draws her sword from the glances of her eyeunable any longer to endure this in- her forefathers, and with it her eyes commit dignity, goes by night to the tent of murder, though it be sheathed': is it not his benefactor Prince Malik, and have surprising that a sheathed sword should be ing bid him farewell, he mounts his so sharp against its victims! Graceful is horse, and rides out into the desert to every limb,

slender her waist, love-beaming seek his fortune for himself, in the are her glances, waving is her form. The true style of “ Cabelleria Andantesca.” damsel passes the night with musk under He meets a small party of his own the still fresher essence of her breath. The

her veil, and its fragrance is increased by tribe, marauding in the wilderness, lustre of day sparkles from her forehead, and joining himself to them, his supe- and by the dark shades of her curling ring. rior skill and valour soon secure to him lets, night itself is driven away. When she the place of captain. A rich Howdah, smiles, between her teeth is a moisture com.

posed of wine, of rain, and of honey. Her ed, the hero once more mounts Abjer, throat complains of the darkness of her and scatters the enemy “ like chaff necklaces. Alas! alas! the effects of that

before the wind.” But the faithless throat and that necklace ! Will fortune ever, father of his mistress repents him, O daughter of Malik, ever bless me with thy embrace, that would cure my heart of when in safety, of the promise he had the sorrows of love ? If my eye could see made in the hour of his danger. He her baggage camels, and her family, I contrives to defer the fulfilment of would rub my cheeks on the hoofs of her his engagement from day to day, in camels. I will kiss the earth where thou the hope that some rival wooer may art ; mayhap the fire of my love and extacy arrive, capable of carrying matters may be quenched. Shall thou and I ever with a high hand towards Antar. meet as formerly on Mount Saadi ? or will

This wooer at last arrives, in the perthe messenger come from thee to announce thy meeting, or will he relate that thou art son of Amarah, an Arab prince, who in the land of Nejd? Shall we meet in the offers a dower so magnificent, that it land of Shureba and Hima, and shall we quite dazzles the understanding of live in joy and in happiness ? I am the well

Ibla's father, viz : “ A thousand known Antar, the chief of his tribe, and I he and she camels, and a thousand shall die: but when I am gone, history shall sheep, and twenty Ooshareeyi camels, tell of me."

and twenty horses of the noblest breed, As they draw near the tents of 20- and a hundred silk robes, and fifty heir, they meet with Shedad. On satin garments spangled rich in gold, seeing him approach, Antar imme- and twenty strings of the finest jewels, diately dismounts, and kneels before and a hundred skins of wine for the him. His father, struck with admi- feast, and a hundred male, and as ration of his heroism and his piety, many female slaves.” This proposal kisses him between the eyes, and they is made in presence of King Zoheir, walk home in peace. The women re- and Antar hears it patiently to the ceive him with acclamations of joy, end. He then bursts forth : “ and none more than Ibla."

“ Thou he-goat of a man—thou refuse ! In the morning, however, his fa

-thou villain! Dost thou at such a time ther's jealousy returns, and he refuses as this demand Ibla in marriage ? -thou to elevate Antar to the rank of a free- coward, did not I demand her when she

was in the midst of twelve thousand warman. His passion for Ibla, in like

riors, waving their bone-cleaving swords, manner, procures for him nothing but

and thou and thy brother were flying among ridicule from the father of that dam

the rocks and the wilds? I then descended sel; and Antar soon begins to feel, -I exposed my life in her dangers, and lithat, after all he has done, a hero, berated her from the man that had caplike a prophet, is without honour in tured her; but, now that she is in the tent his own country. To whatever his of her father and mother, thou wouldst defather commands, he submits; and mand her! By the faith of an illustrious such is the force of parental spleen,

Arab, thou dastard, if thou dost not give that he finds himself once more com

up thy pretensions to Ibla, I will bring

down perdition upon thee, and I will curse pelled to tend the camels and the

thy relations and thy parents, and I will sheep. While he is thus meanly oc- make the hour of thy wedding an hour of cupied, his father's tents are evil tiding to thyself and thy posterity!” more surrounded by a party of hos- Zoheir interferes to prevent bloodtile Arabs, and a bloody combat en- shed, and Ibla's relations having renewsues, in which the invaders have great- ed their promise to Antar, the evening ly the advantage. Antar refuses to is again concluded in feasting, “till the take any share in the conflict. “ Ye wine sports with them.” Next mornhave refused me the name of son," ing it is suggested to Ibla's father and says he; “I am but a herdsman slave; brother, that by craft they may perit is not for me to fight with the war- haps succeed in putting an end to the riors of Yemen.” At last, when all proposals of Antar. They call upon him, hope of safety for their own existence and ask of him, by way of dower to Ibis extinguished in the breast of his fa- la, a thousand Assafeer camels, “that ther and his kinsmen, they fall at the she may boast of them.” Antar, in ignofeet of Antar, and pray him to assist rance of the nature of these animals, them this once, upon whatever condi- agrees to the request; but, on inquiry, tion he himself pleases to assign. The he soon begins to understand the trick rank of a freeman, and Ibla, are the which has been played upon him; for boons he asks; and both being grant- they told him, that the camels were in the kingdom of Monzar, the king of upon a bald skull he had just cut off. the princes of the Arabs, and the lieu. His enemies leap upon him in scores, tenant of Chosroe Nushirvan, whose and he is bound all over in fetters bea armies are innumerable."


fore he is able to arise. He is now led ** Uncle, said he, I will give you these before King Monzar himself, who at camels loaded with the treasures of their

once perceives that he has to deal with masters : but give me your hand, and betroth me to your daughter, and thus shew him with

some affability. While they

no common person, and converses with me the purity of your intentions. So Malik gave him his hand, and a fire blazed in

are yet talking, a lion rushes upon the his heart. Antar's joy was excessive, his host, and so prodigious is the strength bosom heaved, and he was all delight-he of this furious animal that every thing started on his feet-he took off his clothes, shrinks before him, and the plain is and put them on his uncle : and Ibla saw “ like red leather, deep scarlet in hue." Antar's arms, and smiled. What art thou Antar immediately proposes to encounsmiling at, fair damsel ? said Antar. At ter this monster, and the king conthose wounds, she replied ; for were they sents. The guards relax the bonds of on the body of any other person, he would his arms, and are about to untie his have died, and drank the cup of death and annihilation : but thou art unhurt by them. feet also, but this Antar refused, saya Her words descended to his heart cooler ing, “ leave them bound as they are, than the purest water, and he thus address. that there may be no retreat from the ed her:

lion." " . The pretty Ibla laughed when she “ It was an immense lion, of the size of saw that I was black, and that my ribs were a camel, with broad nostrils and long claws; scratched with the spears. Do not laugh his face was wide, and ghastly was his form; nor be astonished when the horsemen and his strength swelling; he grinned, with his armies surround me. The spear barb is teeth clenched like a vice, and the corners like death in my hand, and on it are various of his jaws were like grappling irons. When figures traced in blood. I am indeed sure the lion beheld Antar in his fetters, he prised how any one can see my form in the crouched to the ground, and extended himday of contests, and survive.'

self out; his mane bristled up; he made a Next morning Antar mounts Ab- spring at him : and as he approached, An. jer, and sets off on his perilous jour- tar met him with his sword, which entered ney. He meets at even-tide with an by his forehead, and penetrated through old Shiekh.

him, issuing out at the extremity of his “ . An old man was walking along the back bone. O by Abs and Adnam ! cried ground, and his face almost touched his Antar, I will ever be the lover of Ibla. knees. So I said to him, why art thou thus And the lion fell down, cut in twain, and stooping ? He said, as he waved his hands cleft into two equal portions ; for the spring towards me, my youth is lost somewhere on of the lion, and the force of the arm of the the ground, and I am stooping in search of glorious warrior, just met.” it."

This feat establishes him in high

favour with Monzar, and he continues This venerable person welcomes

to be with him in all his wars, fighthim with si a cup of milk cooled in the wind (which, by the way, is no ing by his side, and performing, on bad method of cooling better liquor every occasion, prodigies of valour. than milk), and instructs

him touch. Among other things, there occurs a where the precious camels are alone to whose tributary he is. The actions of ing the road to the land of Hirah, quarrel between Monzar and the great

king of Persia, Chosroe Nushirvan, be found. “Antar, after a vast variety Antar, by this means, become well of adventures, comes upon the im- known at the court of Chosroe. mense horde, and separates with his spear, a thousand camels,

compelling and his dependant still continues, when

The quarrel between the monarch the slaves to drive them before him. there arrives at the court of Chosroes After three hours, his march is stopped by a prodigious army, headed by the It had been the custom of Cæsar to

a Greek knight, by name Badhramoot. lieutenant of King Monzar. numbers present no obstacle to the ir- send every year costly presents to the

Persian, resistible Absian, and he is “ wiping Dhami” upon them, when, by a sud- Emperor, and found him sitting down, and

“ But one day Badhramoot came to the den stumble of Abjer, he is thrown on all his treasures before him ; he was selectthe ground. He recovers himself in a ing the best metals and jewels, and was twinkling, and is proceeding in his putting them in cups, and was sealing them work of slaughter, till his foot slips up, and was packing them up in boxes, Vol. IV.

3 D

and was preparing them for a long journey lay, and let there be no answer, but by land. Badhramoot was much agitated the putting

your foot in the stirrup." and surprised at this. To whom do you The Arabian King is very glad to intend sending this treasure ? he asked. have his quarrel accommodated in such To Chosroe Nushirvan, the lord of the crown and palace, replied the Emperor; for

a flattering manner, and he immediately he is the King of Persia and Deelem, and obeys the mandate, taking with him all the ruler of nations. O monarch, this his chosen warriors, and Antar, “ the King, is he not of the religion of Jesus, the horseman of the age," by his side. son of Mary? the chief asked. He is the The Greek Knight had fought one engreat King, he replied, and he worships tire day with Bahram, the last and nofire ; and he has armies and allies, whose blest of all the warriors of Nushiwan, numbers are incalculable, and on this account I send him tribute, and keep him

and although he has not slain or woundaway from my own country.

ed him, yet when evening separated " At these words the light became dark.

them, the advantage was still "visibly ness in Badhramoot's eyes. By your exist

on the side of the stranger. The ence, O King, said he, I cannot allow any King commands Antar to be the comone to adore aught but the Messiah, in this batant of the succeeding day, an arworld. We must wage a sacred war, and rangement with which the Greek and have a crusade against the inhabitants of the Arabian are alike delighted. that land and those cities. How can you " Then Antar rushed down upon the submit to this disgrace and indignity, and Grecian like a cloud, and the Greek met humble yourself to a worshipper of fire him like a blazing fire. They engaged you who are the Emperor of the religion of like two lions; they maddened at each other the Cross, and the Priest's gown? I swear by him who withdrew a dead body from each other like two mountains, so that they

like two camels, and they dashed against the earth, and breathed into clay, and there frightened every eye with their deeds. Á same forth birds and Beasts, I will not per- dust rose over them that hid them from the mit you to send these goods and presents, anless I go also against those people, and in Antar something beyond his capacity,

sight for two hours. The Greek perceived fight them with the sword's edge. I will and a sea where there was no rest ; he was engage the armies of Chosroe, and exert my terrified and agitated, and exclaimed-by strength against them ; if I am slain, then the Messiah and his disciples ! this biscuit you may stand to your covenant."

is not of the same leaven--this is the hour Badhramoot accordingly arrives at of contention ; and now is the time for Modayin, with the presents, and offers struggle and exertion. So he shouted and forth with to deliver them into the roared at Antar, and attacked him with his hands of Chosroe, provided that prince spike-pointed spear, and dealt him a furious can produce a Knight superior to him- thrust; but Antar eluded it by a dexterous self, in the warlike exercises of his pro- movement, and struck him with the heel of fession. If no such person can be his lance under the arm, and made him found, he will retain the presents, and

totter on the back of his horse ; and he al. return with them to Antioch. -His

most hurl'd him on the ground : but Badhproposal is immediately accepted by his horse's back, and gallopped to the fur

ramoot, with infinite intrepidity, sat firm on Nushirvan, and a space being marked ther part of the plain. Antar waited paout for the combat, day after day, for tienty till he had recovered, and his spirit many successive days, the Greek was renewed, whien he returned upon him Knight engages and baffles all the like a ferocious lion, and recommenced the chosen warriors of Persia. The Great conflict. King is sadly dispirited by the fate of the deeds of Antar, and felt convinced that

“ King Monzar was highly gratified at his chivalry, and is about to dismiss he was only sparing him, and dallying with the Greek in despair, when his vizier him, and that had he wished to kiíl him, he advises him to write to King Monzar; would have done it. But the Monarch was for, said he,“ in such emergencies, perfectly astonished at Antar's courage; and the horsemen of Hijaz are most re- turning to his attendants, said to them—By nowned, but our horsemen, 0 king of the essence of fire, this is indeed horsemanthe world, are only famed for magni- ship, and intrepidity. Never have I reficent entertainments.” The hostilities marked such but in an Arab! And he adstill subsisting between Monzar and vanced towards the field of battle, that he his Sovereign, render Chosroe very un

might observe what passed between these

dreadful combatants, and that he might see willing to adopt this proposal; but the how the affair would terminate. . continued misfortunes of some days

“ Now Bahram, when he perceived that more, subdue bis spirit, and he at last Antar was superior to himself in strength, allows the visier to write to Monzar. and was mightier than the Greek in the con“ Çome hither," said he,“ without de flict, felt assured that he would obtain the

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