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by no means fair), before they are would seem, been seldom seen lately called to the bar; and they will be in the windows of our medical bookadvised as to the lectures of the Uni- shops. versity and the courts of justice they The original mind of WILLIAM should attend in each year.” The Scott has discovered, that good fat same advice is to be given to students feeding is a principal object in the Engof medicine.

lish Universities, and likely to be conThe original mind of William genial with the tastes, though perhaps Scott has discovered, that the stu- hitherto foreign to the habits, of the dents attending the University of Edin- students of his Academical Institution. burgh ought to undergo examinations Accordingly, “ each student will have on the daily lectures they hear there. access at all times to the commonHe and his brother Professors, there room, in which he will order his meals fore, will examine the members of the at the hours most convenient to himAcademical Institution on the lectures self, and at his own expense, from the delivered in the University. To do kitchen of the Institution. This is this rationally, it will not be amiss for an improvement, too, on the English the Principal and Professors of the system. There, a fixed hour for dinAcademical Institution to become stu- ner brings all the students of a college dents in the University, which will into the hall at once, so that no one have a very pleasing effect on their can eat his dinner in peace. But here, character as teachers, and probably a hungry disciple of the horse-doctor brush up any of their knowledge that may steal into a corner, and devour may have become a little rusty. his meal with all the solitary enjoy

The original mind of William ment of Solomon himself. A dinner Scott has discovered, that too little in the common-room of the Academic attention is paid in this University to cal Institution will be like a countrythe Veterinary Art; and accordingly dance in the George-street Assembly an accomplished horse-doctor from Rooms. As one couple retires, another London, with a regular diploma in his will succeed to the sport; and there pocket from the Veterinary College will be a ceaseless succession of down there, is to be brought down to the the middle, hands across, cast off corassistance of the gentleman who, from ners, and reel. No species of knoweight to nine o'clock on Tuesday and ledge sits well on an empty stomach ; Thursday evenings, is to lecture on and we have only to hope and trust the study of Chemistry. Our friend that a manciple and a cook will be the horse-doctor is described pithily found, in every way qualified for the

“an experienced man, who has at responsible situation in which they tended the classes of Dr Gregory, Dr will find themselves placed. Murray, and Dr Barclay;” This gen- The original mind of WILLIAM tleman's lectures we shall ourselves Scott has discovered, that, for the attend.

present, no place is so well adapted for The original mind of William the manifold but consistent purposes, Scott has discovered, that medical moral, intellectual, and physical, of students should have a proper and his Academical Institution, as Freeclassical knowledge of the Latin lan- masons' Hall. That hall, dedicated to guage." To secure this, a member of St Cecilia, is consecrated to the fine the University of Oxford is to read arts; and Music, we find, is to be aloud to them, twice a-week, Dr Gre- lectured on (and, we presume, some gory's “ Conspectus," and compare its good songs given by Mr Scott and the doctrines, in English, with those of other Professors) for one hour every Celsus and Heberden. By this means day. This hour is from three to four, it is obvious that Latin will become when we ourselves always intend to as familiar to them as their mother- dine; for nothing goes down so well tongue, and that they will speak it with beef and greens as music, either with greater purity than those less vocal or instrumental. In Freemasons' fortunate scholars who may have been Hall, too, much noble eloquence has corrupted by the patavinity of Livy. ere now been heard, from masters and There is also a happy boldness in res- from grand-masters; for sure we are, cuing from oblivion Dr Gregory's that work, which, though worthy of the

“ Graios dedit ore rotundo first Latin scholar in Britain, had, it Musa loqui."


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There too were held the meetings of I agree with Mr John Clerk, who is a the Forum, that school of oratory, great authority wherever he is known, and where Jemmy Thomson, the bard of he is well known here, that the comparison Kinleith, first“ rolled his moral thun- you propose between the laws of England ders o'er the soul,” and where we

and of my native country must be obviously

useful to both ; and I cannot doubt your recollect to have heard the sticket minister" make his first great your education, ability, and knowledge, and

qualifications to render it eminently so, from appearances.

your indefatigable attention to every thing Such is an imperfect outline of the you undertake. plan of William Scott's Academical “ The authenticity of the speeches you so İnstitution, from which the most im- partially allude to in your letter, you will portant effects may be anticipated on

soon be one of the few judges of yourself; the national character of the Scottish

as those who heard them are every day fall. people. Should we have fallen into ing into the grave, where I myself

, before it any mistakes, we hope to have them is long, must follow them. They were col

lected together, and their publication sugcorrected by Mr Scott himself, whom gested, by my excellent friend Robert Ferwe should be happy to reckon among gusson, who is now receiving the just our correspondents.

recompence of his talents in India, not We have not heard where the range through favour, but by the independent of buildings is to be erected. We exertion of them. would recommend that part of the

“ It has given me great satisfaction to Mound generally set apart for the find that all the five voluines have been exhibition of wild beasts. The situa- they are in the hands of most of the Pro

republished in the United States, and that tion, we have understood from Mr fessors and Students of Law in the different Polito, is exceedingly healthy, only States of that Union, which I pray God two apes and one bear having ever may be as immortal as Washington. suffered any serious sickness during “My reason for this satisfaction is, betheir stay there—a sickness which was cause, without any merit of mine, the occaentirely occasioned by the remissness sion of many of the speeches ought never to of the manciple. Should this site, be forgotten in countries that are free, and

whose inhabitants resolve to continue so. however, seem too much exposed, a

Believe me to be, very sheltered one may be found under

Dear Scott, the North Bridge, in all respects con

Yours very sincerely, venient for the principal purposes of

ERSKINES the Institution, and where the records William Scott, Esquire. may be deposited. We are proud to find that our opi

Buchan Hill, near Crawley, Sussex, nion of this great national Institution

September 15, 1818. is sanctioned by the highest authori

P. S. I approve also of the whole of ties. Of these, the most decided is the Prospectus which I received with your that of my Lord Erskine, contained in letter.” the following letter to the founder of the Institution. Our readers will not We have only to add, in the words fail to admire the delicacy with which of Mr Scott, that “the plan of this his Lordship compresses into a post- Institution will be considerably exscript the only information which Mr tended, if it shall be found useful, Scott was desirous of obtaining, and the intention being to follow out the the narrow escape which the letter noble scheme recommended by Milton has run of being written entirely about in his Tractate on Education ;" and the Ex-Lord Chancellor of England. that the Prospectus, with letters from 6 Dear Scott,

Dr Barclay, Mr John Clerk, and Sir “ You must no doubt have been much Samuel Romilly, may be had of Mr surprised at receiving no answer to your Laing, opposite the College. We have most kind and friendly letter, independently not heard how the lectures are going of the subject of it, which entitled it to great off; but we can speak highly of the consideration even from a stranger. The dinners, the expense of which, with a truth is, that though it is dated the 18th of tolerable dose of whisky toddy, is reAugust, I never saw it till this moment when I am writing to you; having found it stricted to half-a-crown. Some stuby accident amongst a bundle of papers dents have, we hear, been detected in which had been sent from London when I drinking the whole sum ; but expulwas not here, and put aside as having been sion being threatened, which would read.

probably have the effect of preventing 5



them from entering any other institu- shion with the French nation. We tion of the sort, it is confidently hoped have been led repeatedly to expect some that there will be no recurrence of great and authentic communication such enormities. We went to the first from the pen of Bonaparte himself, dinner ourselves incog. having ven- upon the historical events with which tured only to lay aside the veil. Not his name is connected ; but the vaa soul suspected us of being Editor; rious publications which have as yet and there seemed to be a very general appeared, must be considered as the wish entertained at table, that we estafettes, trumpets, and avant-cou. should accept of the Professorship of riers, who succeed each other in order Hebrew-to which, however, we give to keep our attention fixed on a quarup all claim, as we understand it is to ter from which it might be otherwise be bestowed on the author of the diverted, and to announce to us the Chaldee MS.

important intelligence, Monseigneur vient.

There is another mode of consider,

ing the successive communications REMARKS ON GENERAL GOURG AUD's which we receive from this island, in

the various shapes of remonstrances, 1815.*

manuscript memoirs, and so forth,

which, though less respectful than we Dean Swift somewhere tells us of a could desire, may serve also to shew characteristical piece of national vani- the purpose of those preliminary effu. ty played off by Marechal Villars, sions-these light skirmishers, sent when about to hold a personal inter- forth to precede the authentic publiview with Marlborough or Prince Eu- cation which we are to expect from gene. The general of the allies at- the Ex-Emperor himself. . At Asttended at the place and hour appoint- ley's, or any other entertainment ed, but not so the Frenchman. The where tumbling and similar feats of arrival of this dignitary was preceded dexterity are a part of the show, the by that of two or three small bodies of trick to be exhibited is repeated by cavaliers belonging to his suite, each of several of the inferior members of the which arrived successively upon the troop in succession, and it is not unspur, shouting as they came, Monseig- til the talents of his subalterns have neur vient, Monseigneur vient. And it been duly displayed, that the Great was only after the expectations of the Devil himself coines forth to delight English had been alternately excited and the astonished spectators, by performdisappointed by several parties of these ing the very same feat with still highnoisy heralds, with considerable in- er grace, strength, and agility. tervals of time betwixt the arrival of To speak without a metaphor, Boneach, that their eyes were at length aparte and his numerous partizans gratified by the appearance of the great have evidently had recourse to the vaman himself.

rious brochures and memoirs of a deOur late communications with the mi-official character, which have apisland of St Helena have shewn, that peared from time to time, less with this political mode of keeping up ex- any hope of making a serious imprese pectation is not altogether out of fa- sion on the public mind, by the varie

ous misrepresentations which they La Campagne de 1815, ou Relation contain, than with that of keeping the des Opérations Militaires qui ont lieu en

attention of Europe fixed on the preFrance et en Belgique, pendant les cent

sent condition of her late powerful opjours; ecrite à Ste Hélène, par le Général pressor, in hopes that the spectacle of Gourgaud. Orné d'une Carte du principal his present restraint may obliterate the Théâtre de la Guerre. London, Ridgway, recollection of his former tyranny. 1818.

For our own part, we cannot feel Tout ce que peut faire un grand that this end has been attained by homme d'état et un grand capitaine, Anni. any of the publications to which we bal le fit pour sauver la patrie : n'ayant pu have alluded. The most deplorable, porter Scipion à la paix, il donna une ba; certainly, was the aceount given by taille où la fortune sembla prendre plaisir à his ex-marmiton, of the buttery and confondre son habilité, son expérience, et son bon sens. Carthage reçut la paix, non

cellar at Longwood,--the comfort of d'un ennemi, mais d'un maitre."

an Emperor's breakfast rendered preMONTESQUIEU. carious, and made to depend on his cook being able to shoot a wild pigeon sabre and his own feats of war wore -the limited allowance of wine—and out the patience even of Mr Wardenthe plague of rats, unmatched, save in is in some sort a guarantee against the the interlude of Whittington and his very gross impositions of the ManuCat, where a brother Emperor of scrit de Sainte Helene. Such, accordMonomotopa joins with his vizier and ingly, are not attempted; and the courtiers in the melancholy chorus,- work, as we have heard, has been re“ We nor breakfast, dine, nor sup;

cognised by a distinguished officer Ratties come and eat all up.

now in this country, formerly in the Chinka chinka ching, &c."

service of Napoleon, as furnishing, so

far as the details relating to the French We do not wish to insult fallen great army are concerned, a very accurate ness, even when the fall is deserved ; account of what it professes to treat of. but if men will forge idle and unwor- The preface declares, that the book thy tales of hardships which do not is composed in consequence of comexist, they must submit to the ridicule munications from Bonaparte personwhich attends detected falsehoods of a ally; and on our own part, we must character so pitiful.

acknowledge our conviction, that the The Manuscrit de Sainte Helene whole of this pamphlet has undergone was of a grander character. The cook, his revisal, and received his imprifaithful to his mystery, talked of culi- matur. We do not found this opinion nary affairs chiefly; but the author on the style, which is clear and disof the Manuscript dealt in high mat- tinct, and in no respect resembles the ters, and professed, as in the person of inflated and ambiguous diction in the Ex-Emperor himself, to explain the which the Ex-Emperor delighted, and guiding principles upon which he had which Madame de Staël thought she acted in the plenitude of his power. recognised in the Manuscrit de Sainte The character of his cloudy, ambiguous, Helene. If we are to believe that any and oracular eloquence, was so well part of these pages proceeded directly imitated in this singular prolusion, that from the once imperial pen, we must it is said the late Madame de Staël ex

suppose exile and misfortune have had claimed, after perusing it, that either the effect which Horace ascribes to there were two Napoleons, or the book them in similar cases. was composed by that very Napoleon “ Telephus et Peleus, quum pauper et exul Bonaparte, with whose style and turn

uterque, of thinking she had long been familiar. Projicit ampullas et sesquipedalia verba.”* And yet the slightest attention to facts, Of contorted imitations of Tacitus, and to the date of these facts, served we find nothing in these memoranda, to satisfy every one, that the Manu- and as little of the Ossianic bombast. script was either an entire forgery, or The resemblance of the “ Relation" one of those experiments upon public to a bulletin of Bonaparte, consists not credulity which it was judged con- in the style, but in the substance. The venient to make, in order to ascertain report of the piece is not attended with what degree of imposition the Eu- the usual noise or smoke—the gunropean public was like to endure. powder is of a different manufacture As there is good reason to believe but the bullet is of the same metal that the Manuscript actually came and calibre. There were several leadfrom Saint Helena, it is probable that ing traits in the details which Bona. the latter was the object in view. If parte published, whether of victory or so, the deception was too gross; for defeat, and they may be all distinctwhat faith could be placed in a narra- ly traced in the present publication. tive imputed to Napoleon, which It will, in the first place, be observa placed the battle of Jena after those of ed, that the Ex-emperor dealt much in Preussich-Eylau and Friedland? Thus what may be called the Chiaro-oscuro misplacing, in point of time, Bona- of narration. Such truths as he parte's two most important campaigns. thought fit to communicate, no one

The present Teutamen (for we still could tell with more distinct accuracy. regard these publications as experi- Nay, he often dwelt with fastidious mental) bears a graver and more au- minuteness upon a favourite topic, as thentic character than the former. The name of a well-known individual, When Peleus, Telephus, as exiles roam, General Gourgaud—the same whose Each leaves high style and ten-tail'd wo? oft-repeated eulogium upon his own

at home.

if to compensate for the gaps and im- shoe pinched, and were prepared to
perfections in other parts of his nar- expect good news by our own des-
ration, on which he felt it less agree- patches, from the peevish humour
able, or deemed it less politic, to be ex- evinced in those of the enemy.
plicit, or even intelligible. This mode In this particular, General Goure
of writing can be traced in all his gaud is true to the model of his
bulletins, but has been so admirably commander, and from one end of the
exposed by Sir Robert Wilson, in his book to the other, never gives you to
account of the Russian campaign, as understand that the French army,
to make it unnecessary for us to en- during the campaign of 1815, had to
large upon it. It was a system of engage with an enemy of common val-
strong lights and deep shadows, in our, far less that Napoleon encountered,
which particular incidents were brilli- during that memorable period, a gen-
antly illustrated, and exaggerated, eral of ordinary talents. This feature,
while other points, equally essential in Bonaparte's character, corresponded
to completing the narration, were pas. with the petty, vindictive, and splene-
sed over in total silence, or touched tic temper which he manifested to-
in language so ambiguous and so wards individuals, whoin, for shame,
brief, as to be totally unintelligible. if not generosity, he ought to have
It is said by Hume, that Cromwell's favoured ; and both, as they have low-
speeches, if collected, would make the ered him in the estimation of the pre-
most nonsensical book ever written; sent generation, will, notwithstanding
and it may be added, that Bonaparte's his high achievements, prevent his
bulletins would make the most unin- , hereafter taking rank among the great
telligible history-not surely but what of past ages. He will long be distin-
Cromwell could have spoken sense, guished as one of the few individuals
and did so when it suited his purpose, who have done great actions without
as Bonaparte could describe clearly, thinking, feeling, or acting with dig-
truly, and concisely, upon similar oc- nity or magnanimity.
casions. But to bewilder, or, in the It is in conformity with this pet-
French phrase, to mistify the atten- ty mode of feeling and writing, that
tive world, was so often the object of each word is studiously, eradicated
both these remarkable men, that it from General Gourgaud's narrative,
seems to have become a habit, or per- tending to imply, even by inference,
haps an amusement, even when it was that either military talent, skill, va-
not a point of state policy.

lour, or virtue, were exerted, unless on
It was a natural consequence of the the side of the French. We have
mode of writing, perhaps of thinking, looked carefully for some slight inti-
which he had adopted, that Bonaparte marion—not of acknowledged merit,
carefully excluded from his official re- that were too much to expect—but of
ports any thing resembling that ge- something like acquiescence in the ordi-
nerous praise which the valour of nary received opinions concerning the
an adversary, whether vanquished or talents of Wellington, and the charac-
victorious, so frequently extorts from ter of his army—and we have looked
the liberality of a manly enemy. He in vain. We did not expect that
was so far from experiencing this libe- either General Gourgaud or General
ral and heroic movement, that through Bonaparte would have spoken of their
the whole of his campaigns, you can enemy with the proud and high-spi-
distinguish which of the opposite Ge- rited candour of the barbarian, who,
nerals gave him most trouble by the in the height of his revengeful fury,
slights, reproaches, and insults thrown forgets not that to do less than justice
upon him in the French official ac- to his conqueror was to degrade him-
counts, which were always either self-
drawn up or carefully corrected by the Great let me call him-for he conquered
Emperor himself. In the campaign
of 1814, for example, when Bonaparte But there is pitch of feeling,
found his plans thwarted by the acti- or rather of tact, far short of the
vity and pertinacity of Blucher, pas- generosity of Zanga, which might
sages of his bulletins were so regular- have taught either of these per.
ly dedicated to depreciate the military sons, that he who shuns to acknow-
talents of the Prussian veteran, that ledge merit, generally and universally
we, in England, began to discover known, and still more, he who endea-
wlien (to use a vulgar phrase) the vours by all modes, however indirect,

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