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INTRODUCTION. That it is as great a fault to
Causes hindering a true judgment. 1. Pride, v. 209. 2. Imperfect learning, v. 215. 3. Judging by parts, and not by the whole, v. 233. 288. Critics in wit, language, versification only, v. 289. 305. 337, &c. 4. Be. ing too hard to please, or too apt to admire, v. 384. 5. Partiality, too much love to a sect; to the ancients or moderns, v. 394. 6. Prejudice or prevention, v. 408. 7. Singularity, v. 424. 8. Inconstancy, v. 430. 9. Party spirit, v. 452, &c. 10. Envy, v. 466. Against envy, and in praise of good-nature, v. 508, &c. When severity is chiefly to be used by critics, v. 526, &c.
Rules for the conduct of manners in a critic. 1. Candour, v. 563. Modesty, v. 566. Good-breeding, v. 572. Sincerity and freedom of advice, v. 578. Cha. racter of an incorrigible poet, v. 600; and of an impertinent critic, v. 610, &c. Character of a good critic, v. 631. The history of criticism, and characters of the best critics. Aristotle, v. 645. Horace, v. 653. Dionysius, v. 665. Petronius, v. 667. Quintilian, v. 669. Longinus, v. 675. Of the decay of criticism, and its revival. Erasmus, v. 693. Vida, v.705. Boi. leau, v. 714. Lord Roscommon &c. v. 725. Con. clusion.
ESSAY ON CRITICISM.
'TIS hard to say if greater want of skill
"Tis with our judgments as our watches, none Go just alike, yet each believes his own. . 10 In poets as true genius is but rare, True taste as seldom is the critic's share; Both must alike from heav'n derive their light, These born to judge as well as those to write. Let such teach others who themselves excel, 15 And censure freely who have written well. Authors are partial to their wit, 'tis true, But are not critics to their judgment too?
Yet if we look more closely we shall find Most have the seeds of judgment in their mind: 20 Nature affords at least a glimm'ring light ; The lines tho' touch'd but faintly are drawn right:
But as the slightest sketch, if justly trac'd,
Some have at first for wits, then poets, past, 36
But you who seek to give and merit fame,