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denly lost all capability of receiving, not satisfied of its being exanimate ; or at least of retaining any additional and on being told that “one of the conception. His memory remained persons who had assisted in laying it unimpaired, 'as to every thing impres out, thought he had observed a little sed upon it, previous to his becoming tremor of the flesh under the arm, so incapacitated, but from that time it he endeavoured to ascertain the truth," was sealed against all farther impres- and was so far convinced that some sions ; for he died in that melancholy life yet remained, that “he insisted state.

that the people, who had been invited to In conversing with him about past the funeral should be requested not to circumstances or events, you found attend.” Mr T. continued in this state him a rational and well informed man, of suspended animation for three days. up to the day or hour of his misfor On the third day the people again astunes, but beyond that he knew no sembled to the funeral, when Mr T. thing, and you might as well attempt showed evident signs of life, opened to "imprint the torrent,” as to fix his eyes, and gave a heavy groan. He upon his mind an idea beyond what he was gradually restored, but it was then possessed. In the language of long ere he regained good health. A Lavater, he was isolated.

considerable time after his resuscitaIn this situation there was, of course, tion, and when able to take notice of no mental progress felt; and as a cu what passed around him, he observed rious yet necessary consequence of this, his sister one day reading, and asked he had no sense of the progress of her what she had in her hands. She time. He imagined himself living answered that she was reading the still in one particular day, realizing bible. He replied, what is the bible? almost the eternal now of the poets. I know not what you mean. She

We remember, a good many years reported this to her other brother, ago, of observing, in a religious pe- and riodical work, a very curious account “ Mr T. was found, on examination, to be of a person having lost all recollection totally ignorant of every transaction of his of his past life, and afterwards sud past life. He could not read a word, nor denly regainingit. Thesubstance of the did he seem to have any idea of what it statement is given as follows:

As soon as he became capable of The Rey. William Tennant of attention, he was taught to read and write, Freehold in the state of New Jersey,

as children usually are taught, and after,

wards began to learn the Latin language America, + being in a bad state of under the tuition of his brother. One day health at the time,

as he was reciting a lesson in Cornelius ing conversing with his brother in

Nepos, he suddenly started, clapped his Latin, when he fainted and apparent- hands to his head, as if something had hurt

After the usual time him, and made a pause. His brother asked he was laid out on a board, according him what was the matter. He said, that he to the custom of the country, and the felt a sudden shock in his head, and it now

seemed to him as if he had read that book neighbourhood were invited to attend

before. By degrees his recollection was rehis funeral next day.” His physician,

stored, and he could speak the Latin as returning from the country in the fluently as before his sickness. His memory evening, examined the body, and was so completely revived, that he regained a

perfect knowledge of the past transactions Is not the justness of Mr Locke's ex

of his life.” planation, how we have our notion of succession and duration, confirmed by such an Admitting the truth of this stateinstance as this?

ment, for which we by no means + To the paper from which this is taken vouch, it shows that there might be is attached the following note :-“We un no actual obliteration of ideas in the derstand that this memoir, which we abridge

case of the resuscitated criminal at from the Assembly's Missionary Magazine, Oxford, even though it had been prov, printed in America, is from the pen of a learned Layman, the intimate friend of Mi ed that the effect on her memory had Tennant. This narrative may, therefore,

been occasioned wholly by the violence be relied on as authentic.”

sustained in the act of execution.


was one morn

ly died away.



makes, and gives a foretaste of the It has astonished me beyond measure, method he used to please his admirers : that that laborious, and generally dull class of compilers, who receive the The strange predictions of this year :

“ Hail mighty critics ! come and hear learned name of bibliographers, when which having read, you'll say I can they ransack every hidden or dusty Make almanacks with any man,)” corner to discover some object worthy with a whole host of other names of of their regard, should have altogether equal celebrity, rise up to attest the overlooked a very extensive, as well as interesting description of works that fame of the ancient almanacks of Cale

donia. have exercised no small influence on the science and literature of their how widely the Metromanie raged in

The poetic varieties alluded to, shew country-I mean those useful, popu- Scotland in those distant days. Every lar, and widely-diffused publications, ALMANACKS.

I lament that I have thing was taught or explained in verse. not sufficient erudition fully to de- Not only was the Bible epitomized in scribe the vast variety of works that metre, for the benefit of youth, and fall under this department of litera- their grammar instilled into them by ture. It would be necessary to speak elegant and appropriate verse (the of the tables usually met with in old proof of such instruction may be traced missals and prayer-books, where rules

in their innumerable proverbs)—but for preserving the health, and regula- transformed into lines of an equal

even the rules of arithmetic were ting the temperament of the body, pre number of syllables. I may adduce an ceded the more important forms of spiritual instruction-of the predic- work of great value now lying by me,

instance or two of this from a curious tions of astrologers--the prognostica

entitled, “ The Scots Arithmetician, tions of diviners--the ephemerides of astronomers--the kalendars of shep- by the celebrated James Paterson,

who herds—and of innumerable other works. advertises in it his readiness to inBut I would observe, that old alma- house in the Cowgate, at the sign of

struct in all the liberal sciences, at his nacks, in general, contain verses, or

the Cross Staff and Quadrant. For short pieces of poetry, worthy of more

the Rule of Reduction, the mode relasting celebrity than they are often destined to enjoy. Scotland has long to place the accent on the last syllable)

commended (the reader must not fail been celebrated for her almanacks ; though the superior claims to popular utility of those issued annually by

“ For fractions of a fraction, Aberdeen be forcibly opposed by those

Work as multiplication.” which cross the Irish Channel from Nothing can be more simple than this. Belfast ; and we yet remain in doubt- The direction for performing the ful perplexity as to the termination of Golden Rule of Three backwards (an this great national contest. I believe, exploit which no scholar of the present however, that our northern capital can day can achieve within the first year boast of having given birth to alma- of his studies)--runs thus : nacks before one trowel was heard to

6 To work reverse, there needs no more tick where Belfast town now stands.

But work with third, as first before." The glorious names of Messrs Whyte, Swallow, and Mackcouldy—the death- To prevent any misconception being less Abenezra, the Wandering Jew, caused in the scholar by such extreme and his rival James Paterson, Philo- conciseness, the author invariably submath-the illustrious John Man, joins to each rule what he emphatiteacher of mathematics, and his more cally calls “ the sense,” in plain prose. formidable opponent, Merry Andrew, In his rule for Supposition,” he of. Professor of predictions by star-gazing fers an excuse for the chance of some at Tamtallan, (who by the way, in occasional misconception. It beginsthese lines, on the titles of one of his “ For single supposition, “ almanacks after a new fashion,” Suppose and work as truth were known, shews his ingenuity in the address he And if you err, which well may be.

is this:


In that case, the shortest mode is just table, “ which shews the hour of the to try it over again with greater accu- day, by the length of your shadow, хасу. .

measured by your feet,” &c.—These The great advantages of this metri- begin boldlycal method of study is thus stated by

“ Here I do stand on level ground, one of the students themselves, whose My shadow to survey ;name does not appear :

but I refrain copying them, as modern “ Think not we toil with idle exercise,

art could hardly do justice to the neAnd spend our pains to gain an useless prize,

cessary accompaniment of an elegant When bairnes we have learnit to poetize, &c.” portraiture of “ Tho. Todd, his coni. With regard to the higher branches cal shadow (if this be not a mistake

for comical ?)-There are other verses of poetry, the following verses, by one of the tuneful tribe, is worth notice illustrative of various tables and cal

culations. For instance, the rules as it shews their persevering attachment to their art, in spite of ridicule given for observing - The Position of and abuse seemingly directed against lines containing the enunciation of a

the Moon in Signs," and with these their more ambitious flights. We cannot sufficiently regret, that, like those general truth ; and perhaps some of of too many aspirants, the author's your readers may regret not seeing the

whole, as the moon is now acknowname has not been preserved :

ledged to have no small influence, “ When poets write of soaring high,

not only in husbandry, but over the On Pegase' wing to Mount Parnassus, human faculties : Worldlings with laughing almost die, And call us fools, and brain-sick asses.

“ For ev'ry thing there is a time “ Oh! let them rail-their grovelling sight

And season under heaven, Ne'er had a glimpse of ous moon's rays ;

So by the moon, in every sign,

The times above are given." Their seared hearts such high delight The verses upon the tides, beginNe'er felt, as those misnamed star.

ning gazers.". We may observe that the rhyme of this

“ The sea hath fits, much like this giddy stanza is far from being correct; nor

age," would it be permitted to pass, in our might almost bear a comparison with days, without reprehension, except Lord Byron's sublime Apostrophe to perhaps in the Cockney School.—The the Ocean. I prefer, however, extwo last stanzas run thus:

tracting the following Epigram, as “ Though heavenly sounds salute our ears being more independent of Mr Todd's

'Tis not so much to meet Apollo calculations, and pointing out to disAs th' enchanting nymphs amid the spheres, putatious litigants, the treatment they

'Tis them who tempt us-them we follow. may finally expect even when success“ Ah! ravished there, no joys we miss, ful.

It has, I believe, been modernSuch favours though of rapturous feeling, ized a little, and passed off for a jeuWords dare not tell ; ev'n of carthly bliss,

d'esprit of our own age : Honour approves not our revealing.” The infinite superiority of ancient al

“ Two lawyers, when a knotty cause was manacks over those of the present day, Shook hands, altho' they quarrell’d hard

o'er, is thus to be sought for in the fund of

before ; fine poetry which they contain ; and Oh! say their clients, Pray come tell us how as a farther proof of this, I shall give Can you be friends, that were such foes you a few extracts from the “ Perpe just now? tuum Kalendarium Astronomicum ; They answer'd quickly, These things we do or, a Perpetual Astronomical Kalendar, &c. &c. continued to Infinity,"

Like sheers, don't cut Ourselves, but what's

between." &c.—The length of the whole title is too great to be given entire, and The prologue to Mr Todd's “ Perconcludes with the modest assertion- petual Kalendar," is, on the whole, « The like not extant. By Thomas most worthy of our admiration. The Todd, Philomath, Edinburgh. Printed author's intention was evidently to riin the year 1738;"-of a quarto size, val Spenser's Valedictory Address to and containing 72 pages. At p. 19. the Shepherd's Kalendar; and I shall occur some verses in explanation of a enable the reader to determine how Vol. IV.

4 T


&c. ;

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far he has succeeded. After a spirit- In this projection, I sev'n years did spend, ed invocation to this effect,

Nor do I think the like was ever penn'd.” “ Come, mighty muse, my soul to heav'n But it is full time I should close my inspire !

epistle; and I cannot take better leave Touch thou my cranium with poetic fire,” of this work, or of your readers, than

by using Mr Todd's own words, which he proceeds more in the style of the are certainly both affectionate and immortal predecessor, whom he emu- striking : lates :

“ Farewell my pretty book, thy work is “ An everlasting kalendar is here,

done, For it is made for full ten thousand year;

From thence throughout the world thou my And thrice ten thousand more (if time do

sun," &c. hold).”

and then passes on to his reader: This proviso must be allowed to be ju. Now, friendly reader, this I've penn'd for dicious, whether we regard the dura you, tion of Mr Todd's book, or that of When your dispos’d 'tis present to your the world we inhabit. He goes on in

view. a strain of humble trust in the immor- May Heav'n protect you by Almighty GOD, tality of his fame since unequalled, I rest your humble servant, THOMAS TODD. except in the lyrics of a Hunt or a

God blesse the Sovereign our King, Thurlow. This

book, indeed, is worth And royal race of his offspring. its weight in gold.

Hoping that these extracts will di“ I shall forbear (being needless for to

vert the attention of some of your praise),

more learned correspondents to the This work, I know the worth, its name subject of the almanacks of the days will raise.

gone by, I am, &c.

L. G.


These volumes will greatly delight his feelings and our own, can be acall lovers of English Poetry. A work knowledged by our intelligence as a on poetry, from the hand of a poet, al- portion of the philosophy of selfways promises gratification. We know knowledge. of certainty, that in such a case, no During no period of our literature clouded dissatisfaction of intellect was there ever more need than at preno shut up sensemno narrow and re sent of philosophical criticism on poetstricted belief in the privileges of ry by poets. Professed critics, from genius will cross and perplex the clear the highest to the lowest, have set thems vision of the mind which delivers to selves by far too much in defiance and us its precepts, or descants in illustra- hostility to the great masters of the tion of power and beauty. Nor do we art, whose principles they have taken ever doubt, that along with pleasure, it upon themselves to expound ; and we must also derive instruction from

an arrogant tone of assumed superiorisuch a critic. We know that, although ty almost universally pervades the body our own minds are sensible to poetry, of our periodical criticism. This ar. and may even be able to give some rogance, which is sometimes the deaccount to themselves of the delights lusion of self-ignorant vanity, and which it inspires, yet that he who sometimes the defence of self-conspeaks of that divine art in which he scious weakness, is too often comexcels, must speak of all its most hid-municated by such writers to their den mysteries with a clearer intui- readers ; so that instead of a genial, tion, and with the unfaultering voice free-hearted, pure, loving and reverent of one clothed with authority. We spirit towards the works of men of know that our own feelings and con genius, and towards the men themceptions, thus shown to us brightened selves, the youth of the present age and magnified, return with trebled may without injustice be said to be impressions, and a more fixed form up- very generally characterized either by on our hearts ;—and that the exposi- a careless insensibility, or what is still tion which is so given by the poet of worse, a supercilious disdain towards

intellects and compositions of the very hear on all sides, from the veriest first order.

quacks and pretenders, the same lofty The person who now-a-days takes and authoritative tone of decision that the chair, or mounts the rostrum of is unbecoming from the lips, even of the critic, must, above all things, gifted men, but from that other class keep at arm's-length all the living altogether disgusting and intolerable. poets-he must speak of them as One of the most striking exhibitions wholly inferior to himself in real of this cold, captious spirit, is in the strength and endowment or at least contrast of its language, when speakas men whom he is entitled to rate ing of the living and of the dead. It soundly whenever they have the teme- would seem beneath its dignity to alrity to depart from those rules which low greatness to a contemporary. This he has, in the plenitude of his wis- earth would not be pleasant to such dom, chosen to lay down for the regu- critics, if they thought it was trodden lation of their art. An Aristarchus is by a poet, before the ascendancy of now-a-days looked on by many as a whose genius they were forced to bow. nobler being than a Homer-and the They do not wish that there should critic who writes rashly and blindly be any giants in the land during their of poetry, enjoys with many a higher days. But when time has set the dead fame than the bard whose lips have poet at a distance from themselves been touched with a coal from heaven. --they no longer feel as if there were

It is not impossible that such criti- any danger of their being dwindled cism as this may have a baleful influence into dwarfs by far-off and shado on poetry. We think that it has, in phantoms and then, they who withsome remarkable instances, affected the hold, with a jealous niggardliness, the minds of poets, in a manner of which smallest pittance of praise from the they are themselves perhaps unconsci- most illustrious of the living, break ous. Perceiving that the banner of cri- out into inflated and hollow eulogies, ticism is unfurled, not to grace their equally unreasonable and disproportriumphs, but rather to wave over their tionate, of the dead. Thus an ingenious defeats, it is not to be wondered at, if sophist of these days, who speaks of they too come to feel a spirit of hosti- Spenser in the language of adoration, lity towards their aggressors ;-and if has not been ashamed to declare before a sort of perpetual warfare be thus the public, in a course of lectures on carried on between them, which ren- English poetry, that he has only a dim ders the spirit of criticism more bitter, recollection of the Thalaba, Madoc, and and disturbs, with the expression of Roderic, of Southey, as being heavy angry passion, the faces of the muses and long poems, destitute of beauty, themselves, which ought ever to be and altogether worthless. “ Not of this noisy world, but silent and Criticism, whatever may be its ocdivine."

casional brilliance and acumen-nay, Surely there is something unnatural even its occasional truth—can be of in this opposition. There is no cause of no value, when thus inconsistent and rivalry-much less of hatred between insincere. It is no unusual thing to good poets and good critics. Both see men of great talents under the domust, in order to produce any thing minion of strong prejudices. But the truly great, write in the spirit of love true love of beauty and of grandeur -nor can we imagine any thing more shews itself in uniform and consistent painfully humiliating, than the spec- display-it durst not, for the spirit tacle of a critic seeking to found for within it, irreverently treat objects of himself a reputation for talents on the reverence

it does not prodigally lavish ruins wrought by his own hand, of itself upon some fair and worthy spiritwhat he must yet love and admire in his ual things, and then perversely scowl heart-except, perhaps, it be that of a upon others-but holding all things poet, who suffers his powers to be dis- sacred which contribute to its own turbed, and, consequently, weakened, pure and etherial enjoyment, it conby such unprincipled aggression. siders as sacrilege against nature, any

We think that few of our readers insult imagined or offered to work will dissent from the opinion we have created in her spirit. now expressed of the reigning spirit of There is no extravagance in saying the criticism of the age. Men of real that poetry is religion--and that puretalents have led the way--and now we souled and high-minded poets are its

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