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NARRATIVE ILLUSTRATING THE PASTORAL LIFE.
in sight of, shewed me, as I came along, I SEND you what appeared to me an that I would find enough of snow beaffecting narrative, which you are free fore I passed the Belloch of Garve. to make whatever use of you please. I stayed the first night at the house I have often thought, that people in a of my cousin Alister, who became a remote part of the country, would do shepherd to Red Angus, when his well to preserve every interesting fact brothers went to America, that their connected with natural history, and father, who was an old man, might be every interesting occurrence in com buried at Kilkenneth. The old man mon life. The use of the former is is yet alive: He has seen sixteen winobvious to all; the latter are the food ters more than I have, and he told me, of the poet, the dramatist, and the there had not been such wreaths on writer of fictitious history.
Schururan, nor had the snow lain so I made my second daughter (whom long on Dun Fheag, since the year you know we allege is not altogether before the prince landed, and that is free of a tinge of blue in her apparel) seventy-four years ago. He was then translate the following from the mouth a boy, he said, but he remembered it of old Alister M‘Cra, my forester. He well. One half of his father's cattle had asked me to allow him a few days died that year, before the fern sprung to visit some relations in Sky, where in Corry Culruach, and the remainder he had not been for many years, and were only kept in life by giving a saltwhere he was detained so long by the ed herring and a small quantity of sea very uncommon fall of snow, that we weed to each of them, twice a-day ; became much alarmed on his account, and he recollected well, being sent rethinking it not unlikely that the spirit gularly to the shore, as the tide anof the old man might have prompted swered, with two poneys, to bring the him to venture too much, and that he sea-weed. might have perished in the mountains. I set out by day-light in the mornI think you must have seen Alister? ing: The road I came leads from Glen However, he is a very stout hale man, Pheagan, by a belloch, or deep openverging upon seventy-two; but few ing through the mountains, into the men fifteen - years younger are capable head of Glen Fruive (which falls toof so much labour or fatigue. I may wards the east sea), so that there is no notice, too, that he is a professed story, very elevated summit to ascend ; yet teller, and, of course, garrulous; and it took me three hours deep wading is, besides, infected with a turn for through the snow, before I could look poetry, and is apt to throw a dash of back from the Pass of Belloch Garve. it into his stories; but which, I ob- I need not go over all the difficulties serve, Mary has taken care to avoid as of my journey It is enough to say, much as possible in her translation. that the last thaw had begun to melt Yours, &c.
W. L. the snows in good earnest, and the
rivulets had been running full to the When I left the Black Isle, said brim for a whole night; but the frost Alister, I dreamed not of being kept a had returned more severe than ever, prisoner so long in Skye. But I be- accompanied with a great fall of snow, came at last, as my friends told me, as and a high wind through the night, restless as a sea eagle ; for I knew that and the streams from the mountains nobody would lift an axe to a growing were choked up and saturated by the tree while I was absent, and the laird drift. would be for the new wood thinned After I had passed the Belloch, the during the frost.
white clouds of spring did not tower My two nephews brought me all beyond one another with greater mathe way to the head of Loch Brerachan jesty than the mountains of Glen in a boat, and, as I ascended Glen Fruive. They were dappled in the Phargan, there was no snow for a mile pale and watery sunshine, for the or two; the neighbourhood of the salt stormy west wind was filling all the water had prevented it froin lying in lesser hollows on the sides of the the valley, but every mountain that I mountains with drift, while it swept turned, and every cove that I came the old hard snow, and left it bare, VOL. IV.
and of a different shade of white. The reach of any ordinary flood, yet, as it road here is, in summer, but a track, was nearer to the level of the water and now it was quite covered, and I than was quite prudent, I concluded sunk to the knee every step. As I it to be the shiel of some Sassenach, or came on, I had a view of the glen for south country shepherd ; and, as no some miles before me. I saw shep- dog came out to bark at me, I could herd's houses at great distances apart, have thought they had been all drownbut there was neither cow, nor goat, ed, only that a slight smoke was issue nor sheep, nor shepherd, nor any liv- ing from it. ing thing. It was indeed deserted and Before I had entered the door, I desolate-like. Sometimes I observed knew I had guessed rightly; but a the drift rise from the peaks of the young Highland lad was sleeping by mountains, carried upwards by sudden the fire with his elbows on his knees. gusts of wind, and appearing like A pair of bag-pipes lay on a stool bestreams of smoke, upon which the sun side him, on which he had probably shining, gave it a glaring and dazzling been playing until he was weary of brightness; while descending into the listening alone to his own music. deep calm valley, it fell in a Aickering “What do you here," said I, “alone shower.
in the dwelling of the stranger ?" When I came in sight of Glen Guis, “ The strangers are fled to the strath, with its narrow loch and the old scat and to the sea,” said the lad; tered fir wood above it, along the base their flocks were perishing in Glen of Mam Torchal, I cannot wish you Fruive. He loves to see the snow dishad been with me, but neither can I appear on the mountain, but he knew help wishing you had seen it as I did. not that his children were in danger." The loch was calm as 'a mirror, and “ I asked if they were drowned in the though the tops of the old fir trees flood ?" He said, “ that their mother were still covered, and their tall trunks fled with the children from the waters, encrusted by the last night's snow, but she had to leave them dying on the yet, when they were refiected on the snow.” loch, it seemed as if it had been all He told me he had been assisting over spotted with small black clouds. the shepherds in getting the sheep reI cannot tell you how it should have moved to the low country, when it happened, but when I saw this strange was found that they could exist no appearance, when all around was dead- longer upon the mountains; and he ly white, and no living creature to be had been sent back with a supply of seen, I thought the shepherds had all meal to his uncle's family, who lived perished with the sheep; and imagin- in a cottage about two miles farther ed that the horrors of the second down the glen. The day that he are sight had been coming over my mind, rived, it came fresh, with wind and and that I had got a view of the valley rain, which continued all night. The of the shadow of death. I thought I snow began to melt half way up the should never see the Black Isle, or mountains, the streams were much Dalsarren Wood more. When I con- swollen, and the roar of them through sidered afterwards these dark shadows, the darkness was dreadful. An old while the trees were mostly covered with woman, a relation of his aunt's, went snow, I perceived, that although the often out, and stood in the door of the upperside of the broad and close foli- cottage, as if compelled to listen to age of the firs was no doubt covered what struck her with awe and terror, white, yet, to any person who might and she several times asserted, that have been on the loch below them, in she saw a dead light, and heard cries a boat, they must have appeared black; of distress. Next morning he was for he could only have seen the under preparing to return to the low country, sides of the branches as he looked up when a woman with an infant in her towards the mountain.
arms entered the cottage. She was About an hour after I had passed hurried, and looked alarmed and wild, the opening of Glen Guis, I came and dropping on her knees, held out to a shepherd's house on a little her child, « Oh! take that bairn and plain, by the side of the rivulet. All warm him !” she said, “he is all that around the cottage the ground was I have now !” and as one of the wocovered with boards of ice, and, al- men caught hold of the child, its mothough it appeared to be without the ther fainted upon the floor. When
she recovered, and saw the lad, she sheltered from the wind and driving called out with frightful eagerness, rain. They were wrapped in a blanket, “O run! 0 run! they were still and apparently asleep. The oldest girl breathing when I left them, but they had taken her young sister in her arms, could not speak to me, they will never but the grasp had become gradually speak to me more !" and she again more feeble, and the little creature had fainted
rolled away, and its face was turned " It is her children she means, towards the snow. He felt their faces, Duncan,” cried the old woman, their hands, and limbs, but they were has other two, she has left them to cold and stiff. Duncan took them procure help; they must be some gently in his arms, and soon obwhere in danger, follow her tract served that one of them still breathamong the snow, and we will take ed, and that the body of the other still care of her.”
retained warmth. His first thought Duncan caught the thoughts of the was, that of getting the children to old woman: He recognised the stranger the house and kindling a fire, but he to be the shepherd's
wife at Corry Bay, remembered it was filled with water. and rushed from the house. As he He then resolved to carry them to followed her track, he observed she their mother, but his uncle's cottage had often fallen, from her hurry to ob was two miles off, and could there be tain assistance to her dying children, the least hope of reviving
the children, and once, where she had fallen, he life would undoubtedly have become noticed the print of the infant's face extinct before they could be carried so upon the snow.
far. He therefore took them to the On approaching the house, he was house, full of water as it was, that astonished to see it surrounded by the they might in the meantime be out of river. There had been an ice flood, the cold wind, although all hope seemit appeared, and it had stopped oppo-ed to depart as he again waded to the site the house, and formed a damn, by house, which the water was raised many feet But he had once been a night there, above the usual course. Duncan in- and he recollected that he slept in a stantly saw, as he thought, the cause bed upon a kind of loft that the shepof alarm, and, disregarding the wo herd had constructed of spars and turf, man's track, he ran towards the cot and, upon ascending a ladder with the tage, never doubting that he would children still in his arms, he was overfind the children, whom he was sure joyed to find a bed, with plenty of prised their mother had not been able blankets. He lost no time in stripping to remove.
When he entered the off their wet clothes, put them in the house, the water was still a foot deep bed, and laying himself down beside on the floor ; but he could not find them, continued to rub them alterthe children. Some clothes were nately for more than an hour; and, as floating about, and a tame duck; and a he confessed, often weeping like a child weak sheep, that had been brought himself, from his anxiety that they into the house to be fed by the chil should recover, and regret, that, as he dren, and inade a pet of, was lying thought, he could do so little for them. drowned near the fire-place; but Dun Although the younger one shewed at can could nowhere discover the poor first least signs of life, yet she recoverchildren. He now cursed himself and ed first, which Duncan thought was the old woman, as the cause of his owing to his bestowing upon her greatheedless haste, and, with deep regret, er attention. He gave a long and parsaw he would most likely have to re ticular description of the gradual return to their mother for information. covery of the children to a state of ani
As he gained the dry ground, he mation ; for he had been strongly afagain came upon the woman's track. fected by the situation in which he had It had been as she fled from the house; found them. He had been observing for Duncan soon observed the print of that the water had receded from the the little foot, and the short steps of a floor : and so soon as he thought the child. By following this a little way, mutual warmth of the children would he came to the children, lying in a prevent them from relapsing, he wraphole that their mother had dug for ped them up together and left them; them with her hands, in a large wreath got some peats that had been without of snow, that they might be somewhat reach of the water, struck a light, and
soon kindled a good fire, at which he into the house, so terrified her, that warmed the children. In a little time she imagined there was no chance of they began to talk, and then cry, and saving the lives of the children, except call upon their mother, and complain by flying from the house, which she of hunger. This, Duncan said, dis very soon bitterly repented. For while tressed him greatly, for he had heard she waded through the flood, carrying of people recovering from the effects of the two youngest children wrapped in cold and hunger, who had died after- part of the bed clothes, and leading the wards in consequence of taking food. other in her hand, the masses of frozen In the midst of his perplexity, he re snow and boards of ice struck upon collected the cow; and putting the her legs, and endangered her being children again to bed, he soon brought overturned in the water, and
very much them some warm milk, which revived hurt the child ; and, besides, the rain them greatly. He likewise discovered soon wet them all through, and trom the meal quite safe, and so was enabled the first, she had great fear that the to provide food both for them and children could not live until the mornhimself, during two days, before I came ing. She could not pretend w describe so providentially to his aid.
her situation during the night, only It had not yet been in his power to she recollected that the children cried inform the distressed mother that her incessantly from the cold, and their children were still alive. Duncan now voices became gradually weaker, until left his little charge with me, and they ceased altogether. And after she went to fulfil this pleasant part of his left them lying speechless in the snow, duty.
she could recollect nothing more until He returned in about two hours. she arrived at his uncle's cottage. Their mother, he said, had been very Duncan had the foresight to bring with ill; and although the account of the him a bottle of whisky (for the sassesafety of her children lightened her nach shepherd had positively no such heart, yet her feet and legs were great thing in his house), and he put his ly swelled, and she was quite unable pipes in tune, and, with the one and to walk.
the other, we passed away a good part She told Duncan, that when her of the night. husband had to go with his flock to I was altogether so much pleased the low country, and leave her alone with honest Duncan, that, had it not with the three infant children, she felt been necessary for me to find out the very lowly at any rate; and when the father of this distressed family on my wind came to rage with such violence, way home, and tell him of the misfor. accompanied with thunder and light- tune that had befallen his wife and ning, the dreadful noise of the ice children, I would have left Glen Fruive flood, when it dammed up and made as happy as the laird himself. the water flow over the haugh, and
This book has a very imperfect be. The weak, to mánly prowess grow,
And cowards feel the martial glow."* ginning; the subject of wine is continued. The poet says,
“ The tragic poet Chæremon asserts, “ The gods, O Menelaus, first gave wine that they who drink wine find pleaTo cheer the heart of man, and to disperse sure, wisdom, eloquence, and discreCorroding cares."
tion.” “ The comic poet, Diphilus, thus
“ Mnesitheus has the following addresses Bacchus,
lines in praise of the temperate use of
wine : “ Hail, Bacchus, ever good and kind,
“ Wine is the choicest gift bestow'd on man The friend, the guardian of mankind ! By thy delicious transports led
By the immortal gods, it rightly us'd ;
But taken to excess the greatest curse.
# Vide Hor. Carm. Lib. 3. Ode 21.
If temperately drank, it leads to health, first cup to the Graces, the Hours, and And strengthens both the body and the mind. Bacchus, the second to Venus and In sickness 'tis a cordial; even wounds,
Bacchus conjointly, the third to InsoSuch its salubrious nature, soon are heal'd
lence and the Furies.” Bath'd with this wholesome and delicious
Alexis makes the following compajuice;
rison : Then at our daily board, and social meetings, Wine taken moderately clears the mind,
“ Man in his nature much resembles wine, And gives a double relish to our joys. Which newly made, ferments, is full of froth, But if intemp'rate use provoke excess,
And, till the fiery spirit is allayed, It causes strife, and stimulates to madness, Is scarcely fit for use ; just so with youth, By which the mind and body are enfeebled.” Of effervescence similar, till time - Eubulus makes Bacchus speak When its asperities are purg'd
Has soften'd, and refined its roughness; then, thus,
And all its bubbles are dispers'd, succeeds “ Three cups alone I mingle for the wise,
A mellow sweetness ; its mad follies cease ; One for the sake of health, and that the first ; The headstrong passions are at rest, the man The next for love and pleasure, and the third Breaks forth with all his virtues, and becomes For sleep. Having drank these, the truly The choice associate and the gentle friend.” wise
“The Cyrenean poet (Callimachus) Then hie them to their several homes. The
“ Wine, with the force of elemental fire, If added, but engenders insolence ;* The fifth breeds clamour and promiscuous
Courses through man, and, as the blust'ring
Or stormy south ploughs up the Libyan sea, The sixth intoxicates ; the seventh cup adds
And shows its hidden treasures, so does wine, The burning cheek, and fire-inflamed eye;
Disclose the secrets of the human heart." The eighth alarms the watch ; the ninth provokes
“ Alexis, who had before stated the To anger, and the tenth to madness leads ; resemblance between the nature of And he who drinks sinks down a senseless man and the qualities of wine, in the brute.”
following passage asserts the contrary Epicharmus has the following pas
« Wine bears to man no colour of resemsage:
blance, “ Fresh from the temple to the festal board, His nature is the opposite extreme; They sit, and eat, and drink and laugh their When he grows old he's peevish and morose,
Snappish and quarrelsome; but good old wine, Excess soon grows upon repletion ; then
Mellow'd by age, is soft, and smooth, and Promiscuous riot comes, quarrels and strife ;
sweet, The legal process and commitment, next Exhilarates the heart, and cheers the mind; The dark and loathsome prison, where, in Whereas old age is rigid and severe. chains
“No greater blessings have the gods bestow'd
On mortal man than wine and fire, alike Panyasis, t an heroic poet, gives the Useful and necessary. What are feasts
And merry meetings, sweet society * The severe and moral Plato forbids Of equal friends, the sprightly dance, the young men the indulgence of wine, but al.
song, lows it to old. Till the age of eighteen, he If wine be wanting ? Therefore drink, my allows no wine, for to drink it at that time
friend, of life, he says " is adding fire to fire both Enjoy the circling glass, and take thy fill; in body and mind.” At forty and after, it Norlike the vulture stuff thy greedy paunch, might be used in a jolly kind of way ;“ Wine,” says he," was given to man as being Homer, Eupolis, Hesiod, Antimachus, medicine to soothe the austerity of old age." and Meander.
Twining's Notes on Aristotle, p. 512. * Callimachus, an historian and poet of So the good Samaritan poured oil and Cyrene, in great favour and esteem with wine on the wounds of the distressed Jew; Ptolemy Philadelphus and his son Everge wine, cleansing and somewhat astringent, tes, in honour of whose queen he wrote his proper for a fresh wound ; oil mollifying poem called Coma Berenices ; he also wrote and healing.
hymns, elegies, and epigrams. Apollonius + Panyasis, an heroic poet, who lived of Rhodes was his pupil, whose ingratitude about the time of Euripides. He was the un induced him to write his satirical poem callcle, or cousin-german of Herodotus, and ed Ibis. The Ibis of Ovid is an imitation one of those six, according to the interpre- of this poem. He wrote a work in 120 ter of Oppian, who were called, by way of books on famous men, besides treatises on entinence, “ The Poets.” The other five birds, &c. &c. &c.