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most incredible, in the short space of 25 months, 16. In a fit of apoplexy, Captain William Rar. amounting in weight to 2000 lbs. ; nevertheless, lins, R. N she was able to attend divine service until a few
18. At Stirling, Elizabeth Maitland Gitvan, eldest days of her death.
daughter of the late Mr Girvan, minister of Lang. - At her daughter's, at Collins's ottage, Har toun. rowgate, Mrs Ann Dawson, aga 101.
This aged At Edinburgh, Lady Hay, widow of Sir Alexmatron served the ar ny in the tine of the Rebel
ander H. . lion, with buiter, eggs, and cream, when encamp, - At his father's house, Charles, eldest son of ed near Preston.
Mr James Reoch, merchant, Leith, aged 17 years. - at his house, No 46, Hanover-street, Edin
- At Edinburgh, Mrs Ann Avery, wife of Mr burgh, Dr William Brown, Fellow of the Royal Thomas Duncan, Prince's-street, aged 41 years, College of Surgeons, Edinburgh. His respectabi
possessed of many amiable qualities. lity as a profesional character, and a member of
19. At Edinburgh, Mrs Mary Balfour, spouse of society is well known.
the Rev. Dr Brunton. 29. At Edinburgh, Mrs Ann Hutton, late of the - At Edinburgh, Janet Elizabeth, daughter of island of Nevis.
George Lyon, Esq. W.S aged 16 months. At Kincardine, Mrs Ann Duncan, wife of Mr At his house in Tobago-street, Edinburgh, John Wilson, oficer of excise, Crieff, aged 23. Vr James Marshall, builder, and tacksman of Red30. At Kirkaldy, Miss Catharine Landale.
hall Quarry. Suddenly, in the prime of life, Mr Francis - At her house, Mrs Jane Davie, wife of AnDavie, schoolmaster of Kinneff.
drew Morris, Esq. and fourth daughter of the late - Within a few days of his lady, Robert, Lord John Davie, Esq of (tavieside. Viscount Kilmore, aged 72.
At Gayfield-square, Edinburgh, Mr John Dec. 1. At Leren Lodge, Edinburgh, Patrick Demaria, a native of Italy, ag d 85. Hadaway, Esq. late brewer in Leith.
At his house in Gayfield-square, Edinburgh, At Usselburgh, Miss H. Nelson
Mr David Skae, builder in Edinburgh 3. At Marseilles, in the twenty-second year of 23. At Stockbridge, near Edinburgh, James his age, Thoinas Juchan, Esq. younger of Auch Syme, Esq. macoy
Lately-In Galway, Ireland, Miss Elizabeth 4. At his house in Bedford-square, London, John O'Flaherty, proprietress of ' The Connaught Luinsden, Esq. a member of the Honourable the
Journal" newspaper. Court of Directors for the affairs of the Hon. Cast
At Blairston, Mr Adam M'Intosh, at the adIndia Company
vanced age of 102. - At Perih, in the 84th year of his age, Mr At Kelso, 'rs Grieve, wife of Mr Hugh Grieve, David Foggo, who was schoolmaster in the parish late of the Excise. of Tibbermuir upwards of 60 years.
Mrs Jane Hardie, relict of Mr Wm Dalrymple, - At her father's house at Newington, Jamima, merchant, Edinburgh. youngest daughter of Robert Gordon, Esq.
In Wickham-street, Portsea, in the 113th year - At Lumphinnens, Fifeshire, Mr James Hogg, of his age, Thomas Bolwell, a native of that town, senior, at a very advanced period of life.
He formerly, during many years, sold water about 5 In the 78th year of his age, Mr Hargrove, the the streets, and afterwards, when the infirmities of well-kuown historian of Knaresbrough, Harrow. age had incapacitated him for that employ, he kept gate, and the surrounding country; author of a small shop for the sale of wood and coals. His is The Yorkshire Gazetteer, "Anecdotes of
memory was good up to his last moments; he Archery," and other literary productions; also, would frequently recur to the total eclipse of the compiler of 16 folio and quarto volumes of manu šun, on the 22d of April 1715, of which event he scripts, chiefly relative to the history of Yorkshire. ever retained a perfect recollection. He was mar
- in Grenville-street, Brunswick-square, Lon ried to one wife 80 years, who died in the 101st don, Mrs M'Nab, widow of Captain A. M'Nab, of year of her age. the Henry Dundas East Indiaman,
At Everton. Liverpool, Alexander Taylor, M.D. It the Manse of Crossmichael, Mary, eldest formerly of Paisley. daughter of the Rev. John Johnstone, minister of At Brompton, London, Francis Classon, Esq. that parish, in the 22d year of her age.
of Lincoln's Inn, barrister at law. 6. At Castlewigg, Wigtonshire, John Hathorn, At Worcester, aged 91, Mr Jasper Debrissay, forEsq. of Castlewigg.
merly an officer in the 4th dragoons. He carried At Elswick Bank, Orkney, Mrs Mary Bal the colours at the battle of Culloden in 1745. four, relict of George Craigie, Esq. of Saviskail. Lieutenant-colonel Charles Duke, Deputy-adju
At Edinburgh, after a short illness, Janet tant-general to the forces serving under the Earl Wright, only daughter of the late John Wright, of Dalhousie, Nova Scotia Esq. of Easter Glins, writer in Edinburgh.
At Hungannon Park, Ireland, in the 99th year 7. At Cockermouth, in he: 74th year, Jane, the of his age, Lord Viscount Northland, a governor wife of James Clarke Satterthwaite, Esq.
and custos rotulorum of the county of Tyrone, and Mrs W. J Dawson, spouse of Mr Giles, up a representative peer for Ireland. 'He is succeeded holsterer, Edinburgh.,
in his titles and estates by his eldest son, the Hon. 8. In Charlotte-quare, Edinburgh, Margaret, Thomus Knox, member in a former parliament eldest daughter of Henry (ockburn, Esq. advocate. for Tyrone.
9. At Edinburgh, John Hill, Esq. late account In the island of Trinidad, Frederick T. Lynch, ant in Edinburgh.
Esq. M.D. a native of Limerick, but many years At Boulogne, Frances, eldest daughter of Dr settled on that island, where his great professional Grant, inspector-general of hospitals
abilities and accomplished manners, procured him 10. At Glasgow, Arch. Young, Esq, surgeon. the esteem and respect of the entire settlement.
12. At Inverary, Miss Alexa Campbell, youngest And in September last, his widow, an amiable and daughter of Captain Archibald Campbell, cham interesting lady, also died, leaving two orphan berlain of Argyll.
daughters to the sole care of the Doctor's brother, 13. At London, Mr Alexander Christie late pub- Jeffrey Lynch, Esq. of the same island, who, we lisher of the “Literary Journal."
lan ent, also died on the 12th October last. At Gilead House, Liverpool, aged 38, Mrs At Paris, Lady John Campbell, in a few days' Solomon, wife of Dr Solomon of that place.
illness, by a defluxion of the chest; she was sister- Mrs Janet Forbes, daughter of ihe Rev. Wm in-law of the Duke of Irgyle, and eldest daughter Forbes, late episcopal minister in Muss.-Iburgh, of William Campbell, Esq. of Fairfield. and wife of James Skinner, writer in Edinburgh. At Bishopswearmouth, George Wilson Meadley,
15. At Eton, agea 72, Mr Rich. Atkins, printer, Esq. well known as the biographer of Dr Paley, who, for 55 years, had been employed as a compo and the author of “ Memoirs of Algernon Sidney: sitor of the Greek and Latin books for the use of On board the ritish vessel Angelica, which lately Eton school; during which time, he has never foundered while on her passage from the Cape of been known to spend an idle day, or even an idle Good Hope to the Isle of France, John James Armhour.
strong. Esq. late American consulat Teneriffe, and At Edinburgh, Captain John Cowe, R. N. his family, consisting of Mrs Armstrong, seven
At Musselburgh, Helen, daughter of Henry children, two nephews, and servants. Jardine, Esq.
At London, the lady of General Sir C. Grant.
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Remarks on the Present State of Civili The Eve of St Jerry mosammarnasononanamorosan 569 zation in Greececamaan mmmm 513
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REMARKS ON THE PRESENT STATE OF CIVILIZATION IN GREECE.
[We have been so fortunate as to procure the following essay from a distinguished naa tive of Greece. He has been induced to give it to our pages, in order that it may act as a harbinger in preparing the curiosity of our readers for the igis , và võr 'Emanuixà, a periodical work which we have already announced to be upon the eve of publication; and in which not only every subject touched upon in the present sketch, but every thing connected with the state of Modern Greece, is about, as we are assured, to be ably and amply illustrated.]
If the state of a nation may at all people who are in the act of recovere times be contemplated with utility, it ing it, after having strayed from it for must be so in a more peculiar manner
The steps of the former are at the epoch when its members begin timid; they feel the way before them to degenerate from the virtues of their like infants. The progress of the latancestors, and also at the epoch in ter, provided they have preserved any which they begin to be regenerated. monuments of their ancient civilizaAt these two periods, the observer has tion, and provided their march be not the vantage-ground of a point of view impeded by any causes out of themwhich is admirably adapted for giving selves, may be expected to be more dehim lessons useful to humanity, be- cided and more rapid in its character. cause it lays before his eyes the course It would be an idle and thankless and tenor of those causes which main- task to set about informing a man of ly injure or mainly favour the civic education what Greece once was, or lization of mankind.
what she has successively become in the These causes must vary in number course of the revolutions to which she and in efficacity, according as the peo- has been exposed. The last of these ple among which such a revolution revolutions had plunged her into a goes on happens to be more or less state of lethargy, not unlike that which distant from other civilized nations, pervaded western Europe before the more or less favoured by climate, more revival of letters. From time to time, or less advanced in the civilization only, she manifested a few faint sympwhich it is about to lose, or more or toms of life ; from time to time she less deeply plunged in that barbarism produced a few cultivated men in the from which it is about to make its midst of a barbarous nation--a nation escape. To these considerations, which which indeed paid them a tribute of exmust of course guide the eye of the cessive admiration, but which, deaf to observer, should be added a particular their voice, and blind to their examstudy of the peculiar species of bar- ple, derived no effectual advantage barism which forms the object of his from their presence. observation. The same instruments No one will think it necessary to of improvement do not operate with ask us, of what kind, during this methe same kind of force among a peo- lancholy period, had been the moral ple who are for the first time treading and religious ideas of the Greeks. Iga the path of civilization, as among a norance, the offspring of tyranny, is VOL. IV,
ever attended by superstition; and a shadow of liberty, tamely submitted the influence of superstition is follow- to the yoke of a barbarous people ; — ed surely, although insensibly, by the upon all those Greeks a much deeper corruption of manners.
weight of censure should fall, than on Nevertheless it is true, that Euro- these their unhappy descendants, to pean travellers-some of them, in- whom they have left every thing to deed, persons who have never seen be repaired, and scarcely one new Greece, and who think it quite possi- fault to be committed. Without lible to study a nation without leaving berty, without pecuniary resources, one's own cabinet—while professing without the resources which light and to give a fair picture of the degenera- intelligence alone can supply, abantion of Modern Greece, have in reality doned by all the world, exciting aproduced nothing but a caricature. mong a few of the nations which conThey have persuaded themselves that template them some insignificant feelthere is nothing to be seen among the ing of interest, or some barren feeling Greeks but that which may at all times of pity, but regarded by the greater be found among all enslaved peoples, part with the disputing indifference, and which indeed may be seen at this where was ever people placed in a more very day among many nations govern- helpless situation than the Modern ed by no means
in so arbitrary a man Greeks? ner as the Greeks. By a calculation, And what, accordingly, was the wherein no justice is rendered either spectacle presented by unhappy Greece, to the acuteness of their understand- that native country of arts, sciences, ing, or to the rectitude of their hearts, and philosophy? The same that may these observers have in fact been heap- be found almost every where among ing upon the heads of the present slaves. A clergy superstitious and ige Greeks the vices and the errors of all norant, influencing as they please a the generations which have gone be- people still more ignorant ;-a gentry fore them since the age in which of much pretension, nourished by the Greece lost her liberty. They have sweatof the peasantry, but far more connot seen, or they have not been will- temptible than them, because more exing to see, that the Greeks of this day posed to the attacks of the common desare in truth the victims of crimes potism, and more skilled in the arts of which they never committed. The debasing themselves before its minissituation of nations arrived at their ters;- fathers of families too much excondition, resembles that of individu- hausted by vexations, and too much als sprung from parents enervated and blinded by superstition to think of exhausted by debauch. The only re- bestowing a good education on their proach which can with justice be children ;-a youth, in consequence o brought against them is, that they all these things, utterly devoid of inhave not adopted with sufficient decie telligence. Now and then, indeed, a sion the regimen and mode of life most young man expatriated himself for a opposite to that in which their pa time, and came to gather, in Western rents indulged, and therefore most Europe, information which he could likely to eradicate the debility entail- not find at home; but his whole amed upon them. A much greater pro bition was confined to the study of portion of guilt is chargeable on those medicine ; and Italy, the common Greeks who first permitted themselves scene of his studies, was to the modern to be seduced by the gold of the Ma- Greek what the pillar of Hercules was cedonians, who, forgetting the brilliant to the ancient. These young men, examples of virtue and patriotism be- moreover, travelled rather that they queathed to them by their ancestors, might learn a trade, than that they and refusing to respect the voices of might acquire a science (at a time ina those whose tombs were yet before deed when medicine, even in Europe, their eyes, were mean enough to sell was merely a trade), and therefore their heritage of liberty—and upon they carried back into their unhappy those who were the enemies of the country little more than instruments Achaian league-and upon those who, to do mischief, and presumption to by their wicked dissentions, introdu- prevent them from repairing it. At ced the arms and the oppression of the times, it is true, the study of theology Romans-- and upon those, finally, was added to that of medicine ; and who, while yet in possession of at least persons in possession of this double