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rica would thrive much more in a state ernment. This was not to be endur. of independence than as an appendage ed. The successors of the atrocious to Britain ; that the trade of thriving Pitt were in agonies lest France should America would fall almost entirely to at last begin to furnish their slaves the share of the old country; and that, with somewhat of the spectacle seduitherefore, England would be a mighty sant, so, to put an end to the incipient gainer by the loss of America. The freedom, they let loose once more the ministers, says he foresaw all this very type of liberal ideas.”—“Mais, Bonawell; but their object is not to make parte quitte l'isle d'Elbe, pendant
que the English rich and prosperous, but to l'officier Anglais qui le surveillait s'amake them slaves; and, therefore, musait a Livourne.” This gave the they opposed the American Revolu- ministry another war, and another viction, solely that they might prevent tory, of which their people were their people from having before their shamed,” and another opportunity of eyes le spectacle seduisant d'un état replacing Louis XVIII., whom they libre.
had just assisted in dethroning, beThe conduct of our government to cause his government was too constiwards revolutionary France is a still tutional. We confess that the Germore striking illustration of the theory man philosopher's reasoning here for of Mr Scheffer. We opposed the re once baffles us. We cannot, for our volution from its commencement, not lives, understand his drift, and should because it was conducted by miscreants, be extremely happy if our corresponand accompanied with the declaration dent, Dr Ulrick Sternstare, would obof sentiments incompatible with the lige us by an early scrutiny of his repose of the rest of the world, countryman's “ upper region. but simply because its object was to The only warlike expedition in which establish a free state, separated only by we have lately been engaged is that of St George's Channel, from the envying Algiers ; and the account given of this eyes of the unhappy slaves of England. by Scheffer is in the same satisfactory In order to put down the revolution- style as the foregoing. “ La brillante ary party of France, the English min- expedition du Lord Exmouth parait istry endeavoured to bring their char navoir été fait que dans le dessein de acter as much as possible into disre- prevenir les autres nations maritimes, pute; by neglecting to send an embas et de les empecher de chatier tout de sy to Paris to intercede for the life of bon les Algeriens.” The ministry were Louis XVI. they allowed the French no doubt afraid lest some other fleet to put their king to death in their own should utterly extirpate the Dey and way,--so that their conduct, in fact, his myrmidons, and found, in their peut être regardée comme la cause de stead, a government according to libercette funeste catastrophe. Let us not al ideas. They took the affair therebe astonished, adds our philosopher,
fore into their own hands, upon the at this policy of the English ministry. old principle of preventing the specIl etait dans son interet !”
tacle seduisant d'un etat libre !” In like manner, the English govern “Les faits parlent:" concludes epiment continued to make war against grammatic Meinherr, “ ils accusent France, not because Bonaparte was a hautement le ministere Anglais d'êtr tyrant and a conqueror, but because, l'ennemi de la liberté, de l'indepenin spite of all his tyrannies and all his dance des nations, de leur prosperité conquests, he was still, au fond, the et de leur bien etre.” type and symbol of revolutionary free “ Aussi la haine qui anime toutes dom. The very shadow of liberty,– les nations contre le gouvernment An(and a pretty faint shadow he must be glais, est fondée.—Mais distinguons allowed to have been)-was hateful in tonjours le peuple Anglais de son minthe eyes
of Pitt, and his successors at istere ; c'est la le plus formidable moylast succeeded in overthrowing this e en pour le renverser ; pour detruire sa thereal shadow, by arming a coalition
fatale influence.” of despots against the name of liber In good truth, we do hope that a ty. To their horror, however, the broad and visible line of distinction downfall of Napoleon was not fol will always continue to separate from lowed, as they had expected, by the what Mr Scheffer considers as the creation of a legitimate despotism, but English people, both the English govby something like a constitutional gove ernment and the true people of Eng
AUTHOR OF THE VOYAGE ROUND
land. We hope also, that neither our the sores upon his legs were still in a character, nor that of our rulers, may very distressing condition, owing to ever be attacked by any more formi- the unskilful manner in which they dable foes than this new ally of the had been amputated, below the ankle, Hunts, this mongrel philosopher, whose by the Russian surgeon, into whose character seems to present a happy hands he fell immediately after they mixture of the lead of Saxon Ludi were frostbit.
The period of tranquil magister, and the tinsel of a politician existence which he had spent in the aux mille colonnes.
Sandwich Islands, the voyage homewards, and a residence of many months
in his native country, had all been ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, found insufficient to remove the irri
tation of his wounds, and he was still not only a cripple, but an acute suf
ferer, when he attracted the attention Our readers cannot have forgotten the of Mr Smith, in the Clyde Steam name of Archibald Campbell, the poor Boat. The kindness of that excellent Scottish seaman, whose account of his person soon enabled him to lay the voyage round the world was, three or story of his afflictions before the pubfour years ago, noticed at considerable lic, and the success of the book was length in the Quarterly Review.* This such, as to furnish a sum far beyond unhappy adventurer's narrative was, any expectations of Archibald Campin every way, well deserving of the beil. Had he remained in this couninterest which it created at the time try during the time when the public of its publication. It was modest and impression was strongly in his favour, unassuming in its manner, and in its there is reason to believe, that somematter, free to a great extent, from the thing might probably have been done many species of blunders and inac
to provide the means of comfortable curacies which are commonly so abun- retirement to one whose errors, in dant in the productions of persons in themselves venial, had been so severely the humble situation of life of Archi- punished in the person of the offender, bald Campbell. At that time, how- and had furnished a lesson so capable ever, its merits could not be quite so of doing good to others. Neither fully appreciated as now. Although Campbell nor his friends, however, the apparent candour of the mariner entertained, at the moment, any exwas well qualified to lend credit to all pectations of such a nature, and the his statements, yet even his benevolent poor man, whose patience was quite editor abstained from expressing him- exhausted, resolved, as soon as he got self in any very decided manner re a little money into his hands, to seek specting their authority, and the same in it the means of being once more diffidence was, of course, shared by transported to the friendly territories his reviewer. But in the years of king Tamahmaah, and his own which have now intervened, the comfortable farm on the banks of the narratives of succeeding voyagers Wymannoo. In the midst of all his have given perfect confirmation to distresses, he found leisure for courtall the assertions of Campbell, and ship, so he set sail with his wife in the his story may, therefore, be considere autumn of 1816, for New York, in ed as forming an authentic link in the the hope of finding a passage to Owyhistory of the Sandwich Islands, with hee, on board of some of the Ameriregard to which, for several years pre can ships, which have, of late years, vious to his arrival there, we had re been almost the only visitors of these ceived no certain or direct intelligence. Islands. On the 23d of December
We refer to Campbell's book itself, following, he writes as follows, toa meand the review of it already mentioned, dical gentleman in Glasgow, (who had for any information which our readers shewn him much kindness while in may require in order to restore them that city,) “I am very sorry to inform to a perfect acquaintance with the ear you that we shall have no opportunity ly and important incidents in his va of going to the Sandwich Islands this rious life. At the time when his book season, the vessels having all left Boswas published, it will be recollected, ton for the north-west coast before
our arrival, and it is very likely that See No XXXI. Oct. 1816. there will be no more ships going that
" to see
way until they return again, which But during his stay in New York, will not be these two years; therefore Campbell has not been an author, pubI am at a loss what to do. There is no- lisher, and patient only. He has also thing at all doing here in my line, * and been carrying on various little species times are much worse here than at of traffic, in globe glass-mirrors, plase home, and a great many of the pas- ter of Paris casts, Scots Almanacks, sengers
that came out with us have &c. &c., with various, but, on the gone home again, not being able to find whole, not very flattering success. As work of any kind.” He then states as he shall have sufficiently, his intention to procure, if possible, supplied the 'Transatlantic reading puba passage to the Brazils, where he had lic, with his voyage round the world, been led to believe he might have Archy, who is
a Jack of many better success.
In the meantime, trades, purposes to turn another of his however, it was announced that some talents to a little advantage, and to person was about to publish an Ame- make a yoyage to the Clyde rican edition of his book, which un his friends, in the capacity of cook to handsome procedure, Archibald forth- a merchantman. He still, however, with took the most effectual method has a hankering after his " steading" of preventing, by publishing an Ame- in Owyhee; and it is probable that rican edition of it himself. Of this ere long we shall have it in our power edition he sold 700 copies in a month, to inform our readers that he has and cleared about 200 dollars on the come to“ his ain again.” speculation.
We might quote some further pasHis legs continued all this time to sages from his letters to his friend in be as troublesome as ever, and Camp- Glasgow, but although they are all bell determined to give himself a highly interesting to those who have chance of being a sound cripple by seen any thing of the man, we are aphaving them amputated over again prehensive of trespassing too far on above the ankle. This resolution he the patience of the general reader. carried into effect last winter with the The letters are written in a clear dismost perfect fortitude. His right leg tinct style, and in a very good penwas amputated on the 20th of November manship; and his account of the state 1817, and the bursting of an artery a
of things in America, so far as it goes, few hours after the operation, threw shews that Alexander has been in his him into a brain fever, from which he youth no unattentiveor unworthy memescaped with difficulty. “My whole ber of some of the “ literary and comleg,” says he,“ began from the end mercial clubs so common among the of the stump to be inflamed with ery
weavers of the west of Scotland. His sipelas, combined with phlegmatic in- notice of Mr Cobbet is laconic enough. flammation, which, luckily for me, turn “ You mention that you could wish ed into a suppuration. I am happy to hear about Mr Cobbet; but I can to inform you, that ever since I have hear little about him, as there is few been mending so fast, that I was able people that I have spoken to that likes to go home all last week, and it is on- him, and they say that he cannot be ly yesterday (January 13, 1818), that believed : he has his office at No 19, I returned to have the other leg cut; Wall Street, and lives at Brookland, and the surgeon says I shall have a a small town in Long Island, forenent better chance of recovery, as my New York.” The letters are all conhabit is not so full.” The second ciuded in a very polite manner, as operation was accordingly performed thus: “ Be pleased, sir, to give our in a few days after this, and his re best respects to your father and siscovery was even more easy than he ters, and our compliments to your serhad been led to expect.
As soon as vant-maids ; meantime, we remain, I got out of the hospital," says he, “I sir, your most obedient and very hummade myself a pair of artificial legs, ble servants, with which I already begin to walk
ArchD. & ISABELLA CAMPBELL. pretty tolerably, and am going to Albany, Baltimore, &c. to get subscrip We trust our readers will pardon tions for the second edition of my us for detaining them so long with book.” (May 18, 1818.)
the history of this poor countryman of
Those of them who have read Campbell was bred a weaver.
his book will, we are quite sure, be
THE MEDICAL SCHOOLS OF DUBLIN
* AND EDINBURGH.
happy in this renewal of their ac “ the reputation of Edinburgh, as a quaintance with him ; for our own medical school, has been losing ground, parts, we hope he will, on his arrival in proportion as that of Dublin rose forthwith, publish a full account of (has risen); so that, at the present day, all his adventures during this last its diploma scarcely holds the same voyage. He must now be pretty well rank which a Dublin one formerly posinitiated into the ways of the book- sessed.” The truth is, that, on the sellers, and we do not see why Mr Continent, a Dublin diploma is not Campbell should not succeed as well in perhaps sufficiently valued, for there his transactions with that slippery ge as yet it is scarcely known, whilst neration, as many other authors of that of Edinburgh has lost none of its greater pretension.
reputation. Cabanis speaks of this school as “ justement renommée pour la reunion singulière, et la succession non interrompue de professeurs distingues dans plusieurs genres differens.” In London, Dublin is deserv
edly esteemed as a medical school, We wish the young writer of this owing chiefly to the high character pamphlet had been content to give us
of its present Anatomical Professor, à fair statement of the advantages
who lectured some years on comparaDublin affords for the study of medi- tive anatomy at Guy's Hospital, but cine : these are known to be very
elsewhere in England, we know the great, and, for the benefit of the art, general opinion to be as yet decidedly as well as for the credit of this rising in favour of an Edinburgh diploma. school, they deserve to be made more
We offer some remarks on the two generally known. He might then schools, in the order observed by this modestly have left it to his readers to young writer. form any and what comparison they
Anatomy. This chair in Dublin is chose, between the Irish and other most ably filled by Dr Macartney. universities. He was willing, how. His knowledge of comparative anatoever, to lend his assistance, and has my renders his lectures more than favoured us himself with a Com
commonly useful; he has added to parative View" of the two schools, the museum some rare and valuable which happens to be merely a labour- preparations, and has had the merit, ed recommendation of his native city, with the late Dr Gordon, of making and a very petulant illiberal deprecia
known the doctrines and writings of tion of Old Reekie. The annual ac
Bichat, the young Parisian Haller, couchement of this venerable mother and one of the most philosophic of
medical observers. of so many physicians, was last Au
Dublin offers a gust so happy and prolific, that some
fine school of practical anatomy. The jealousy and displeasure seems to have graves in this city are so frequently been excited in the sister kingdom. made to render up their dead for the It is true that, with the assistance and dissecting rooms, that subjects are close attendance of six professors, she plentiful, and comparatively cheap. produced one hundred and three to
In Edinburgh, they are generally prolerably fine doctors! Immediately a
cured from London.
The Scotch, young Irishman, running to his desk, quiet and regular during life, are sinsits down to shew the age and infir- gularly averse to any disturbance after mities of this old creature, and re
death; and the firing which is kept marks, with some patriotism, on the up against the atmosphere during superior attractions of a rare young in dead, keeps at a distance all friends
night in those churchyards, most rich beauty, who challenges admiration from her repose beneath the Wicklow to a premature resurrection. Anatomountains. In the second page of my being best learned by dissection, his preface, occnrs a first misrepre- we confess that Edinburgh must allow sentation, and that a very gross one:
the superior advantages of Dublin. “ For some years back," be it known, Yet, besides the Professor's class, that
of Dr Barclay, with his fine museum,
the demonstrations of Mr Fyfe, with A Comparative View of the Schools of those of some other private teachers, Physic of Dublin and Edinburgh.
leave no want of the best anatomical Vol. IV.
lectures in this school. We thought lamented, that not even specimens of they would have been noticed in this the raw drugs are handed round, nor impartial view, but Dr Barclay and are they kept in a museum, as at the Mr Fyfe are both forgotten.
Ecole de Medicine at Paris, where the Chemistry.- Edinburgh is fortunate students may see and study them at in her chemical professor. No where, leisure. From this want the profeswe believe, are the experiments con sors' lectures lose half their value, and it ducted more successfully, or with so seems a miserable misplaced economy, splendid an apparatus ; and from no which will not second his endeavours chair, we are sure, can chemical doc to render this course, as much as postrines be more clearly explained. sible, interesting and useful. Dublin is happy in having this de Practice of Physico-On no medical partment well conducted; but with brow are gray hairs so finely contrastregard to the privilege of making ex ed with the evergreen of a laurel chapperiments in the Professor's laboratory, let, and on none are the wrinkles so this can never be allowed when the completely hidden by its leaves as that class is numerous. We fancied the of Dr Gregory. Few professors possess name of Dr Murray, and the chemical so perfectly the affection of their pudiscoveries of Mr Leslie, would have pils; yet we continually pray in pribeen remembered with respect in this vate that he would not divide his
Comparative View.” They are not course, and be less diffuse on intermits mentioned !
tent fevers. Botany.-There are two botanic gar Hospitals.- In these galleries of the dens in Dublin. One of them, belong. sick the medical artist must study the ing to the Dublin Society, is large and features and appearance of disease ; it very beautiful. Some eighteen months is here that he applies in practice the back, the Society were at pains to ren
rules he has learnt in lecture rooms, der it entirely useless to students, ex and learns, by a skilful combination cept as a delightful place for promen- and prescription of his drugs, to proading. It was not allowed to any one duce “ pictures of health.” The hose but the Society and their friends to pitals in Dublin are numerous, wellstep from the gravel-walks, and tread conducted, and easy of access. The on the turf, to walk to the flower-beds, lying-in one, in particular, is unique so that stamina and pistils were to be as a practical school of midwifery. We counted through an opera-glass. A A recommend to a student of the obste. gardener, passionately devoted to whis- tric art to attend the lectures of Proky and authority, whose face no east- fessor Hamilton in Edinburgh, the ern blast ever made pale, strictly en best course given on this subject in any forced this dandy mode of studying school, and afterwards to attend for botany. We hope this good man has six months the Dublin lying-in hospibeen gathered to his fathers, and the tal. Dublin Society become more hospita We regret that, from the circumble to the feet of students. The other stance of the clinical professor and and only efficient garden is that be- surgeons making their visit at the longing to the college.
same hour of twelve, the only time in good one, though we think not so well the day not occupied by college lecfurnished as the one at Edinburgh. tures, the physicians' pupils in the Its gardener gives a very cheap and Edinburgh Infirmary are deprived of useful course of botanical demonstra- the benefit they might receive from tions, and the Professor sets a good its surgical wards. As a remedy for example to the Scotch school, in this evil, we venture to mention the teaching after the method of Jussieu, example set by the chirurgien en chef, whose natural system renders botany at the Hotel Dieu in Paris, who pays most interesting, and something better his visit exactly at -six o'clock in the than a dry nomenclature of the vege. morning, winter and summer, and
terwards lectures on the cases. The Materia Medica. This chair can chief physician at this hospital is there not be better filled in either school; at nine o'clock, so that actiye pupils but in both, a laboratory, with an may attend both visits, without losing operative pharmacien, seems requisite the lectures of their class at college. to render the lectures practically use We know of no better plan than this ful. At Edinburgh, it is much to be early hour of visitation, to keep both
This is a very