Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

new.

Sulphate of Zinc. A few months since, son, lately arrived in that university from
having occasion for some sulphate of zinc, I his travels in Italy; bringing to the Pro-
proceeded to examine my collection of me. fessor of Mineralogy some fine specimens
tallic salts, amongst which I expected to of the curious hydrate of silica, commonly
find what I required, I readily found the called pearl sinter, from Professor Santi of
paper, in which the label informed me the Pisa, accompanied by a written statement
sulphate of zinc had been, but was much of the manner in which this mineral was
surprised to find none in it. A considerable originally discovered by Professor. Santi,
quantity of minute particles of a yellowish- who published an account of it in his Tra-
brown substance were scattered through the vels, under the name of amiatiti ; and also
paper, some adhering to it, and all held of the reprehensible conduct of Dr W.
together by an extremely fine silky thread. Thomson of Naples, who claimed the dis-
On removing the various papers, and covery as his own, and gave the mineral the
searching to the bottom of the box, I dis name of fiorite.
covered a portion of the sulphate of zinc, Northern Expedition.A considerable
enveloped in a heap of the powdery sub- number of animals, and other objects of na-
stance. When I took it up, a very large tural history, have been brought home by
spider ran out of it, and hid himself amongst the different ships composing the northern
the papers. The salt, with the exception of expedition. The animals consist chiefly of
a thin shell, had been completely eaten by birds and zoophytes, some of which are
the insect. Never having met with or heard
of a parallel circumstance, I was induced to Germany. The king of Prussia has
investiga more minutely, with a view to granted Baron Humboldt £2000 a-year,
discover if I might not have been deceived. and all necessary instruments, to enable
On recovering the spider, I found it was of him to prosecute, advantageously to science,
the species “ Araneu Scenica.It had his projected journey into the interior of the
assumed a perfectly black colour; was, on Indian peninsula.
being approached or disturbed, remarkably Denmark. In the spring of the year
brisk in his motions; but at other times 1816, his Majesty the king of Denmark
would drag his legs after him in a peculiarly resolved to have a trigonometrical measure-
sluggish manner. Having cleaned the box, ment executed in Denmark, and intrusted
I deposited the insect in it, with a lump of it to Professor Schumacher. One of the
nearly two ounces of sulphate of zinc. In instruments being damaged in the carriage,
about ten weeks he had pierced this also, the operation could not be begun that year.
and, as usual, had produced a considerable The year following, Professor Schumacher

tion of the powder. I then deposite went to Münich, and there received, from other metallic salts, as sulphates of iron, M. Reichenbach, a new instrument, in the lead, and copper, muriates of lead and mer room of the damaged one. Since that time cury, and nitrates of copper and silver, with the operations have been prosecuted without the sulphate of zinc in the box; but the interruption, and the series of triangles now spider did not leave the latter, nor did he extend from Lauenberg to Fühnen. In touch either of the other salts, though I re Denmark and the Duchies four degrees and moved the sulphate of zinc for a time from a half of latitude will be measured, and the box. Being thus satisfied of the fact, I from Copenhagen to the West Coast the endeavoured to ascertain if the salt had un same number of degrees of longitude. dergone any chemical change in passing A few months ago, the Hanoverian go. through the spider, I caused him to fast vernment joined in this great scientific opetwo days, then deposited him in a clean ration; and the celebrated M. Gauss, di. box with 200 gr. of sulphate of zinc; and rector of the observatory at Gottingen, was when I perceived he had eaten nearly half ordered to go to Luneburg, there to connect of it, I carefully weighed the remainder one of the steeples with the Danish triangles, with the powdery substance; it weighed in order to continue the series of triangles 170 gr. : here was a loss of near 30 per through the kingdom of Hanover. This cent." This, however, might be in part wa connexion is now accomplished ; and it will

I therefore collected 60 gr. of the be happy for astronomy and geography, if powder, on which I poured six ounces of all the neighbouring states wil thus assist boiling water. A considerable part remained in bringing them to perfection. undissolved, though frequently agitated, Royal Geological Society of Cornwall.during two days. Ten drops of sulphuric In our last, we gave an acconnt of the Fifth acid were then added, and the whole was Anniversary Meeting of the Royal Geologidissolved. It seems probable, therefore, cal Society of Cornwall, and, according to that the sulphate of zinc had been deprived our promise, we now present our readers of part of its acid in passing through the with a short account of the Papers read at spider.

The insect at this time seems per the Meeting, for which we have been in. feetly healthy, having eaten nearly four debted to a Correspondent. ounces of the salt in about six months.

1. The first paper was by the Secretary, Notice respecting the Discovery of Pearl Dr Forbes, and was a sort of “ ELOGE on Sinter. An English traveller of St John's Natural History.” In descanting on the College, Cambridge, Mr Hastings Robina various advantages arising from this study,

ter.

" On

the author took notice of its effects in aug- tary. On the present occasion Dr F. had menting our relish for the works of nature, only time to read that portion of his paper by superadding the higher intellectual plea- which treated of the Granite of the Land'ssures to the delights afforded by the mere End district, and of the Slate Formation ob. contemplation of beautiful or sublime ob- servable on the shores of the parishes of jects ; its power in preventing the evils flow. Burian, Sennen, St Just, Zennor, Towed. ing from an excessive and vague admiration nack, St Ives, and Lelant. In this paper of the works of nature ; its ready and un the author denied the stratification of the cumbersome association with other pursuits; Cornish Granite ; stated the Slate Formaits tendency to promote health and cheer- tion of the district, which he described 'to fulness ; its power in averting and relieving consist of the following five rocks : Hornunhappiness ; its beneficial influence in blend Rock, Greenstone, Felspar Rock, Slaty leading to religion ; its conferring a relish Felspar, and Clay Slate ; and expressed his for simple pleasures ; its influence in im- belief of the contemporaneous origin of these proving the taste and judgment, and in rocks, and the fundamental Granite. As an quickening our habits of observation. irresistible argument in favour of this opin

2. An extremely interesting paper by Mr ion, and as of itself subversive of the HutJos. Carne, “ On the relative Age of the tonian theory, he adduced the frequent inVeins of Cornwall ;” in which the ingeni. stances observable on the Cornish shores, of ous and industrious author attempts, by fair Granite veins originating in the same rock, deductions from an immense collection of intersecting each other, and exhibiting at facts, to establish six or seven classes of the point of intersection the appearance callveins, differing in the order and period of ed a shift or heave. their formation. This paper does not ad. 7._Í'wo very interesting papers mit of abridgement. It is of considerable the Tin Trade of the Ancients ;"—one by length, and was characterised by the secre the Reverend Mr Greatheed, the other by tary, who read it, as the most valuable com. the Treasurer, H. Boase, Esq. The latter munication that had yet been presented to gentleman brought forward many ingenious the Society

arguments in support of a somewhat hete3. Two very valuable papers from the rodox opinion, which he holds, respecting pen of the learned Mr J. Hawkins : one “On the knowledge of Britain possessed by the the Nomenclature of the Cornish Rocks,” ancients. He denies that Cornwall was ever as fixed by Werner, from specimens pre- visited by the Phænicians, and maintains, sented to that great geologist by Mr Haw- that, if any islands denominated Cassiterides kins : another, “ On Floors of Tinstone. really did exist, they certainly formed no On this occasion the Society elected Mr part of the present British Dominions. Hawkins an honorary member.

Besides the papers above-mentioned, there 4. A paper “ On the Horublend Forma. were some before the Society that were not tion of the parish of St Cleer, and on the read. Notices were also delivered in by Mr geology of other parts of Cornwall,” by the Jos. Carne, of the quantity of tin and copper Rev. Mr John Rogers. In this communi- raised in Cornwall, Ireland, and Wales, cation the author detailed the various rela- during the year ending June 30, 1818; and tions and localities of this formation, and il. several catalogues of Geological and other lustrated the whole by a map of the dis- specimens, were presented to the Society by trict, and numerous specimens of the rocks. different gentlemen. -Several interesting specimens were also pre In the course of the meeting, Lord Dunsented by Mr Rogers, from the slate quar- stanville took occasion to notice the presenries of Tintagel, illustrating the nature of tation of a piece of plate, value 150 guineas, those appearances that have hitherto been to Dr. Paris; to whom, also, thanks were generally considered as exhibiting the im- voted for superintending the publication of pression of shells, and, consequently, as de- the first volume of the Society's Transactions. monstrating the secondary nature of our From the Report of the Curator, Mr Ed. Cornish slate. Mr Rogers is of opinion, ward Giddy, of whose correct, lucid, and and it would seem justly, that these suppos- elegant arrangement of the mineralogical ed organic impressions are mere varieties of cabinet much approbation was expressed by structure of the slaty matter itself.

the meeting, it appears that upwards of 1600 5. A paper by Miss Hill of Barnstaple, new specimens have been added to the Ca. « On the Discovery of Hydragyllite." binet since last anniversary; an augmentaFrom this communication it appears that tion which, we understand, arises entirely the brother of Miss Hill, late surgeon in from private donations. In the 'Treasurer's Barnstaple, and not Dr Wavell, as is com report the following donations, among others monly believed, was the original discoverer during last year, were acknowledged: Lord of this mineral.

Mount Edgecumbe, 20 guineas ; Lord Saint 6. A paper by Dr Forbes, “ On the Geo- Germans, ž0 guineas ; Lord De Dunstanlogy of that part of Cornwall lying to the 'ville (his Lordship's fourth donation) 10 westward of Hayle and Cuddan Point ;" il- guineas ; E. W. W. Pendarves, 10 guineas; · lustrated by numerous specimens, and by Davies Gilbert, Esq. M. P. (a new donation) an elegant geological map, and many plans 5 guineas, together with a valuable rain and drawings by Mr Moyle, assistant secre gauge.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]

HB

[ocr errors]

Occurrences of the late War, and of the
LONDON.

Character and Customs of the Pindaries.
To which are added, a Description of the
Sculptured Mountains of Ellora, and of the

recent interesting Discoveries within the
Our readers will be delighted to learn that Tombs of the Pyramids of Egypt ; by
the Author of “ The Pleasures of Memory'is Major Fitz-Clarence ; with maps, plans,
on the point of giving to the public another and views. 4to.
poem, under the title of The Four Ages of The new edition of Mr Ricardo's valuable
Man.

work on the Principles of Political Economy The Rev. George Crabbe has now in the and Taxation, will be ready for publication press a Series of Poems, under the title of in January. Tales of the Hall.

Mr Thomas Campbell's long-expected It is generally reported that the author of work on the Poetry of Great Britain, which Beppo has a poem, in a similar style, now has formed the chief occupation of seven on its way to England, entitled, Don Juan.

years, will certainly be published in Janu. We are authorised to contradict the re ary. The first volume consists entirely of port that Mr Brummell, of fashionable me an original Introductory Essay on English mory, had sold the MS. of his Memoirs of Poetry. His Own-Times, to Mr Murray, for £4000. A Churchman's Second Epistle, with ilNo such MS. having been either received, lustrative Notes, by the author of Religio it is believed, written.

Clerici, is in the press. Captain John Ross, commander of the A Life of the Admirable Crichton, with expedition, has in the press, and nearly Notes and Original Illustrations, will shortly ready for publication, an Account of his be sent to the press. Voyage of Discovery to the Arctic Regions, In the press, and will be published on in Search of a North-west Passage, in his the 1st of February 1819, No I. of Views Majesty's Ships Isabella and Alexander ; in in the Tyrol, engraved by W. B. Cooke, one quarto volume, with proofs and nume from Drawings by P. Dewint. The Ori. rous engravings.

ginal Sketches by Major Cockburn of the Early in the spring will also be pub- Royal Artillery, made in the year 1817. lished, in one 8vo volume, with plates, ano This Work will be handsomely printed ther Account of the Voyage in search of a in Quarto Grand Elephant, to be completed North-west Passage, by his Majesty's Ships in Twelve Parts, each Part to contain Two Isabella and Alexander, under the command Views, price 10s. to be published Quarterly. of Captain John Ross, R. N. including a A limited number of Proofs will be printed detail of the astronomical and other obser- in Imperial Folio (the size of Stuart's. vations, with notes on the natural history of Athens), at 16s. each Part. A Description the Greenland seas and the adjacent coasts ; of the Tyrol in English and French will be by Edward Sabine, Esq. F.R.S. and F.L.S. presented to the Subscribers in the course of Captain in the Royal Regiment of Artillery, the Publication. who accompanied the expedition at the re No V. of the Thames will be published on commendation of the President and Council the 1st of February 1819. of the Royal Society.

On the 1st of March 1819 will be pubCaptain David Buchan, whose interesting lished, No II. of Delineations of the Cele. account of his former expedition into the brated City of Pompeii, Engraved by W. interior of Newfoundland is printed in the B. Cooke, from Drawings by Major Cockappendix to Mr Barrow's valuable History burn of the Royal Artillery. In this Numof Voyages to the Arctic Regions, has in ber will appear a highly finished Frontis. the press a Narrative of an attempt to dis- piece of an Eruption of Mount Vesuvius, cover a Passage over the North Pole to from a Magnificent Drawing by J. M. W. Behring's Straits, in H. M. S. Dorothea Turner, R. A. and twenty-five Plates of Pomand Trent; with plates.

peii. A Valuable Addition is presented to the The eldest son of the Duke of Clarence Work by a celebrated Antiquarian ; Paint. has announced for publication, Minutes of ings on the Walls and Ceilings, with Mo. a Journey over Land from Bundlecund, saic Pavements of the Principal Villas. the Head Quarters of the Marquess of Has. These will be carefully Coloured in exact tings, through Egypt to England, in the Imitation of the Originals,--some of thun Years 1817-18, with an Account of the will be published in Part II.

son.

The Rev. James Townley, author of A Grammar of the German Language, “ Biblical Anecdotes,” has nearly ready for written with a view to facilitate its study, by the press, Illustrations of Biblical Litera C. T. Kersten, will be published in the ture, exhibiting the history and fate of the course of the present month. The author Bacred writings, from the earliest period to has endeavoured to simplify the principles the present ; including biographical notices of that language, and to remove the difficul. of eminent translators of the Bible, and ties' attached to some parts of its acquisition. other biblical scholars. The work will be The Rev. John Griffin has in the press, a interspersed with historical sketches of eccle- third edition of his Memoirs of Captain siastical manners and superstitions, and va James Wilson, considerably improved, and rious dissertations on the origin of alpha. ornamented with a portrait of Captain Wil. betical characters; and will be accompanied with fac-similes of several biblical manu. In January, a work will be published, in scripts, and other engravings.

a small volume octavo, entitled Apeleutherus, Mr Hone proposes to elucidate his forth or an Effort to attain Intellectual Freedom; coming enlarged Report of his Three Trials, in four parts-1. On religious and moral inby an abundance of additions, from mate struction: 2. On public and social worship; rials of singular interest and rarity, with nu 3. On supernatural revelation ; 4. On a fumerous coloured and other engravings, and ture state.--A small impression of this portraits, and various fac-similes, which will work, in a very imperfect state, was some render it as acceptable to the curious col. years ago distributed amongst the author's lector as to the general reader. The work friends, but never advertised for sale. It is in forwardness, and will be printed in royal has since received many additions, altera8vo, by subscription.

tions, and corrections; and he wishes those The first number of Swiss Scenery, with friends to consider the former impression as five engravings, from drawings by Major entirely superseded and cancelled by the Cockburn, will be published in January. present publication.

Parliamentary Letters, and other poems, In December will be published, La Renby Q-in-the-Corner, are about to be pub- trée des Vacances, ou Present aux Jeunes lished.

Demoiselles, par Marie Antonette Le Noir, A work will very soon be published by auteur des Conversations d'Ermstine, &c. Mr W. F. Pocock, architect, calculated to In the press and shortly will be published, supply the wants of many persons who, at Duravernum, or Sketches, Historical and this time, are seeking information and direc- Descriptive, of Canterbury, with other tions in furtherance of the intentions of the Poems; by A. Brooke, Esq. legislature, in building a number of new Miss Spence, author of Sketches of the churches. It will consist of a series of de. Manners, Customs, and Scenery, of Scotsigns for churches and chapels of various di. land, &c. &c. is preparing for publication a mensions and styles, with plans, sections, &c. a new work, entitled, a Traveller's Tale of

Mr Picquot, author of “ The Universal the last Century. Geography,” has in the press a Chronologi In the press, Coral, a novel, in 3 vols. cal Abridgment of the History of Modern 12mo. Europe, compiled from the best English, Shortly will appear, in one volume, Svo. French, and German authors.

Practical Observations on the Construction A work, designed as a proper companion and Principles of Instruments for the reto the “ Comforts of Old Age,” is now in moval of Muscular Contraction of the the press, and will be published in a few Limbs, Distortion of the Spine, and every days, called the Enjoyments of Youth. The other Species of Personal Deformity ; by object of the author of this small work, the John Felton (late of Hinckley), surgical scenery of which is laid in genteel life, is to mechanist to the General Institution for the impress upon the minds of the young the relief of bodily deformities, Birmingham. pleasures of religion and morality, in con Abeillard and Heloisa, a new and ori. tradistinction to the inanity of the customary ginal didactive poem, is now in the press, and pursuits (which are delineated) of the wellwill be published in a few days ; called, a bred young of both sexes in modern days. Nineteenth Century, and Familiar History The story is told, not in the way of dry and of the Lives, Loves, and Misfortunes of abstract axioms, but by scenes (in the Vicar. Abeillard and Heloisa, a matchless pair, of-Wakefield style) in which all or most who flourished in the twelfth century! by may be supposed to participate in their pro- Robert Rabelais, the younger. The work gress through life.

is altogether historical, but the various eluciMr Parkinson is preparing for the press, dations may be deemed a material, matria Familiar Introduction to the Study of monial, comical, farcical, tragical, satirical, Fossils.

anecdotical, clerical, nautical, regimental, Mr Chase, of Cambridge, has in the ethical, metaphysical, theological, philosopress a work on Antinomianism, in which phical, critical, political, and all the terminahe has endeavoured to convict the abettors tive faculty of als ! of that heresy, of hostility to the doctrines Mr S. Fleming has círculated proposals of Grace.

for publishing, by subscription, at two

matter.

guineas, the Life of Demosthenes ; contain- prehensive account of the soil, productions, ing all that is recorded of that celebrated climate, and present state of improvement, orator, both in his private and public con of the regions described, than any work duct; with an account of the age of Philiphitherto published. Accompanied by a map of Macedon and Alexander the Great, em of the United States, engraved expressly bracing the most interesting and brilliant for this work from Mellish's large map, period of ancient Greece, in arts, literature, improved to January 1, 1818. and eloquence. It will be handsomely printed on a fine paper, and make a large quarto volume, replete with curious and valuable

EDINBURGH. Mr Roscoe has in the press, a work on Penal Jurisprudence and the Reformation Tales of My Landlord. Collected and of Criminals ; which will include an inquiry arranged by Jedediah Cleishbotham, schoolinto the motives, ends, and limits of human master and parish-clerk of Gandercleugh. punishments; and also, as to the effect of The Third Series, in 4 vols. 12mo. punishment by way of example ; and on Marriage, a novel. The second edition, the prevention of crimes. The work will 3 vols. 12mo. will be published in January. also contain the latest accounts respecting Supplement to the Encyclopædia Brithe state-prisons and penitentiaries in the tannica ; edited by Macvey Napier, Esq. United States. From so philosophical a F. R. S. Lond. and Edin. vol. iii. part. 2d. pen, a treatise on these subjects cannot fail, 4to. at this time, to be peculiarly valuable. An improved edition, in 2 vols 8vo, of

Undina; a tale, from the German of Bas Schmidius' Concordance to the Greek New ron de le Motte Fougue ; by the Hon. Wil. Testament, from the Glasgow University liam Robert Spenser ; with engravings, press, will appear in January. is nearly completed.

We are happy in being the first to anThe Heraldic Cyclopædia, or Dictionary nounce to the public, that Mr James Hogg, of Heraldry ; by William Berry, Esq. late the celebrated Ettrick Shepherd, having of the College of Arms.

been 'employed by the Highland Society of A second volume of the Letters of Horace London to collect and arrange the Jacobite Walpole, royal quarto.

relics of his native country, has been silentA Treatise on Midwifery, developing a ly prosecuting this task for some time past, new principle by which labour is shortened, and has already in the press the first porand the sufferings of the patient alleviated. tion of his interesting labours. The work,

A Treatise on Medical Logick, founded we understand, is to consist of all the Jacoon practice, with facts and observations ; by bite songs of merit, published as well as unSir Gilbert Blane.

published, with the original airs to which In the press, Scripture Costume, exhi- they were composed or sung ; together with bited in a series of engravings, accurately every anecdote that can be procured of clans, coloured in imitation of the drawings repre- families, and individuals, which is calculasenting

the principal personages mentioned ted to illustrate the chivalrous history of the in the

Old and New Testament, drawn un times, and the often romantic exploits of der the superintendence of B. West, Esq. those who took an active part in the diffeP.R.A.; by R. Satchwell. Accompanied rent rebellions, and were distinguished for with biographical and historical sketches. their attachment to the exiled house of Imperial 4to.

Stuart. In the press, a work of considerable inte This, we think, will form a very curious rest, entitled, The General Gazetteer, or and interesting national work, especially

migrant's Guide to the Western and South- when we consider the ungleaned and extenwestern States and Territories of America ; sive field that lies before the Editor, and containing a geographical and statistical de the host of respectable individuals who have scription of the states of Louisiana, Indiana, interested themselves in the success of his Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio, undertaking. Ever since the publication of the territories of Alabama, Missouri, Illi the “ Queen's Wake,” Mr Hogg has occunois, and Michigan, and the western parts pied a distinguished place in the literary anof Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New York ; nals of our country, and there is perhaps no with a complete list of the road and river man living to whom such a task could be routes west of the Aleghany Mountains, and with more propriety confided, or to whom the connecting roads from New York, Phi families possessed of the necessary doculadelphia, Washington city, to New Or ments will with greater willingness commuleans, St Louis, and Pittsburg. In this nicate them. Like his illustrious friend and

the Emigrant's Guide to the West brother Mr Walter Scott, and his immortal ern and South-western States, by Wil predecessor Robert Burns, Mr Hogg has liam Darby, of the New York Historical evinced, in various parts of his writings, at Society, and the Western Gazetteer, or least a poetical sympathy with the wayward · Emigrant's Directory, by S. R. Brown, are fortunes of the Pretender and his followers, united ; the whole comprising a more com and perhaps one of the finest apologies that VOL. IV.

3 A

« AnteriorContinuar »