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Where Rome, the Empress of the world,
1 The torrent which discharges itself from Loch Vennachar, the lowest and eastmost of the three lakes which form the scenery adjoining to the Trosachs, sweeps through a flat and extensive moor, called Bochastle. Upon a small eminence, called the Dun of Bochastle, and indeed on the plain itself, are some intrenchments, which have been thought Roman. There is, adjacent to Callender, a sweet villa, the residence of Captain Fairfoul, entitled the Roman Camp.
["One of the most entire and beautiful remains of a Roman encampment now to be found in Scotland, is to be seen at Ardoch, near Greenloaning, about six miles to the eastward of Dunblane. This encampment is supposed, on good grounds, to have been constructed during the fourth campaign of Agricola in Britain ; it is 1060 feet in length, and 900 in breadth ; it could contain 26,000 men, according to the ordinary distribution of the Roman soldiers in their encampments. There appears to have been three or four ditches, strongly fortified, surrounding the camp. The four entries crossing the lines are still to be seen distinctly. The general's quarter rises above the level of the camp, but is not exactly in the centre. It is a regular square of twenty yards, enclosed with a stone wall, and containing the foundations of a house, 30 feet by 20. There is a subterraneous communication with a smaller encampment at a little distance, in which several Roman helmets, spears, &c. have been found. From this camp at Ardoch, the great Roman highway runs east to Bertha, about 14 miles distant, where the Roman army is believed to have passed over the Tay into Strathmore."-GRAHAM.]
This murderous Chief, this ruthless man,
XIII. The Saxon paused :"I ne'er delay'd, When foeman bade me draw my blade; Nay, more, brave Chief, I vowed thy death : Yet sure thy fair and generous faith, And my deep debt for life preserved, A better meed have well deserved ; Can nought but blood our feud atone ? Are there no means ?"_"No, Stranger, none ! And here,-to fire thy flagging zeal,The Saxon cause rests on thy steel; For thus spoke Fate, by prophet bred Between the living and the dead; • Who spills the foremost foeman's life, His party conquers in the strife."" “ Then, by my word,” the Saxon said,
The riddle is already read.
[See Appendix, Note N.]
Seek yonder brake beneath the cliff,--
XIV. Dark lightning flashed from Roderick's eye“Soars thy presumption, then, so high, Because a wretched kern ye slew, Homage to name of Roderick Dhu? He yields not, he, to man nor Fate ! 2 Thou add'st but fuel to
[MS.--"In lightning flash'd the Chief's dark eye."} * [MS.— He stoops not, he, to James nor Fate."]
-" I thank thee, Roderick, for the word !
1 [" The two principal figures are contrasted with uncommon felicity. Fitz-James, who more nearly resembles the French Henry the Fourth than the Scottish James V., is gay, amorous, fickle, intrepid, impetuous, affectionate, courteous, graceful, and dignified. Roderick is gloomy, vindictive, arrogant, undaunted, but constant in his affections, and true to his engagements; and the whole passage in which these personages are placed in opposition, from their first meeting to their final conflict, is conceived and written with a sublimity which has been carely equalled."--Quarterly Review, 1810.]
1 A round target of light wood, covered with strong leather and studded with brass or iron, was a necessary part of a Highlander's equipment. In charging regular troops, they received the thrust of the bayonet in this buckler, twisted it aside, and used the broadsword against the encumbered soldier. In the civil war of 1745, most of the front rank of the clans were thus armed : and Captain Grose informs us, that in 1747, the privates of the 42d regiment, then in Flanders, were for the most part permitted to carry targets.—Military Antiquities, vol. i. p. 164. A person thus armed had a considerable advantage in private fray. Among verses between Swift and Sheridan, lately published by Dr Barret, there is an account of such an encounter, in which the circumstances, and consequently the relative superiority of the combatants, are precisely the reverse of those in the text:
"A Highlander once fought a Frenchman at Margate.
Me will fight you, be gar ! if you'll come from your door." 2 The use of defensive armour, and particularly of the buckler, or target, was general in Queen Elizabeth's time although that of the single rapier seems to have been occasionally practised much earlier.3 Rowland Yorke, however, who betrayed the fort
& See Douce's Illustrations of Shakspeare, vol. ii. p. 61.