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settled. There being a central point, around which there will be congregated young men from different sections of the Union, till be a mean, not only of binding to diligence in study, but of the excitement of religious zeal,” Pastoral Letter, p..7.
The General Theological Seminary, providing as it does for the more minute diffusion of its benefits by the ipstitution of Brunch schools under its control, wherever and whenever the wisdom of the General Convention and the Board of Trustees may deem the measure expedient, ought to receive the undivided and zealous support of the wbole American Church. Short-sighted and highly injurious, we conceive, will be that policy which, swayed by local circumstances, would dictate, or sanction, or aid a contrary course. Under the deep impression of this sentiment, we confess we have heard with inexpressible regret, that a plan for a theological seminary in the diocese of Ohio, independent of the general authority of the Church, has been formed ; and that a person high in office in the Church in that diocese, is at this moment in this country soliciting contributions for that and other diocesan purposes ; that he is cireulating a pamphlet, containing matter which delicacy and dignity require should never have been published in his own country, and least of all bere; that this pamphlet, professing a candid exhibition of the whole case, keeps back some documents more important than any inserted in it; and that the pretext for this is, a state of suffering in that diocese, very highly coloured but, as far as it is correct, common to that with many other parts of the United States, as well as of British America, and for which relief should be sought in the institutions which his own Churel has provided, and on the wisdom of its councils. And we have heard that all this is done in opposition to the almost unanimous remonstrances of the bishóps, and the general sentiment of the clergy and laity. We say we have heard all this : but we trust and we pray that it is not sơ. For if thus early in the American Episcopal Church, an example is to be recorded of a disregard of considerations deeply involving her dignity, order, unity, and peace, we own that our sanguine aptieipations of her future elevated standing, will be somewbat diminished.
The following is an extract from a letter addressed to the person in question, by the Right Reverend Bishop White, of Pennsylvania, who is justly considered as the Father of the American Episcopacy; and which we take from a printed docament. We think it's statements and reasonings are entirefy conclusive.
After stating that he was requested to write by several of his brethren, Bishop White observes :
“ •One of the objections, is the interference with an object so much approved of by our communion throughout the United States, as that of founding a general Theological School. There is the less reason for the setting up of a Diocesan Seminary, because of that part of our general plan, which leaves an opening for the institution of branches. Under this head, I add for your information that there has been a reduction of board to 2700 dollars per week ; and although this may be too much for young men from Ohio, it is equally so for others from different parts of the Union : who, on that account, are obliged to study under the directions of such private clergymen as can bestow their services to the effect. If candidates from the said States should be reduced to this necessity for a time, it is no more than what has happened to all of our students, until lately, and is the case to this hour with the greater number of them.
“ Next, in regard to the employment of Missionaries, we are of opinion, that when we have recently constituted a society for that object, the collections for it will be damped by the knowledge of collections inaking in England from any state ; and much more, if applications should be made from various quarters of the United States; for, that the example in one instance should have many
fol. lowers, we are persuaded ; unless it should be understood to be disapproved of generally by our communion. This brings us to a very serious objection. It is, that in the event of a multiplying of Missions to England, there will be brought great disgrace on our Church. Perhaps you entertain the idea that there is no probability of this evil : but look at the large states Westward and Southward, which are now even more destitute than that of Ohio. Then look at the immense districts of the Atlantic States, which have no more than they of the administration of the Ordinances : for instance, at least the half of Pennsylvania, and the same may be said of others. So near to me as in the State of Delaware, there is an entire prostration of the Church, except lately in the single county of Newcastle. Why not send a Mission to England from any or from all of these quarters ? Here, I will say something grounded on my own observation, and for which I only am responsible. I conceive that one of the greatest nuisances among us, is that of a considerable proportion of the demands made on our large cities for pecuniary contributions. Of some I know, and have good grounds to suspect of many, that the applicants carried back little more than paid their expences. Nevertheless, it is an induce ment in different neighbourhoods, to propose journeys-perhaps for beneficent objects, which are benefited in a degree, making a small compensation for the great waste of supplies which would be better applied to valuable establishments at home. This is 3 mentioned as an aggravation of the evil, should it occur, of numerous envoys for charity from this country to England, to the great discredit of our Church, where we ought to be held in respect, as we trust we now are.'
The following document relates to another object of the mission here referred to :
" At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, held at the residence of the Right Rev. Bishop White, in the city of Philadelphia, on the 1st day of October, A.D. 1823.
“ It was stated to the Board that there has been announced the design of making an application in England for the raising of money to be applied to Missionary purposes in the United States.
" Whereupon, resolved, as the opinion of this Board, that every expedient for the said object may have an unfavourable effect on the prospects of the Society which we represent; that it may excite other applications to the same source, and that the effeet of such measures will probably be, the lessening of the respectability of our Church in the estimation of our venerable mother the Church of England, and as we believe, will have that effect with our fellow citizens of the American Union.
“ The opinion now expressed is not designed to discountenance the thankful acceptance of any pecuniary contributions which may be presented from a foreign country either generally to the Society which we represent, or for the Missionary exertions of any particular state.”
Knowing the interest which is taken by many of our readers in the concerns of the American Episcopal Church, and their desire for information on the topics which this article explains, we trust no apology is necessary for having devoted to it so many of our pages.
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The Approach of the latter Days: in Pour Dissertations on the following Subjects :-The Sword, or War, Pestilence, Famine, and Antichrist. Reprinted from a Work published in 1715. 8vo. 7s.
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