Imágenes de páginas


seems that Virgil, as he advanced in years, became desirous of by the beard ; but he had no sooner touched the formidable renovating his youth by magical art. For this purpose he whiskers, than the corpse started up, and half unsheathed his constructed a solitary tower, having only one narrow portal, in sword. The Israelite fled; and so permanent was the effect of which he placed twenty-four copper figures, armed with iron his terror, that he became Christian.--Heywood's Hierarchie fails, twelve on each side of the porch. These enchanted p. 480, quoted from Sebastian Cobarrurias Crozee. statnes struck with their flails incessantly, and rendered all entrance impossible, unless when Virgil touched the spring, which stopped their lotion. To this tower he repaired privately, attended by one trusty servant, to whom he communicated the

NOTE 2 I. secret of the entrance, and hither they conveyed all the magician's treasure. “Then sayde Virgilius, my dere beloved The Baron's Dwarf his courser held.-P. 27. frende, and that I above alle men truste and knowe mooste of my secret ;" and then he led the man into a cellar, where he The idea of Lord Cranstoun's Goblin Page is taken from a made a fayer lamp at all seasons burnynge. “And then being called Gilpin Horner, who appeared, and made some sayd Virgilius to the man, 'Se you the barrel that standeth stay, at a farm-house among the Border-mountains. A gentle here ?' and he sayd, yea : "Therein must thou put me : fyrst man of that country has noted down the following particulars ye must slee me, and hewe me smalle to pieces, and cut my concerning his appearance :hed in iïii pieces, and salte the heed under in the bottom, and “The only certain, at least most probable account, that ever then the pieces there after, and my herte in the myddel, and I heard of Gilpin Horner, was from an old man, of the name then set the barrel under the lampe, that nyghte and day the of Anderson, who was born, and lived all his life at Todshawfat therein may droppe and leake; and ye shall ix dayes long, hill, in Eskedale-muir, the place where Gilpin appeared and ones in the day, fyll the lampe, and fayle nat. And when this staid for some time. He said there were two men, late in the is all done, then shall I be renened, and made yonge agen." evening, when it was growing dark, employed in fastening the At this extraordinary proposal, the confidant was sore abashed, horses upon the uttermost part of their ground (that is, tying and made some scruple of obeying his master's commands. their forefeet together, to hinder them from travelling far in At length, however, he complied, and Virgil was slain, pick- the night), when they heard a voice at some distance, crying, led, and barrelled up, in all respects according to his own "Tint! Tint! Tint!'1 One of the men, named Moffat, direction. The servant then left the tower, taking care to put called out, What diel has tint you ? Come here,' Immethe copper thrashers in motion at his departure. He continued diately a creature, of something like a human form, appeared. daily to visit the tower with the same precaution. Meanwhile, It was surprisingly little, distorted in features, and misshapen the emperor, with whom Virgil was a great favorite, missed in limbs. As soon as the two men could see it plainly, they him from the court, and demanded of his servant where he ran home in a great fright, imagining they had met with some

The domestic pretended ignorance, till the emperor goblin. By the way, Moffat fell, and it ran over him, and was threatened him with death, when at length he conveyed him home at the house as soon as either of them, and staid there a to the enchanted tower. The same threat extorted a discovery long time; but I cannot say how long. It was real flesh and of the mode of stopping the statues from wielding their flails. blood, and ate and drank, was fond of cream, and, wben “And then the emperour entered into the castle with all his it could get at it, would destroy a great deal. It seemed a folke, and sought all aboute in every corner after Virgilius ; mischievous creature; and any of the children whom it conld and at the laste they sought so longe, that they came into the master, it would beat and scratch without merey. It was once seller, where they sawe the lampe hang over the barrell, abusing a child belonging to the same Moffat, who had been where Virgilius lay in deed. Then asked the emperour the so frightened by its first appearance; and he, in a passion, man, who had made hym so herdy to put his mayster Virgi- struck it so violent a blow upon the side of the head, that it lius so to dethe ; and the man answered no worde to the em- tumbled upon the ground; but it was not stanned ; for it set perour. And then the emperour, with great anger, drewe out up its head directly, and exclaimed, “Ah, hah, Will o' Moffat, his sworde, and slewe he there Virgilius' man. And when all you strike sair !' (viz.. sore). After it had staid there long, one this was done, then sawe the emperour, and all his folke, a evening, when the women were milking the cows in the loan, naked child iii ty mes rennynge about the barrell, saynge these it was playing among the children near by them, when suddenly wordes, Cursed be the tyme that ye ever came here. And they heard a loud shrill voice cry three times, 'Gilpin Horwith those words vanyshed the chylde awaye, and was never ner!' It started, and said, That is me, I must away,' and sene ageyn; and thus abyd Virgilius in the barrell deed."- instantly disappeared, and was never heard of more. Old AnVirgilius, bl. let., printed at Antwerpe by John Doesborcke. derson did not remember it, but said, he had often heard his This curious volume is in the valuable library of Mr. Douce; father, and other old men in the place, who were there at the and is supposed to be a translation from the French, printed time, speak about it; and in my younger years I have often in Flanders for the English market. See Goujet Biblioth. heard it mentioned, and never met with any who had the reFranc. ix. 225. Catalogue de la Bibliothèque Nationale, tom. motest doubt as to the truth of the story ; although, I must Ü. p. 5. De Bure, No. 3857.

own, I cannot help thinking there must be some misrepresentation in it."- To this account, I have to add the following par ticulars from the most respectable authority. Besides constantly repeating the word tint! tint! Gilpin Horner was often

heard to call upon Peter Bertram, or Be-te-ram, as he pronounNOTE 2 H.

ced the word ; and when the shrill voice called Gilpin Horner,

he immediately acknowledged it was the summons of the said Then Deloraine, in terror, took

Peter Bertram : who seems therefore to have been the devil From the cold hand the Mighty Book,

who had tint, or lost, the little imp. As much has been obHe

jected to Gilpin Horner, on account of his being supposed thought, as he took it, the dead man frown'd.-P. 26.

rather a device of the author than a popular superstition, I can

only say, that no legend which I ever heard seemed to be William of Deloraine might be strengthened in this belief by

more universally credited ; and that many persons of very good the well-known story of the Cid Ruy Diaz. When the body rank, and considerable information, are well known to repose of that famous Christian champion was sitting in state by the

absolute faith in the tradition. high altar of the cathedral church of Toledo, where it remained for ten years, a certain malicious Jew attempted to pull him

1 Tint signifies lost.


that the appearance of an object shall be totally different from

the reality. The transformation of Michael Scott by the witch But the Ladye of Branksome gather'd a band

of Falsehope, already mentioned, was a genuine operation of Of the best that would ride at her command.-P. 27.

glamour. To a similar charm the ballad of Johnny Fa' im“Upon 25th June, 1557, Dame Janet Beatoune Lady Bue- pates the fascination of the lovely Countess, who eloped with cleach, and a great number of the name of Scott, delaitit (ae

that gipsy leader :cused) for coming to the kirk of St. Mary of the Lowes, to the

"Sae soon as they saw her weel-far'd face, Aumber of two hundred persons bodin in feire of weire (arrayed

They cast the glamour o'er her." in armor), and breaking open the door of the said kirk, in order to apprehend the Laird of Cranstoune for his destruction.” It was formerly used even in war. In 1381, when the Duke On the 20th July, a warrant from the Queen is presented, dis- of Anjou lay before a strong castle, upon the coast of Naples, charging the justice to proceed against the Lady Buccleuch a necromancer offered to “make the ayre so thycke, that they while new calling-Abridgment of Books of Adjournal, in within shall thynke that there is a great bridge on the see (by Advocates Library.—The following proceedings upon this which the castle was surrounded) for ten men to go a front; case appear on the record of the Court of Justiciary : On the 'and whan they within the castle se this bridge, they will be so 95th of June, 1557, Robert Scott, in Bowhill parish, priest of afrayde, that they shall yelde them to your mercy. The the kirk of St. Mary's, accused of the convocation of the Duke demanded, Fayre Master, on this bridge that ye speke Queen's lieyes, to the number of two hundred persons, in war- of, may our people assuredly go thereon to the castell, to aslike array, with jaeks, helmets, and other weapons, and march- sayle it ??— Syr,' quod the enchantour, *I dare not assure you ing to the chapel of St. Mary of the Lowes, for the slaughter that; for if any that passeth on the bridge make the signe of the of Sir Peter Cranstoun, out of ancient fead and malice pre- crosse on hym, all shall go to noughte, and they that be on the pense, and of breaking the doors of the said kirk, is repledged bridge shall fall into the see.' Then the Duke began to laugh ; by the Archbishop of Glasgow. The bail given by Robert and a certain of young knightes, that were there present, said, Scott of Allanhaugh, Adam Scott of Burnfute, Robert Scott Syr, for godsake, let the mayster assey his cunning: we shall in Howfurde, Walter Scott in Todshawhaugh, Walter Scott leve making of any signe of the crosse on us for that tyme.'younger of Synton, Thomas Scott of Hayning, Robert The Earl of Savoy, shortly after, entered the tent, and recogScott, William Scott, and James Scott, brothers of the said nized in the enchanter the same person who had put the castle Walter Scott, Walter Scott in the Woll, and Walter Scott, into the power of Sir Charles de la Payx, who then held it, by son of William Scoit of Harden, and James Wemyss in Eck- persuading the garrison of the Queen of Naples, through magieford, all aecused of the same crime, is declared to be forfeited. al deception, that the sea was coming over the walls. The On the same day, Walter Seott of Synton, and Walter Chis- sage avowed the feat, and added, that he was the man in the holme of Chisholme, and Wiliam Scott of Harden, became world most dreaded by Sir Charles de la Payx. "*By my bound, jointly and severally, that Sir Peter Cranstoon, and his fayth,' quod the Earl of Savoy, 'ye say well; and I will that kindred and servants, should receive no injury from them in Syr Charles de la Payx shall know that he hath gret wronge future. At the same time, Patrick Murray of Fallohill, Alex

to fear you.

But I shall assure hym of you ; for ye shall ander Stuart, uncle to the Laird of Trakwhare, John Murray never do enchantment to deceyve hym, nor yet none other. I of Newhall, John Fairlye, residing in Selkirk, George Tait, wolde nat that in ty me to come we shulde be reproached that younger of P in, John Pennycuke of Pennycuke, James Ram- in so high an enterprise as we be in, wherein there be so many say of Cokpen, the Laird of Fassyde, and the Laird of Henders- noble knyghtes and squyres assembled, that we shalde do any tonne, were all severally fined for not attending as jurors ; thyng be enchantment, nor that we shulde wyn our enemys be being probably either in alliance with the accused parties, or suche crafte.' Then he called to him a servaunt, and said, . Go, dreading their vengeance. Upon the 20th of July following, and get me a hangman, and let him stryke off this mayster's Scott of Synton, Chisholme of Chisholme, Scott of Harden, heed without delay;' and as soone as the Erle had commandScott of Howpaslie, Scott of Barnfute, with many others, are ed it, incontynent it was done, for his heed was stryken of ordered to appear at next calling, under the pains of treason. before the Erle's tent."-FROISSART, vol. i. ch. 391, 392. Bat no farther procedure seems to have taken place. It is The art of glamour, or other fascination, was anciently a said, that, apon this rising, the kirk of St. Mary was burnt by principal part of the skill of the jongleur, or juggler, whose the Scotts.

tricks formed much of the amusement of a Gothic castle. Some instances of this art may be found in the Minstrelsy of

the Scottish Border, vol. iv. p. 106. In a strange allegorical NOTE 2 L.

poem, called the Houlat, written by a dependent of the house

of Douglas, about 1452-3, the jay, in an assembly of birds, Like a book-bosom'd priest.-P. 29.

plays the part of the juggler. His feats of glamour are thus

described :"At Unthank, two miles N. E. from the church (of Ewes), there are the ruins of a chapel for divine service, in lime of Po- " He gart them see, as it semyt in samyn houre, pery. There is a tradition, that friars were wont to come from Hunting at herdis in holtis so hair ; Melrose or Jedburgh, to baptize and marry in this parish ; and Some sailand on the see schippis of toure, from being in use to carry the mass-book in their bosoms, they Bernis battalland on burd brim as a bare : were called by the inhabitants, Book-a-bosomes.

There is a

He coulde carye the coap of the kingis des man yet alive, who knew old men who had been baptized by

Syne leve in the stede, these Book-a-bosomes, and who says one of them, called Hair,

Bot a black bunwede ; used this parish for a very long time."'-Account of Parish of

He could of a henis hede
Exes, apud Macfarlane's MSS.

Make a man mes.
" He gart the Emproure trow, and trewlye behald,

That the corncraik, the pundere at hand,

Had poyndit all his pris hors in a poynd fald,

Because thai ete of the corn in the kirkland.
All tcas delusion, naught was truth.-P. 29. ·

He could wirk windaris, quhat way that he wald,
Glamour, in the legends of Scottish superstition, means the Mak a gray gus a gold garland,
magic power of imposing on the eyesight of the spectators, so A lang spere of a bitule, for a berne bald,

Nobilis of nntschelles, and silver of sand,

NOTE 2 0.
Thus joukit with juxters the janglane ja,
Fair ladyes in ringis,

The running stream dissolved the spell.-P. 30.
Knychtis in caralyngis,
Bayth dansis and singis,

It is a firm article of popular faith, that no enchantment ean
It semyt as sa."

subsist in a living stream. Nay, if you can interpose a brook betwixt you and witches, spectres, or even fiends, you are in

perfect safety. Burns's inimitable Tam o' Shanter turns enNOTE 2 N.

tirely upon such a circumstance. The belief seems to be of

antiquity. Brompton informs us, that certain Irish wizards Now if you ask who gave the stroke,

could, by spells, convert earthen clods, or stones, into fat pigs, I cannot tell, so mot I thrive;

which they sold in the market, but which always reassumed It was not given by man alive.-P. 29.

their proper form when driven by the deceived purchaser across

a running stream. But Brompton is severe on the Irish, for a Dr. Henry More, in a letter prefixed to Glanville's Saducis.

very good reason, “Gens ista spurcissima non solvant decimus Triumphatus, mentions a similar phenomenon.

mas."-Chronicon Johannis Brompton apud decem Scrip " I remember an old gentleman in the country, of my ac

tores, p. 1076. quaintance, an excellent justice of peace, and a piece of a mathematician; but what kind of a philosopher he was, you may understand from a rhyme of his own making, which he commended to me at my taking horse in his yard, which rhyme is this :

“Ens is nothing till sense finds out:

He never counted him a man,
Sense ends in nothing, so naught goes about.'

Would strike below the knee.-P. 30. Which rhyme of his was so rapturous to himself, that, on the reciting of the second verse, the old man turned himself about Imitated from Drayton's account of Robin Hood and his upon his toe as nimbly as one may observe a dry leaf whisked followers round the corner of an orchard-walk by some little whirlwind. With this philosopher I have had many discourses concerning

“ A hundred valiant men had this brave Robin Hood, the immortality of the soul and its distinction ; when I have Still ready at his call, that bowmen were right good : run him quite down by reason, he would but laugh at me, and All clad in Lincoln green, with caps of red and blue, say this is logie, H. (calling me by my Christian name); to

His fellow's winded horn not one of them but knew. which I replied, this is reason, father L. (for so I used and When setting to their lips their bugles shrill, some others to call him); but it seems you are for the new The warbling echoes waked from every dale and hill ; lights, and immediate inspiration, which I confess he was as Their bauldrics set with studs athwart their shoulders cast, little for as for the other; but I said so only in the way of To which under their arms their sheafs were buckled fast, drollery to him in those times, but truth is,.nothing but palpa- A short sword at their belt, a buckler scarce a span, ble experience would move him; and being a bold man, and Who struck below the knee not counted then a man. fearing nothing, he told me he had used all the magical cere- All made of Spanish yew, their bows were wondrous strong, monies of conjuration he could, to raise the devil or a spirit, They not an arrow drew but was a cloth-yard long. and had a most earnest desire to meet with one, but never could Of archery they had the very perfect craft, do it. But this he told me, when he did not so much as think With broad arrow, or but, or prick, or roving shaft." of it, while his servant was pulling off his boots in the hall,

Poly-Albion, Song 26. some invisible hand gave him such a clap upon the back, that it made all ring again ; 'so,' thought he now, 'I am invited To wound an antagonist in the thigh, or leg, was reckoned to the converse of my spirit,' and therefore, so soon as his boots contrary to the law of arms. In a tilt between Gawain Miwere off, and his shoes on, out he goes into the yard and next chael, an English squire, and Joachim Cathore, a Frenchman, field, to find out the spirit that had given him this familiar clap 'they met at the speare poyntes rudely; the French sqnyer on the back, but found none neither in the yard nor field next justed right pleasantly; the Englishman ran too lowe, for he to it.

strak the Frenchman depe into the thigh. Wherewith the "But though he did not feel this stroke, albeit he thought Erle of Buckingham was right sore displeased, and so were all it afterwards (finding nothing came of it) a mere delusion ; the other lords, and sayde how it was shamefully done."-yet not long before his death, it had more force with him than FROISSART, vol. i. chap. 366. Upon a similar occasion, ** the all the philosophical arguments I could use to him, though I two knyghts came a fote eche against other rudely, with their could wind him and nonplus him as I pleased; but yet all my speares low couched, to stryke eche other within the foure arguments, how solid soever, made no impression upon him; quarters. Johan of Castell-Morant strake the English sqayer wherefore, after several reasonings of this nature, whereby I on the brest in such wyse, that Syr Wyllyam Fermetone would prove to him the soul's distinction from the body, and stombled and bowed, for his fote a lyttel fayled him. He its immortality, when nothing of such subtile consideration did helde his spere lowe with both his handes, and coude pat any more execution on his mind than some lightning is said to amende it, and strake Syr Johan of the Castell-Morant in the do, though it melts the sword, on the fuzzy consistency of the thighe, so that the speare went clene throughe, that the heed scabbard, Well,' said I, 'father L., though none of these was sene a handfull on the other syde. And Syr Johan with things move you, I have something still behind, and what the stroke reled, but he fell nat. Than the Englyshe knyghtes yourself has acknowledged to be true, that may do the busi- and squyers were ryghte sore displeased, and sayde how it was ness :-Do you remember the clap on your back when your a foule stroke. Syr Wyllam Fermeton excused himselfe, and servant was pulling off your boots in the hall ? Assure your- sayde how he was sorrie of that adventure, and howe that yf self,' says I, 'father L., that goblin will be the first to bid you he had knowen that it shulde have bene so, he wolde never welcome into the other world. Upon that his countenance have begone it; sayenge how he could nat amende it, by cause changed most sensibly, and he was more confounded with this of glaunsing of his fote by constraynt of the great stroke that rubbing up his memory, than with all the rational or philoso Syr Johan of the Castell-Morant had given him.”-FROISSART, phical argumentations that I could produce.”

vol. i. chap. 373.


“I asked him then for anything that had the blood upon it;

so he presently sent for his garter wherewith his hand was first She drew the splinter from the wound,

bound; and as I called for a basin of water, as if I would wash And with a charm ske stanch'd the blood.-P. 31.

my hands, I took a handful of powder of vitriol, which I had See several charms for this purpose in Reginald Scott's in my study, and presently dissolved it. As soon as the bloudy Discovery of Witchcraft, p. 273.

garter was brought me, I put it within the basin, observing, “ Tom Potts was bui a serving man,

in the interim, what Mr. Howel did, who stood talking with a

gentleman in a corner of my chamber, not regarding at all But yet he was a doctor good;

what I was doing ; but he started suddenly, as if he had found He bound his handkerchief on the wound,

some strange alteration in himself. I asked him what he And with some kinds of words he stanched the blood."

ailed ? •I know not what ailes me; but I finde that I feel no Pieces of Ancient Popular Poetry, Lond. 1791, p. 131.

more pain. Methinks that a pleasing kinde of freshnesse, as it were a wet cold napkin, did spread over my hand, which hath taken away the inflammation that tormented me before.'

--I replied, “Since then that you feel already so good effeet NOTE 2 R.

of my medicament, I advise you to cast away all your playsBut she has ta'en the broken lance,

ters; only keep the wound clean, and in a moderate temper And wash'd it from the clotted gore,

betwixt heat and cold.' This was presently reported to the And salted the splinter o'er and o'er.-P. 31.

Duke of Buckingham, and a little after to the King, who were

both very curious to know the circumstance of the businesse, Sir Kenelm Digby, in a discourse npon the cure by sympa- which was, that after dinner I took the garter out of the water, thy, pronounced at Montpelier, before an assembly of nobles

and put it to dry before a great fire. It was scarce dry, but and learned men, translated into English by R. White, gen

Mr. Howel's servant came running, that his master felt as tleman, and published in 1658, gives us the following curious much burning as ever he had done, if not more ; for the heat surgical case :

was such as if his hand were 'twixt coles of fire. I answered, ** Mr. James Howel (well known in France for his public although that had happened at present, yet he should find ease works, and particularly for his Dendrologie, translated into in a short time : for I knew the reason of this new accident, French by Mons. Baudouin) coming by chance, as two of his and would provide accordingly; for his master should be free best friends were fighting in duel, he did his endeavor to from that inflammation, it may be before he could possibly part them; and putting himselfe between them, seized, with return to him ; but in case he found no ease, I wished him to his left hand, upon the hilt of the sword of one of the com- come presently back again; if not, he might forbear coming. batants, while with his right hand he luid hold of the blade of Thereupon he went; and at the instant I did put again the the other. They, being transported with fury one against the garter into the water, thereapon he found his master without other, struggled to rid themselves of the hinderance their friend any pain at all. To be brief, there was no sense of pain aftermade, that they should not kill one another; and one of them ward; but within five or six dayes the wounds were cicatrized, roughly drawing the blade of his sword, cuts to the very bone and entirely healed."- Page 6. the nerves and muscles of Mr. Howel's hand; and then the The King (James VI.) obtained from Sir Kenelm the disother disengaged his hilts, and gave a cross blow on his adver-covery of his secret, which he pretended had been taught sarie's head, which glanced towards his friend, who heaving up him by a Carmelite friar, who had learned it in Armenia, or his sore hand to save the blow, he was wounded on the back Persia. Let not the age of animal magnetism and metallic of his hand as he had been before within. It seems some tractors smile at the sympathetic powder of Sir Kenelm Digby. strange constellation reigned then against him, that he should Reginald Scott mentions the same mode of cure in these lose so mach bloud by parting two such dear friends, who, had terms:---" And that which is more strange ... they can they been themselves, would have hazarded both their lives to remedie anie stranger with that verie sword wherewith they have preserved his; but this involuntary effusion of blond by are wounded. Yea, and that which is beyond all admiration, them, prevented that which they sholde have drawn one from if they stroke the sword upward with their fingers, the partie the other. For they, seeing Mr. Howel's face besmeared with shall feele no pain; whereas, if they draw their fingers downblood, by heaving up his wounded hand, they both ran to em- waris, thereupon the partie wounded shall feele intolerable brace him; and, having searched his hurts, they bound up his pain." I presume that the success ascribed to the sympathetic hands with one of his garters, to close the veins which were mode of treatment might arise from the pains bestowed in eat, and bled abundantly. They brought him home, and sent washing the wound, and excluding the air, thus bringing on a for a surgeon. But this being heard at court, the King sent cure by the first intention. It is introduced by Dryden in the one of his own surgeons ; for his Majesty much affected the Enchanted Island, a (very unnecessary) alteration of the said Mr. Howel.

Tempest:“ It was my chance to be lodged hard by him; and four or five days after, as I was making myself ready, he came to my Ariel. Anoint the sword which pierced him with this house, and prayed me to view his wounds ; ' for I anderstand,' | Weapon-salve, and wrap it close from air, said he, that you have extraordinary remedies on such occa- Till I have time to visit him again.--Act v. sc. 2. sions, and my surgeons apprehend some fear that it may grow to a gangrene, and so the hand must be cut off.' In effect, his Again, in scene 4th, Miranda enters with Hippolito's sword countenance discovered that he was in much pain, which he wrapt up :said was insupportable, in regard of the extreme inflammation. I told him I would willingly serve him; but if haply Hip. O my wound pains me! be knew the manner how I would cure him, without touching

Mir. I am come to ease you. [She unwraps the sword. or seeing him, it may be he would not expose himself to my Hip. Alas, I feel the cold air come to me; manner of curing, because he would think it, peradventure, My wound shoots worse than ever. either ineffectual or superstitious. He replied, “The wonderful Mir. Does it still grieve you? [She wipes and anoints the things which many have related unto me of your way of

sword. medicament, makes me nothing doubt at all of its efficacy; Hip. Now, methinks, there's something laid just upon it. and all that I have to say unto you is comprehended in the Mir. Do


find no ease ? Spanish proverb, Hagase el milagro y hagalo Mahoma-Let Hip. Yes, yes ; upon the sudden all this pain the miracle be done, though Mahomet do it.'

Is leaving me. Sweet heaven, how I am eased !"


company; and within short time after the country came in on

all sides, so that we were quickly between three and four hunOn Penckryst glows a bale of fire.-P. 32.

dred horse; and, after some longer stay, the foot of Carlisle Bale, beacon-fagot. The Border beacons, from their num- came to us, to the number of three or four hundred men ; ber and position, formed a sort of telegraphic communication whom we presently set to work, to get to the top of the tower, with Edinburgh.--The act of Parliament, 1455, c. 48, directs, and to uncover the roof; and then some twenty of them to fall that one bale or fagot shall be warning of the approach of down together, and by that means to win the tower. The the English in any manner; two bales that they are coming Scots, seeing their present danger, offered to parley, and yielded indeed; four bales, blazing beside each other, that the enemy themselves to my mercy. They had no sooner opened the iron are in great force. “The same taikenings to be watched and gate, and yielded themselves my prisoners, but we might see maid at Eggerhope (Eggerstand) Castell, fra they se the fire of 400 horse within a quarter of a mile coming to their rescue, Hume, that they fire right swa. And in like manner on Sow- and to surprise me and my small company; but of a sudden tra Edge, sall se the fire of Eggerhope Castell, and mak they stayed, and stood at gaze. Then had I more to do than taikening in like manner: And then may all Loathaine be ever; for all our Borderers came crying, with full mooths, warned, and in special the Castell of Ędinburgh; and their "Sir, give us leave to set upon them; for these are they that four fires to be made in like manner, that they in Fife, and fra have killed our fathers, our brothers, and uncles, and our couStriveling east, and the east part of Loathaine, and to Dunbar, sins; and they are coming, thinking to surprise you, opon weak all may see them, and come to the defence of the realme." grass nags, such as they could get on a sudden; and God hath These beacons (at least in latter times) were a " long and put them into your hands, that we may take revenge of them strong tree set up, with a long iron pole across the head of it, for much blood that they have spilt of ours.' I desired they and an iron brander fixed on a stalk in the middle of it, for would be patient a while, and bethought myself, if I should holding a tar-barrel."-STEVENSON's History, vol. ii. p. 701. give them their will, there would be few or none of the Scots

that would escape ankilled (there was so many deadly fends among them); and therefore I resolved with myself to give

them a fair answer, but not to give them their desire. So I NOTE 2 T.

told them, that if I were not there myself, they might then do Our kin, and clan, and friends to raise.-P. 32.

what they pleased themselves ; but being present, if I should

give them leave, the blood that should be spilt that day would The speed with which the Borderers collected great bodies lie very hard upon my conscience. And therefore I desired of horse, may be judged of from the following extract, when them, for my sake, to forhear; and, if the Scots did not presthe subject of the rising was much less important than that sup ently make away with all the speed they could, upon my sendposed in the romance. It is taken from Carey's Memoirs - ing to them, they should then have their wills to do what they

“Upon the death of the old Lord Scroop, the Queen gave pleased. They were ill satisfied with my answer, but durst the west wardenry to his son, that had married my sister. He not disobey. I sent with speed to the Scots, and bade them having received that office, came to me with great earnestness, pack away with all the speed they could; for if they stayed and desired me to be his deputy, offering me that I should live the messenger's return, they should few of them return to their with him in his house ; that he would allow me half a dozen own home. They made no stay; but they were returned men, and as many horses, to be kept at his charge; and his fee homewards before the messenger had made an end of his mesbeing 1000 merks yearly, he would part it with me, and I sage. Thus, by God's mercy, I escaped a great danger; and, should have the half. This his noble offer I accepted of, and by my means, there were a great many men's lives saved that went with him to Carlisle ; where I was no sooner come, but day." I entered into my office. We had a stirring time of it: and few days past over my head but I was on horseback, either to prevent mischief, or take malefactors, and to bring the Border

NOTE 2 U. in better quiet than it had been in times past. One memorable

On many a cairn's gray pyramid, thing of God's mercy shewed unto me, was such as I have good cause still to remember it.

Where urns of mighty chiefs lie hid.-P. 32. “I had private intelligence given me, that there were two The cairns, or piles of loose stones, which crown the samScottishmen that had killed a churchman in Scotland, and mit of most of our Scottish hills, and are found in other rewere by one of the Græmes relieved. This Græme dwelt markable situations, seem usually, though not universally, to within five miles of Carlisle. He had a pretty house, and have been sepulchral monuments. Six flat stones are comclose by it a strong tower, for his own defence, in time of monly found in the centre, forming a cavity of greater or smallneed.-About two o'clock in the morning, I took horse in Car- er dimensions, in which an urn is often placed. The author is lisle, and not above twenty-five in my company, thinking to possessed of one, discovered beneath an immense cairn at surprise the house on a sudden. Before I could surround the Roughlee, in Liddesdale. It is of the most barbarous conhouse, the two Scots were gotten in the strong tower, and I struction; the middle of the substance alone having been subcould see a boy riding from the house as fast as his horse could jected to the fire, over which, when hardened, the artist had carry him ; I little suspecting what it meant. But Thomas laid an inner and outer coat of unbaked clay, etched with some Carleton came to me presently, and told me, that if I did not very rude ornaments ; his skill apparently being inadequate to presently prevent it, both myself and all my company would baking the vase, when completely finished. The contents be either slain or taken prisoners. It was strange to me to hear were bones and ashes, and a quantity of beads made of coal. this language. He then said to me, 'Do you see that boy that This seems to have been a barbarous imitation of the Roman rideth away so fast ? He will be in Scotland within this half fashion of sepulture. hour; and he is gone to let them know, that you are here, and to what end you are come, and the small number you have with you ; and that if they will make haste, on a sudden they may surprise us, and do with us what they please.' Hereupon

NOTE 2 V. we took advice what was best to be done. We sent notice presently to all parts to raise the country, and to come to us

For pathless march and mountain cell, with all the speed they could ; and withall we sent to Carlisle

The peasant left his lowly shed.--P. 33. to raise the townsmen; for without foot we could do no good The morasses were the usual refuge of the Border herdsmen, against the tower. There we staid some hours, expecting more on the approach of an English army.-(Minstrelsy of the

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