Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

a robber, and a pillager of the country of Auvergne, who had ** In Gelderland there was that bratchet bred, been bribed to sell his strongholds, and to assume a more hon- Siker of scent, to follow them that fled ; orable military life under the banners of the Earl of Arma- So was he used in Eske and Liddesdail, gnae. But “when he remembered alle this, he was sorrowful; While (i. e. till) she gat blood no fleeing might avail." his tresour he thought he wolde not mynysshe ; he was wonte dayly to serche for newe pyllages, wherbye encresed his profyte,

In the retreat, Fawdoun, tired, or affecting to be so, would and then he sawe that alle was closed fro' hym. Then he go no farther. Wallace, having in vain argued with him, in sayde and imagyned, that to pyll and to robbe (all thynge con

hasty anger, struck off his head, and continued the retreat. sidered) was a good lyfe, and so repented hym of his good doing.

When the English came up, their hound stayed upon the dead On a tyme, he said to his old companyons, Sirs, there is no

body:sporte nor glory in this worlde amonge men of warre, but to

“ The sleuth stopped at Fawdon, still she stood, use suche lyfe as we have done in tyme past. What a joy was

Nor farther would fra time she fund the blood." it to us when we rode forth at adventure, and somtyme found by the way a riche priour or merchaunt, or a route of mulettes The story concludes with a fine Gothic scene of terror. of Mountpellyer, of Narbonne, of Lymens, of Fongans, of Wallace took refuge in the solitary tower of Gask. Here he Besyers, of Tholoas, or of Carcasonne, laden with cloth of was disturbed at midnight by the blast of a horn. He sent Brussels, or peltre ware comynge fro the fayres, or laden with out his attendants by two and two, but no one returned with spycery fro Bruges, fro Damas, or fro Alysaundre ; whatsoever tidings. At length, when he was left alone, the sound was we met, all was ours, or els ransou med at our pleasures; dayly heard still louder. The champion descended, sword in hand ; we gate new money, and the vyllaynes of Auvergne and of and, at the gate of the tower, was encountered by the headless Lymosyn dayly provyded and brought to our castell whete spectre of Fawdoun, whom he had slain so rashly. Wallace, mele, good wynes, beffes, and fatte mottons, pullayne, and in great terror, fled up into the tower, tore open the boards of wylde foule : We were ever furnyshed as tho we had been a window, leapt down fifteen feet in height, and continued his kings. When we rode forthe, all the countrey trymbled for flight up the river. Looking back to Gask, he discovered the feare: all was ours goyng and comynge. How tok we Carlast, tower on fire, and the form of Fawdoun upon the battlements, I and the Bourge of Companye, and I and Perot of Bernoys į dilated to an immense size, and holding in his hand a blazing took Caluset; how dyd we scale, with lytell ayde, the strong rafter. The Minstrel concludes, cartell of Marquell, pertayning to the Erl Dolphyn : I kept it

“Trust ryght wele, that all this be soðth indeed, pat past fyre days, but I receyved for it, on a feyre table, fyve thousande frankes, and forgave one thousande for the love of

Supposing it to be no point of the creed.” the Erl Dolphin's children. By my fayth, this was a fayre and

The Wallace, Book v. a good lyfe! wherefore I repute myselfe sore deceyved, in that Mr. Ellis has extracted this tale as a sample of Henry's I have rendered up the fortress of Aloys; for it wolde have

poetry.-Specimens of English Poetry, vol. i. p. 351. kept fro alle the worlde, and the daye that I gave it up, it was fournyshed with vytaylles, to have been kept seven yere without any re-vytayllinge. This Erl of Armynake hath deceyved me: Olyve Barbe, and Perot le Bernoys, shewed to me how I

NOTE R. shulde repente myselfe: certayne I sore repente myselfe of

the Moat-hill's mound, what I have done.'”–FROISSART, vol. ii. p. 195.

Where Druid shades still fitted round.-P. 22.
This is a round artificial mount near Hawick, which, from

its name (Mot. Ang. Sat. Concilium, Conventus), was NOTE R.

probably anciently used as a place for assembling a national

council of the adjacent tribes. There are many such mounds By wily turns, by desperate bounds,

in Scotland, and they are sometimes, but rarely, of a square Had baffled Percy's best blood-hounds.-P. 21.

form. The kings and heroes of Scotland, as well as the Borderriders, were sometimes obliged to study how to evade the pursuit of blood-hounds. Barbour informs us, that Robert Bruce was repeatedly tracked by sleuth-dogs. On one occasion, he

NOTE S. escaped by wading a bow-shot down a brook, and ascending

the tower of Hazeldean.-P. 22. into a tree by a branch which overhang the water ; thus, leaving no trace on land of his footsteps, he baffled the scent. The The estate of Hazeldean, corruptly Hassendean, belonged paredets came up:

formerly to a family of Scotts, thus commemorated by Satch

ells "Rycht to the burn thai passyt ware,

“ Hassendean came without a call,
Bot the sleuth-hund made stinting thar,

The ancientest house among them all."
And waueryt lang ty me ta and fra,
That be na certain gate couth ga;
Till at the last that John of Lorne
Persea vit the hund the sleuth had Jorne.”'
The Bruce, Book vii.

NOTE T.
A sare way of stopping the dog was to spill blood upon the

On Minto-crags the moonbeams glint.-P. 22. track, which destroyed the discriminating fineness of his scent. A romantic assemblage of cliffs, which rise suddenly above A captive was sometimes sacrificed on such occasions. Henry the vale of Teviot, in the immediate vicinity of the family-seat, the Minstrel tell a romantic story of Wallace, founded on this from which Lord Minto takes his title. A small platform, on circumstance :-The hero's little band had been joined by an a projecting crag, commanding a most beautiful prospect, is Irishman, named Fawdoun, or Fadzean, a dark, savage, and termed Barnhills' Bed. This Barnhills is said to have been a sospicious character. After a sharp skirmish at Black-Erne robber, or outlaw. There are remains of a strong tower beSide, Wallace was forced to retreat with only sixteen follow- neath the rocks, where he is supposed to have dwelt, and from ers. The English pursued with a Border sleuth-bratch, or which he derived his name. On the summit of the crags are bloodhound.

the fragments of another ancient tower, in a picturesque situaNOTE V.

tion. Among the houses cast down by the Earl of Hartforde,
in 1545, occur the towers of Easter Barnhills, and of Minto-
crag, with Minto town and place. Sir Gilbert Elliot, father to
the present Lord Minto, I was the author of a beautiful pasto-
ral song, of which the following is a more correct copy than is
usually published. The poetical mantle of Sir Gilbert Elliot
has descended to his family.
"My sheep 1 neglected, I broke my sheep-hook,

And all the gay haunts of my youth I forsook :
No more for Amynta fresh garlands I wove:
Ambition, I said, would soon cure me of love.
But what had my youth with ambition to do!
Why left I Amynta! why broke I my vow!
" Through regions remote in vain do I rove,
And bid the wide world secure me from love.
Ah, fool, to imagine, that aught could subdue
A love so well founded, a passion so true!
Ah, give me my sheep, and my sheep-hook restore !
And I'll wander from love and Amynta no more !
" Alas ! 'tis too late at thy fate to repine !
Poor shepherd, Amynta, no more can be thine !
Thy tears are all fruitless, thy wishes are vain,
The moments neglected return not again.
Ah! what had my youth with ambition to do!
Why left I Amynta! why broke I my vow!"

But when Melrose he reach'd 'twas silence all ;
He meetly stabled his steed in stall,

And sought the convent's lonely wall.-P. 22.
The ancient and beautiful monastery of Melrose was founded
by King David I. Its ruins afford the finest specimen of Gothic
architecture and Gothic sculpture which Scotiand can boast.
The stone of which it is built, though it has resisted the weather
for so many ages, retains perfect sharpness, so that even the
most minute ornaments seem as entire as when newly wrought.
In some of the cloisters, as is hinted in the next Canto, there
are representations of flowers, vegetables, &c., carved in stone,
with accuracy and precision so delicate, that we almost distrust
our senses, when we consider the difficulty of subjecting so
hard a substance to such intricate and exquisite modulation.
This superb convent was dedicated to St. Mary, and the monks
were of the Cistertian order. At the time of the Reformation,
they shared the general reproach of sensuality and irregularity,
thrown upon the Roman churehmen. The old words of Gala-
shiels, a favorite Scotch air, ran thus :-

O the monks of Melrose made gude kale,3

On Fridays when they fasted.
They wanted neither beef nor ale,

As long as their neighbors' lasted.

NOTE W.
NOTE U.

When buttress and buttress, alternatdy,
Ancient Riddell's fair domain.-P. 22.

Seem framed of ebon and ivory;
The family of Riddell have been very long in possession of

When silver edges the imagery, the barony called Riddell, or Ryedale, part of which still bears

And the scrolls that teach thee to live and die. the latter name. Tradition carries their antiquity to a point extremely remote; and is, in some degree, sanctioned by the

Then vier St. David's ruin'd pile.-P. 23. discovery of two stone coffins, one containing an earthen pot filled with ashes and arms, bearing a legible date, A. D. 727; The battresses ranged along the sides of the ruins of Melrose the other dated 936, and filled with the bones of a man of gi- Abbey, are, according to the Gothic style, richly carved and gantic size. These coffins were discovered in the foundations fretted, containing niches for the statues of saints, and labelled of what was, but has long ceased to be, the chapel of Riddell ; with scrolls, bearing appropriate texts of Scripture. Most of and as it was argued with plausibility, that they contained the these statues have been demolished. remains of some ancestors of the family, they were deposited David I. of Scotland purchased the reputation of sanctity, in the modern place of sepulture, comparatively so termed, by founding, and liberally endowing, not only the monastery though built in 1110. But the following curious and authen- of Melrose, but those of Kelso, Jedburgh, and many others; tic documents warrant most conclusively the epithet of "an- which led to the well-known observation of his successor, that cient Riddell :" 1st, A charter by David I. to Walter Rydale, he was a sore saint for the crown. Sheriff of Roxburgh, confirming all the estates of Liliesclive, &c., of which his father, Gervasius de Rydale, died possessed. 2dly, A bull of Pope Adrian IV., confirming the will of Walter de Ridale, knight, in favor of his brother Anschittil de Ri

NOTE X. dale, dated 8th April, 1155. 3dly, A bull of Pope Alexander III., confirming the said will of Walter de Ridale, be

For mass or prayer can I rarely tarry, queathing to his brother Anschittil the lands of Liliesclive,

Save to patter an Ave Mary, Whettunes, &c., and ratifying the bargain betwixt Anschittil

When I ride on a Border foray.-P. 24. and Huctredus, concerning the church of Liliesclive, in consequence of the mediation of Malcolm II., and confirmed by a The Borderers were, as may be supposed, very ignorant about charter from that monarch. This bull is dated 17th June, 1160. religious matters. Colville, in his Paranesis, or Admonition, 4thly, A bull of the same Pope, confirming the will of Sir states, that the reformed divines were so far from undertaking Anschittil de Ridale, in favor of his son Walter, conveying the distant journeys to convert the Heathen, “as I wold wis at said lands of Liliesclive and others, dated 10th March, 1120. God that ye wold only go bot to the Hielands and Borders of It is remarkable, that Liliesclive, otherwise Rydale, or Riddell, our own realm, to gain our awin countreymen, who, for lack and the Whittunes, have descended, through a long train of of preching and ministration of the sacraments, must, with tyme, ancestors, without ever passing into a collateral line, to the becum either infidells, or atheists." But we learn, from Lesperson of Sir John Buchanan Riddell, Bart. of Riddell, the ley, that, however deficient in real religion, they regularly told lineal descendant and representative of Sir Anschittil.— These their beads, and never with more zeal than when going on a circumstances appeared worthy of notice in a Border work. a plundering expedition.

i Grandfather to the present Earl. 1819.

2 Since the above note was written, the ancient family of Riddell have parted with all their Scotch estates.-ED,

3 Kale, Broth.

NOTE Y.

conflict is well known: Percy was made prisoner, and the So kad he seen, in fair Castile,

Scots won the day, dearly purchased by the death of their gal

lant general, the Earl of Douglas, who was slain in the action. The youth in glittering squadrons start; Sudden the flying jennet rokeel,

He was buried at Melrose, beneath the high altar. “His And kurl the unerpected darl.-P. 24.

obsequye was done reverently, and on his bodye layde a tombe

of stone, and his baner hangyng over hym.”-FROISSART, “ By my faith," sayd the Duke of Lancaster (to a Porta

vol. ii, p. 165 guese squire), “ of all the feates of armes that the Castellyans, and they of your conntrey doth use, the castynge of their dertes best pleaseth me, and gladly I wolde se it: for, as I hear say, if they strike one aryghte, without he be well armed, the dart will pierce him thrughe,"_** By my fayth, sir," sayd the

NOTE 2 A. equyer, ye say trouth ; for I have seen many a grete stroke

Dark Knight of Liddesdale.-P. 24. given with them, which at one time cost us derely, and was to as great displeasure ; for, at the said skyrmishe, Sir John William Douglas, called the Knight of Liddesdale, flourLawrence of Coygne was striken with a dart in such wise, that ished during the reign of David II., and was so distinguished the head pereed all the plates of his cote of mayle, and a sacke by his valor, that he was called the Flower of Chivalry. stopped with sylke, and passed thrughe his body, so that he Nevertheless, he tarnished his renown by the cruel murder of fell down dead."--FROISSABT, vol. ii, ch. 44.--This mode oî Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie, originally his friend and fighting with darts was imitated in the military game called brother in arms. The King had conferred upon Ramsay the Jeago de las canas, which the Spaniards borrowed from their sheriffdom of Teviotdale, to which Douglas pretended some Moorish invaders. A Saracen champion is thus described by claim. In revenge of this preference, the Knight of LiddesFroissart : “ Among the Sarazyns, there was a yonge knight dale came down upon Ramsay, while he was administering called Agadinger Dolyferne ; he was always wel mounted on justice at Ilawick, seized and carried him off to his remote a redy and a lyght horse ; it seemed, when the horse ranne, and inaccessible castle of Hermitage, where he threw his unthat he did fly in the ayre. The knighte seemed to be a good fortunate prisoner, horse and man, into a dungeon, and left man of armes by his dedes; he bare always of usage three him to perish of hunger. It is said, the miserable captive profethered dartes, and rychte well he could bandle them; and, longed his existence for several days by the corn which fell according to their custome, he was clene armed, with a long from a granary above the vault in which he was confined. 1 white towell about his head. His apparell was blacke, and So weak was the royal authority, that David, although highly his own colour browne, and a good horseman. The Crysten incensed at this atrocious murder, found himself obliged to men say, they thoughte he dyd such deeds of armes for the appoint the Knight of Liddesdale successor to his victim, as love of some yonge ladye of his countrey. And true it was, Sheriff of Teviordale. But he was soon after slain, while hnntthat he loved entirely the King of Thune's daughter, named ing in Ettrick Forest, by his own godson and chieftain, Wilthe Lady Azala ; she was inherytor to the realme of Thune, liam, Earl of Douglas, in revenge, according to some authors, after the discease of the kyng, her father. This Agadinger of Ramsay's murder; although a popular tradition, preserved was sone to the Duke of Olyferne. I can nat telle if they were in a ballad quoted by Godscroft, and some parts of which are married together after or nat ; but it was shewed me, that still preserved, ascribes the resentment of the Earl to jealousy. this knyght, for love of the sayd ladye, during the siege, did The place where the Knight of Liddesdale was killed is called, many feates of armes. The knyghtes of France wold fayne from his name, William-Cross, upon the ridge of a hill called have taken hym; but they colde never attrape nor inclose William-hope, betwixt Tweed and Yarrow. His body, achim ; his borse was so swyft, and so redy to his hand, that cording to Godscroft, was carried to Lindean church the first alwaies he escaped."-Vol. ii. ch. 71.

night after his death, and thence to Melrose, where he was interred with great pomp, and where his tomb is still shown.

NOTE 2 B.

The moon on the east oriel shone.-P. 24.

Note Z.
And there the dying lamps did burn,
Before thy low and lonely urn,

O gallant Chief of Otterburne!-P. 24.
The famous and desperate battle of Otterburne was fought
15th August, 1388, betwixt Henry Percy, called Hotspur, and
James, Earl of Douglas. Both these renowned champions were
at the head of a chosen body of troops, and they were rivals
in military fame ; so that Froissart affirms, “Of all the bat-
tayles and encounteryngs that I have made mencion of here
before in all this hystory, great or smalle, this battayle that
I treat of nowe was one of the sorest and best foughten, with-
out cowardes or faynte hertes : for there was neyther knyghte
bor squyer but that dyde his devoyre, and foughte hande to
hande. This batayle was lyke the batayle of Becherell, the
which was valiauntly fought and endured.” The issue of the

1 There is something affecting in the manner in which the old Prior of Isebleven barns from describing the death of the gallant Ramsay, to the general sorrow which it excited :

"To tell you there of the manere,

It is bot sorrow for til here;
He wes the grettast menyd man
That ony cowth have thowcht of than,
Of his state, or of mare be fare :
All menyt him, bath bettyr and war;

It is impossible to conceive a more beautiful specimen of the lightness and elegance of Gothic architecture, when in its purity, than the eastern window of Melrose Abbey. Sir James Hall of Dunglas, Bart., has, with great ingenuity and plausibility, traced the Gothic order through its various forms and seemingly eccentric ornaments, to an arclritectural imitation of wicker work; of which, as we learn from some of the legends, the earliest Christian churches were constructed. In such an edifice, the original of the clustered pillars is traced to a set of round posts, begirt with slender rods of willow, whose loose summits were brought to meet from all quarters, and bound together artificially, so as to produce the frame-work of the roof: and the tracery of our Gothic windows is displayed in the

The ryche and pure him menyde bath,

For of his dede wes mekil skath." Some years ago, a person digging for stones, about the old castle of Hermitage, broke into a vault, containing a quantity of chaff, some bones, and pieces of iron ; amongst others, the curb of an ancient bridle which the author has since given to the Earl Dalhousie, under the impression that it possibly may be a relic of his brave ancestor. The worthy clergyman of the parish has mentioned this discovery in his Statistical Account of Castletown.

meeting and interlacing of rods and hoops, affording an inex

NOTE 2 D. haustible variety of beautiful forms of open work. This inge

Salamanca's cave.-P. 25. nious system is alluded to in the romance, Sir James Hall's Essay on Gothic Architecture is published in The Edinburgh Spain, from the relies, doubtless, of Arabian learning and Philosophical Transactions.

superstition, was accounted a favorite residence of magicians. Pope Sylvester, who actually imported from Spain the use of the Arabian numerals, was supposed to have learned there

the magic, for which he was stigmatized by the ignorance of NOTE 2 C.

his age.-WILLIAM of Malmsbury, lib. ii. cap. 10. There

were public schools, where magic, or rather the sciences sapThe wondrous Michael Scott.-P. 24.

posed to involve its mysteries, were regularly taught, at Toledo, Sir Michael Scott of Balwearie flourished during the 13th Seville, and Salamanca. In the latter city, they were held in century, and was one of the ambassadors sent to bring the a deep cavern; the mouth of which was walled up by Queen Maid of Norway to Scotland upon the death of Alexander III. Isabella, wife of King Ferdinand.-D'Auron on Learned InBy a poetical anachronism, he is here placed in a later era. | credulity, p. 45. These Spanish schools of magic are celebraHe was a man of much learning, chiefly acquired in foreign ted also by the Italian poets of romance :countries. He wrote a commentary upon Aristotle, printed at

* Questo città di Tolleto solea Venice in 1496 ; and several treatises upon natural philosophy,

Tenere studio di negromanzia, from which he appears to have been addicted to the abstrase

Quivi di magica arte si leggea studies of judicial astrology, alchymy, physiognomy, and chi

Pubblicamente, e di peromanzia ; romancy. Hence he passed among his contemporaries for a

E molti geomanti sempre avea, skilful magician. Dempster informs us, that he remembers to have heard in his youth, that the magic books of Michael

Esperimenti assai d'idromanzia Scott were still in existence, but could not be opened without

E d' altre false opinion' di sciocchi danger, on account of the malignant fiends who were thereby

Come è fatture, o spesso batter gli occhi." invoked. Dempsteri Historia Ecclesiastica, 1627, lib, xii.

Il Morgante Maggiore, Canto xxv. St. 259. p. 495. Lesly characterizes Michael Scott as “ singularie The celebrated magician Maugis, cousin to Rinaldo of Montphilosophiæ, astronomiæ, ac medicinæ laude prestans ; dice- alban, called, by Ariosto, Malagigi, studied the black art at batur penitissimos magiæ recessus indagdsse." Dante also Toledo, as we learn from L'Histoire de Maugis D'Aygrementions him as a renowned wizard :

mont. He even held a professor's chair in the necromantic “Qnell altro che ne' fianchi è cosi poco,

university; for so I interpret the passage, “qu'on tous les Michele Scotto fa, che veramente

sept ars d'enchuntement, des charmes et conjurations, il n'y Delle magiche frodė seppe il giuoco."

aroit meilleur maistre que lui; et en tel renom qu'on le laisInferno, Canto xxmo.

soit en chaise, et l'appelloit on miistre Maguis." This

Salamancan Domdaniel is said to have been founded by HerA personage, thus spoken of by biographers and historians, cules. If the classic reader inquires where Hercules himself loses little of his mystical fame in vulgar tradition. Accord- learned magic, he may consult " Les faicts et processes du ingly, the memory of Sir Michael Scott survives in many a noble et vaillant Hercules," where he will leam, that the legend; and in the south of Scotland, any work of great labor fable of his aiding Atlas to support the heavens, arose from and antiquity is ascribed, either to the agency of Awd Michael, the suid Atlas having taught Hercules, the noble knight-errant, of Sir William Wallace, or of the devil. Tradition varies con- the seven liberal sciences, and in particular, that of judicial cerning the place of his burial; some contend for llome Col- astrology. Such, according to the idea of the middle ages, trame, in Cumberland ; others for Melrose Abbey. But all were the studies, “marimus que docuit Atlas."--In a roagree, that his books of magic were interred in his grave, or mantic history of Roderic, the last Gothie King of Spain, he preserved in the convent where he died. Satchells, wishing to is said to have entered one of those enchanted caverns. give some authority for his account of the origin of the name situated beneath an ancient tower near Toledo; and when the of Scott, pretends, that, in 1629, he chanced to be at Burgh iron gates, which secured the entrance, were unfolded, there under Bowness, in Cumberland, where a person, named Lance- rushed forth so dreadful a whirlwind, that hitherto no one bad lot Scott, showed him an extract from Michael Scott's works, dared to penetrate into its recesses. But Roderic, threatened containing that story :

with an invasion of the Moors, resolved to enter the cavern,

where he expected to find some prophetic intimation of the " He said the book which he gave me

event of the war. Accordingly, bis train being furnished with Was of Sir Michael Scott's historie ;

torebes. so artificially composed that the tempest could not exWhich history was never yet read through,

tinguish them, the King, with great difficulty, penetrated into Nor never will, for no man dare it do.

a square hall, inscribed all over with Arabian characters. In Young scholars have pick'd out something

the midst stood a colossal statue of brass, representing a SaraFrom the contents, that dare not read within.

cen wielding a Moorish mace, with which it discharged furious He carried me along the castle then,

blows on all sides, and seemed thus to excite the tempest which And shew'd his written book hanging on an iron pin. raged around. Being conjured by Roderic, it ceased from His writing pen did seem to me to be

striking, until he read, inscribed on the right hand, “ Wretched or hardened metal, like steel, or accumie ;

Monarch, for thy evil hast thou come hither ;" on the left The volume of it did seem so large to me,

hand, “ Thou shalt be dispossessed by a strange people ;." As the Book of Martyrs and Turks historie.

on one shoulder, I invoke the sons of Hagar;" on the other, Then in the church he let me see

I do mine office.” When the King had deciphered these A stone where Mr. Michael Scott did lie;

ominous inscriptions, the statue returned to its exercise, the I asked at him how that could appear,

tempest commenced anew, and Roderic retired, to mour over Mr. Michael had been dead above five hundred year ? the predicted evils which approached his throne. He caused He shew'd me none durst bury under that stone, the gates of the cavern to be locked and barricaded; but, in More than he had been dead a few years agone; the course of the night, the tower fell with a tremendous noise, For Mr. Michael's name does terrifie each one."

and under its ruins concealed forever the entrance to the mys History of the Right Honorable Name of Scott. tic cavern. The conquest of Spain by the Saracens, and the

It was

death of the unfortunate Don Roderic, fulfilled the prophecy domestic occupation, which was baking bread for the reapof the brazen statue. Historia verdadera del Rey Don Rod- ers, began to dance round the fire, repeating the rhyme, and Tigo por d Sabio Alcayde Abulcacim, traduzeda de la lengua continued this exercise till her husband sent the reapers to Arebiga por Mique de Luna, 1654, cap. vi.

the house, one after another, to see what had delayed their provision ; but the charm caught each as they entered, and, losing all idea of returning, they joined in the dance and

chorus. At length the old man himself went to the house ; NOTE 2 E.

but as his wife's frolic with Mr. Michael, whom he had seen

on the hill, made him a little cautious, he contented himself The bells rould ring in Notre Dame.-P. 25.

with looking in at the window, and saw the reapers at their " Tantamne rem tam negligenter ?" says Tyrwhitt, of his involuntary exercise, dragging his wife, now completely expredecessor, Speight; who, in his commentary on Chaucer, hausted, sometimes round, and sometimes through, the fire, had omitted, as trivial and fabulous, the story of Wade and which was, as usual, in the midst of the house. Instead of his boat Gaingelot, to the great prejudice of posterity, the entering, he saddled a horse, and rode up the hill, to humble memory of the hero and the boat being now entirely lost. That himself before Michael, and beg a cessation of the spell; future antiquaries may lay no such omission to my charge, I which the good-natured warlock immediately granted, directhave noted one or two of the most current traditions concern- ing him to enter the house backwards, and, with his left hand, ing Michael Scott. He was chosen, it is said, to go upon an take the spell from above the door; which accordingly ended embassy, to obtain from the King of France satisfaction for the supernatural dance.--This tale was told less particularly certain piracies commitied by his subjects upon those of Scot- in former editions, and I have been censured for inaccuracy land. Instead of preparing a new equipage and splendid | in doing so.-- A similar charm occurs in Huon de Bourdeaux, retinue, the ambassador retreated to his study, opened his book, and in the ingenious Oriental tale, called the Caliph Vathek. and esoked a fiend in the shape of a huge black horse, mount- Notwithstanding his victory over the witch of Falsehope, ed upon his back, and forced him to fly through the air to- Michael Scott, like his predecessor, Merlin, fell at last a vicwards France. As they crossed the sea, the devil insidiously tim to female art. His wife, or concubine, elicited from him asked his rider, What it was that the old women of Scotland the secret, that his art could ward off any danger except the muttered at bedtime? A less experienced wizard might have poisonous qualities of broth, made of the flesh of a breme sow, answered that it was the Pater Noster, which would have Such a mess she accordingly administered to the wizard, who licensed the devil to precipitate him from his back. But died in consequence of eating it; surviving, however, long Michael sternly replied, “What is that to thee ?-Mount, enough to put to death his treacherous confidant. Diabolus, and fly!" When he arrived at Paris, he tied his horse to the gate of the palace, entered, and boldly delivered his message. An ambassador, with so little of the pomp and circumstance of diplomacy, was not received with much re

NOTE 2 F. spect, and the King was about to return a contemptuous refusal to his demand, when Michael besought him to suspend his

The words that cleft Eildon hills in thrce.-P. 25. resolation till he had seen his horse stamp three times. The Michael Scott was, once upon a time, much embarrassed first stamp shook every steeple in Paris, and caused all the by a spirit, for whom he was under the necessity of finding bells to ring; the second threw down three of the towers of constant employment. He commanded him to build a cauld, the palace; and the infernal steed had lifted his hoof to give or dam-head, across the Tweed at Kelso; it was accomplished the third stamp, when the King rather chose to dismiss Michael, in one night, and still does honor to the infernal architect. with the most ample concessions, than to stand to the probable Michael next ordered that Eildon hill, which was then a uniconsequences. Another time, it is said, that, when residing at form cone, should be divided into three. Another night was the Tower of Oakwood, upon the Ettrick, about three miles sufficient to part its summit into the three picturesque peaks above Selkirk, he heard of the fame of a sorceress, called the which it now bears. At length the enchanter conquered this Witch of Falsehope, who lived on the opposite side of the indefatigable demon, by employing him in the hopeless and river. Michael went one morning to put her skill to the test, endless task of making ropes out of sea-sand. bat was disappointed, by her denying positively any knowledge of the necromantic art. In his discourse with her, he laid his wand inadvertently on the table, which the hay observing, suddenly snatched it op, and struck him with it.

NOTE 2 G. Feeling the force of the charm, he rushed out of the house ; but, as it had conferred on him the external appearance of a

That lamp shall burn unquenchably, hare, his servant, who waited without, halloo'd upon the dis

Until the eternal doom shall be.-P. 25. confited wizard his own greyhounds, and pursued him so Baptista Porta, and other authors who treat of natural close, that, in order to obtain a moment's breathing to reverse magic, talk much of eternal lamps, pretended to have been the charm, Michael, after a very fatiguing course, was fain to found burning in ancient sepulchres. Fortunius Licetus intake refuge in his own jawhole (Anglice, common sewer). In vestigates the subject in a treatise, De Lucernis Antiquorum order to revenge himself of the witch of Falsehope, Michael, Reconditis, published at Venice, 1621. One of these perpetone morning in the ensuing harvest, went to the hill above the ual lamps is said to have been discovered in the tomb of Tulhouse with his dogs, and sent down his servant to ask a bit of liola, the daughter of Cicero. The wick was supposed to be bread from the goodwife for his greyhounds, with instructions composed of asbestos. Kircher enumerates three different what to do if he met with a denial. Accordingly, when the recipes for constructing such lamps; and wisely concludes, witch had refused the boon with contumely, the servant, as his that the thing is nevertheless impossible.--Mundus Subtermaster had directed, laid above the door a paper which he had ranneus, p. 72. Delrio imputes the fabrication of such lights given him, containing, amongst many cabalistical words, the to magical skill.--Disquisitiones Magicæ, p. 58. In a very well-known rhyme,

rare romance, which “ treateth of the life of Virgilius, and of “ Maister Michael Scott's man

his deth, and many marvayles that he dyd in his lyfe-time, by

wychecrafte and nygramancye, throughe the helpe of the Sought meat, and gat nane."

devyls of hell," mention is made of a very extraordinary proImmediately the good old woman, instead of pursuing her cess, in which one of these mystical lamps was employed. It

« AnteriorContinuar »