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lack muzzles, horns, and hoofs. The bulls are de- who rode on his other side. His followers incribed by ancient authors as having white manes; stantly endeavored to break into the house whence put those of latter days had lost that peculiarity, the blow had come ; but they found the door perhaps by intermixture with the tame breed.' strongly barricadoed, and, before it could be forced

In detailing the death of the Regent Murray, open, Hamilton had mounted a fleet horse," which which is made the subject of the following ballad, stood ready for him at a back passage, and was got t would be injustice to my reader to use other far beyond their reach. The Regent died the same words than those of Dr. Robertson, whose account night of his wound.”History of Scotland, book v. of that memorable event forms a beautiful piece Bothwellhaugh rode straight to Hamilton, where of historical painting.

he was received in triumph ; for the ashes of the “ Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh was the person houses in Clydesdale, which had been burned by who committed this barbarous action. He had Murray's army, were yet smoking ; and party prebeen condemned to death soon after the battle of judice, the habits of the age, and the enormity of Langside, as we have already related, and owed the provocation, seemed to his kinsmen to justify his life to the Regent's clemency. But part of his the deed. After a short abode at Hamilton, this estate had been bestowed upon one of the Re- fierce and determined man left Scotland, and gent's favorites, who seized his house, and turned served in France, under the patronage of the famout his wife, naked, in a cold night, into the open ily of Guise, to whom he was doubtless recomfields, where, before next morning, she became mended by having avenged the cause of their furiously mad. This injury made a deeper im- niece, Queen Mary, upon her ungrateful brother. pression on him than the benefit he had received, De Thou has recorded, that an attempt was made and from that moment he vowed to be revenged to engage him to assassinate Gaspar de Coligni, of the Regent. Party rage strengthened and in the famous Admiral of France, and the buckler of flamed his private resentment. His kinsmen, the the Huguenot cause. But the character of BothHamiltons, applauded the enterprise. The max-wellhaugh was mistaken. He was no mercenary ims of that age justified the most desperate course trader in blood, and rejected the offer with conhe could take to obtain vengeance. He followed tempt and indignation. He had no authority, he the Regent for some time, and watched for an op- said, from Scotland to commit murders in France; portunity to strike the blow. He resolved at last he had avenged his own just quarrel, but he would to wait till his enemy should arrive at Linlithgow, neither, for price nor prayer, avenge that of anthrough which he was to pass in his way from Stir- other man.Thuanus, cap. 46. ling to Edinburgh. He took his stand in a wooden The Regent's death happened 230 January, gallery,which had a window towards the street; 1569. It is applauded or stigmatized, by contemspread a feather-bed on the floor to hinder the noise porary historians, according to their religious or of his feet from being heard; hung up a black cloth party prejudices. The triumph of Blackwood is behind him, that his shadow might not be observed unbounded. He not only extols the pious feat of from without; and, after all this preparation, Bothwellhaugh, “who,” he observes,“ satisfied, calmly expected the Regent's approach, who had with a single ounce of lead, him whose sacrilegious lodged, during the night, in a house not far distant. avarice had stripped the metropolitan church Some indistinct information of the danger which St. Andrews of its covering ;" but he ascribes it to threatened him had been conveyed to the Regent, immediate divine inspiration, and the escape of and he paid so much regard to it, that he resolved Hamilton to little less than the miraculous interto return by the same gate through which he had ference of the Deity.--JEBB, vol. ii. p. 263. With entered, and to fetch a compass round the town. equal injustice, it was, by others, made the ground But, as the crowd about the gate was great, and of a general national reflection ; for, when Mather he himself unacquainted with fear, he proceeded urged Berney to assassinate Burleigh, and quoted directly along the street; and the throng of peo- the examples of Poltrot and Bothwellhaugh, the ple obliging him to move very slowly, gave the other conspirator answered, “ that neyther Poltrot assassin time to take so true an aim, that he shot. nor Hambleton did attempt their enterpryse, withhim, with a single bullet, through the lower part out some reason or consideration to lead them to of his belly, and killed the horse of a gentleman it; as the one, by hyre, and promise of preferment

!

1 They were formerly kept in the park at Drumlanrig, and it was attached was the property of the Archbishop of St. Anare still to be seen at Chillingham Castle, in Northumberland. | drews, a natural brother to the Duke of Chatelherault, and For their nature and ferocity, see Notes.

uncle to Bothwellhaugh. This, among other circumstances, 2 This was Sir James Bellenden, Lord Justice-Clerk, whose seems to evince the aid which Bothwellhaugh received from shameful and inhuman rapacity occasioned the catastrophe in his clan in effecting his purpose. the text.-SPOTTISWOODE.

4 The gift of Lord John Hamilton, Commendator of Ar* This projecting gallery is still shown. The house to which broath.

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1 Eldest daughter of Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton. -Ep.

2 The head of the family of Hamilton, at this period, was James, Earl of Arran, Duke of Chatelberault, in France, and

first peer of the Scottish realm. In 1569, he was appointed by Queen Mary her lieutenant-general in Scotland, under the singular title of her adopted father.

3 See Appendix, Note A.

NOTE B.

brass piece, of a middling length, very small in the bore, and, Stern Claud replied.-P. 601.

what is rather extraordinary, appears to have been rifled or

indented in the barrel. It had a matchlock, for which a modLord Claud Hamilton, second son of the Duke of Chatel

ern firelack has been injudiciously substituted. herault, and commendator of the Abbey of Paisley, acted a distinguished part during the troubles of Queen Mary's reign, and remained unalterably attached to the cause of that unfortunate princess. He led the van of her army at the fatal battle of Langside, and was one of the commanders at the

NOTE G. Raid of Stirling, which had so nearly given complete success The wild Macfarlanes' plaided clan.-P. 601. to the Queen's faction. He was ancestor of the present Marquis of Abercorn

This clan of Lennox Highlanders were attached to the Regent Murray. Hollinshed, speaking of the battle of Langside,

says, “ In this batayle the valiancie of an Heiland gentleman, NOTE C.

named Macfarlane, stood the Regent's part in great steede ;

for, in the hottest brunte of the fighte, he came up with two Woodhouselee.-P. 601.

hundred of his friendes and countrymen, and so manfully gave This barony, stretching along the banks of the Esk, near in upon the flankes of the Queen's people, that he was a great Auchendinny, belonged to Bothwellhaugh, in right of his cause of the disordering of them. This Macfarlane had been wife. The rains of the mansion, from whence she was expel- lately before, as I have heard, condemned to die, for some outled in the brutal manner which occasioned her death, are still tage by him committed, and obtayning pardon through suyte to be seen in a hollow glen beside the river. Popular report of the Countess of Murray, he recompensed that clemencie by tenants them with the restless ghost of the Lady Bothwell- this piece of service now at this batayle." Calderwood's achaugh; whom, however, it confounds with Lady Anne Both- count is less favorable to the Macfarlanes. He states that well, whose Lament is so popular. This spectre is so tenacious "Macfarlane, with his Highlandmen, fled from the wing of her rights, that a part of the stones of the ancient edifice where they were set. The Lord Lindsay, who stood nearest having been employed in building or repairing the present

to them the Regent's battle, said, 'Let them go! I shall fill Woodhouselee, she has deemed it a part of her privilege to their place better :' and so, stepping forward, with a company haunt that house also ; and, even of very late years, has ex- of fresh men, charged the enemy, whose spears were now cited considerable disturbance and terror among the domestics. spent, with long weapons, so that they were driven back by This is a more remarkable vindication of the rights of ghosts, force, being before almost overthrown by the avaunt-guard and as the present Woodhouslee, which gives his title to the Hon- harquebusiers, and so were turned to flight."-CALDERWOOD's orable Alexander Fraser Tytler, a senator of the College of MS. apud KEITH, p. 480. Melville mentions the flight of the Justice, is situated on the slope of the Pentland hills, distant vanguard, but states it to have been commanded by Morton, at least four miles from her proper abode. She always ap and composed chiefly of commoners of the barony of Renfrew. pears in white, and with her child in her arms.

Note D. Drives to the leap his jaded steed.-P. 601. Birrel informs us, that Bothwellhaugh, being closely pursued, “after that spur and wand had failed him, he drew forth his dagger, and stročke his horse behind, whilk caused the horse to leap a very brode stanke [i. e, ditch], by whilk means he escapit, and gat away from all the rest of the horses."'BIRREL's Diary, p. 18.

NOTE H.
Glencairn and stout Parkhead were nigh.-P. 601.
The Earl of Glencairn was a steady adherent of the Regent.
George Douglas of Parkhead was a natural brother of the Earl
of Morton, whose horse was killed by the same ball by which
Murray fell.

NOTE E.
From the wild Border's humbled side.-P. 601.
Murray's death took place shortly after an expedition to the
Borders; which is thus commemorated by the author of his
Elegy :-
" So having stablischt all things in this sort,

To Liddisdaill agane he did resort,
Throw Ewisdail, Eskdail, and all the daills rode he,
And also lay three nights in Cannabie,
Whair na prince lay thir hundred yeiris before.
Nae thief durst stir, they did him feir sa sair ;
And, that thay suld na mair thair thift allege,
Threescore and twelf he brocht of thame in pledge,
Syne wardit thame, whilk maid the rest keep orrlour ;
Than mycht the rasch-bus keep ky on the Border."
Scottish Poems, 16th century, p.

NOTE I. haggard Lindesay's iron eye, That saw fair Mary weep in vain.-P. 601. Lord Lindsay, of the Byres, was the most ferocious and brutal of the Regent's faction, and, as such, was employed to extort Mary's signature to the deed of resignation presented to her in Lochleven castle. He discharged his commission with the most savage rigor ; and it is even said, that when the weeping captive, in the act of signing, averted her eyes from the fatal deed, he pinched her arm with the grasp of his iron glove.

232.

NOTE K. So close the minions crowded nigh.-P. 601. Not only had the Regent notice of the intended attempt upon his life, but even of the very house from which it was threatened. With that infatuation at which men wonder, after such events have happened, he deemed it would be a sufficient precaution to ride briskly past the dangerous spot. But even this was prevented by the crowd : so that Bothwellhaugh had time to take a deliberate aim.-SPOTTISWOODE, p. 233. BUCHANAN.

NOTE F.

With hackbut bent.-P. 601.
Hackbut bent-Gun cock'd. The carbine, with which the
Regent was shot, is preserved at Hamilton Palace. It is a

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1 An oak, half-sawn, with the motto through, is an ancient there, and at once seized a high place in the literary world by cognizance of the family of Hamilton.

his . Pleasures of Hope.' Among the most eager to welcome

him had been Scott; and I find the brother-bard thus express“Scott spent the Christmas of 1801 at Hamilton Palace, in ing himself concerning the MS. of Cadyow Lanarkshire. To Lady Anne Hamilton he had been intro- "The verses of Cadyow Castle are perpetually ringing in duced by her friend, Lady Charlotte Campbell, and both the my imaginationlate and the present Dukes of Hamilton appear to have partaken of Lady Anne's admiration for Glenfinlas, and the Eve * Where, mightiest of the beasts of chase of St. John. A morning's ramble to the majestic ruins of the

That roam in woody Caledon, old baronial castle on the precipitous banks of the Evan, and

Crashing the forest in his race, among the adjoining remains of the primeval Caledonian for

The mountain bull comes thundering on'est, suggested to him a ballad, not inferior in execution to any that he had hitherto produced, and especially interesting as the and the arrival of Hamilton, when first in which he grapples with the world of picturesque incident unfolded in the authentic annals of Scotland. With the

• Reeking from the recent deed, magnificent localities before him, he skilfully interwove the

He dash'd his carbine on the ground.' daring assassination of the Regent Murray by one of the clansmen of the princely Hamilton.' Had the subject been ta- I have repeated these lines so often on the North Bridge, that ken up in after years, we might have had another Marmion or the whole fraternity of coachmen know me by tongue as I pass. Heart of Mid-Lothian ; for in Cadyow Castle we have the ma- To be sure, to a mind in sober, serious street-walking humor, it terials and outline of more than one of the noblest ballads. must bear an appearance of lunacy when one stamps with the

" About two years before this piece began to be handed about hurried pace and fervent shake of the head, which strong, pithy in Edinburgh, Thomas Campbell had made his appearance poetry excites.'"-Life of Scott, vol. ii. p. 77.

APPENDIX.

NOTE A.

sound the pryse !--P. 600. Pryse-The note blown at the death of the game.-In Caledonia olim frequens erat sylvestris quidam bos, nunc vero rarior, qui, colore candidissimo, jubam densam et demissam instar leonis gestat, truculentus ac ferus ab humano genere abhorrens, ut quæcunque homines vel manibus contrectârint, vel halitu perflaverint, ab iis multos post dies omnino abstinuerunt. Ad hoc tanta audacia huic bovi indita erat, ut

non solum irritatus equites furenter prosterneret, sed ne tantillum laces situs omnes promiscue homines cornibus ac ungulis peterit ; ac canum, qui apud nos ferocissimi sunt, impetus plane contemneret. Ejus carnes cartilaginose, sed saporis suavissimi. Erat is olim per illam vastissimam Caledonia sylvam frequons, sed humana ingluvic jam assumptus tribus tantum locis est reliquus, Strivilingii, Cum bernaldio, et Kincarniæ.--LESLÆUs, Scotiæ Descriptio, p. 13.-[See a note on Castle Dangerous, Waverley Novels, vol. xlvii.--Ed.]

NOTE B.

brass piece, of a middling length, very small in the bore, and, Stern Claud replied.-P. 601.

what is rather extraordinary, appears to have been rifled or

indented in the barrel. It had a matchlock, for which a modLord Cland Hamilton, second son of the Duke of Chatel

ern firelock has been injudiciously substituted. herault, and commendator of the Abbey of Paisley, acted a distinguished part during the troubles of Queen Mary's reign, and remained unalterably attached to the cause of that unfortunate princess. He led the van of her army at the fatal

NOTE G. battle of Langside, and was one of the commanders at the Raid of Stirling, which had so nearly given complete success The wild Macfarlanes' plaided clan.-P. 601. to the Queen's faction. He was ancestor of the present Marquis of Abercorn

This clan of Lennox Highlanders were attached to the Regent Murray. Hollinshed, speaking of the battle of Langside,

says, “In this batayle the valiancie of an Heiland gentleman, NOTE C.

named Macfarlane, stood the Regent's part in great steede ;

for, in the hottest brunte of the fighte, he came up with two Woodhouselee.-P. 601.

hundred of his friendes and countrymen, and so manfully gave This barony, stretching along the banks of the Esk, near in upon the flankes of the Queen's people, that he was a great Auchendinny, belonged to Bothwellhaugh, in right of his cause of the disordering of them. This Macfarlane had been wife. The ruins of the mansion, from whence she was expel- lately before, as I have heard, condemned to die, for some outled in the brutal manner which occasioned her death, are still rage by him committed, and obtayning pardon through suyte to be seen in a hollow glen beside the river. Popular report of the Countess of Murray, he recompensed that clemencie by tenants them with the restless ghost of the Lady Both well- this piece of service now at this batayle.” Calderwood's achaugh ; whom, however, it confounds with Lady Anne Both- count is less favorable to the Macfarlanes. He states that well, whose Lament is so popular. This spectre is so tenacious “Macfarlane, with his Highlandmen, fled from the wing of her rights, that a part of the stones of the ancient edifice where they were set. The Lord Lindsay, who stood nearest having been employed in building or repairing the present to them in the Regent's battle, said, “Let them go ! I shall fill Woodhouselee, she has deemed it a part of her privilege to their place better :' and so, stepping forward, with a company haunt that house also ; and, even of very late years, has ex- of fresh men, charged the enemy, whose spears were now cited considerable disturbance and terror among the domestics. spent, with long weapons, so that they were driven back by This is a more remarkable vindication of the rights of ghosts, force, being before almost overthrown by the avannt-guard and as the present Woodhouslee, which gives his title to the Hon- harquebusiers, and so were turned to flight."-CALDERWOOD's orable Alexander Fraser Tytler, a senator of the College of MS. apud Keith, p. 480. Melville mentions the flight of the Justice, is situated on the slope of the Pentland hills, distant vanguard, but states it to have been commanded by Morton, at least four miles from her proper abode. She always ap- and composed chiefly of commoners of the barony of Renfrew. pears in white, and with her child in her arms.

NOTE D. Drives to the leap his jaded steed.-P. 601. Birrel informs us, that Both wellhaugh, being closely pursued, “after that spur and wand had failed him, he drew forth his dagger, and strotke his horse behind, whilk caused the horse to leap a very brode stanke [i. e. ditch], by whilk means he escapit, and gat away from all the rest of the horses."BIRREL's Diary, p. 18.

NOTE H.
Glencairn and stout Parkhead were nigh.-P. 601.
The Earl of Glencairn was a steady adherent of the Regent.
George Douglas of Parkhead was a natural brother of the Earl
of Morton, whose horse was killed by the same ball by which
Murray fell

NOTE E.
From the wild Border's humbled side.-P. 601.
Murray's death took place shortly after an expedition to the
Borders; which is thus commemorated by the author of his
Elegy :-
" So having stablischt all things in this sort,

To Liddisdaill agane he did resort,
Throw Ewisdail, Eskdail, and all the daills rode he,
And also lay three nights in Cannabie,
Whair na prince lay thir bundred yeiris before.
Nae thief durst stir, they did him feir sa sair ;
And, that thay suld na mair thair thift allege,
Threescore and twelf he brocht of thame in pledge,
Syne wardit thame, whilk maid the rest keep ordour ;
Than mycht the rasch-bus keep ky on the Border."

Scottish Poems, 16th century, p. 232.

NOTE I. haggard Lindesay's iron eye, That saw fair Mary weep in vain.-P. 601. Lord Lindsay, of the Byres, was the most ferocious and brutal of the Regent's faction, and, as such, was employed to extort Mary's signature to the deed of resignation presented to her in Lochleven castle. He discharged his commission with the most savage rigor; and it is even said, that when the weeping captive, in the act of signing, averted her eyes from the fatal deed, he pinched her arm with the grasp of his iron glove.

NOTE K. So close the minions crowded nigh.-P. 601. Not only had the Regent notice of the intended attempt upon his life, but even of the very house from which it was threatened. With that infatuation at which men wonder, after such events have happened, he deemed it would be a sufficient precaution to ride briskly past the dangerous spot. But even this was prevented by the crowd : so that Bothwellhaugh had time to take a deliberate aim.-SPOTTISWOODE, p. 233. BUCHANAN.

NOTE F.

With hackbut bent.-P. 601.
Hackbut bent-Gun cock'd. The carbine, with which the
Regent was shot, is preserved at Hamilton Palace. It is a

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