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SMAYLHO'ME, or Smallholm Tower, the scene of The Eve of St. John. the following ballad, is situated on the northern boundary of Roxburghshire, among a cluster of The Baron of Smaylho'me rose with day, wild rocks, called Sandiknow-Crags, the property He spurr'd his courser on, of Hugh Scott, Esq., of Harden (now Lord Pol. Without stop or stay, down the rocky way, warth). The tower is a high square building, sur- That leads to Brotherstone. rounded by an outer wall, now ruinous. The circuit of the outer court, being defended on three He went not with the bold Buccleuch, sides, by a precipice and morass, is accessible only
His banner broad to rear; from the west, by a steep and rocky path. The He went not 'gainst the English yew, apartments, as is usual in a Border keep, or for
To lift the Scottish spear. tress, are placed one above another, and communicate by a narrow stair; on the roof are two bar- Yet his plate-jack“ was braced, and his helmet tizans, or platforms, for defence or pleasure. The was laced, inner door of the tower is wood, the outer an iron And his vaunt-brace of proof he wore; gate; the distance between them being nine feet, At his saddle-gerthe was a good steel sperthe, the thickness, namely, of the wall. From the ele- Full ten pound weight and more. vated situation of Smaylho'me Tower, it is seen many miles in every direction. Among the crags The Baron return'd in three days space, by which it is surrounded, one, more eminent, is And his looks were sad and sour; called the Watchfold, and is said to have been the And weary was his courser's pace, station of a beacon, in the times of war with Eng- As he reach'd his rocky tower. land. Without the tower-court is a ruined chapel. Brotherstone is a heath, in the neighborhood of He came not from where Ancram Moors Smaylho'me Tower.
Ran red with English blood; This ballad was first printed in Mr. Lewis's Where the Douglas true, and the bold Buccleuch, Tales of Wonder. It is here published, with some 'Gainst keen Lord Evers stood. additional illustrations, particularly an account of the battle of Ancram Moor; which seemed proper Yet was his helmet hack'd and hew'd, in a work upon Border antiquities. The catastro- His acton pierced and tore, phe of the tale is founded upon a well-known Irish His axe and his dagger with blood imbrued, tradition. This ancient fortress and its vicinity But it was not English gore. formed the scene of the Editor's infancy, and seemed to claim from him this attempt to cele- He lighted at the Chapellage, brate them in a Border tale."
He held him close and still ;
1“ This placel is rendered interesting to poetical readers, she bare the mark of it to her dying day. But the examples by its having been the residence, in early life, of Mr. Walter of cold are more frequent; as in that famous story of Curces, Scott, who has celebrated it in his . Eve of St. John.' To it when he touched the arm of a certain woman of Pentech, as he probably allưdes in the introduction to the third canto of she lay in her bed, he felt as cold as ice; and so did the spirit's Marmion.
claw to Anne Styles.”—Ed. 1662, p. 135. * Then rise those crags, that mountain tower,
3 See the Introduction to the third canto of Marmion. .. Which charmed my fancy's wakening hour.'”
" It was a barren scene, and wild, Scots Mag. March, 1809.
Where naked cliffs were rudely piled ; ? The following passage, in Dr. Henry MORE's Appendir
But ever and anon between to the Antidote against Atheism, relates to a similar phenom
Lay velvet tufts of softest green; enon :-"I confess, that the bodies of devils may not be only
And well the lonely infant knew warm, but sindgingly hot, as it was in him that took one of
Recesses where the wallflower grew," &e.-ER Melancthon's relations by the hand, and so scorched her, that • The plate-jack is coat-armor; the vaunt-brace, ar yur
brace, armor for the body; the sperthe, a battle ase. 1 The farm-bouse in the immediate vicinity of Smailholm.
* See Appendix, Note A.
1 The black-rood of Melrose was a crucifix of black marble, | Honorable the Earl of Buchan. It belonged to the order of ind of superior sanctity.
Premonstratenses.--[The ancient Barons of Newmains were 2 Dryburgh Abbey is beautifully situated on the banks of the ultimately represented by Sir Walter Scott, whose remains now I'weed. After its dissolution, it became the property of the repose in the cemetery at Dryburgh.-ED.] Halliburtons of Newmains, and is now the seat of the Right
“ Thou liest, thou liest, thou little foot-page,
Loud dost thou lie to me!
All under the Eildon-tree.”_
And oft to himself he said,
grave is deep
"Yet hear but my word, my noble lord !
For I heard her name his name;
Sir Richard of Coldinghame.”—
It was near the ringing of matin-bell,
The night was wellnigh done,
On the eve of good St. John.
The bold Baron's brow then changed, I trow. The lady look'd through the chamber fair,
By the light of a dying flame; " The
grave is deep and dark--and the corpse is And she was aware of a knight stood therestiff and stark
Sir Richard of Coldinghame! So I may not trust thy tale.
“Alas! away, away !" she cried, Where fair Tweed flows round holy Melrose, For the holy Virgin's sake !"And Eildon slopes to the plain,
“Lady, I know who sleeps by thy side; Full three nights ago, by some secret foe,
But, lady, he will not awake. That gay gallant was slain.
“By Eildon-tree, for long nights three, “The varying light deceived thy sight,
In bloody grave have I lain; And the wild winds drown'd the name; The mass and the death-prayer are said for me, For the Dryburgh bells ring, and the white monks But, lady, they are said in vain.
do sing, For Sir Richard of Coldinghame!”
"By the Baron's brand, near Tweed's fair strand,
Most foully slain, I fell; He pass’d the court-gate, and he oped the tower- And my restless sprite on the beacon's height,
And he mounted the narrow stair, [gate, For a space is doom'd to dwell. To the bartizan-seat, where, with maids that on her wait,
" At our trysting-place," for a certain space, He found his lady fair.
I must wander to and fro;
But I had not had power to come to thy That lady sat in mournful mood;
bower, Look'd over hill and vale;
Hadist thou not conjured me so." —
Love master'd fear-her brow she cross'd;
How, Richard, hast thou sped ! “Now hail, now hail, thou lady bright !"
And art thou saved, or art thou lost ?"“Now hail, thou Baron true!
The vision shook his head !
“ Who spilleth life, shall forfeit life;
So bid thy lord believe : “ The Ancram Moor is red with gore,
That lawless love is guilt above,
This awful sign receive."
He laid his left palm on an oaken beam;
His right upon her hand;
For it scorch'd like a fiery brand.
The sable score, of fingers four,
Remains on that board impress’d; In sleep the lady mourn'd, and the Baron toss'd And for evermore that lady wore and turn'd,
A covering on her wrist.
1 Eildon is a high hill, terminating in three conical summits, directly above the town of Melrose, where are the admired ruins of a magnificent monastery. Eildon-tree is said to be the spot
where Thomas the Rhymer uttered his prophecies. See p. 575.
? Mertoun is the beautiful seat of Lord Polwarth.
here is a nun in Dryburgh bower,
That nun, who ne'er beholds the day,
That monk, who speaks to none-
That monk the bold Baron.
I See Appendix, Note B.
ballad. It is the first of his original pieces, too, in which he * The next of these compositions was, I believe, the Eve of uses the measure of his own favorite Minstrels ; a measure . John, in which Scott re-peoples the tower of Smailholm, which the monotony of mediocrity had long and successfully e awe-inspiring haunt of his infancy; and here he touches, been laboring to degrade, but in itself adequate to the expres
the first time, the one superstition which can still be ap- sion of the highest thoughts, as well as the gentlest emotions ; aled to with full and perfect effect; the only one which lin- and capable, in fit hands, of as rich a variety of music as any rs in minds long since weaned from all sympathy with the other of modern times. This was written at Mertoun-house achinery of witches and goblins. And surely this mystery in the autumn of 1799.”—Life of Scott, vol. ii. p. 26. See as never touched with more thrilling skill than in that noble lante, p. 568.
whole family. The English penetrated as far as Melrose,
which they had destroyed last year, and which they now again BATTLE OF ANCRAM MOOR.-P. 594.
pillaged. As they returned towards Jedburgh, they were foi
lowed by Angus at the head of 1000 horse, who was shortly LORD EVERs, and Sir Brian Latoun, during the year 1544, after joined by the famous Norman Lesley, with a body of ommitted the most dreadful ravages upon the Scottish fron
Fife-men. The English, being probably unwilling to cross the iers, compelling most of the inhabitants, and especially the Teviot while the Scots hung upon their rear, halted upon Annen of Liddesdale, to take assurance under the King of Eng- cram Moor, above the village of that name; and the Scottish land. Upon the 17th November, in that year, the sum total general was deliberating whether to advance or retire, when of their depredations stood thus, in the bloody ledger of Lord
Sir Walter Scott, 1 of Buccleuch, came up at full speed with a Evers :
small but chosen body of his retainers, the rest of whom were
near at hand. By the advice of this experienced warrior (to Towns, towers, barnekynes, paryshe churches, bastill
whose conduct Pitscottie and Buchanan ascribe the success of houses, burned and destroyed,
the engagement), Angus withdrew from the height which he Scots slain,
occupied, and drew up his forces behind it, upon a piece of Prisoners taken,
low flat ground, called Panier-heugh, or Paniel-heugh. The Nolt (cattle),
spare horses being sent to an eminence in their rear, appeared Shepe,
to the English to be the main body of the Scots in the act of Nags and geldings,
1,296 flight. Under this persuasion, Evers and Latoun hurried preGayt,
cipitately forward, and having ascended the hill, which their Bolls of corn,
foes had abandoned, were no less dismayed than astonished to Insight gear, &c. (furniture) an incalculable quantity.
find the phalanx of Scottish spearmen drawn up, in firm array, MURDIN's State Papers, vol. i. p. 51.
upon the flat ground below. The Scots in their turn became For these services Sir Ralph Evers was made a Lord of Par- the assailants. A heron, roused from the marshes by the tuliament. See a strain of exulting congratulation upon his pro- mult, soared away betwixt the encountering armies : “O!" motion poured forth by some contemporary minstrel, in vol. i. exclaimed Angus, " that I had here my white goss-hawk, that
we might all yoke at once !"--Godscroft. The English, The King of England had promised to these two barons a breathless and fatigued, having the setting sun and wind full feudal grant of the country, which they had thus reduced to a in their faces, were unable to withstand the resolute and desdesert; apon bearing which, Archibald Douglas, the seventh perate charge of the Scottish lances. No sooner had they beEarl of Angus, is said to have sworn to write the deed of in- gun to waver, than their own allies, the assured Borderers, Festiture upon their skins, with sharp pens and bloody ink, in who had been waiting the event, threw aside their red crosses, rezentment for their having defaced the tombs of his ancestors and, joining their countrymen, made a most merciless slaughter at Melrose. ---Godscroft. In 1545, Lord Evers and Latoun among the English fugitives, the pursuers calling upon each again entered Scotland, with an army consisting of 3000 mer- other to remember Broomhouse !"--LESLEY, p. 478. cenaries, 1500 English Borderers, and 700 assured Scottish In the battle fell Lord Evers, and his son, together with Sir men, chiefly Armstrongs, Turnbulls, and other broken clans. Brian Latoun, and 800 Englishmen, many of whom were perIn this second incursion, the English generals even exceeded sons of rank. A thousand prisoners were taken, Among their former cruelty. Evers burned the tower of Broomhouse, these was a patriotic alderman of London, Read by name, with its lady (a noble and aged woman, says Lesley), and her who, having contumaciously refused to pay his portion of a
1 The editor has found no instance upon record, of this family having taken assurance with England. Hence they usually suffered dreadfully from the English forays. In Angust, 1544 (the year preceding the battle), the whole lands belonging to Buccleuch, in West Teviotdale, were harried bg Evers; the outworks, or barmkin, of the tower of Branxholm burned; eight Scotta slain, thirty made prisoners, and an immense prey of horses,
cattle, and sheep, carried off. The lands upon Kale Water, belonging to the same chieftain, were also plundered, and much spoil obtained ; thirty Scotts slain, and the Moss Tower (a fortress near Eckford) smoked very sore, Thus Buceleuch had a long account to settle at Ancram Moor. MURDIN's State Papers, pp. 45, 46.
benevolence, demanded from the city by Henry VIII., was sent by royal authority to serve against the Scots. These, at settling his ransom, he found still more exorbitant in their exactions than the monarch.-REDPATH's Border History,
cost, the 20th day of October, anno regis, 34."-STSEL: Annals,
210. This grant, like that of Henry, mast bas been dangerous to the receiver.
Evers was much regretted by King Henry, who swore to avenge his death upon Angus, against whom he conceived himself to have particular grounds of resentment, on account
NOTE B. of favors received by the earl at his hands. The answer of
That nun who ne'er beholds the day.-P. 597. Angus was worthy of a Douglas : “Is our brother-in-law offended,”'l said he, “that I, as a good Scotsman, have avenged The circumstance of the nun," who never saw the day. my ravaged country, and the defaced tombs of my ancestors, not entirely imaginary. About fifty years ago, an acfortanta upon Ralph Evers? They were better men than he, and I female wanderer took up her residence in a dark raolt, 3* was bound to do no less-and will be take my life for that ? the ruins of Dryburgh Abbey, which, daring the day, Little knows King Henry the skirts of Kirnetable : I can keep never quitted. When night fell, she issued from this misenbe myself there against all his English host."-GODSCROFT. habitation, and went to the house of Mr. Haliburton of Ser
Such was the noted battle of Ancram Moor. The spot, on mains, the Editor's great-grandfather, or to that of Mr. Es which it was fought, is called Lilyard's Edge, from an Ama- kine of Sheilfield, two gentlemen of the neighborhood. Free zonian Scottish woman of that name, who is reported, by tra- their charity, she obtained such necessaries as she could z dition, to have distinguished herself in the same manner as prevailed upon to accept. At twelve, each night, she lighted Squire Witherington. The old people point out her monu- her candle, and returned to her vault, assuring her friendly ment, now broken and defaced. The inscription is said to have neighbors, that, during her absence, her habitation wa e been legible within this century, and to have run thus : ranged by a spirit, to whom she gave the uncooth Dane af
Fatlips ; describing him as a little man, wearing heavy in “Fair maiden Lylliard lies under this stane,
shoes, with which he trampled the clay floor of the vault, a Little was her stature, but great was her fame;
dispel the damps. This circumstance caused her to be regard Upon the English louns she laid mony thumps,
ed, by the well-informed, with compassion, as deranga! in be And, when her legs were cutted off, she fought upon her understanding; and by the volgar, with some degree of terzi. stumps."
The cause of her adopting this extraordinary mode of life size Vide Account of the Parish of Melrose. would never explain. It was, however, believed to have been
occasioned by a vow, that, during the absence of a man 1. It appears, from a passage in Stowe, that an ancestor of whom she was attached, she would never look upon the sun Lord Evers held also a grant of Scottish lands from an English Her lover never returned. He fell during the civil war of monarch, "I have seen," says the historian, “under the 1745-6, and she never more would behold the light of day. broad-seale of the said King Edward I., a manor, called Ket- The vault, or rather dungeon, in which this unfortunate vones, in the county of Forfare, in Scotland, and neere the far- man lived and died, passes still by the name of the supernatethest part of the same nation northward, given to John Ure ral being, with which its gloom was tenanted by her distarbed and his heires, ancestor to the Lord Ure, that now is, for his imagination, and few of the neighboring peasants dare enter it service done in these partes, with market, &c., dated at Laner-by night.-1803.
1 Angus had married the widow of James IV., sister to King Henry VIJI.
2 Kirnetable, now called Cairntable, is a mountainous tract at the head
of Douglasdale. (See notes to Castle Dangerous, Waverley Norels, rel. xlvii.)
3 See Chevy Chase,
Cad y ow Castle.
The ruins of Cadyow, or Cadzow Castle, the an- , which anciently extended through the south of cient baronial residence of the family of Hamilton, Scotland, from the eastern to the Atlantic Ocean. are situated upon the precipitous banks of the Some of these trees measure twenty-five feet, and river Evan, about two miles above its junction upwards, in circumference; and the state of decay, with the Clyde. It was dismantled, in the conclu- in which they now appear, shows that they have sion of the Civil Wars, during the reign of the un- witnessed the rites of the Druids. The whole fortunate Mary, to whose cause the house of Ham- scenery is included in the magnificent and extenilton devoted themselves with a generous zeal, sive park of the Duke of Hamilton. There was which occasioned their temporary obscurity, and, long preserved in this forest the breed of the Scotvery nearly, their total ruin. The situation of the tish wild cattle, until their ferocity occasioned their ruins, embosomed in wood, darkened by ivy and being extirpated, about forty years ago. Their creeping shrubs, and overhanging the brawling appearance was beautiful, being milk-white, with torrent, is romantic in the highest degree. In the immediate vicinity of Cadyow is a grove of im- mained certainly a magnificent herd of these cattle in Cadyow
1 The breed had not been entirely extirpated. There remense oaks, the remains of the Caledonian Forest, Forest within these few years.