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Over an

arched door is inscribed the following moral verse : The feast was over in Branksome tower.-P. 18. In the reign of James I., Sir William Scott of Buccleuch, kn varld. is. nocht. nature. hes. vrought. gat. chief of the clan bearing that name, exchanged, with Sir

sal. lest. ap. Thomas Inglis of Manor, the estate of Murdiestone, in Lanark Tharefore. serde. God. keip. veil. pe. rod. tbp. shirg, for one-half of the barony of Branksome, or Brankholm, 1 lying upon the Teviot, about three miles above Hawick.

fame. sal. nocbt, dekay. He was probably induced to this transaction from the vicinity Sir Valter Scott of Branfholm Bnight. of Branksome to the extensive domain which he possessed

Margaret Douglas. 1571. in Ettrick Forest and in Teviotdale. In the former district he held by occupancy the estate of Buccleuch,2 and much of Branksome Castle continued to be the principal seat of the the forest land on the river Ettrick. In Teviotdale, he en- Buccleuch family, while security was any object in their joyed the harmony of Eckford, by a grant from Robert II. to choice of a mansion. It has since been the residence of the his ancestor, Walter Scott of Kirkurd, for the apprehending Commissioners, or Chamberlains, of the family. From the of Gilbert Ridderford, confirmed by Robert III., 31 May, 1424. various alterations which the building has undergone, it is not Tradition imputes the exchange betwixt Scott and Inglis to a only greatly restricted in its dimensions, but retains little of conversation, in which the latter-a man, it would appear, the castellated form, if we except one square tower of massy of a mild and forbearing nature, complained much of the in- thickness, the only part of the original building which now juries which he was exposed to from the English Borderers, remains. The whole forms a handsome modern residence, who frequently plundered his lands of Brank-ome. Sir Wil- lately inhabited by my deceased friend, Adam Ogilvy, Esq., liam Scott instantly offered him the estate of Murdiestone, in of Hartwoodmyres, Commissioner of his Grace the Duke of exchange for that which was subject to such egregious incon- Buccleuch, venience. When the bargain 'was completed, be dryly re- The extent of the ancient edifice can still be traced by some marked, that the cattle in Cumberland were as good as those vestiges of its foundation, and its strength is obvions from the of Teviotdale; and proceeded to commence a system of repri- situation, on a deep bank surrounded by the Teriot, and sals upon the English, which was regularly pursued by his suc- flanked by a deep ravine, formed by a precipitous brook. It cessors. In the next reign, James II. granted to Sir Walter was anciently surrounded by wood, as appears from the surScott of Branksome, and to Sir David, his son, the remaining vey of Roxburghshire, made for Pont's Atlas, and preserved half of the barony of Branksome, to be held in blanche for the in the Advocates' Library. This wood was cut about fifty payment of a red rose. The cause assigned for the grant is, years ago, but is now replaced by the thriving plantations, their brave and faithful exertions in favor of the King against ' which have been forined by the noble proprietor, for miles the house of Douglas, with whom James had been recently around the ancient mansion of his forefathers. tugging for the throne of Scotland. This charter is dated the 20 February, 1443; and, in the same month, part of of Langholm, and many lands in Lanarkshire, were conferred upon Sir Walter and his son by the same monarch.

After the period of the exchange with Sir Thomas Inglis,
Branksome became the principal seat of the Buccleuch family.

Nine-and-troenty knights of fame The castle was enlarged and strengthened by Sir David Scott, Hung their shields in Branksome-Hall.-P. 19. the grandson of Sir William, its first possessor. But, in

The ancient barons of Buccleuch, both from feudal splendor 1570-1, the vengeance of Elizabeth, provoked by the inroads

and from their frontier situation, retained in their household at of Buccleuch, and his attachment to the cause of Queen Branksome, a number of gentlemen of their own name, who Mary, destroyed the castle, and laid waste the lands of Brank- held lands from their chief, for the military service of watching

In the same year the castle was repaired and enlarged and warding his castle. Satchells tells us, in his doggrel by Sir Walter Scott, its brave possessor ; but the work was

poetry, not completed until after his death, in 1574, when the widow "No baron was better served in Britain ; finished the building. This appears from the following in- -The barons of Buckleugh they kept their call, scriptions. Around a stone, bearing the arms of Scott of

Four and twenty gentlemen in their ball,
Buccleuch, appears the following legend :-“ Sír cu.

All being of his name and kin;
Scott of Brankhein Bngt oe of Sir William Each two had a servant to wait upon them
Scott of Birkurd Bngt began ye work upon

Before supper and dinner, most renowned,

The bells rung and the trumpets sowned ; ye 24 of Marche 1571 zear quha departit at And more than that, I do confess, God's plessour pe 17 April 1574." On a similar They kept four and twenty pensioners. copartment are sculptured the arms of Douglas, with this in- Think not I lie, nor do me blame, scription, “ DAME MARGARET Douglas His spOUS COMPLE- For the pensioners I can all name:



1 Branxholm is the proper name of the barony ; but Branksome has been Satchells, many of the ancient barons of Buccleuch lie buried. There is adopted, as suitable to the pronunciation, and more proper for poetry. also said to have been a mill near this solitary spot; an extraordinary cir

? There are no vestiges of any building at Buccleuch, except the site of cumstance, as little or no com grows within several miles of Buccleuch. a chapel, where, according to a tradition current in the time of Scott of Satebells says it was used to grind com for the bounds of the chieftain.

There's men alive, elder than I,

and soo invadet Scotland at the hour of viii of the clok at They know if I speak truth, or lie.

nyght, at a place called Whele Causay; and before xi of the Every pensioner a room! did gain,

clok dyd send forth a forrey of Tyndaill and Ryddisdail, and For service done and to be done ;

laide all the resydewe in a bushment, and actyvely did set vpon This let the reader understand,

a towne called Branxholme, where the Lord of Buclough The name both of the men and land,

dwellythe, and purpesed theymeselves with a trayne for hym Which they possessed, it is of truth,

lyke to his accustomed manner, in rysynge to all frayes; albeit, Both from the Lairds and Lords of Buckleugh." that knyght he was not at home, and so they brynt the said

Branxholm, and other townes, as to say Whichestre, WhichAecordingly, dismounting from his Pegasus, Satchells gives estre-helme, and Whelley, and haid ordered theymself, soo Bs, in prose, the names of twenty-four gentlemen, younger that sundry of the said Lord of Buclough's servants, who dyd brothers of ancient families, who were pensioners to the house issue fourthe of his gates, was takyn prisoners. They dyd not of Buccleuch, and describes the lands which each possessed for leve one house, one stak of corne, nor one shyef, without the his Border service. In time of war with England, the garrison gate of the said Lord Buclough vnbrynt; and thus serymaged was doubtless augmented. Satchells adds, “ These twenty- and frayed, supposing the Lord of Buclough to be within iii or three pensioners, all of his own name of Scott, and Walter iiii myles to have trayned him to the bushment; and soo in the Gladstanes of Whitelaw, a near cousin of my lord's, as aforesaid, breyking of the day dyd the forrey and the bushment mete, were ready on all occasions, when his honor pleased cause to and reculed homeward, making theyre way westward from advertise them. It is known to many of the country better theyre invasion to be over Lyddersdaill, as intending yf the fray than it is to me, that the rent of these lands, which the Lairds frome theyre furst entry by the Scotts waiches, or otherwyse by and Lords of Buccleuch did freely bestow upon their friends, warnying, shuld haue bene gyven to Gedworth and the counwill amount to above twelve or fourteen thousand merks a- trey of Scotland theyreabouts of theyre invasion ; whiche Gedyear."- History of the name of Scott, p. 45. An immense worth is from the Wheles Causay vi miles, that thereby the sumn in those times.

Scotts shulde have comen further vnto theyme, and more out

of ordre; and soo upon sundry good considerations, before they 1 Room, portion of land.

entered Lyddersdaill, as well accompting the inhabitants of the same to be towards your highness, and to enforce theyme the more thereby, as alsoo to put an occasion of suspect to the

Kinge of Scotts, and his counsaill, to be taken anenst theyme, NOTE C.

amonges theymeselves, made proclamacions, commanding,

upon payne of dethe, assurance to be for the said inhabitants of with Jedwood-are at saddlebow.-P. 19.

Lyddersdaill, without any prejudice or hurt to be done by any

Inglysman ynto theyme, and soo in good ordre abowte the wor a truth,” says Froissart, “the Scottish cannot boast howre of ten of the clok before none, vppon Tewisday, dyd great skill with the bow, but rather bear axes, with which, in pass through the said Lyddersdail, when dyd come diverse of time of need, they give heavy strokes." The Jedwood-axe the said inhabitants there to my servauntes, under the said aswas a sort of partisan, used by horsemen, as appears from the surance, offerring theymselfs with any service they couthe armas of Jedburgh, which bear a cavalier mounted, and armed make ; and thus, thanks be to Godde, your highnes' subjects, with this weapon. It is also called a Jedwood or Jeddart staff. abowte the howre of xii of the clok at none the same daye,

came into this your highnes realme, bringing wt theyme above xl Scottsmen prisoners, one of theyme named Scot, of the surname and kyn of the said Lord of Buclough, and of his howse

hold ; they brought also coc nowte, and above lx horse and NOTE D.

mares, keping in savetie frome losse or hurte all your said high

nes subjects. There was alsoo a towne, called Newbyggins, They westch, against Southern force and guile,

by diverse fotmen of Tyndaill and Ryddesdaill, takyn vp of Lest Scroop, or Howard, or Percy's powers,

the night, and spoyled, when was slayne ii Scottsmen of the Threaten Branksome's lordly towers,

said towne, and many Scotts were hurte; your highnes subFrom Warkworth, or Naworth, or merry Carlisle.-P. 19.jects was xiii myles within the grounde of Scotlande, and is

from my house at Werkworthe, above lx miles of the most evil Branksome Castle was continually exposed to the attacks of passage, where great snawes doth lye; heretofore the same the English, both from its situation and the restless military townes now brynt haith not at any tyme in the mynd of man disposition of its inhabitants, who were seldom on good terms in any warrs been enterprised unto nowe; your subjects were with their neighbors. The following letter from the Earl of thereto more encouraged for the better advancement of your Northumberland to Henry VIII. in 1533, gives an account of a highnes service, the said Lord of Buclough beyng always a Faceessful inroad of the English, in which the country was mortall enemy to this your Graces realme, and he dyd say, plandered up to the gates of the castle, although the invaders within xiii days before, he woulde see who durst lye near hym; failed in their principal object, which was to kill, or make pris- wt many other cruell words, the knowledge whereof was cerGrer, the Laird of Buccleuch. It occurs in the Cotton MS. tainly haid to my said servaunts, before theyre enterprice maid Calig. b. viii. f. 22.

vpon him ; most humbly beseeching your majesty, that youre "Pleaseth yt your most gracious highness to be aduertised, highnes thanks may concur vnto theyme, whose names be here that my comptroller, with Raynald Carnaby, desyred licence inclosed, and to have in your most gracious memory, of me to invade the realme of Scotlande, for the annoysaunce full and diligent service of my pore servaante Wharton, and thus, of your highnes enemys, where they thought best exploit by as I am most bounden, shall dispose wt them that be under me theyme might be done, and to haue to concur withe theyme f ...... annoysaunce of your highnes enemys.” In resentthe inhabitants of Northumberland, suche as was towards me ment of this foray, Buccleuch, with other Border chiefs, asaccording to theyre assembly, and as by theyre discretions vpone sembled an army of 3000 riders, with which they penetrated the same they shulde thinke most convenient; and soo they into Northumberland, and laid waste the country as far as the dyde meet vppone Monday, before night, being the iii day of banks of Bramish. They baffled, or defeated, the English for thía instant monethe, at Wawhope, opon Northe Tyne water, ces opposed to them, and returned loaded with prey.-PINKERabove Tyndaill, where they were to the number of xv c men, Ton's History, vol. ii. p. 318.

the payn


lowed and chased; and especially the Lairds of Cessfoord and

Fernyhirst followed furiouslie, till at the foot of a path the Bards long shall tell,

Laird of Cessfoord was slain by the stroke of a spear by an How Lord Walter fell.-P. 19.

Elliot, who was then servant to the Laird of Buccleuch. Bat

when the Laird of Cessfoord was slain, the chase ceased. The Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch succeeded to his grandfather,

Earl of Angus returned again with great merriness and victory, Sir David, in 1492. He was a brave and powerful baron, and

and thanked God that he saved him from that chance, and Warden of the West Marches of Scotland. His death was

passed with the King to Melross, where they remained all that the consequence of a feud betwixt the Scotts and Kerrs, the

night. On the morn they past to Edinburgh with the King, history of which is necessary, to explain repeated allusions in

who was very sad and dolorous of the slaughter of the Laird of the romance.

Cessfoord, and many other gentlemen and yeomen slain by the In the year 1526, in the words of Pitscottie, “the Earl of

Laird of Buccleuch, containing the number of fourscore and Angus, and the rest of the Douglasses, ruled all which they fifteen, which died in defence of the King, and at the command

of his writing.” liked, and no man durst say the contrary; wherefore the King (James V. then a minor) was heavily displeased, and would I am not the first who has attempted to celebrate in verse the fain have been out of their hands, if he might by any way:

renown of this ancient baron, and his hazardous attempt to And, to that effect, wrote a quiet and secret letter with his procure his sovereign's freedom. In a Scottish Latin poet we own hand, and sent it to the Laird of Buccleuch, beseeching find the following verses :him that he would come with his kin and friends, and all the force that he might be, and meet him at Melross, at his home

Valterius Scotus Balcluchius, passing, and there to take him out of the Douglasses hands, and to put him to liberty, to use himself among the lave (rest) Egregio suscepto facinore, libertate Regis, ac aliis rebus gestis of his lords, as he thinks expedient.

clarus, sub Jacobo V. Ao. Christi, 1526. “This letter was quietly directed, and sent by one of the King's own secret servants, which was received very thank

"Intentata aliis, nullique audita priorum fully by the Laird of Buccleuch, who was very glad thereof,

Audet, nec pavidum morsve, metusve quatit, to be put to such charges and familiarity with his prince, and

Libertatem aliis soliti transcribere Regis : did great diligence to perform the King's writing, and to bring

Subreptam hanc Regi restituisse paras; the matter to pass as the King desired: And, to that effect,

Si vincis, quanta Ô succedunt præmia dextræ ! convened all his kin and friends, and all that would do for

Sin victus, falsas spes jace, pone animam. him, to ride with him to Melross, when he knew of the King's

Hostica vis nocuit: stant altæ robora mentis homecoming. And so he brought with him six hundred spears,

Atque decus. Vincet, Rege probante, fides of Liddesdale, and Annandale, and countrymen, and clans

Insita queis animis virtus, quosque acrior ardor thereabout, and held themselves quiet while that the King

Obsidet, obscuris nox premat an tenebris ?" returned out of Jedburgh, and came to Melross, to remain there Heroes ex omni Historia Scotica lectissimi, Auctore Johan. all that night.

Jonstonio Abredonense Scoto, 1603. * But when the Lord Hume, Cessfoord, and Fernyherst (the chiefs of the clan of Kerr), took their leave of the King, and In consequence of the battle of Melrose, there ensued a returned home, then appeared the Lord of Buccleuch in sight, deadly feud betwixt the names of Scott and Kerr, which, in and his company with him, in an arrayed battle, intending to spite of all means used to bring about an agreement, raged for have fulfilled the King's petition, and therefore came stoutly many years upon the Borders. Buccleuch was imprisoned, and forward on the back side of Haliden hill. By that the Earl of his estates forfeited, in the year 1535, for levying war against Angus, with George Douglas, his brother, and sundry other the Kerrs, and restored by act of Parliament, dated 15th March, of his friends, seeing this army coming, they marvelled what 1542, during the regency of Mary of Lorraine. But the most the matter meant; while at the last they knew the Laird of signal act of violence to which this quarrel gave rise, was the Bucclench, with a certain company of the thieves of Annan- murder of Sir Walter himself, who was slain by the Kerrs in dale. With him they were less affeard, and made them man- the streets of Edinburgh in 1552. This is the event alluded fully to the field contrary them, and said to the King in this to in stanza vii.; and the poem is supposed to open shortly manner, “Sir, yon is Buccleuch, and thieves of Annandale after it had taken place. with him, to unbeset your Grace from the gate' (i. e. interrupt The fend between these two families was not reconciled in your passage). “I vow to God they shall either fight or flee : 1596, when both chieftains paraded the streets of Edinburgh and ye shall tarry here on this know, and my brother George with their followers, and it was expected their first meeting with

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you, with any other company you please ; and I shall would decide their quarrel. But, on July 14th of the same pass, and put yon thieves off the ground, and rid the gate unto year, Colvil, in a letter to Mr. Bacon, informs him, " that there your Grace, or else die for it.' The King tarried still, as was was great trouble upon the Borders, which would continue till devised; and George Douglas with him, and sundry other order should be taken by the Queen of England and the King, iords, such as the Earl of Lennox, and the Lord Erskine, and by reason of the two young Scots chieftains, Cesford and Bacsome of the King's own servants ; but all the lave (rest) past lugh, and of the present necessity and scarcity of corn amongst with the Earl of Angus to the field against the Laird of Buc- the Scots Borderers and riders. That there had been a private cleuch, who joyned and countered cruelly both the said parties quarrel betwixt those two lairds on the Borders, which was in the field of Darnelinver, 1 either against other, with uncertain like to have turned to blood ; but the fear of the general trouble victory. But at the last, the Lord Hume, hearing word of that had reconciled them, and the injuries which they thought to matter how it stood, returned again to the King in all possible have committed against each other were now transferred upon haste, with him the Lairds of Cessfoord and Fernyhirst, to the England: not unlike that emulation in France between the number of fourscore spears, and set freshly on the lap and wing Baron de Biron and Mons. Jeverie, who, being both ambitious of the Laird of Buccleuch's field, and shortly bare them back- of honor, undertook more hazardous enterprises against the ward to the ground; which caused the Laird of Buccleuch, enemy than they would have done if they had been at concord and the rest of his friends, to go back and flee, whom they fol- together."—Birch's Memorials, vol. ii. p. 67.

1 Darnwick, near Melrose. The place of conflict is still called Skinner's Field, from a corruption of Skirmish Field. (See the Minstrelsy of the

Scottish Border, vols. i. and ii., for farther particulars concerning these places, of all which the suthor of the Lay was ultimately proprietor.Ed.)


While Cessford orns the rule of Carr,

Of Bethune's line of Picardie.-P. 20.
While Ettrick boasts the line of Scott,

The Bethune's were of French origin, and derived their
The slaughter'd chiefs, the mortal jar,

name from a small town in Artois. There were several disThe havoc of the feudal war,

tinguished families of the Bethunes in the neighboring province Shall never, never be forgot !-P. 19.

of Picardy; they numbered among their descendants the celeAmong other expedients resorted to for stanching the fend brated Duc de Sully; and the name was accounted among the betwixt the Scotts and the Kerrs, there was a bond executed most noble in France, while anght noble remained in that in 1529, between the heads of each clan, binding themselves country. The family of Bethune, or Beatoan, in Fife, proto perform reciprocally the four principal pilgrimages of Scot- duced three learned and dignified prelates : namely, Cardinal land, for the benefit of the souls of those of the opposite name Beaton, and two successive Archbishops of Glasgow, all of who had fallen in the quarrel. This indenture is printed in whom flourished about the date of the romance. Of this the Minstresy of the Scottish Border, vol i. But either family was descended Dame Janet Beaton, Lady Buccleuch, it never took effect, or else the feud was renewed shortly widow of Sir Walter Scott, of Branksome. She was a woman afterwards.

of masculine spirit, as appeared from her riding at the head of Such pactions were not uncommon in feudal times; and, as her son's clan, after her husband's murder. She also possessed might be expected, they were often, as in the present case, the hereditary abilities of her family in such a degree that void of the effect desired. When Sir Walter Mauny, the re- the superstition of the vulgar imputed them to supernatural nowned follower of Edward III., had taken the town of Ryol knowledge. With this was mingled by faction, the foul acin Gascony, he remembered to have heard that his father lay

cusation of her having influenced Queen Mary to the murder there buried, and offered a hundred crowns to any who could of her husband. One of the placards preserved in Buchanan's show him his grave. A very old man appeared before Sir Detection, accuses of Darnley's murder “the Erle of BothWalter, and informed him of the manner of his father's death, well, Mr. James Balfour, the persoun of Fliske, Mr. David and the place of his sepulture. It seems the Lord of Maany Chalmers, black Mr. John Spens, who was principal deviser had, at a great tournament, unhorsed, and wounded to the

of the murder; and the Quene, assenting thairto, throw the death, a Gascon knight, of the honse of Mirepoix, whose kins

persuasion of the Erle Both well, and the witchcraft of Lady man was Bishop of Cambray. For this deed he was held at Buckleuch." fead by the relations of the knight, until he agreed to undertake a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. James of Compostella,

NOTE K. for the benefit of the soul of the deceased. But as he returned through the town of Ryol, after accomplishment of his vow,

He learn'd the art that none may name, he was beset and treacherously slain, by the kindred of the

In Padua, far beyond the sea.-P. 20. knight whom he had killed. Sir Walter, guided by the old Padua was long supposed, by the Scottish peasants, to be man, visited the lowly tomb of his father; and, having read the principal school of necromancy. The Earl of Gowrie, the inscription, which was in Latin, he caused the body to be slain at Perth, in 1600, pretended, during his studies in Italy, raised, and transported to his native city of Valenciennes, to have acquired some knowledge of the cabala, by which, he where masses were, in the days of Froissart, duly said for the

said, he could charm snakes, and work other miracles ; and, soal of the unfortunate pilgrim.-Chronycle of Froissart, in particular, could produce children without the intercourse vol. i. p. 123.

of the sexes.-See the examination of Wemyss of Bogie before

the Privy Council, concerning Gowrie's Conspiracy.
With Carr in arms had stood.-P. 20.

The family of Ker, Kerr, or Carr, was very powerful on
| the Border. Fynes Morrison remarks, in his Travels, that

His form nb darkening shadow traced their influence extended from the village of Preston-Grange,

Upon the sunny wall !--P. 20. in Lothian, to the limits of England. Cessford Castle, the The shadow of a necromancer is independent of the sun. ancient baronial residence of the family, is situated near the Glycas informs us that Simon Magus caused his shadow to go village of Morebattle, within two or three miles of the Cheviot before him, making people believe it was an attendant spirit. Hills. It has been a place of great strength and consequence, -Heywood's Hierarchie, p. 475. The vulgar conceive, but is now ruinons. Tradition affirms that it was founded by that when a class of students have made a certain progress in Halbert, or Habby Kerr, a gigantic warrior, concerning whom their mystic studies, they are obliged to run through a subtermany stories are current in Roxburghshire. The Duke of raneous hall, where the devil literally catches the hindmost Roxbarghe represents Kerr of Cessford. A distinct and power in the race, unless he crosses the ball so speedily that the ful branch of the same name own the Marquis of Lothian as arch-enemy can only apprehend his shadow. In the latter their chief. Hence the distinction betwixt Kerrs of Cessford case, the person of the sage never after throws any shade ; and Faimnihirst.

and those, who have thus lost their shadow, always prove the best magicians.


Lord Cranstoun.-P. 20. The Cranstouns, Lord Cranstoun, are an ancient Border family, whose chief seat was at Crailing, in Teviotdale. They were at this time at feud with the clan of Scott; for it ap pears that the Lady of Buccleuch, in 1557, beset the Laird of Cranstorn, seeking his life. Nevertheless, the same Cranstoon, or perhaps his son, was married to a daughter of the same lady.

1 The same is spelt differently by the various families who bear it. Carr is selected, not as the most correct, but as the most poetical reading.

NOTE M. The vierless forms of air _P. 20. The Scottish vulgar, without having any very defined notion of their attributes, believe in the existence of an intermediate class of spirits, residing in the air, or in the waters ; to whose agency they ascribe floods, storms, and all such phenomena as their own philosophy cannot readily explain. They are supposed to interfere in the affairs of mortals, sometimes

2 This expression and sentiment were dietated by the situation of France, in the year 1803, when the poem was originally written. 1821.

with a malevolent purpose, and sometimes with milder views. rity, by paying a constant rent to them. When in their It is said, for example, that a gallant baron, having returned greatest height, they had two great enemies,--the Laws of the from the Holy Land to his castle of Drummelziar, found his Land, and the Lord William Howard of Naworth. He sent fair lady nursing a healthy child, whose birth did not by any many of them to Carlisle, tp that place where the officer doth means correspond to the date of his departure. Such an oc- always his work by daylight. Yet these moss-troopers, if poscurrence, to the credit of the dames of the Crusaders be it sibly they could procure the pardon for a condemned person of spoken, was so rare, that it required a miraculous solution. their company,

would advance great sums out of their common The lady, therefore, was believed, when she averred confidently, stock, who, in such a case, cast in their lots amongst therthat the Spirit of the Tweed had issued from the river while selves, and all have one purse. she was walking upon its bank, and compelled her to submit

4. Decay. Caused, by the wisdom, valour, and diligence to his embraces; and the name of Tweedie was bestowed of the Right Honourable Charles Lord Howard, Earl of Car upon the child, who afterwards became Baron of Drummelziar, lisle, who routed these English Tories with bis regiment. His and chief of a powerful clan. To those spirits are also as- severity unto them will not only be excused, but commended, cribed, in Scotland, the

by the judicious, who consider how our great lawyer doth -“ Airy tongues, that syllable men's names,

describe such persons, who are solemnly outlawed. BracOn sands, and shores, and desert wildernesses.''

Ton, lib. viii., trac. 2, cap. 11.- Er tunc gerunt caput lupi

num, ita quod sine judiciali inquisitione rite pereant, et When the workmen were engaged in erecting the ancient secum suum judicium portent ; et merito sine lege pereuri, church of Old Deer, in Aberdeenshire, upon a small hill called qui secundum legem vivere recusárunt.'—' Thenceforward Bissau, they were surprised to find that the work was impeded (after that they are outlawed), they wear a wolf's head, so that by supernatural obstacles. At length, the Spirit of the River they lawfully may be destroyed, without any judicial inquisiwas heard to say,

tion, as who carry their own condemnation about them, and “ It is not here, it is not here

deservedly die without law, because they refused to live ac

cording to law.'
That shall build the church of Deer;

But on Taptillery,

5. Ruine. Such was the success of this worthy lord's

severity, that he made a thorough reformation among them; Where many a corpse shall lie."

and the ring-leaders being destroyed, the rest are reduced to The site of the edifice was accordingly transferred to Tap- legal obedience, and so, I trust, will continue."-Fuller's tillery, an eminence at some distance from the place where the Worthies of England, p. 216. building had been commenced. ---MACFARLANE's Mss. I The last public mention of moss-troopers occurs during the mention these popular fables, because the introduction of the civil wars of the 17th century, when many ordinances of River and Mountain Spirits may not, at first sight, seem to ac- Parliament were directed against them. cord with the general tone of the romance, and the superstitions of the country where the scene is laid.


-tame the Unicorn's pride,
A fancied moss-trooper, &c.-P. 21.

Eralt the Crescent and the Star.-P. 21. This was the usual appellation of the maranders upon the The arms of the Kerrs of Cessford were, Vert on a cheveron, Borders: a profession diligently pursued by the inhabitants on betwixt three unicorns' heads erased argent, three mullets saboth sides, and by none more actively and successfully than by ble; crest, a unicorn's head, erased proper. The Scotts of Buccleuch's clan. Long after the union of the crowns, the Buccleuch bore, Or, on a bend azure; a star of six points bemoss-troopers, although sunk in reputation, and no longer en- twixt two crescents of the first. joying the pretext of national hostility, continued to pursue their calling

Fuller includes, among the wonders of Cumberland, “ The moss-troopers: 80 strange in the condition of their living, if

NOTE P. considered in their Original, Increase, Height, Decay, and

William of Deloraine.-P. 21. Ruine.

"1. Original. I conceive them the same called Borderers The lands of Deloraine are joined to those of Buccleuch in in Mr. Camden; and characterized by him to be a wild and Ettrick Forest. They were immemorially possessed by the warlike people. They are called moss-troopers, because dwell- Buccleuch family, under the strong title of occupancy, aling in the mosses, and riding in troops together. They dwell though no charter was obtained from the crown until 1545. in the bounds, or meeting, of the two kingdoms, but obey the Like other possessions, the lands of Deloraine were occasionally laws of neither. They come to church as seldom as the 29th granted by them to vassals, or kinsmen, for Border service. of February comes into the kalendar.

Satchells mentions, among the twenty-four gentlemen-pension“2. Increase. When England and Scotland were united ers of the family, "William Scott, commonly called Cut-etin Great Britain, they that formerly lived by hostile incursions, the-Black, who had the lands of Nether Deloraine for his serbetook themselves to the robbing of their neighbors. Their vicę.” And again, “ This William of Deloraine, commonly sons are free of the trade by their fathers' copy. They are like called Cut-at-the-Black, was a brother of the ancient house of to Job, not in piety and patience, but in sudden plenty and Haining, which house of Haining is descended from the anpoverty ; sometimes having flocks and herds in the morning, cient house of Hassendean." The lands of Deloraine now none at night, and perchance many again next day. They give an earl's title to the descendant of Henry, the second surmay give for their motto, vivitor et rapto, stealing from their viving son of the Duchess of Buccleuch and Monmouth. I honest neighbors what they sometimes require. They are a have endeavored to give William of Deloraine the attributes nest of hornets; strike one, and stir all of them about your which characterized the Borderers of his day; for which I ears. Indeed, if they promise sufely to conduct a traveller, can only plead Froissart's apology, that, “it behoveth, in a they will perform it with the fidelity of a Turkish janizary; lynage, some to be folyshe and outrageous, to maynteyne and otherwise, woe be to him that falleth into their quarters ! sustayne the peasable." As a contrast to my Marchman, I

“3. Height. Amounting, forty years since, to some thou- beg leave to transcribe, from the same author, the speech of sands. These compelled the vicinage to purchase their secu- Amergot Marcell, a captain of the Adventurous Companions,

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