Imágenes de páginas


the Scottish reserve. It is traditionally said, that at this cri- ings over his armor, he fell unknown, after his horse had been sis, he addressed the Lord of the Isles in a phrase used as a

stabbed with spears. motto by some of his descendants, "My trust is constant in Sir Marmaduke Twenge, an English knight, contrived to

Barbour intimates, that the reserve “ assembled on conceal himself during the fury of the pursuit, and when it one field," that is, on the same line with the Scottish forces was somewhat slackened, approached King Robert. " Whose already engaged ; which leads Lord Hailes to conjecture that prisoner are you, Sir Marmaduke ?'' said Bruce, to whom he the Scottish ranks must have been much thinned by slaughter, was personally known. “ Yours, sir," answered the knight. since, in that circumscribed ground, there was room for the “I receive you," answered the king, and, treating him with reserve to fall into the line. But the advance of the Scottish the utmost courtesy, loaded him with gifts, and dismissed him cavalry must have contributed a good deal to form the va- without ransom. The other prisoners were all well treated. cancy occupied by the reserve.

There might be policy in this, as Bruce would naturally wish to acquire the good opinion of the English barons, who were at this time at great variance with their king. But it also well accords with his high chivalrous character.


To arms they flew,-are, club, or spear,-
And mimic ensigns high they rear.-P. 464.

The followers of the Scottish camp observed, from the Gil-
lies' Hill in the rear, the impression produced upon the English

0! give their hapless prince his due.-P. 464. army by the bringing up of the Scottish reserve, and, prompted Edward II., according to the best authorities, showed, in by the enthusiasm of the moment, or the desire of plunder, the fatal field of Bannockburn, personal gallantry not unassumed, in a tumultuary manner, such arms as they found worthy of his great sire and greater son. He remained on the nearest, fastened sheets to tent-poles and lances, and showed field till forced away by the Earl of Pembroke, when all was themselves like a new army advancing to battle.

lost. He then rode to the Castle of Stirling, and demanded

admittance; but the governor, remonstrating upon the impra“ Yomen, and swanys,1 and pitaill,2

dence of shutting himself up in that fortress, which must so That in the Park yemyt wictaill,

soon surrender, he assembled around his person five hundred War left; quhen thai wyst but lesing,

men-at-arms, and, avoiding the field of battle and the victoThat thair lordis, with fell fechtyng,

rious army, fled towards Linlithgow, pursued by Douglas with On thair fayis assemblyt wer;

about sixty horse. They were augmented by Sir Lawrence Ane off thaim selwynó that war thar

Abernethy with twenty more, whom Douglas met in the TorCapitane of thaim all thai maid.

wood upon their way to join the English army, and whom he And schetis, that war sumedele brad,

easily persuaded to desert the defeated monarch, and to assist Thai festnyt in steid off baneris,

in the pursuit. They hung upon Edward's flight as far as Apon lang treys and speris :

Dunbar, too few in number to assail him with effect, but enough And said that thai wald se the fycht;

to harass his retreat so constantly, that whoever fell an instant And help thair lordis at thair mycht.

behind, was instantly slain or made prisoner. Edward's ignoQuhen her till all assentyt wer,

minious flight terminated at Dunbar, where the Earl of March, In a rout assemblit er ;?

who still professed allegiance to him, " received him full Fyftene thowsand thai war, or ma.

gently." From thence, the monarch of so great an empire, And than in gret hy gan thai ga,

and the late commander of so gallant and numerous an army, With thair baneris, all in a rout,

escaped to Bamborough in a fishing vessel. As thai had men bene stythe and stout.

Bruce, as will appear from the following document, lost no Thai come, with all that assemblé,

time in directing the thunders of Parliamentary censure against Rycht quhill thai mycht the bataill se :

such part of his subjects as did not return to their natural alleThan all at anys thai gave a cry,

giance after the battle of Bannockburn.
“Sla! sla! Apon thaim hastily!'”
BARBOUR's Bruce, Book ix. v. 410.

The unexpected apparition, of what seemed a new army,

VI DIE NOVEMBRIS, M,CCC,XIV. completed the confusion which already prevailed among the English, who fled in every direction, and were pursued with immense slaughter. The brook of Bannock, according to

Judicium Reditum apud Kambuskinet contra omnes illos qui Barbour, was so choked with the bodies of men and horses,

tunc fuerunt contra fidem et pacem Domini Regis. that it might have been passed dry-shod. The followers of Anno gracie millesimo tricentisimo quarto decimo sexto die the Scottish camp fell upon the disheartened fugitives, and Novembris tenente parliamentum suum Excellentissimo prinadded to the confusion and slaughter. Many were driven cipe Domino Roberto Dei gracia Rege Scottorum Illustri in into the Forth, and perished there, which, by the way, could monasterio de Cambuskyneth concordatnm fuit finaliter Juhardly have happened, had the armies been drawn up east dicatum [ac super) hoc statutum de Concilio et Assensa Episand west ; since, in that case, to get at the river, the English coporum et ceterorum Prelatorum Comitum Baronum et aliofugitives must have fled through the victorious army. About rum nobilium regni Scocie nec non et tocius communitatis a short mile from the field of battle is a place called the regni predicti quod omnes qui contra fidem et pacem dicti Bloody Folds. Here the Earl of Gloucester is said to have domini regis in bello seu alibi mortui sunt (vel qui dic) to die made a stand, and died gallantly at the head of his own mili- ad pacem ejus et fidem non venerant licet sepius vocati et letary tenants and vassals. He was much regretted by both gitime expectati fuissent de terris et tenementis et omni alio sides; and it is said the Scottish would gladly have saved his stata infra regnum Scocie perpetuo sint exheredati et habeanlife, but, neglecting to wear his surcoat with armorial bear- tur de cetero tanquam inimici Regis et Regni ab omni vendi

cacione juris hereditarii vel juris alterius cujuscunque in pos

terum pro se et heredibus suis in perpetuum privati Ad per1 Swains.--2 Rabble.-3 kept the provisions.4 Lying.-5 Selves.6 Somewhat,- 1 Are.-- Stiff.

petuam igitur rei memoriam et evidentem probacionem hujus

Judicii et Statuti sigilla Episcoporum et aliorum Prelatorum nec non et comitum Baronam ac ceterorum nobilium dicti Regni presenti ordinacioni Judicio et statuto sunt appensa.

renowned warrior, there fell many representatives of the noblest honses in England, which never sustained a more bloody and disastrous defeat. Barbour says that two hundred pairs of gilded spurs were taken from the field of battle; and that some were left the author can bear witness, who has in his possession a curious antique spur, dug up in the moraes, not long since.

" It wes forsath a gret ferly,

To se samynt sa fele dede lie.
Twa hundre payr of sparis reid,
War tane of knichtis that war deid.”

Sigillum Domini Regis
Sigillum Willelmi Episcopi Sancti Andree
Sigillum Roberti Episcopi Glascuensis
Sigillum Willelmi Episcopi Dunkeldensis


Sigillum Alani Episcopi Sodorensis
Sigillum Johannis Episcopi Brechynensis
Sigillum Andree Episcopi Ergadiensis
Sigillum Frechardi Episcopi Cathanensis
Sigillum Abbatis de Scona
Sigillum Abbatis de Calco
Sigillum Abbatis de Abirbrothok
Sigillum Abbatis de Sancta Cruce
Sigillum Abbatis de Londoris
Sigillum Abbatis de Newbotill
Sigillum Abbatis de Cupro
Sigillum Abbatis de Paslet
Sigillum Abbatis de Dunfermelyn
Sigillum Abbatis de Lincluden
Sigillum Abbatis de Insula Missaram
Sigillum Abbatis de Sancto Columba
Sigillum Abbatis de Deer
Sigillum Abbatis de Dulce Corde
Sigillum Prioris de Coldinghame
Sigillum Prioris de Rosty not
Sigillum Prioris Sancte Andree
Sigillum Prioris de Pittinwem
Sigillum Prioris de Insula de Lochlevin
Sigillum Senescalli Scocie
Sigillum Willelmi Comitis de Ros

I am now to take my leave of Barbour, not without a sincere wish that the public may encourage the undertaking of my friend Dr. Jamieson, who has issued proposals for publishing an accurate edition of his poem, and of blind Harry's Wallace. The only good edition of The Bruce was published by Mr. Pinkerton, in 3 vols., in 1790; and, the learned editar having had no personal access to consult the manuseript, it is not without errors; and it has besides become scarce. Wallace there is no tolerable edition ; yet these two poems do no small honor to the early state of Scottish poetry, and The Bruce is justly regarded as containing authentic historical facts.

The following list of the slain at Bannockburn, extracted from the continuator of Trivet's Annals, will show the extent of the national calamity.


Sigillum Gilberti de la Haya Constabularii Scocie
Sigillum Roberti de Keth Mariscalli Scocie
Sigillum Hugonis de Rog
Sigillum Jacobi de Duglas
Sigillum Johannis de Sancto Claro
Sigillum Thome de Ros
Sigillum Alexandri de Settone
Sigillum Walteri Haliburtone
Sigillum Davidis de Balfour
Sigillum Duncani de Wallays
Sigillum Thome de Dischingtone
Sigillum Andree de Moravia
Sigillum Archibaldi de Betun
Sigillum Ranulphi de Lyill
Sigillum Malcomi de Balfour
Sigillum Normanni de Lesley
Sigillum Nigelli de Campo bello
Sigillum Morni de Musco Campc

Knights and Knights Ban- Simon Ward, nerets,

Robert de Felton, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- Michael Poyning, cester,

Edmund Manlley.
Robert de Clifford,
Payan Tybetot,

William Le Mareschal, Henry de Boun,
John Comyn,

Thomas de Ufford, William de Vescey,

John de Elsingfelde, John de Montfort,

John de Harcourt, Nicolas de Hasteleigh, Walter de Hakelut, William Dayncourt,

Philip de Courtenay, Ægidius de Argenteyne, Hago de Seales, Edmond Comyn,

Radulph de Beauchamp, John Lovel (the rich), John de Penbrigge, Edmund de Hastynge,

With 33 others of the same Milo de Stapleton,

rank, not named

Barons and Baronets. Antony de Lucy,
Henry de Boun, Earl of Here Radulph de Camys,

John de Evere,
Lord John Giffard, Abremhyn.
William de Latimer,
Maurice de Berkeley,

Ingelram de Umfraville, Thomas de Berkeley,
Marmaduke de Twenge, The son of Roger Tyrrel,
John de Wyletone,

Anselm de Mareschal, Robert de Maulee,

Giles de Beauchamp, Henry Fitz-Hugh,


Nor for De Argentine alone,
Through Ninian's church these torches shone,

And rose the death-prayer's awful tone.-P. 465.
The remarkable circumstances attending the death of De
Argentine have been already noticed (Note L). Besides this

John de Cyfrewast,
Thomas de Gray,

John Bluwet,
Walter de Beauchamp, Roger Corbet,
Richard de Charon,

Gilbert de Boun,
John de Wevelmton,

Bartholomew de Enefeld,
Robert de Nevil,

Thomas de Ferrers, (tort, John de Segrave,

Radulph and Thomas BotteGilbert Peeche,

John and Nicholas de King John de Clavering,

stone (brothers),

1 Together,

9 Red, or gilded. 3 [The extracts from Barbour in this edition of Sir Walter Scott's poems

have been uniformly corrected by the text of Dr. Jamieson's Brace, pab lished, along with Blind Harry's Wallace, Edin. 1820, vols. 4to.-ED.)

William Lovel, Henry de Wileton, Baldwin de Frevill, John de Clivedon, Adomar la Zouche, John de Merewode, John Maufe,

Thomas and Odo Lele Erce

dekene, Robert Beau pel (the son), John Mautravers (the son), William and William Giffard,

and 34 other knights, not named by the historian.

And in sum there were slain, along with the Earl of Gloucester, forty-two barons and bannerets. The number of earls, barons, and bannerets made captive, was twenty-two, and sixty-eight knights. Many clerks and esquires were also there slain or taken. Roger de Northburge, keeper of the king's

signet (Custos Targie Domini Regis), was made prisoner with his two clerks, Roger de Wakenfelde and Thomas de Switon, upon which the king caused a seal to be made, and entitled it his pridy seal, to distinguish the same from the signet so lost. The Earl of Hereford was exchanged against Bruce's queen, who had been detained in captivity ever since the year 1306. The Targia, or signet, was restored to England through the intercession of Ralph de Monthermer, ancestor of Lord Moira, who is said to have found favor in the eyes of the Scottish king.- Continuation of Trivet's Annals, Hall's edit. Oxford, 1712, vol. ii. p. 14.

Such were the immediate consequences of the Field of Bannockburn. Its more remote effects, in completely establishing the national independence of Scotland, afford a boundless field for speculation.

1 Supposed Clinton,

2 Maule.

[blocks in formation]

ADVERTISEMENT. It may be some apology for the imperfections of this poem, that it was composed hastily, and during a short tour upon the Continent, when the Author's labors were liable to frequent interruption; but its best apology is, that it was written for the purpose of assisting the Waterloo Subscription.


The field of Waterloo.

FAIR Brussels, thou art far behind,
Though, lingering on the morning wind,

We yet may hear the hour
Peal'd over orchard and canal,
With voice prolong'd and measured fall,

From proud St. Michael's tower;
Thy wood, dark Soignies, holds us now,"
Where the tall beeches' glossy bough

For many a league around,
With birch and darksome oak between,
Spreads deep and far a pathless screen,

Of tangled forest ground.
Stems planted close by stems defy
The adventurous foot-the curious eye

For access seeks in vain ;
And the brown tapestry of leaves,
Strew'd on the blighted graund, receives

Nor sun, nor air, nor rain,
No opening glade dawns on our way,
No streamlet, glancing to the ray,

* Published by Constable & Co. in October, 1815. 8vo. 5s.

?"The wood of Soignies is supposed to be a remnant of the forest of Ardennes, famous in Boiardo's Orlando, and immor

tal in Shakspeare's . As you Like it.' It is also celebrated in Tacitus as being the spot of successful defence by the Germans against the Roman encroachments.”—Byron.

Our woodland path has cross'd; And the straight causeway which we tread, Prolongs a line of dull arcade, Unvarying through the unvaried shade

Until in distance lost.


A brighter, livelier scene succeeds ;'
In groups the scattering wood recedes,
Hedge-rows, and huts, and sunny meads,

And corn-fields, glance between;
The peasant, at his labor blithe,
Plies the hook'd staff and shortend scythe: –

But when these ears were green, Placed close within destruction's scope, Full little was that rustic's hope

Their ripening to have seen!
And, lo, a hamlet and its fane :
Let not the gazer with disdain

Their architecture view;
For yonder rude ungraceful shrine,
And disproportion'd spire are thine,"

Immortal WATERLOO !*

Yet one mile on, yon shatter'd hedge
Crests the soft hill whose long smooth ridge

Looks on the field below,
And sinks so gently on the dale,
That not the folds of Beauty's veil

In easier curves can flow.
Brief space from thence, the ground again
Ascending slowly from the plain,

Forms an opposing screen,
Which, with its crest of upland ground,
Shuts the horizon all around.

The soften'd vale between
Slopes smooth and fair for courser's tread;
Not the most timid maid need dread
To give her snow-white palfrey head

On that wide stubble-ground;
Nor wood, nor tree, nor bush, are there,
Her course to intercept or scare,

Nor fosse nor fence are found,
Save where, from out her shatter'd bowers,
Rise Hougomont's dismantled towers.?

III. Fear not the heat, though full and high The sun has scorch'd the autumn sky, And scarce a forest straggler now To shade us spreads a greenwood bough; These fields have seen a hotter day Than e'er was fired by sunny ray.

[merged small][ocr errors]

1 " Southward from Brussels lies the field of blood,

Some three hours' journey for a well-girt man;
A horseman, who in haste pursued his road,

Would reach it as the second hour began.
The way is through a forest deep and wide,

Extending many a mile on either side.
**No cheerful woodland this of antic trees,

With thickets varied and with sunny glade ;
Look where he will, the weary traveller sees

One gloomy, thick, impenetrable shade
of tall straight trunks, which move before his sight,
With interchange of lines of long green light.

His childless sovereign. Heaven denied an heir,
And Europe mourn'd in blood the frustrate prayer."

SOUTHEY. To the original chapel of the Marquis of Castanaza has now been added a building of considerable extent, the whole interior of which is filled with monumental inscriptions for the heroes who fell in the battle.

6 The MS. has not this couplet.

6 "As a plain, Waterloo seems marked out for the scene of some great action, though this may be mere imagination. I have viewed with attention, those of Platea, Troy, Mantinea, Leuctra, Chæronea, and Marathon ; and the field around Mont St. Jean and Hougomont appears to want little but : better cause, and that indefinable but impressive halo which the lapse of ages throws around a consecrated spot, to vie in interest with any or all of these, except, perhaps, the last mentioned."-Byron. 7 MS.—"Save where,

ļ its fire-scathed bowers among,

the S
Rise the rent towers of Hougomont."
8 “Is the spot mark'd with no colossal bust,

Nor column trophied for triumphal show ?
None : But the moral's truth tells simpler so,
As the ground was before, thus let it be ;-
How that red rain hath made the harvest grow!
And is this all the world has gain'd by thee,
Thou first and last of fields ! king-making Victory ?"


“ Here, where the woods receding from the road

Have left on either hand an open space
For fields and gardens, and for man's abode,

Stands Waterloo ; a little lowly place,
Obscure till now, when it hath risen to fame,
And given the victory its English name.'

SOUTHEY's Pilgrimage to Waterloo. a See Appendix, Note A. 9 MS.-"Let not the stranger with disdain

Its misproportions view;
awkward and

ungraceful shrine,
And yonder humble spire, are thine.”
4"What time the second Carlos ruled in Spain,

Last of the Austrian line by fate decreed, Here Castanaza rear'd a votive fane,

Praying the patron saints to bless with seed

Yon rudely form’d,

“ Was it a soothing or a mournful thought,

Amid this scene of slaughter as we stood, Where armies had with recent fury fought,

« AnteriorContinuar »