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the Scottish reserve. It is traditionally said, that at this cri- ings over his armor, he fell unknown, after his horse had been sis, he addressed the Lord of the Isles in a phrase used as a
stabbed with spears. motto by some of his descendants, "My trust is constant in Sir Marmaduke Twenge, an English knight, contrived to
Barbour intimates, that the reserve “ assembled on conceal himself during the fury of the pursuit, and when it one field," that is, on the same line with the Scottish forces was somewhat slackened, approached King Robert. " Whose already engaged ; which leads Lord Hailes to conjecture that prisoner are you, Sir Marmaduke ?'' said Bruce, to whom he the Scottish ranks must have been much thinned by slaughter, was personally known. “ Yours, sir," answered the knight. since, in that circumscribed ground, there was room for the “I receive you," answered the king, and, treating him with reserve to fall into the line. But the advance of the Scottish the utmost courtesy, loaded him with gifts, and dismissed him cavalry must have contributed a good deal to form the va- without ransom. The other prisoners were all well treated. cancy occupied by the reserve.
There might be policy in this, as Bruce would naturally wish to acquire the good opinion of the English barons, who were at this time at great variance with their king. But it also well accords with his high chivalrous character.
NOTE 4 D.
To arms they flew,-are, club, or spear,-
NOTE 4 E.
0! give their hapless prince his due.-P. 464. army by the bringing up of the Scottish reserve, and, prompted Edward II., according to the best authorities, showed, in by the enthusiasm of the moment, or the desire of plunder, the fatal field of Bannockburn, personal gallantry not unassumed, in a tumultuary manner, such arms as they found worthy of his great sire and greater son. He remained on the nearest, fastened sheets to tent-poles and lances, and showed field till forced away by the Earl of Pembroke, when all was themselves like a new army advancing to battle.
lost. He then rode to the Castle of Stirling, and demanded
admittance; but the governor, remonstrating upon the impra“ Yomen, and swanys,1 and pitaill,2
dence of shutting himself up in that fortress, which must so That in the Park yemyt wictaill,
soon surrender, he assembled around his person five hundred War left; quhen thai wyst but lesing,
men-at-arms, and, avoiding the field of battle and the victoThat thair lordis, with fell fechtyng,
rious army, fled towards Linlithgow, pursued by Douglas with On thair fayis assemblyt wer;
about sixty horse. They were augmented by Sir Lawrence Ane off thaim selwynó that war thar
Abernethy with twenty more, whom Douglas met in the TorCapitane of thaim all thai maid.
wood upon their way to join the English army, and whom he And schetis, that war sumedele brad,
easily persuaded to desert the defeated monarch, and to assist Thai festnyt in steid off baneris,
in the pursuit. They hung upon Edward's flight as far as Apon lang treys and speris :
Dunbar, too few in number to assail him with effect, but enough And said that thai wald se the fycht;
to harass his retreat so constantly, that whoever fell an instant And help thair lordis at thair mycht.
behind, was instantly slain or made prisoner. Edward's ignoQuhen her till all assentyt wer,
minious flight terminated at Dunbar, where the Earl of March, In a rout assemblit er ;?
who still professed allegiance to him, " received him full Fyftene thowsand thai war, or ma.
gently." From thence, the monarch of so great an empire, And than in gret hy gan thai ga,
and the late commander of so gallant and numerous an army, With thair baneris, all in a rout,
escaped to Bamborough in a fishing vessel. As thai had men bene stythe and stout.
Bruce, as will appear from the following document, lost no Thai come, with all that assemblé,
time in directing the thunders of Parliamentary censure against Rycht quhill thai mycht the bataill se :
such part of his subjects as did not return to their natural alleThan all at anys thai gave a cry,
giance after the battle of Bannockburn.
APUD MONASTERIUM DE CAMBUSKENNETI,
VI DIE NOVEMBRIS, M,CCC,XIV. completed the confusion which already prevailed among the English, who fled in every direction, and were pursued with immense slaughter. The brook of Bannock, according to
Judicium Reditum apud Kambuskinet contra omnes illos qui Barbour, was so choked with the bodies of men and horses,
tunc fuerunt contra fidem et pacem Domini Regis. that it might have been passed dry-shod. The followers of Anno gracie millesimo tricentisimo quarto decimo sexto die the Scottish camp fell upon the disheartened fugitives, and Novembris tenente parliamentum suum Excellentissimo prinadded to the confusion and slaughter. Many were driven cipe Domino Roberto Dei gracia Rege Scottorum Illustri in into the Forth, and perished there, which, by the way, could monasterio de Cambuskyneth concordatnm fuit finaliter Juhardly have happened, had the armies been drawn up east dicatum [ac super) hoc statutum de Concilio et Assensa Episand west ; since, in that case, to get at the river, the English coporum et ceterorum Prelatorum Comitum Baronum et aliofugitives must have fled through the victorious army. About rum nobilium regni Scocie nec non et tocius communitatis a short mile from the field of battle is a place called the regni predicti quod omnes qui contra fidem et pacem dicti Bloody Folds. Here the Earl of Gloucester is said to have domini regis in bello seu alibi mortui sunt (vel qui dic) to die made a stand, and died gallantly at the head of his own mili- ad pacem ejus et fidem non venerant licet sepius vocati et letary tenants and vassals. He was much regretted by both gitime expectati fuissent de terris et tenementis et omni alio sides; and it is said the Scottish would gladly have saved his stata infra regnum Scocie perpetuo sint exheredati et habeanlife, but, neglecting to wear his surcoat with armorial bear- tur de cetero tanquam inimici Regis et Regni ab omni vendi
cacione juris hereditarii vel juris alterius cujuscunque in pos
terum pro se et heredibus suis in perpetuum privati Ad per1 Swains.--2 Rabble.-3 kept the provisions.4 Lying.-5 Selves.6 Somewhat,- 1 Are.-- Stiff.
petuam igitur rei memoriam et evidentem probacionem hujus
Judicii et Statuti sigilla Episcoporum et aliorum Prelatorum nec non et comitum Baronam ac ceterorum nobilium dicti Regni presenti ordinacioni Judicio et statuto sunt appensa.
renowned warrior, there fell many representatives of the noblest honses in England, which never sustained a more bloody and disastrous defeat. Barbour says that two hundred pairs of gilded spurs were taken from the field of battle; and that some were left the author can bear witness, who has in his possession a curious antique spur, dug up in the moraes, not long since.
" It wes forsath a gret ferly,
To se samynt sa fele dede lie.
Sigillum Domini Regis
I am now to take my leave of Barbour, not without a sincere wish that the public may encourage the undertaking of my friend Dr. Jamieson, who has issued proposals for publishing an accurate edition of his poem, and of blind Harry's Wallace. The only good edition of The Bruce was published by Mr. Pinkerton, in 3 vols., in 1790; and, the learned editar having had no personal access to consult the manuseript, it is not without errors; and it has besides become scarce. Wallace there is no tolerable edition ; yet these two poems do no small honor to the early state of Scottish poetry, and The Bruce is justly regarded as containing authentic historical facts.
The following list of the slain at Bannockburn, extracted from the continuator of Trivet's Annals, will show the extent of the national calamity.
LIST OF THE SLAIN.
Sigillum Gilberti de la Haya Constabularii Scocie
Knights and Knights Ban- Simon Ward, nerets,
Robert de Felton, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- Michael Poyning, cester,
Thomas de Ufford, William de Vescey,
John de Elsingfelde, John de Montfort,
John de Harcourt, Nicolas de Hasteleigh, Walter de Hakelut, William Dayncourt,
Philip de Courtenay, Ægidius de Argenteyne, Hago de Seales, Edmond Comyn,
Radulph de Beauchamp, John Lovel (the rich), John de Penbrigge, Edmund de Hastynge,
With 33 others of the same Milo de Stapleton,
rank, not named
John de Evere,
Anselm de Mareschal, Robert de Maulee,
Giles de Beauchamp, Henry Fitz-Hugh,
NOTE 4 F.
Nor for De Argentine alone,
And rose the death-prayer's awful tone.-P. 465.
John de Cyfrewast,
Gilbert de Boun,
Bartholomew de Enefeld,
Thomas de Ferrers, (tort, John de Segrave,
Radulph and Thomas BotteGilbert Peeche,
John and Nicholas de King John de Clavering,
9 Red, or gilded. 3 [The extracts from Barbour in this edition of Sir Walter Scott's poems
have been uniformly corrected by the text of Dr. Jamieson's Brace, pab lished, along with Blind Harry's Wallace, Edin. 1820, vols. 4to.-ED.)
William Lovel, Henry de Wileton, Baldwin de Frevill, John de Clivedon, Adomar la Zouche, John de Merewode, John Maufe,
Thomas and Odo Lele Erce
dekene, Robert Beau pel (the son), John Mautravers (the son), William and William Giffard,
and 34 other knights, not named by the historian.
And in sum there were slain, along with the Earl of Gloucester, forty-two barons and bannerets. The number of earls, barons, and bannerets made captive, was twenty-two, and sixty-eight knights. Many clerks and esquires were also there slain or taken. Roger de Northburge, keeper of the king's
signet (Custos Targie Domini Regis), was made prisoner with his two clerks, Roger de Wakenfelde and Thomas de Switon, upon which the king caused a seal to be made, and entitled it his pridy seal, to distinguish the same from the signet so lost. The Earl of Hereford was exchanged against Bruce's queen, who had been detained in captivity ever since the year 1306. The Targia, or signet, was restored to England through the intercession of Ralph de Monthermer, ancestor of Lord Moira, who is said to have found favor in the eyes of the Scottish king.- Continuation of Trivet's Annals, Hall's edit. Oxford, 1712, vol. ii. p. 14.
Such were the immediate consequences of the Field of Bannockburn. Its more remote effects, in completely establishing the national independence of Scotland, afford a boundless field for speculation.
1 Supposed Clinton,
ADVERTISEMENT. It may be some apology for the imperfections of this poem, that it was composed hastily, and during a short tour upon the Continent, when the Author's labors were liable to frequent interruption; but its best apology is, that it was written for the purpose of assisting the Waterloo Subscription.
The field of Waterloo.
We yet may hear the hour
From proud St. Michael's tower;
For many a league around,
Of tangled forest ground.
For access seeks in vain ;
Nor sun, nor air, nor rain,
* Published by Constable & Co. in October, 1815. 8vo. 5s.
?"The wood of Soignies is supposed to be a remnant of the forest of Ardennes, famous in Boiardo's Orlando, and immor
tal in Shakspeare's . As you Like it.' It is also celebrated in Tacitus as being the spot of successful defence by the Germans against the Roman encroachments.”—Byron.
Our woodland path has cross'd; And the straight causeway which we tread, Prolongs a line of dull arcade, Unvarying through the unvaried shade
Until in distance lost.
A brighter, livelier scene succeeds ;'
And corn-fields, glance between;
But when these ears were green, Placed close within destruction's scope, Full little was that rustic's hope
Their ripening to have seen!
Their architecture view;
Immortal WATERLOO !*
Yet one mile on, yon shatter'd hedge
Looks on the field below,
In easier curves can flow.
Forms an opposing screen,
The soften'd vale between
On that wide stubble-ground;
Nor fosse nor fence are found,
III. Fear not the heat, though full and high The sun has scorch'd the autumn sky, And scarce a forest straggler now To shade us spreads a greenwood bough; These fields have seen a hotter day Than e'er was fired by sunny ray.
1 " Southward from Brussels lies the field of blood,
Some three hours' journey for a well-girt man;
Would reach it as the second hour began.
Extending many a mile on either side.
With thickets varied and with sunny glade ;
One gloomy, thick, impenetrable shade
His childless sovereign. Heaven denied an heir,
SOUTHEY. To the original chapel of the Marquis of Castanaza has now been added a building of considerable extent, the whole interior of which is filled with monumental inscriptions for the heroes who fell in the battle.
6 The MS. has not this couplet.
6 "As a plain, Waterloo seems marked out for the scene of some great action, though this may be mere imagination. I have viewed with attention, those of Platea, Troy, Mantinea, Leuctra, Chæronea, and Marathon ; and the field around Mont St. Jean and Hougomont appears to want little but : better cause, and that indefinable but impressive halo which the lapse of ages throws around a consecrated spot, to vie in interest with any or all of these, except, perhaps, the last mentioned."-Byron. 7 MS.—"Save where,
ļ its fire-scathed bowers among,
Nor column trophied for triumphal show ?
“ Here, where the woods receding from the road
Have left on either hand an open space
Stands Waterloo ; a little lowly place,
SOUTHEY's Pilgrimage to Waterloo. a See Appendix, Note A. 9 MS.-"Let not the stranger with disdain
Its misproportions view;
Last of the Austrian line by fate decreed, Here Castanaza rear'd a votive fane,
Praying the patron saints to bless with seed
Yon rudely form’d,
“ Was it a soothing or a mournful thought,
Amid this scene of slaughter as we stood, Where armies had with recent fury fought,