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he shall have and take, for his wages yearly, xl l. sterlynge of
Englysh money; or for the rate of the tyme of werre--
"Item, The seid John, sonn and heire apparant of the said The ruins of the Castle of Artornish are situated upon a Donald, shall have and take, yerely, from the seid fest, for his promontory, on the Morven, or mainland side of the Sonnd of fees and wages, in the tyme of peas, x l. sterlynge of Englysh Mull, a name given to the deep arm of the sea, which divides money; and for tyme of werre, and his intendyng thereto, in that island from the continent. The situation is wild and ro- manner and fourme aboveseid, he shall have, for his fees and mantic in the highest degree, having on the one hand a high wages, yearly xx l. sterlynge of Englysh money; or after the and precipitous chain of rocks overhanging the sea, and on the rate of the tyme that he shall be occupied in the werre: And other the narrow entrance to the beautiful salt-water lake, the seid John, th' Erle Donald and John, and eche of them, called Loch Alline, which is in many places finely fringed with shall have good and sufficiaunt paiment of the seid fees and copsewood. The rains of Artornish are not now very consid- wages, as wel for tyme of peas as of werre, accordyng to theos erable, and consist chiefly of the remains of an old keep, or articules and appoyntements. Item, It is appointed, accorded, tower, with fragments of outward defences. But, in former concluded, and finally determined, that, if it so be that heredays, it was a place of great consequence, being one of the after the said reaume of Scotlande, or the more part thereof, principal strongholds, which the Lords of the Isles, during the be conquered, subdued, and brought to the obeissance of the period of their stormy independence, possessed upon the main seid most high and Christien prince, and his heires, or succesland of Argyleshire. Here they assembled what popular tra- soares, of the seid Lionell, in fourme aboveseid descendyng, be dition calls their parliaments, meaning, I suppose, their cour the assistance, helpe, and aide of the said John Erle of Rosse, plenière, or assembly of feudal and patriarchal vassals and de- and Donald, and of James Erle of Douglas, then, the said pendents. From this Castle of Artornish, upon the 19th day fees and wages for the tyme of peas cessying, the same erles and of October, 1461, John de Yle, designing himself Earl of Ross Donald shall have, by the graunte of the same most Christien and Lord of the Isles, granted, in the style of an independent prince, all the possessions of the said reaume beyonde Scottishe sovereign, a commission to his trusty and well-beloved cousins, see, they to be departed equally betwix them : eche of them, Ronald of the Isles, and Duncan, Arch-Dean of the Isles, for his heires and successours, to holde his parte of the seid most empowering them to enter into a trenty with the most excellent Christien prince, his heires and successours, for evermore, in Prince Edward, by the grace of God, King of France and right of his cronne of England, by homage and feaute to be England, and Lord of Ireland. Edward IV., on his part, done therefore. named Laurence, Bishop of Durham, the Earl of Worcester, “ Item, If so be that, by th' aide and assistence of the seid the Prior of St. John's, Lord Wenlock, and Mr. Robert Stil- James Erle of Douglas, the said reaume of Scotlande be conlington, keeper of the privy seal, his deputies and commission-quered and subdued as above, then he shall have, enjoie, and ers, to confer with those named by the Lord of the Isles. The inherite all his own possessions, landes, and inheritaunce, on conference terminated in a treaty, by which the Lord of the this syde the Scottishe see; that is to saye, betwixt the seid Isles agreed to become a vassal to the crown of England, and Scottishe see and Englande, such he hath rejoiced and be posto assist Edward IV. and James, Earl of Douglas, then in ban- sessed of before this ; there to holde them of the said most high ishment, in subduing the realm of Scotland.
and Christien prince, his heires, and successoors, as is aboveThe first article provides, that John de Isle, Earl of Ross, said, for evermore, in right of the coroune of Englonde, as weel with his son Donald Balloch, and his grandson John de Isle, the said Erle of Douglas, as his heires and successours, by with all their subjects, men, people, and inhabitants, become homage and feante to be done therefore."—RYMER's Fadera vassals and liegemen to Edward IV. of England, and assist Conventiones Litero et cujuscunque generis Acta Publica, him in his wars in Scotland or Ireland ; and then follow the fol. vol. v., 1741. allowances to be made to the Lord of the Isles, in recompense Such was the treaty of Artornish ; but it does not appear of his military service, and the provisions for dividing such that the allies ever made any very active effort to realize their conquests as their united arms should make upon the main- ambitious designs. It will serve to show both the power of land of Scotland among the confederates. These appear such these reguli, and their independence upon the crown of Scotcurious illustrations of the period, that they are here sub- land. joined :
It is only farther necessary to say of the Castle of Artornish, “ Item, The seid John Erle of Rosse shall, from the seid fest that it is almost opposite to the Bay of Aros, in the Island of of Whittesontyde next comyng, yerely, duryng his lyf, have Mull, where there was another castle, the occasional residence and take, for fees and wages in tyme of peas, of the seid most of the Lords of the Isles. high and Christien prince c. marc sterlyng of Englysh money ; and in tyme of werre, as long as he shall entende with his myght and power in the said werres, in manner and fourme abovesaid, he shall have wages of coc. Ib. sterlyng of English
NOTE B. money yearly; and after the rate of the tyme that he shall be occapied in the seid werres.
Rude Heiskar's seal through surges dark, " Item, The seid Donald shall, from the seid feste of Whit
Will long pursue the minstrel's bark.-P. 416. tesontyde, have and take, during his lyf, yerly, in tyme of The seal displays a taste for music, which could scarcely be peas, for his fees and wages, xx I. sterlyng of Englysh money : expected from his habits and local predilections. They will and, when he shall be occupied and intend to the werre, with long follow a boat in which any musical instrument is played, his myght and power, and in manner and fourme aboveseid, and even a tune simply whistled has attractions for them. The Dean of the Isles says of Heiskar, a small uninhabited cature, consisting of fourteen, sat always here ; and there was rock, about twelve (Scottish) miles from the isle of Uist, that an appeal to them from all the courts in the isles: the eleventh an infinite slaughter of seals takes place there.
share of the sum in debate was due to the principal jadge. There was a big stone of seven foot square, in which there was a deep impression made to receive the feet of Mac-Donald;
for he was crowned King of the Isles standing in this stone, NOTE C.
and swore that he would continue his vassals in the possession
of their lands, and do exact justice to all his subjects: an! a turret's airy head
then his father's sword was put into his hand. The Bishop Slender and steep, and battled round,
of Argyle and seven priests anointed him king, in presence of O'erlook'd, dark Mull! thy mighty Sound.-P. 417.
all the heads of the tribes in the isles and continent, and were The Sound of Mall, which divides that island from the con- his vassals ; at which time the orator rehearsed a catalogue of tinent of Scotland, is one of the most striking scenes which the his ancestors,”' &c.-Martin's Account of the Western Isles, Hebrides afford to the traveller. Sailing from Oban to Aros, 8vo. London, 1716, p. 240, 1. or Tobermory, through a narrow channel, yet deep enough to bear vessels of the largest burden, he has on his left the bold and mountainous shores of Mull; on the right those of that district of Argyleshire, called Morven, or Morvern, succes
NOTE E. sively indented by deep salt-water lochs, running up many miles inland. To the southeastward arise a prodigious range
-Mingarry sternly placed, of mountains, among which Cruachan-Ben is preeminent.
O'erares the woodland and the waste.-P. 417. And to the northeast is the no less huge and picturesque range The Castle of Mingarry is situated on the sea-coast of the of the Ardnamurchan hills. Many ruinous castles, situated district of Ardnamarchan. The ruins, which are tolerably generally upon cliffs overhanging the ocean, add interest to the entire, are surrounded by a very high wall, forming a kind of scene. Those of Donolly and Danstaffnage are first passed, polygon, for the purpose of adapting itself to the projecting then that of Duart, formerly belonging to the chief of the war- angles of a precipice overhanging the sea, on which the castle like and powerful sept of Macleans, and the scene of Miss stands. It was anciently the residence of the Mac-lans, a Baillie's beautiful tragedy, entitled the Family Legend. Still clan of Mac-Donalds, descended from Ian, or John, a grandpassing on to the northward, Artornish and Aros become vis- son of Angus Og, Lord of the Isles. The last time that Minible upon the opposite shores ; and, lastly, Mingarry, and other garry was of military importance, occurs in the celebrated ruins of less distinguished note. In fine weather, a grander Leabhar dearg, or Red-book of Clanronald, a MS. renowned and more impressive scene, both from its natural beauties, and in the Ossianic controversy. Allaster Mac-Donald, commonly associations with ancient history and tradition, can hardly be called Colquitto, who commanded the Irish auxiliaries, sent imagined. When the weather is rough, the passage is both over by the Earl of Antrim, during the great civil war, to the difficult and dangerous, from the narrowness of the channel, assistance of Montrose, began his enterprise in 1644, by taking and in part from the number of inland lakes, out of which sally the castles of Kinloch-Alline, and Mingarry, the last of which forth a number of conflicting and thwarting tides, making the made considerable resistance, as might, from the strength of navigation perilous to open boats. The sudden flaws and the situation, be expected. In the mean while, Allaster Macgusts of wind which issue without a moment's warning from Donald's ships, which had brought him over, were attacked the mountain glens, are equally formidable. So that in un- in Loch Eisord, in Skye, by an armament sent round by the settled weather, a stranger, if not much accustomed to the covenanting parliament, and his own vessel was taken. This sea, may sometimes add to the other sublime sensations ex- circumstance is said chiefly to have induced him to continue cited by the scene, that feeling of dignity which arises from a in Scotland, where there seemed little prospect of raising an sense of danger.
army in behalf of the King. He had no sooner moved east,ward to join Montrose, a junction which he effected in the braes of Athole, than the Marquis of Argyle besieged the
castle of Mingarry, but without success. Among other warNOTE D.
riors and chiefs whom Argyle sammoned to his camp to assist
upon this occasion, was John of Moidart, the Captain of Clan“these seas behold,
ronald. Clanronald appeared ; but, far from yielding effecRound trice a hundred islands roll'd,
tual assistance to Argyle, he took the opportunity of being in From Hirt, that hears their northern roar,
arms to lay waste the district of Sunart, then belonging to the To the green Ilay's fertile shore."--P. 417.
adherents of Argyle, and sent part of the spoil to relieve the The number of the western isles of Scotland exceeds two Castle of Mingarry. Thus the castle was maintained until re hundred, of which St. Kilda is the most northerly, anciently lieved by Allaster Mac-Donald (Colquitto), who had been decalled Hirth, or Hirt, probably from “ earth,” being in fact tached for the purpose by Montrose. These particulars are the whole globe to its inhabitants. Nay, which now belongs hardly worth mentioning, were they not connected with the almost entirely to Walter Campbell, Esq., of Shawfield, is by memorable successes of Montrose, related by an eyewitness, far the most fertile of the Hebrides, and has been greatly im- and hitherto unknown to Scottish historians. proved under the spirited and sagacious management of the present proprietor. This was in ancient times the principal abode of the Lords of the Isles, being, if not the largest, the most important island of their archipelago. In Martin's time,
NOTE F. some relics of their grandeur were yet extant. " Loch-Finlagan, about three miles in circumference, affords salmon,
The heir of mighty Somerled.-P. 417. trouts, and eels: this lake lies in the centre of the isle. The Somerled was thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles, about Isle Finlagan, from which this lake hath its name, is in it. It's the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to have exer famous for being once the court in which the great Mac-Don- cised his authority in both capacities, independent of the ald, King of the Isles, had his residence; his houses, chapel, crown of Scotland, against which he often stood in hostility. &c., are now ruinons. His guards de corps, called Luchttach, He made varions incursions upon the western lowlands during kept guard on the lake side nearest to the isle ; the walls of the reign of Malcolm IV., and seems to have made peace with their houses are still to be seen there. The high court of judi- him upon the terms of an independent prinde, about the year 1157. In 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and in- rach. John had another son called Marcus, of whom the clan vaded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuary army, Macdonald of Cnoc, in Tirowen, are descended. This John collected in the isles, in the mainland of Argyleshire, and in lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; be covered the the neighboring provinces of Ireland. He was defeated and chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of Finlagam, and the slain in an engagement with a very inferior force, near Ren- chapel of the Isle of Tsuibhne, and gave the proper
furniture frew. His son Gillicolane fell in the same battle. This mighty for the service of God, upholding the clergy and monks; he chieftain married a daughter of Olaus, King of Man. From built or repaired the church of the Holy Cross immediately him our genealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in before his death. He died at his own castle of Ardtorinish: the stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the Isles many priests and monks took the sacrament at his funeral, descended from his elder son Ronald, -and the Lords of Lorn, and they embalmed the body of this dear man, and brought who took their sirname of M.Dougal, as descended of his sec- it to Icolumkill; the abbot, monks, and vicar, came as they ond son Dougal. That Somerled's territories upon the main- ought to meet the King of Fiongal,1 and out of great respect land, and upon the islands, should have been thus divided to his memory mourned eight days and nights over it, and between his two sons, instead of passing to the elder exclu- laid it in the same grave with his father, in the church of Oran, sively, may illustrate the uncertainty of descent among the 1380. great Highland families, which we shall presently notice. “Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in his
father's lifetime, and was old in the government at his father's death.
“ He assembled the gentry of the Isles, brought the sceptre
from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his brother Donald, NOTE G.
who was thereupon called M.Donald, and Donald Lord of the Lord of the Isles.-P. 417.
Isles, contrary to the opinion of the men of the Isles.
“Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great supThe representative of this independent principality, for such porter of the church and clergy; his descendants are called it seems to have been, though acknowledging occasionally the Clanronald. He gave the lands of Tiruma in Uist, to the pre-eminence of the Scottish crown, was, at the period of the minister of it forever, for the honor of God and Columkill ; poem, Angus, called Angus Og; but the name has been, eu- he was proprietor of all the lands of the north along the coast phoniæ gratia, exchanged for that of Ronald, which frequent- and the isles; he died in the year of Christ 1386, in his own ly occurs in the genealogy. Angus was a protector of Robert mansion of Castle Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the Bruce, whom he received in his castle of Dannaverty, during Isles, son of John, son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald, the time of his greatest distress. As I shall be eqnally liable took possession of Inisgall by the consent of his brother and to censure for attempting to decide a controversy which has the gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him : he marlong existed between three distinguished chieftains of this fam- ried Mary Lesley, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and by her ily, who have long disputed the representation of the Lord of came the earldom of Ross to the M‘Donalds. After his sucthe Isles, or for leaving a question of such importance alto- cession to that earldom, he was called M‘Donald, Lord of the gether untouched, I choose, in the first place, to give such in- Isles, and Earl of Ross. There are many things written of him formation as I have been able to derive from Highland geneal- in other places. ogists, and which, for those who have patience to investigate “He fought the battle of Garioch (i. e. Harlaw) against such subjects, really contains some curious information con- Duke Murdoch, the governor; the Earl of Mar commanded the cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, I shall army, in support of his claim to the earldom of Ross, which offer a few remarks upon the rules of succession at that pe- was ceded to him by King James the First, after his release riod, without pretending to decide their bearing upon the ques- from the King of England; and Duke Murdoch, his two sons tion at issue, which must depend upon evidence which I have and retainers, were beheaded : he gave lands in Mull and Isla had no opportunity to examine.
to the minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister “ Angos Og," says an ancient manuscript translated from of Iona had formerly, besides vessels of gold and silver to Cothe Gaelic, “son of Angus Mor, son of Donald, son of Ronald, lumkill for the monastery, and became himself one of the frason of Somerled, high chief and superior Lord of Innisgall (or ternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Innisgall and Ross, the Isles of the Gael, the general name given to the Hebrides), namely Alexander, the son of Donald : he died in Isla, and he married a daughter of Canbui, namely, Cathan ; she was his body was interred in the south side of the temple of Oran. mother to John, son of Angus, and with her came an unusual Alexander, called John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the portion from Ireland, viz, twenty-four clans, of whom twenty- Isles, son of Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of four families in Scotland are descended. Angus had another John, son of Angus Og, married the daughter of John, the son son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants are called of Allan, which connection caused some disagreement betwixt Clan-Ean of Glencoe, and the M‘Donalds of Fraoch. This the two families about their marches and division of lands, Angos Og died in Isla, where his body was interred. His son the one party adhering to Angus, and the other to John : the John succeeded to the inheritance of Innisgall. He had good differences increased so much that John obtained from Allan descendants, namely, three sons procreate of Ann, daughter of all the lands betwixt Abhan Fahda (i. e. the long river) and Rodric, high chief of Lorn, and one daughter, Mary, married old na sionnach (i. e. the fox-burn brook), in the upper part to John MacLean, Laird of Duart, and Lauchlan, his brother, of Cantyre. Allan went to the king to complain of his sonLaird of Coll ; she was interred in the church of the Black in-law ; in a short time thereafter, there happened to be a great Nuns. The eldest sons of John were Ronald, Godfrey, and meeting about this young Angus's lands to the north of InverAngus.
He gave Ronald a great inheritance. ness, where he was murdered by his own harper Mac-Cairbre, These were the lands which he gave him, viz. from Kilcumin by cutting his throat with a long knife. He lived a year in Abertarf to the river Seil, and from thence to Beilli, north thereafter, and many of those concerned were delivered up to of Eig and Ram, and the two Uists, and from thence to the the king. Angus's wife was pregnant at the time of his murfoot of the river Glaichan, and threescore long ships. John der, and she bore him a son who was named Donald, and married afterwards Margaret Stewart, daughter to Robert called Donald Du. He was kept in confinement until he was Stewart, King of Scotland, called John Fernyear; she bore thirty years of age, when he was released by the men of Glenhim three good sons, Donald of the Isles, the heir, John the co, by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he came to Tainister (i. e. Thane), the second son, and Alexander Car- the Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. There happened great feuds betwixt these families while Donald Du was in In this history may be traced, though the Bard, or Seasconfinement, insomuch that Mac-Cean of Ardnamurehan de nachie, touches such a delicate discussion with a gentle hand, stroyed the greatest part of the posterity of John Mor of the the point of difference between the three principal sepis de Isles and Cantyre. For John Cathanach, son of John, son of scended from the Lords of the Isles. The first question, and Donald Balloch, son of John Mor, son of John, son of Angus one of no easy solution, where so little evidence is produced, Og (the chief of the descendants of John Mor), and John Mor, respects the nature of the connection of John called by the son of John Cathanach, and young John, son of John Catha- Archdean of the Isles "the Good John of Dla," and " the last nach, and young Donald Balloch, son of John Cathanach, were Lord of the Isles," with Anne, daughter of Roderick Mactreacherously taken by Mac-Cean in the island of Finlagan, in dougal, high-chief of Lorn. In the absence of positive eviIsla, and carried to Edinburgh, where he got them hanged at dence, presumptive must be resorted to, and I own it appears the Burrow-muir, and their bodies were buried in the Church to render it in the highest degree improbable that this conneeof St. Anthony, called the New Church. There were none tion was otherwise than legitimate. In the wars between Daleft alive at that time of the children of John Cathanach, ex- vid II. and Edward Baliol, John of the Isles espoused the cept Alexander, the son of John Cathanach, and Agnes Flach, Baliol interest, to which he was probably determined by his who concealed themselves in the glens of Ireland. Mac-Cean, alliance with Roderick of Lorn, who was, from every family hearing of their hiding-places, went to cut down the woods of predilection, friendly to Baliol, and hostile to Brace. It seems these glens, in order to destroy Alexander, and extirpate the absurd to suppose, that between two chiefs of the same de whole race. At length Mac-Cean and Alexander met, were scent, and nearly equal power and rank (though the Macreconciled, and a marriage-alliance took place; Alexander Dougals had been much crushed by Robert Bruce), such a married Mac-Cean's daughter, and she brought him good chil- connection should have been that of concubinage, and it apdren. The Mac-Donalds of the North had also descendants; pears more likely that the tempting offer of an alliance with for, after the death of John, Lord of the Isles, Earl of Ross, the Bruce family, when they had obtained the decided supe and the murder of Angus, Alexander, the son of Archibald, riority in Scotland, induced "the Good John of Da" to die the son of Alexander of the Isles, took possession, and John inherit, to a certain extent, his eldest son Ronald, who came was in possession of the earldom of Ross, and the north bor- of a stock so unpopular as the Mac-Dougals, and to call to dering country; he married a daughter of the Earl of Moray, his succession his younger family, born of Margaret Stuart, of whom some of the men of the north had descended. The daughter of Robert, afterwards King of Scotland. The setMac-Kenzies rose against Alexander, and fought the battle ting aside of this elder branch of his family was most probably called Blar na Paire. Alexander had only a few of the men a condition of his new alliance, and his being received into of Ross at the battle. He went after that battle to take pos- favor with the dynasty he had always opposed. Nor were the session of the Isles, and sailed in a ship to the south to see if he laws of succession at this early period so clearly understood as could find any of the posterity of John Mor alive, to rise along to bar such transactions. The numerous and strange claims with him ; but Mac-Cean of Ardnamurchan watched him as set up to the crown of Scotland, when vacant by the death of he sailed past, followed him to Oransay and Colonsay, went Alexander III., make it manifest how very little the indefeasito the house where he was, and he and Alexander, son of ble hereditary right of primogeniture was valued at that period. John Cathanach,' murdered him there.
1 Western Isles and adjacent coast.
3 The murderer, I presume, not the man who was murdered.
In fact, the title of the Bruces themselves to the crown, though " A good while after these things fell out, Donald Galda, justly the most popular, when assumed with the determinatioa son of Alexander, son of Archibald, became major; he, with of asserting the independence of Scotland, was, upon pare the advice and direction of the Earl of Moray, came to the principle, greatly inferior to that of Baliol. For Bruce, the Isles, and Mac-Leod of the Lewis, and many of the gentry of competitor, claimed as son of Isabella, second daughter of Dathe Isles, rose with him : they went by the promontory of vid, Earl of Huntingdon; and John Baliol, as grandson of Ardnamurchan, where they met Alexander, the son of John Margaret, the elder daughter of that same earl. So that the Cathanach, were reconciled to him, he joined his men with plea of Bruce was founded upon the very loose idea, that as theirs against Mac-Cean of Ardnamurchan, came upon him at the great-grandson of David I., King of Scotland, and the a place called the Silver Craig, where he and his three sons, nearest collateral relation of Alexander III., he was entitled to and a great number of his people, were killed, and Donald succeed in exclusion of the great-great-grandson of the same Galda was immediately declared Mac-Donald : And, after the David, though by an elder daughter. This maxim savored of affair of Ardnamurchan, all the men of the Isles yielded to the ancient practice of Scotland, which often called a brother him, but he did not live above seven or eight weeks after it; to succeed to the crown as nearer in blood than a grand-child, he died at Carnaborg, in Mull, without issue. He had three or even a son of a deceased monarch. But, in trath, the maxsisters' daughters of Alexander, son of Archibald, who were ims of inheritance in Scotland were sometimes departed from portioned in the north upon the continent, but the earldom of at periods when they were much more distinctly understood. Ross was kept for them. Alexander, the son of Archibald, Such a transposition took place in the family of Hamilton, in had a natural son, called John Cam, of whom is descended 1513, when the descendants of James, third Lord, by Lady Achnacoichan, in Ramoeh, and Donald Gorm, son of Ronald, Janet Home, were set aside, with an appanage of great value son of Alexander Duson, of John Cam. Donald Du, son of indeed, in order to call to the succession those which he had Angus, son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, by a subsequent marriage with Janet Beatoun. In short, son of Donald of the Isles, son of John of the Isles, son of An- many other examples might be quoted to show that the quesgus Og, namely, the true heir of the Isles and Ross, came tion of legitimacy is not always determined by the fact of sucafter his release from captivity to the Isles, and convened the cession; and there seems reason to believe, that Ronald, demen thereof, and he and the Earl of Lennox agreed to raise a scendant of “ John of Ila,” by Anne of Lorn, was legitimate, great army for the purpose of taking possession, and a ship and therefore Lord of the Isles de jure, though de facto his came from England with a supply of money to carry on the younger half-brother Donald, son of his father's second marwar, which landed at Mull, and the money was given to Mac- riage with the Princess of Scotland, superseded him in his Lean of Duart to be distributed among the commanders of the right, and apparently by his own consent. From this Donald army, which they not receiving in proportion as it should have 80 preferred is descended the family of Sleat, now Lords Mac been distributed among them, caused the army to disperse, Donald. On the other hand, from Ronald, the excluded heir, which, when the Earl of Lennox heard, he disbanded his own upon whom a very large appanage was settled, descended the men, and made it up with the king. Mac-Donald went to chiefs of Glengary and Clanronald, each of whom had large Ireland to raise men, but he died on his way to Dublin, at possessions and a numerous vassalage, and boasted a long deDrogheda, of a fever, without issue of either sons or daugh- scent of warlike ancestry. Their common ancestor Ronald
was murdered by the Earl of Ross, at the Monastery of Elcho,
A. D. 1346. I believe it has been subject of fierce.dispute, This bridge the mountaineers attempted to demolish, but whether Donald, who carried on the line of Glengary, or Al- Bruce's followers were too close upon their rear; they were, lan of Moidart, the ancestor of the captains of Clanronald, was therefore, without refuge and defence, and were dispersed the eldest son of Ronald, the son of John of Isla. An humble with great slaughter. John of Lorn, suspicious of the event, Lowlander may be permitted to waive the discussion, since a
betaken himself to the galleys which he had upo Sennachie of no small note, who wrote in the sixteenth cen- the lake; but the feelings which Barbour assigns to him, tury, expresses himself upon this delicate topic in the following while witnessing the rout and slaughter of his followers, exwords:
culpate him from the charge of cowardice. ** I have now given yon an account of every thing you can expect of the descendants of the clan Colla (i. e. the Mac- & To Jhone off Lorne it suld displese Donalds), to the death of Donald Du at Drogheda, namely,
I trow, quhen be his men mycht se, the true line of those who possessed the Isles, Ross, and the
Owte off his schippis fra the se, mountainous countries of Scotland. It was Donald, the son
Be slayne and chassyt in the hill, of Angus, that was killed at Inverness (by his own harper
That he mycht set na help thar till. Mac-i Cairbre), son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander,
Bot it angrys als gretumly, son of Donald, son of John, son of Angus Og. And I know
To gud hartis that ar worthi, not which of his kindred or relations is the true heir, except
To se thar fayis fulfill thair will these five sons of John, the son of Angus Og, whom I here set
As to thaim selff to thole the ill."-B. vii., v. 394. down for you, namely, Ronald and Godfrey, the two sons of the daughter of Mac-Donald of Lorn, and Donald and John After this decisive engagement, Bruce laid waste Argyleshire, Mor, and Alexander Carrach, the three sons of Margaret and besieged Dunstaffnage Castle, on the western shore of Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, King of Scotland."- Lorn, compelled it to surrender, and placed in that principal Leabhar Dearg.
stronghold of the Mac-Dougals a garrison and governor of his
The elder Mac-Dougal, now wearied with the contest, submitted to the victor; but his son, " rebellious," says Bar
bour, “ as he wont to be," Aed to England by sea. When the NOTE H.
wars between the Bruce and Baliol factions again broke out
in the reign of David II., the Lords of Lorn were again found -The House of Lorn.-P. 418.
upon the losing side, owing to their hereditary enmity to the The House of Lorn, as we observed in a former note, was, house of Bruce. Accordingly, upon the issue of that contest, like the Lord of the Isles, descended from a son of Somerled, they were deprived by David II. and his successor of by far slain at Renfrew, in 1164. This son obtained the succession the
greater part of their extensive territories, which were conof his mainland territories, comprehending the greater part of ferred upon Stewart, called the Knight of Lorn. The house the three districts of Lorn, in Argyleshire, and of course might of Mac-Dougal continued, however, to survive the loss of rather be considered as petty princes than feudal barons. power, and affords a very rare, if not a unique, instance of a They assumed the patronymic appellation of Mac-Dougal, by family of such unlimited power, and so distinguished during which they are distinguished in the history of the middle ages. the middle ages, surviving the decay of their grandeur, and The Lord of Lorn, who flourished during the wars of Bruce, flourishing in a private station. The Castle of Dunolly, near was Allaster (or Alexander) Mac-Dougal, called Allaster of Oban, with its dependencies, was the principal part of what Argyle. He had married the third daughter of John, called remained to them, with their right of chieftainship over the the Red Comyn, who was slain by Bruce in the Dominican families of their name and blood. These they continued to Church at Dumfries, and hence he was a mortal enemy of enjoy until the year 1715, when the representative incurred that prince, and more than once reduced him to great straits the penalty of forfeiture, for his accession to the insurrection during the early and distressed period of his reign, as we shall of that period ; thus losing the remains of his inheritance, to have repeated occasion to notice. Bruce, when he began to replace upon the throne the descendants of those princes, obtain an ascendency in Scotland, took the first opportunity whose accession his ancestors had opposed at the expense of in his power to requite these injuries. He marched into their feudal grandeur. The estate was, however, restored Argyleshire to lay waste the country. John of Lorn, son of about 1745, to the father of the present proprietor, whom the chieftain, was posted with his followers in the formidable family experience had taught the hazard of interfering with pass between Dalmally and Bunawe. It is a narrow path the established government, and who remained quiet upon along the verge of the huge and precipitous mountain, called that occasion. He therefore regained his property when many Cruachan-Ben, and guarded on the other side by a precipice Highland chiefs lost theirs. overhanging Loch Awe. The pass seems to the eye of a sol- Nothing can be more wildly beautiful than the situation of dier as strong, as it is wild and romantic to that of an ordinary Dunolly. The ruins are situated upon a bold and precipitous traveller. But the skill of Bruce had anticipated this diffi- promontory, overhanging Loch Etive, and distant about a culty. While bis main body, engaged in a skirmish with the mile from the village and port of Oban. The principal part men of Lorn, detained their attention to the front of their which remains is the donjon or keep; but fragments of other position, James of Douglas, with Sir Alexander Fraser, Sir buildings, overgrown with ivy, attest that it had been once a William Wiseman, and Sir Andrew Gray, ascended the moun- place of importance, as large apparently as Artornish or Duntain with a select body of archery, and obtained possession of staffnage. These fragments enclose a courtyard, of which the the heights which commanded the pass. A volley of arrows keep probably formed one side ; the entrance being by a steep descending upon them directly warned the Argyleshire men ascent from the neck of the isthmus, formerly cut across by a of their perilous situation, and their resistance, which had moat, and defended doubtless by outworks and a drawbridge. hitherto been bold and manly, was changed into a precipitate Beneath the castle stands the present mansion of the family, fight. The deep and rapid river of Awe was then (we learn having on the one hand Loch Etive, with its islands and the fact from Barbour with some gurprise) crossed by a bridge. | mountains, on the other two romantic eminences tufted with
1 The aunt, according to Lord Hailes. But the genealogy is distinctly given by Wyntoun :
Tuk, and weddyt til hys wyl,
Ewyn of Lorne eftyr that."
* The thryd douchtyr of Red Cwmyn,