Imágenes de páginas

late in the Scottish Highlands, and was cherished by the chiefs as an easy mode of extending their influence and connection; and even in the Lowlands, during the last century, the connection between the nurse and foster-child was seldom dissolved but by the death of one party.

grees they began to quarrel about the slaughter of some of their friends whom Shane-Dymas had put to death, and advancing from words to deeds, fell upon him with their broadswords, and cut him to pieces. After his death a law was made that none should presume to take the name and title of O'Neale.


Great Nial of the Pledges Nine.-P. 327.

Geraldine.-P. 327. Neal Naighvallach, or of the Nine Hostages, is said to have been Monarch of all Ireland, during the end of the fourth or The O'Neales were closely allied with this powerful and beginning of the fifth century. He exercised a predatory war- warlike family ; for Henry Owen O'Neale married the daughfare on the coast of England and of Bretagne, or Armorica; ter of Thomas Earl of Kildare, and their son Con-More marand from the latter country brought off the celebrated Saint ried his cousin-german, a daughter of Gerald Earl of Kildare. Patrick, a youth of sixteen, among other captives, whom he This Con-More cursed any of his posterity who should learn transported to Ireland. Neal derived his epithet from nine the English language, sow corn, or build houses, so as to inuations, or tribes, whom he held under his subjection, and vite the English to settle in their country. Others ascribe this from whom he took hostages. From one of Neal's sons were anathema to his son Con-Bacco. Fearflatha O'Gnive, bard derived the Kinel-eoguin, or Race of Tyrone, which afforded to the O'Neales of Clannaboy, complains in the same spirit monarchs both to Ireland and to Ulster. Neal (according to of the towers and ramparts with which the strangers had disO'Flaherty's Ogygia) was killed by a poisoned arrow, in one figured the fair sporting fields of Erin.-See Walker's Irish of his descents on the coast of Bretagne.

Bards, p. 140.


Shane-Dymas wild.-327.

He chose that honor'd flag to bear.-P. 328. This Shane-Dymas, or John the Wanton, held the title and Lacy informs us, in the old play already quoted, how the power of O'Neale in the earlier part of Elizabeth's reign, cavalry raised by the country gentlemen for Charles's service against whom he rebelled repeatedly.

were usually officered. “ You, cornet, have a name that's ** This chieftain is handed down to us as the most proud proper for all cornets to be called by, for they are all beardless and profligate man on earth. He was immoderately addicted boys in our army. The most part of our horse were raised to women and wine. He is said to have had 200 tons of wine thus :—The honest country gentleman raises the troop at his at once in his cellar at Dandram, but usquebaugh was his own charge ; then he gets a Low-country lieutenant to fight favorite liquor. He spared neither age nor condition of the his troop safely; then he sends for his son from school to be his fair sex. Altho' so illiterate that he could not write, he was cornet: and then he puts off his child's coat to put on a buffnot destitute of address; his understanding was strong, and coat: and this is the constitution of our army.' his courage daring. He had 600 men for his guard ; 4000 foot, 1000 horse for the field. He claimed superiority over all the lords of Ulster, and called himself king thereof. When commissioners were sent to treat with him, he said, “That, tho'

NOTE 2 Y. the Queen were his sovereign lady, he never made peace with

his her but at her lodging; that she had made a wise Earl of

page, the next degree Macartymore, but that he kept as good a man as he ; that

In that old time to chivalry.-P. 32. be cared not for so mean a title as Earl ; that his blood and Originally, the order of chivalry embraced three ranks :power were better than the best ; that his ancestors were Kings 1. The Page ; 2. The Squire ; 3. The Knight ;-a gradation of Ulster; and that he would give place to none.' His kins- which seems to have been imitated in the mystery of freeman, the Earl of Kildare, having persuaded him of the folly masonry. * But, before the reign of Charles I., the custom of of contending with the crown of England, he resolved to at- serving as a squire had fallen into disuse, though the order of tend the Queen, but in a style suited to his princely dignity. the page was still, to a certain degree, in observance. This He appeared in London with a magnificent train of Irish Gal- state of servitude was so far from inferring any thing degradloglasses, arrayed in the richest habiliments of their country, ing, that it was considered as the regular school for acquiring their heads bare, their hair flowing on their shoulders, with every quality necessary for future distinction. The proper natheir long and open sleeves dyed with saffron. Thus dressed, ture, and the decay of the institution, are pointed out by old and surcharged with military harness, and armed with battle- Ben Jonson, with his own forcible moral coloring. The diaaxes, they afforded an astonishing spectacle to the citizens, who logne occurs between Lovell, “a compleat gentleman, a solregarded them as the intruders of some very distant part of dier, and a scholar, known to have been page to the old Lord the globe. Bat at Court his versatility now prevailed ; his Beaufort, and so to have followed him in the French wars, title to the sovereignty of Tyrone was pleaded from English after companion of his studies, and left guardian to his son, laws and Irish institutions, and his allegations were so specious, and the facetious Goodstock, host of the Light Heart. Lovell that the Queen dismissed him with presents and assurances of had offered to take Goodstock's son for his page, which the favor. In England this transaction was looked on as the hu- latter, in reference to the recent abuse of the establishment, miliation of a repenting rebel ; in Tyrone it was considered as a

declares as

a desperate course of life :"treaty of peace betyeen two potentates.”—Camden's Britannia, by Gough. Lond. 1806, fol. vol. iv. p. 442.

Lovell. Call you that desperate, which by a line When reduced to extremity by the English, and forsaken Of institution, from our ancestors by his allies, this Shane-Dymas fled to Clandeboy, then occu- Hath been derived down to us, and received pied by a colony of Scottish Highlanders of the family of Mac- In a succession, for the noblest way Donell. He was at first courteously received ; but by de- Of breeding up our youth, in letters, arms,

Fair mien, discourses, civil exercise,
And all the blazon of a gentleman ?
Where can he learn to vault, to ride, to fence,
To move his body gracefully; to speak
His language purer; or to tune his mind,
Or manners, more to the harmony of nature,
Than in the nurseries of nobility ?

Host. Ay, that was when the nursery's self was noble,
And only virtue made it, not the market,
That titles were not vented at the drum,
Or common outery. Goodness gave the greatness,
And greatness worship : every house became
An academy of honor; and those parts
We see departed, in the practice, now,
Quite from the institution.

" Lorell. Why do you say so ?
Or think so enviously? Do they not still
Learn there the Centaur's skill, the art of Thrace,
To ride ? or, Pollux' mystery, to fence ?
The Pyrrhic gestures, both to dance and spring
In armor, to be active in the wars ?
To study figures, numbers, and proportions,
May yield them great in counsels, and the arts
Grave Nestor and the wise Ulysses practised ?
To make their English sweet upon their tongue,
As reverend Chaucer says ?

Host. Sir, you mistake;
To play Sir Pandarus, my copy hath it,
And carry messages to Madame Cressida ;
Instead of backing the brave steeds o' mornings,
To court the chambermaid ; and for a leap
O' the vaulting horse, to ply the vaulting house :
For exercise of arms, a bale of dice,
Or two or three packs of cards to show the cheat,
And nimbleness of hand ; mistake a cloak
Upon my lord's back, and pawn it; ease his pocket
Of a superfluous watch ; or geld a jewel
Of an odd stone or so; twinge two or three buttons
From off my lady's gown: These are the arts
Or seven liberal deadly sciences
Of pagery, or rather paganism,
As the tides run; to which if he apply him,
He may perhaps take a degree at Tyburn
A year the earlier ; come to take a lecture
Upon Aquinas at St. Thomas a Watering's,
And so go forth a laureat in hemp circle !"

BEN Jonson's New Inn, Act I, Scene III.

powerful family, was kindly supplied to the author by Mr. Rokeby of Northamptonshire, descended of the ancient Barons of Rokeby :

Pedigree of the House of Rokeby. 1. Sir Alex. Rokeby, Knt. married to Sir Hump. Liftle's!

daughter. 2. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Tho. Lumley's daughter. 3. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Tho. Hubborn's daughter. 4. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Biggot's daugh

ter. 5. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John de Melsass' dangb

ter of Bennet-hall, in Holderness. 6. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Sir Brian Stapleton's daughter

of Weighill. 7. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Ury's daughter? 8. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to danghter of Mansfield, heir of

Morton. 9. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Stroode's daughter and heir. 10. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir James Strangvayes'

daughter. 11. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John Hotham's daughter. 12. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Danby of Yafforth's daughter

and heir." 13. Tho. Rokeby, Esq. to Rob. Constable's danghter of

Cliff, serjt. at law. 14. Christopher Rokeby, Esq. to Lasscells of Brackenburgh's

daughter." 15. Thos. Rokeby, Esq. to the daughter of Thweng. 16. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Lawson's daugh

ter of Brough. 17. Frans. Rokeby, Esq. to Faucett's daughter, citizen of

London. 18. Thos. Rokeby, Esq. to the daughter of Wickliffe of


NOTE 2 Z. Seem'd half abandon'd to decay.-P. 332. The ancient castle of Rokeby stood exactly upon the site of the present mansion, by which a part of its walls is enclosed. It is surrounded by a profusion of fine wood, and the park in which it stands is adorned by the junction of the Greta and of the Tees. The title of Baron Rokeby of Armagh was, in 1777, conferred on the Right Reverend Richard Robinson, Primate of Ireland, descended of the Robinsons, formerly of Rokeby, in Yorkshire

High Sheriffs of Yorkshire. 1337. 11 Edw. 3. Ralph Hastings and Thos. de Rokeby. 1343. 17 Edw. 3. Thos, de Rokeby, pro sept. annis. 1358. 25 Edw. 3. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Justiciary of Ire

land for six years; died at the castle of

Kilka. 1407. 8 Hen. 4. Thos. Rokeby Miles, defeated and slev

the Duke of Northumberland at the

battle of Bramham Moor. 1411. 12 Hen. 4. Thos. Rokeby Miles. 1486.

Thomas Rokeby, Esg. 1539.

Robert Holgate, Bish. of Landaft, after

wards P. of York, Ld. President of the Council for the Preservation of Peace

in the North. 1564. 6 Eliz. Thomas Younge, Archbishop of Yorke,

Ld. President. 30 Hen. 8. Tho. Rokeby, LL.D. one of the Council.

Jn. Rokeby, LL.D. one of the Council 1572. 15 Eliz. Henry Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, Ld.

Jo. Rokeby, Esq. one of the Council.
Jo. Rokeby, LL.D. ditto.
Ralph Rokeby, Esq. one of the Secreta

ries. 1574. 17 Eliz. Jo. Rokeby, Precentor of York. 7 Will. 3. Sir J. Rokeby, Knt. one of the Justices of

the King's Bench. The family of De Rokeby came over with the Conqueror. The old motto belonging to the family is In Bivio Destra.

The arms, argent, chevron sable, between three rooks proper.


Rokeby's lords of martial fame,

I can count them name by name.-P. 334. The following brief pedigree of this very ancient and once

1 Lia!
2 Temp. Edw. 2di.

"Temp. Edw. Stii, 4 Temp. Henr, Tmi, and from him is the house of Skyers, of a fourth brother.

5 From him is the house of Hotham, and of the second brother that bad issue.

There is somewhat more to be found in our family in the and the chase, the former, as in the Tournament of TottenSeottish history about the affairs of Dan-Bretton town, but ham, introduced a set of clowns debating in the field, with all what it is, and in what time, I know not, nor can have con- the assumed circumstances of chivalry; or, as in the Hunting venient leisure to search. But Parson Blackwood, the Scot- of the Hare (see Weber's Metrical Romances, vol. iii.), tish chaplain to the Lord of Shrewsbury, recited to me once a persons of the same description following the chase, with all piece of a Scottish song, wherein was mentioned, that Wil- the grievous mistakes and blanders incident to such unpracham Wallis, the great deliverer of the Scots from the English tised sportsmen.

The idea, therefore, of Don Quixote's bondage, should, at Dun-Bretton, have been brought up under phrensy, although inimitably embodied and brought out, was a Rokeby, captain then of the place; and as he walked on a not, perhaps, in the abstract, altogether original. One of the cliff, should thrust him on a sudden into the sea, and inereby very best of these mock romances, and which has no small have gotten that hold, which, I think, was about the 33d of portion of comic humor, is the Hunting of the Felon Sow of Edw. I. or before. Thus, leaving our ancestors of record, we Rokeby by the Friars of Richmond. Ralph Rokeby, who must also with them leave the Chronicle of Malmesbury Ab- (for the jest's sake apparently) bestowed this intractable anibey, called Eulogium Historiarum, out of which Mr. Leland mal on the convent of Richmond, seems to have flourished reporteth this history, and coppy down unwritten story, the in the time of Henry VII., which, since we know not the which have yet the testimony of later times, and the fresh date of Friar Theobald's wardenship, to which the poem rememory of men yet alive, for their warrant and creditt, of fers us, may indicate that of the composition itself. Morton, whom I have learned it, that in K. Henry the 7th's reign, one the Mortham of the text, is mentioned as being this facetions Ralph Rokeby, Esq., was owner of Morton, and I guess that baron's place of residence; accordingly, Leland notices, that this was he that deceived the fryars of Richmond with his “Mr. Rokeby hath a place called Mortham, a little beneath felon swine, on which a jargon was made."

Grentey-bridge, almost on the mouth of Grentey." That no

information may be lacking which is in my power to supply, I The above is a quotation from a manuscript written by Ralph have to notice, that the Mistress Rokeby of the romance, who Rokeby; when he lived is uncertain.

so charitably refreshed the sow after she had discomfited To what metrical Scottish tradition Parson Blackwood al- Friar Middleton and his auxiliaries, was, as appears from the luded, it would be now in vain to inquire. But in Blind Har- pedigree of the Rokeby family, daughter and heir of Danby ry's History of Sir William Wallace, we find a legend of one of Yafforth. Rokbie, whom he makes keeper of Stirling Castle under the This curious poem was first published in Mr. Whitaker's English usurpation, and whom Wallace slays with his own History of Craven, but, from an inaccurate manuscript, not band :

corrected very happily. It was transferred by Mr. Evans to

the new edition of his Ballads, with some well-judged conjec" In the great press Wallace and Rukbie met,

tural improvements. I have been induced to give a more auWith his good sword a stroke upon him set;

thentic and full, though still an imperfect, edition of this Derfly to death the old Rukbie he drave,

humorsome composition, from being furnished with a copy But his two sons escaped among the lave."

from a manuscript in the possession of Mr. Rokeby, to whom These sons, according to the romantic Minstrel, surrendered

I have acknowledged my obligations in the last Note. It has the castle on conditions, and went back to England, but re

three or four stanzas more than that of Mr. Whitaker, and the turned to Scotland in the days of Bruce, when one of them

language seems, where they differ, to have the more ancient became again keeper of Stirling Castle. Immediately after

and genuine readings. etais achievement follows another engagement, between Wallace and those Western Highlanders who embraced the English

The Felon Sow of Rokeby and the Friars of Richmond. interest, at a pass in Glendonchart, where many were precipi

Ye men that will of annters' winne, tated into the lake over a precipice. These circamstances may

That late within this land hath beene, have been confused in the narrative of Parson Blackwood, or

Of one I will you tell ; in the recollection of Mr. Rokeby.

And of a sew? that was sea strang, In the old ballad of Chevy Chase, there is mentioned, among

Alas! that ever she lived sae lang, the English warriors, "Sir Raff the ryche Rugbe," which may

For felli folk did she whell." apply to Sir Ralph Rokeby, the tenth baron in the pedigree. The more modern copy of the ballad runs thus :

She was mares than other three,

The grisliest beast that ere inight be,
“Good Sir Ralph Raby ther was slain,

Her head was great and gray:
Whose prowess did surmount."

She was bred in Rokeby wood,
This would rather seem to relate to one of the Nevilles of

There were few that thitheł goed," Raby. But, as the whole ballad is romantic, accuracy is not

That came

on live

away. to be looked for.

Her walk was endlong Greta side ;
There was no brenlo that durst her bide,

That was froell heaven to hell;

Nor never man that had that might,

That ever durst come in her sight,
The Felon Sow.-P. 334.

Her force it was so fell.
The ancient minstrels had a comic as well as a serious strain

Ralph of Rokeby, with good will, of romance; and although the examples of the latter are by

The Fryers of Richmond gave her till, 19 far the most numerous, they are, perhaps, the less valuable.

Full well to garrels them fare The comic romance was a sort of parody upon the usual sub- Fryar Middleton by his name, jects of minstrel poetry. If the latter described deeds of he

He was sent to fetch her hame, roic achievement, and the events of the battle, the tourney,

That rude him sinel4 full sare.

i Both the MS. and Mr. Whitaker's copy read ancestors, evidently a corruption of cunters, adventures, as corrected by Mr. Evans -- Sow, sceording to provincial pronunciation. So; Yorkshire dialect. Fele,

many Sax.-3 A corruption of quell, to kill.- More, greater - Went. - Alive.-- Along the side of Greta.--10 Barn, child, man in general.11 From.-12 T0.-13 Make.-14 Since.

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But all that served him for nought,
Had they not better succour sought,

They were served therefore loe.
Then Mistress Rokeby came anon,
And for her brought shee meate full soone,

The sew came her unto.

She bound her boldly to abide;
To Peter Dale she came aside,

With many a hideous yell;

u She was brim as any boar, And gave a grisly hideous ronr, To them it was no boot."

1 Fierce as a bear. Mr. Whitaker's copy reads, perhaps in consequence of mistaking the MS., “Tother wns Bryan of Bear."-- Need were, Mr. Whitaker rende musters.-3 Lying.- A fierce countenance or manner.-5 Saw.-- Wight, brave. The Rokeby MS. reads incounters, and Mr. Whitaker, auncestors.--7 Boldly.--On the beam above.--. To prevent.--10 Assaulted.-11 Rope.-12 Watling Street. See the sequel.--18 Dare.-14 Rushed.–18 Leave it.--18 Pulls.-17 This line is wanting in Mr. Whitaker's copy, whence it has been conjectured that something is wanting after this stanza, which now there is no oecasion to suppose - 18 Evil device.--19 Blessed. Fr.-20 Lost his color.--21 Sheltered himself.-2 Fieree.- The MS. reads, to labour weere. The text seems to mean, that all their labor to obtain their intended meat was of no use to them, Mr. Whitaker reads,

Besides the want of connection between the last line and the tko tormer, the second has a very modern sound, and the reading of the Rokeby MS. with the slight alteration in the text, is much better.


34 Mad.95 Tom, pulled.- Knew.-97 Combat, perilous fight.- ! 28 This stanza, with the two following, and the fragment of a fourth, sre not in Mr. Whitaker's edition.-2 The rope about the sow's neck.w knew.

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She came roveing them againe ; That saw the bastard son of Spaine,

He braded 16 out his brand; Full spiteously at her he strake, For all the fence that he could make,

She gat sword out of hand; And rave in sunder half his shielde, And bare him backward in the feilde,

He might not her gainstand.

The warden said, " I am full of woe,
That ever ye should be torment so,

But wee with you had beene !
Had wee been there your brethren all,
Wee should have garred the warley fall,

That wrought you all this teyne."?8 Fryar Middleton said soon, “Nay, In faith you would have fled away,

When most mister had beene; You will all speake words at hame, A man would dingle you every ilk ane,

And if it be as I weine."

She would have riven his privich geare But Gilbert with his sword of werre,

He strake at her full strong, . On her shoulder till she held the swerd : Then was good Gilbert sore afer'd,

When the blade brake in throng.17

Since in his hands he hath her tane, She tooke him by the shoulder bane, 18

And held her hold full fast; She strave so stiffly in that stower,19 That through all his rich armour

The blood came at the last.

He look't so griesly all that night,
The warden said, “Yon man will fight

If you say ought but good;
Yon guest11 hath grieved him so sare,
Hold your tongues and speake noe mare

He looks as he were woode.”

Then Gilbert grieved was sae sare, That he rave off both hide and haire,

The flesh came fro the bone ; And with all force he felled her there, And wann her worthily in werre,

And band her him alone.

The warden waged 12 on the morne,
Two boldest men that ever were borne,

I weine, or ever shall be ;
The one was Gibbert Griffin's son,
Full mickle worship has he wonne,

Both by land and sea.
The other was a bastard son of Spain,
Many a Sarazin hath he slain,

His dint19 hath gart them die. These two men the battle undertooke, Against the sew, as says the booke,

And sealed security.

And lift her on a horse sae bee,
Into two paniers well-made of a tre,

And to Richmond they did hay :20
When they saw her come,
They sang merrily Te Deum,

The Fryers on that day.21

They thanked God and St. Francis, As they had won the best of pris, 22

And never a man was slaine : There did never a man more manly, Knight Marcus, nor yett Sir Gui,

Nor Loth of Louthyane.23

If ye will any more of this,
In the Fryers of Richmond 'tis

In parchment good and fine ;
And how Fryar Middleton that was so kend, 24
At Greta Bridge conjured a feind

That they should boldly bide and fight,
And skomfit her in maine and might,

Or therefore should they die.
The warden sealed to them againe,
And said, “ In feild if ye be slain,

This condition make I:

In likeness of a swine.

** We shall for you pray, sing, and read
Till doomesday with hearty speede

With all our progeny."
Then the letters well was made,

It is well known to many a man,
That Fryar Theobald was warden than,

1 This line is almost illegible. Each one.—3 Since then, after that. 4 The above lines are wanting in Mr. Whitaker's copy.--5 Cease, stop.

6 Ran.- Warlock, or wizard.—8 Harm.-9 Need.-10 Bent. The copy in Mr. Whitaker's History of Craven reada, perhaps better,

" The fiend would ding you down ilk one." 11 = Yom guest," may be yon gest, i. e., that adventure ; or it may mean yon għaist, or apparition, which in old poems is applied sometimes to what is sopernaturally hideous. The printed copy reads, " The beast hath,"

&c.-12 Hired, Yorkshire phrase.-13 Blow.-14 Brond, large.--15 Such like a roar.--16 Drew out.--17 In the combat.--18 Bone.-19 Meeting, but tlo.—20 Hie, hasten.21 The MS. reads, mistakenly, every day.-22 Price. --23 The father of Sir Gawain, in the romance of Arthur and Merlin, The MS. is thus corrupted

More loth of Louth Ryme.

24 Well known, or perhaps kind, well disposed.

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