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late in the Scottish Highlands, and was cherished by the chiefs as an easy mode of extending their influence and connection; and even in the Lowlands, during the last century, the connection between the nurse and foster-child was seldom dissolved but by the death of one party.
grees they began to quarrel about the slaughter of some of their friends whom Shane-Dymas had put to death, and advancing from words to deeds, fell upon him with their broadswords, and cut him to pieces. After his death a law was made that none should presume to take the name and title of O'Neale.
NOTE 2 U. Great Nial of the Pledges Nine.--P. 327. Neal Naighvallach, or Of the Nine Hostages, is said to have been Monarch of all Ireland, during the end of the fourth or beginning of the fifth century. He exercised a predatory warfare on the coast of England and of Bretagne, or Armorica; and from the latter country brought off the celebrated Saint Patrick, a youth of sixteen, among other captives, whom he transported to Ireland. Neal derived his epithet from nine nations, or tribes, whom he held under his subjection, and from whom he took hostages. From one of Neal's sons were derived the Kinel-eoguin, or Race of Tyrone, which afforded monarchs both to Ireland and to Ulster. Neal (according to O'Flaherty's Ogygia) was killed by a poisoned arrow, in one of his descents on the coast of Bretagne.
NOTE 2 W.
Geraldine.-P. 327. The O'Neales were closely allied with this powerful and warlike family; for Henry Owen O'Neale married the daughter of Thomas Earl of Kildare, and their son Con-More mar ried his cousin-german, a daughter of Gerald Earl of Kildare. This Con-More cursed any of his posterity who should learn the English language, sow corn, or build houses, so as to invite the English to settle in their country. Others ascribe this anathema to his son Con-Bacco. Fearflatha O'Gnive, bard to the O'Neales of Clannaboy, complains in the same spirit of the towers and ramparts with which the strangers had disfigured the fair sporting fields of Erin.-See WALKER's Irish Bards, p. 140.
NOTE 2 X. He chose that honor'd flag to bear.-P. 328. Lacy informs us, in the old play already quoted, how the cavalry raised by the country gentlemen for Charles's service were usually officered. “You, cornet, have a name that's proper for all cornets to be called by, for they are all beardless boys in our army. The most part of our horse were raised thus --The honest country gentleman raises the troop at his own charge ; then he gets a Low-country lieutenant to fight his troop safely; then be sends for his son from school to be his cornet : and then he puts off his child's coat to put on a buffcoat: and this is the constitution of our army.'
NOTE 2 V.
Shane-Dymas wild.-327. This Shane-Dymas, or John the Wanton, held the title and power of O'Neale in the earlier part of Elizabeth's reign, against whom he rebelled repeatedly.
** This chieftain is handed down to us as the most proud and profligate man on earth. He was immoderately addicted to women and wine. He is said to have had 200 tons of wine at once in his cellar at Dandram, but usquebaugh was his favorite liquor. He spared neither age nor condition of the fair sex. Altho' so illiterate that he could not write, he was not destitute of address; his understanding was strong, and his courage daring. He had 600 men for his guard; 4000 foot, 1000 horse for the field. He claimed superiority over all the lords of Ulster, and called himself king thereof. When commissioners were sent to treat with him, he said, “That, tho' the Queen were his sovereign lady, he never made peace with her but at her lodging ; that she had made a wise Earl of Macartymore, but that he kept as good a man as he ; that he cared not for so mean a title as Earl; that his blood and power were better than the best ; that his ancestors were Kings of Ulster; and that he would give place to none.' His kinsman, the Earl of Kildare, having persuaded him of the folly of contending with the crown of England, he resolved to attend the Queen, but in a style saited to his princely dignity. He appeared in London with a magnificent train of Irish Galloglasses, arrayed in the richest habiliments of their country, their heads bare, their hair flowing on their shoulders, with their long and open sleeves dyed with saffron. Thus dressed, and sureharged with military harness, and armed with battleares, they afforded an astonishing spectacle to the citizens, who regarded them as the intruders of some very distant part of the globe. Bat at Court his versatility now prevailed; his title to the sovereignty of Tyrone was pleaded from English laws and Irish institutions, and his allegations were so specious, that the Queen dismissed him with presents and assurances of favor. In England this transaction was looked on as the humiliation of a repenting rebel ; in Tyrone it was considered as a treaty of peace between two potentates."-CAMDEN's Britanaia, by Gough. Lond. 1806, fol. vol. iv. p. 442.
When redaced to extremity by the English, and forsaken by his allies, this Shane-Dymas fled to Clandeboy, then occupled by a colony of Scottish Highlanders of the family of MacDonell. He was at first courteously received ; but by de
his page, the nett degree • In that old time to chivalry.-P. 328. Originally, the order of chivalry embraced three ranks :1. The Page ; 2. The Squire ; 3. The Knight ;-a gradation which seems to have been imitated in the mystery of freemasonry. But, before the reign of Charles I., the custom of serving as a squire had fallen into disuse, though the order of the page was still, to a certain degree, in observance. This state of servitude was so far from inferring any thing degrading, that it was considered as the regular school for acquiring every quality necessary for future distinction. The proper nature, and the decay of the institution, are pointed out by old Ben Jonson, with his own forcible moral coloring. The dialogue occurs between Lovell," a compleat gentleman, a soldier, and a scholar, known to have been pago to the old Lord Beaufort, and so to have followed him in the French wars, after companion of his studies, and left guardian to his son," and the facetious Goodstock, host of the Light Heart. Lovell had offered to take Goodstock's son for his page, which the latter, in reference to the recent abase of the establishment, declares as "a desperate course of life :"
“ Lovell. Call you that desperate, which by a line Of institution, from our ancestors Hath been derived down to us, and received In a succession, for the noblest way Of breeding up our youth, in letters, arms,
powerful family, was kindly supplied to the author by Mr. Rokeby of Northamptonshire, descended of the ancient Barons of Rokeby :
Fair mien, discourses, civil exercise,
“ Host. Ay, that was when the nursery's self was noble,
" Lorell. Why do you say so?
“ Host. Sir, you mistake;
BEN JONSON's New Inn, Act I, Scene III.
“ Pedigree of the House of Rokeby. 1. Sir Alex. Rokeby, Knt. married to Sir Hump. Liftle's! I
daughter. 2. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Tho. Lamley's daughter. 3. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Tho. Hubborn's daughter. 4. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Biggot's dangb
ter. 5. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John de Melsass' dangb
ter of Bennet-hall, in Holderness. 6. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Sir Brian Stapleton's daughter
of Weighill. 7. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Ury's daughter? 8. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to danghter of Mansfield, heir of
Morton. 9. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Stroode's daughter and heir. 10. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir James Strangvayesi
daughter. 11. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John Hotham's daughter. 12. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Danby of Yafforth's daughter
and heir. 13. Tho. Rokeby, Esq. to Rob. Constable's dangbter of:
Cliff, serjt. at law. 14. Christopher Rokeby, Esq. to Lasscells of Brackenburgh's
daughter. 15. Thos. Rokeby, Esq. to the danghter of Thweng. 16. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Lawson's daugh
ter of Brough. 17. Frans. Rokeby, Esq. to Faucett's daughter, citizen of
London. 18. Thos. Rokeby, Esq. to the daughter of Wickliffe of
NOTE 2 Z. Seem'd half abandon'd to decay.-P. 332. The ancient castle of Rokeby stood exactly upon the site of the present mansion, by which a part of its walls is enclosed. It is surrounded by a profusion of fine wood, and the park in which it stands is adorned by the junction of the Greta and of the Tees. The title of Baron Rokeby of Armagh was, in 1777, conferred on the Right Reverend Richard Robinson, Primate of Ireland, descended of the Robinsons, formerly of Rokeby, in Yorkshire
High Sheriffs of Yorkshire 1337, 11 Edw. 3. Ralph Hastings and Thos. de Rokeby. 1343. 17 Edw. 3. Thos, de Rokeby, pro sept. annis. 1358. 25 Edw. 3. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Justiciary of Ire
land for six years; died at the castle of
Kilka. 1407. 8 Hen. 4. Thos. Rokeby Miles, defeated and sew
the Duke of Northumberland at the
battle of Bramham Moor. 1411. 12 Hen. 4. Thos. Rokeby Miles. 1486. ...... Thomas Rokeby. Eso.
... Robert Holgate, Bish. of Landaff, after
wards P. of York, Ld. President of the Council for the Preservation of Peace
in the North. 1564. 6 Eliz. Thomas Younge, Archbishop of Yorke,
Ld. President. 30 Hen. 8. Tho. Rokeby, LL.D. one of the Council.
Jn. Rokeby, LL.D. one of the Council. 1572. 15 Eliz. Henry Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, Ld.
ries. 1574. 17 Eliz. Jo. Rokeby, Precentor of York. 7 Will. 3. Sir J. Rokeby, Knt. one of the Justices of
the King's Bench. The family of De Rokeby came over with the Conqueror. The old motto belonging to the family is In Bivie Dextra.
The arms, argent, chevron sable, between three rooks proper.
NOTE 3 A.
Rokeby's lords of martial fame,
I can count them name by name.-P. 334. The following brief pedigree of this very ancient and once
1 Lia!... 9 Temp. Edw. ldi.
Temp. Edw. Stii. 4 Temp. Henr. imi, and from him is the house of Skyers, of a fourth brother.
5 From him is the house of Hotham, and of the second brother that had issue.
There is somewhat more to be found in our family in the and the chase, the former, as in the Tournament of TottenScottish history about the affairs of Dun-Bretton town, but ham, introduced a set of clowns debating in the field, with all what it is, and in what time, I know not, nor can have con- | the assumed circumstances of chivalry; or, as in the Hunting venient leisure to search. But Parson Blackwood, the Scot of the Hare (see Weber's Metrical Romances, vol. iii.), tish chaplain to the Lord of Shrewsbury, recited to me once a persons of the same description following the chase, with all piece of a Scottish song, wherein was mentioned, that W11 the grievous mistakes and blanders incident to such unpracham Wallis, tbe great deliverer of the Scots from the English tised sportsmen. The idea, therefore, of Don Quixote's bondage, should, at Dun-Bretton, have been brought up under phrensy, although inimitably embodied and brought out, was a Rokeby, captain then of the place; and as he walked on a not, perhaps, in the abstract, altogether original. One of the eiiff, should thrust him on a sudden into the sea, and tnereby very best of these mock romances, and which has no small have gotten that hold, which, I think, was about the 33d of portion of comic humor, is the Hunting of the Felon Sow of Edw. I. or before. Thus, leaving our ancestors of record, we Rokeby by the Friars of Richmond. Ralph Rokeby, who must also with them leave the Chronicle of Malmesbury Ab (for the jest's sake apparently) bestowed this intractable anibey, called Ealogium Historiarum, out of which Mr. Leland mal on the convent of Richinond, seems to have flourished reporteth this history, and coppy down unwritten story, the in the time of Henry VII., which, since we know not the which have yet the testimony of later times, and the fresh date of Friar Theobald's wardenship, to which the poem rememory of men yet alive, for their warrant and creditt, offers us, may indicate that of the composition itself. Morton, whom I have learned it, that in K. Henry the 7th's reign, one the Mortham of the text. is me Ralph Rokeby, Esq., was owner of Morton, and I guess that baron's place of residence ; accordingly, Leland notices, that this was he that deceived the fryars of Richmond with his “ Mr. Rokeby hath a place called Mortham, a little beneath felon swine, on which a jargon was made.”
Grentey-bridge, almost on the mouth of Grentey." That no
information may be lacking which is in my power to supply, I The above is a quotation from a manuscript written by Ralph have to notice, that the Mistress Rokeby of the romance, who Rokeby; when he lived is uncertain.
so charitably refreshed the sow after she had discomfited To what metrical Scottish tradition Parson Blackwood al- Friar Middleton and his auxiliaries, was, as appears from the luded, it would be now in vain to inquire. But in Blind Harpedigree of the Rokeby family, daughter and heir of Danby ry's History of Sir William Wallace, we find a legend of one of Yafforth. Rokbie, whom he makes keeper of Stirling Castle under the This curious poem was first published in Mr. Whitaker's English usurpation, and whom Wallace slays with his own History of Craven, but, from an inaccurate manuscript, not band :
corrected very happily. It was transferred by Mr. Evans to
the new edition of his Ballads, with some well-judged conjec* In the great press Wallace and Rukbie met,
tural improvements. I have been induced to give a more auWith his good sword a stroke upon him set;
thentic and full, though still an imperfect, edition of this Derfly to death the old Rukbie he drave,
humorsome composition, from being furnished with a copy But his two sons escaped among the lave."
from a manuscript in the possession of Mr. Rokeby, to whom
I have acknowledged my obligations in the last Note. It has These sons, according to the romantic Minstrel, surrendered the castle on conditions, and went back to England, but re
three or four stanzas more than that of Mr. Whitaker, and the turned to Scotland in the days of Bruce, when one of them
language seems, where they differ, to have the more ancient became again keeper of Stirling Castle. Immediately after
and genuine readings. elais achievement follows another engagement, between Wal
The Felon Sow of Rokeby and the Friars of Richmond. interest, at a pass in Glendonchart, where many were precipi
Ye men that will of annters' winne, tated into the lake over a precipice. These circumstances may
That late within this land hath beene, have been confused in the narrative of Parson Blackwood, or
Of one I will you tell ; in the recollection of Mr. Rokeby.
And of a sew? that was sea strang, In the old ballad of Chevy Chase, there is mentioned, among
Alas! that ever she lived sae lang, the English warriors, “Sir Raff the ryche Rugbe," which may
For felle folk did she whell. apply to Sir Ralph Rokeby, the tenth baron in the pedigree. The more modern copy of the ballad runs thus :
She was mares than other three,
The grisliest beast that ere might be,
Her head was great and gray:
She was bred in Rokeby wood,
There were few that thither goed, Raby. But, as the whole ballad is romantic, accuracy is not
That came on lives away. to be looked for.
Her walk was endlong! Greta side ;
That was froell heaven to hell;
Nor never man that had that might,
That ever durst come in her sight,
Her force it was so fell. - The Felon Soro.-P. 334. The ancient minstrels had a comic as well as a serious strain
Ralph of Rokeby, with good will, of romance; and although the examples of the latter are by
The Fryers of Richmond gave her till, 19 far the most numerous, they are, perhaps, the less valuable.
Full well to garre13 them fare The comic romance was a sort of parody upon the usual sub
Fryar Middleton by his name, jects of minstrel poetry. If the latter described deeds of he
He was sent to fetch her hame, roic achievement, and the events of the battle, the tourney,
That rude him sinel4 full sare.
1 Both the MS. and Mr. Whitaker's copy read ancestors, evidently a many Sax.- A corruption of quell, to kill. - More, greater. Went. corruption of cunters, adventures, as corrected by Mr. Evans.-- Sow, Alive. Along the side of Greta.--10 Barn, child, man in general. According to provincial pronunciation - So; Yorkshire dialect. Fele,. 11 From.-12 T0.-13 Make.-14 Since,
“She was brim as any boar, And gave a grisly hideous roar, To them it was no boot."
1 Fierce as a bear. Mr. Whitaker's copy reads, perhaps in consequence of mistaking the MS., “T'other was Bryan of Bear, "-2 Need were. Mr. Whitaker rende musters.-3 Lying.- A fierce countenance or manner.-5 Saw.-- Wight, brave. The Rokeby MS. reads incounters, and Mr. Whitaker, quncestors.--7 Boldly - On the beam above. To prevent.-- 10 Assaulted.--11 Rope.--12 Watling Street. See the sequel.--19 Dare.--14 Rushed.-16 Leave it. --- 16 Pulls.-17 This line is wanting in Mr. Whitaker's copy, whence it has been conjectured that something is wanting after this stanza, which now there is no ocension to suppose.- 18 Evil device.--19 Blessed. Fr.-20 Lost his color.--21 Sheltered himself.-22 Fierce.--23 The MS. reads, to labour roeere. The text seenus to mean, that all their labor to obtain their intended meat was of no uso to them. Mr. Whitaker rends,
Besides the want of connection between the last line and the two former, the second has a very modern sound, and the reading of the Rokeby MS. with the slight alteration in the text, is much better.
34 Med.--% Tom, pulled.-96 Knew.-17 Combat, perilous fight.
This stanza, with the two following, and the fragment of a fourth, are not in Mr. Whitaker's edition. The rope about the sow's neck, 20 Knew.
1 This line is almost illegible. Each one.-3 Since then, after that. - The above lines are wanting in Mr. Whitaker's copy.-5 Cease, stop. - Run-1 Warlock, or wizard, Harm.-9 Need.-10 Beat. The copy in Mr. Whitaker's History of Craven reads, perhaps better,
The fiend would ding you down ilk one." 11 “Yon geest," may be yon gest, i, e., that adventure; or it may mean yon glaiss, or apparition, which in old poems is applied sometimes to what is supernaturally hideous. The printed copy reads,-“The beast hath,"