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the armie before ther retearing, and had then accompanyed

NOTE H. the General in his flight; who, being much wearyed that eve

Do not my native dales prolong ning of the battell with ordering of his armie, and now quite

Of Percy Rede the tragic song, spent with his long journey in the night, had casten himselfe doune upon a bed to rest, when this gentleman comeing quy

Train'd forward to his bloody fall, etly into his chamber, he awoke, and hastily cryes out, “ Lieve

By Girson field, that treacherous Hall ?—P. 302. tennent-collonell, what news ?'-'All is safe, may it please In a poem, entitled “ The Lay of the Reedwater Minstrel,” your Excellence; the Parliament's armie hes obtained a great Newcastle, 1809, this tale, with many others peculiar to the victory ;' and then delyvers the letter. The Generall, upon valley of the Reed, is commemorated :—"The particulars of the hearing of this, knocked upon his breast, and sayes, ‘I the traditional story of Parcy Reed of Troughend, and the would to God I had died upon the place !' and then opens the Halls of Girsonfield, the author had from a descendant of the letter, which, in a few lines, gave ane account of the victory, family of Reed. From his account, it appears that Percival and in the close pressed his speedy returne to the armie, which Reed, Esquire, a keeper of Reedsdale, was betrayed by the he did the next day, being accompanyed some mylles back by Halls (hence denominated the false-hearted Ha's) to a band of this gentleman, who then takes his leave of him, and receaved moss-troopers of the name of Crosier, who slew him at Batingat parting many expressions of kyndenesse, with promises that hope, near the source of the Reed. he would never be unmyndful of his care and respect towards “ The Halls were, after the murder of Parcy Reed, held in him ; and in the end he intreats him to present his service to such universal abhorrence and contempt by the inhabitants of all his friends and acquaintances in Scotland. Thereftir the Reedsdale, for their cowardly and treacherous behavior, that Generall sets forward in his journey for the armie, as this gen- they were obliged to leave the country.” In another passage, teman did for

in order to his we are informed that the ghost of the injured Borderer is transportatione for Scotland, where he artyved sex dayes eftir supposed to haunt the banks of a brook called the Pringle. the fight of Mestoune Muir, and gave the first true account and These Redes of Troughend were a very ancient family, as may descriptione of that great battell, wherein the Covenanters then be conjectured from their deriving their surname from the gloryed so much, that they impiously boasted the Lord had river on which they had their mansion. An epitaph on one bow signally appeared for his cause and people; it being ordi- of their tombs affirms, that the family held their lands of nary for them, dureing the whole time of this warre, to attrib- Troughend, which are situated on the Reed, nearly opposite to ute the greatness of their success to the goodnes and justice Otterburn, for the incredible space of nine hundred years. of ther cause, untill Divine Justice trysted them with some crosse dispensatione, and then you might have heard this language from them, . That it pleases the Lord to give his oune the heavyest end of the tree to bear, that the saints and the

NOTE I. people of God must still be sufferers while they are here away,

And near the spot that gave me name, that the malignant party was God's rod to punish them for

The moated mound of Risingham, ther unthankfulnesce, which in the end he will cast into the

Where Reed upon her margin sees fire;' with a thousand other expressions and scripture cita

Sweet Woodburne's cottages and trees, tions, prophanely and blasphemously uttered by them, to palli

Some ancient sculptor's art has shown ate ther villainie and rebellion."- Memoires of the Somer

An outlaw's image on the stone.-P. 302. pilles. Edin. 1815.

Risingham, upon the river Reed, near the beautiful hamlet of Woodburn, is an ancient Roman station, formerly called Habitancum. Camden says, that in his time the popular ac

count bore, that it had been the abode of a deity, or giant, NOTE G.

called Magon; and appeals, in support of this tradition, as

well as to the etymology of Risingham, or Reisenham, which With his barb'd horse, fresh tidings say,

signifies, in German, the habitation of the giants, to two RoStout Cromwell has redeem'd the day.-P. 302. man altars taken out of the river, inscribed, Deo MOGONTI

CADENORUM. About half a mile distant from Risingham, Cromwell, with his regiment of cuirassiers, had a principal upon an eminence covered with scattered birch-trees and fragshare in turning the fate of the day at Marston Moor; which ments of rock, there is cut upon a large rock, in alto relievo, was equally matter of triumph to the Independents, and of a remarkable figure, called Robin of Risingham, or Robin of grief and heart-burning to the Presbyterians and to the Scot- Reedsdale. It presents a hunter, with his bow raised in ono tish. Principal Baillie expresses his dissatisfaction as fol- hand, and in the other what seems to be a hare. There is a lows:

quiver at the back of the figure, and he is dressed in a long “ The Independents sent ap one quickly to assure that all coat, or kirtle, coming down to the knees, and meeting close, the glory of that night was theirs; and they and their Major- with a girdle bound round him. Dr. Horseley, who saw all General Cromwell had done it all there alone; but Captain monuments of antiquity with Roman eyes, inclines to think Stuart afterward showed the vanity and falsehood of their this figure a Roman archer : and certainly the bow is rather disgraceful relation. God gave us that victory wonderfully. of the ancient size than' of that which was so formidable in There were three generals on each side, Lesley, Fairfax, and the hands of the English archers of the middle ages. But the Manchester ; Rupert, Newcastle, and King. Within half an rudeness of the whole figure prevents our founding strongly hour and less, all six took them to their heels ;—this to you upon mere inaccuracy of proportion. The popular tradition alone. The disadvantage of the ground, and violence of the is, that it represents a giant, whose brother resided at Woodflower of Prince Rupert's horse, carried all our right wing burn, and he himself at Risingham. It adds, that they subdown; only Eglinton kept ground, to his great loss; his lieu- sisted by hunting, and that one of them, finding the game betenant-crowner, a brave man, I fear shall die, and his son Rob- come too scarce to support them, poisoned his companion, in ert be mutilated of an arm. Lindsay had the greatest hazard whose memory the monument was engraved. What strange of any ; but the beginning of the victory was from David Les- and tragic circumstance may be concealed under this legend, ly, who before was much suspected of evil designs ; he, with or whether it is utterly apocryphal, it is now impossible to the Scots and Cromwell's horse, having the advantage of the discover. ground, did dissipate all before them.”—Baillie's Letters The name of Robin of Redesdale was given to one of the and Journals. Edin. 1785, 8vo. ii. 36.

Umfravilles, Lords of Prudhoe, and afterwards to one Hilliard, a friend and follower of the king-making Earl of Warwick. of Egliston, and partly to have been wrought by them, and This person commanded an army of Northamptonshire and partly sold onwrought to others.”- Itinerary. Oxford, 1768, northern men, who seized on and beheaded the Earl Rivers, 8vo, p. 88. father to Edward the Fourth's queen, and his son, Sir John Woodville.-See HOLINSHED, ad annum, 1469.

NOTE M.

Egliston's gray ruins.-P. 307.
NOTE K.

The ruins of this abbey, or priory (for Tanner calls it the
Do thou revere

former, and Leland the latter), are beautifully situated upon The statutes of the Bucanier.-P. 302.

the angle, formed by a little dell called Thorgil, at its juneThe "statutes of the Bucaniers" were, in reality, more equi

tion with the Tees. A good part of the religious house is still table than could have been expected from the state of society

in some degree habitable, but the church is in ruins. Egliston under which they had been formed. They chiefly related, as

was dedicated to St. Mary and St. John the Baptist, and is may readily be conjectured, to the distribution and the inherit

supposed to have been founded by Ralph de Multon about the ance of their plunder.

end of Henry the Second's reign. There were formerly the When the expedition was completed, the fund of prize-mon

tombs of the families of Rokeby, Bowes, and Fitz-Hugh. ey acquired was thrown together, each party taking his oath that he had retained or concealed no part of the common stock, If any one transgressed in this important particular, the pun

NOTE N. ishment was, his being set ashore on some desert key or island, to shift for himself as he could. The owners of the vessel had

the mound, then their share assigned for the expenses of the outfit. These Raised by that Legion long renown'd, were generally old pirates, settled at Tobago, Jamaica, St. Do- Whose votive shrine asserts their claim, mingo, or some other French or English settlement. The sur of pious, faithful, conquering fame.-P. 307. geon's and carpenter's salaries, with the price of provisions

Close behind the George Inn at Greta Bridge, there is a welland ammunition, were also defrayed. Then followed the

preserved Roman encampment, surrounded with a triple ditch, compensation due to the maimed and wounded, rated according to the damage they had sustained ; as six hundred pieces ging between the river Greta and a brook called the Tatta.

The four entrances are easily to be discerned. Very many Roof eight, or six slaves, for the loss of an arm or leg, and so in

man altars and monuments have been found in the vicinity, proportion.

most of which are preserved at Rokeby by my friend Mr. Mor“ After this act of justice and humanity, the remainder of

ritt. Among others is a small votive altar, with the inscripthe booty was divided into as many shares as there were Buca

tion, LEG. VI. Vic. P. F. F., which has been rendered, Legio. niers. The commander could only lay claim to a single share,

Sexta. Victrir. Pia. Fortis. Fidelis. as the rest ; but they complimented him with two or three, in proportion as he had acquitted himself to their satisfaction. When the vessel was not the property of the whole company, the person who had fitted it out, and furnished it with necessary

NOTE O. arms and ammunition, was entitled to a third of all the prizes. Favor had never any influence in the division of the booty, for

Rokeby's turrets high.-P. 307. every share was determined by lot. Instances of such rigid This ancient manor long gave name to a family by whom it justice as this are not easily met with, and they extended even is said to have been possessed from the Conquest downward, to the dead. Their share was given to the man who was and who are at different times distinguished in history. It was known to be their companion when alive, and therefore their the Baron of Rokeby who finally defeated the insurrection of heir. If the person who had been killed had no iutimate, his the Earl of Northumberland, tempore Her. IV., of which part was sent to his relations, when they were known. If there Holinshed gives the owing account :-" The King, adver were no friends nor relations, it was distributed in charity to tised hereof, caused a great armie to be assembled, and came the poor and to churches, which were to pray for the person in forward with the same towards his enemies; but yer the King whose name these benefactions were given, the fruits of inhu- came to Nottingham, Sir Thomas, or (as other copies hane) man, but necessary piratical plunders."'-Raynal's History Sir Rafe Rokesbie, Sbiriffe of Yorkeshire, assembled the forces of European Settlements in the East and West Indies, by of the countrie to resist the Earle and his power; coming to Justamond. Lond. 1776, 8vo. iii.

p.
41.

Grimbautbrigs, beside Knaresborough, there to stop them the
passage ; but they returning aside, got to Weatherbie, and so
to Tadcaster, and finally came forward unto Bramham-moor,
near to Haizlewood, where they chose their ground meet to
fight upon. The Shiriffe was as readie to giue battell as the

Erle to receiue it; and so with a standard of S. George spread, The course of Tees.-P. 306.

set fiercelie vpon the Earle, who, vnder a stavdard of his owne The view from Barnard Castle commands the rich and mag- armes, encountered his adaersaries with great manhood. There nificent valley of Tees. Immediately adjacent to the river, was a sore incounter and cruell conflict betwixt the parties, but the banks are very thickly wooded ; at a little distance they in the end the victorie fell to the Shiriffe. The Lord Bandolfe are more open and cultivated; but, being interspersed with was taken, but sore wounded, so that he shortlie after died of hedge-rows, and with isolated trees of great size and age, they the hurts. As for the Earle of Northumberland, he was slain still retain the richness of woodland scenery. The river itself outright; so that now the prophecy was fulfilled, which gaue flows in a deep trench of solid rock, chiefly limestone and an inkling of this his heauy hap long before, namelie, marble. The finest view of its romantic coure is from a handsome modern-built bridge over the Tees, by the late Mr.

Stirps Persitina periet confusa ruina.' Morritt of Rokeby. In Leland's time, the marble quarries seem to bave been of some value. “Hard under the cliff by For this Earle was the stocke and maine roote of all that were Egliston, is fonnd on eche side of Tese very fair marble, wont left aliue, called by the name of Persie ; and of manie more by to be taken up booth by marbelers of Barnardes Castelle and diuers slaughters dispatched. For whose misfortune the peo

NOTE L.

ple were not a little sorrie, making report of the gentleman's port and Waterford, and was owner of several vessels. The valiantnesse, renowne, and honour, and applieing vnto him old gentlewoman was of a social disposition, and so acceptable cetteine lamentable verses out of Lucaine, saieng,

to her friends, that they used to say to her and to each other,

it were pity such an excellent good-natured old lady should Sed nos nec sanguis, nec tantum vulnera nostri

die; to which she was wont to reply, that whatever pleasure Affecere senis : quantum gestata per urbem

they might find in her company just now, they would not Ora ducis, quæ transfixo deformia pilo

greatly like to see or converse with her after death, which nevVidimus.'

ertheless she was apt to think might happen. Accordingly,

after her death and funeral, she began to appear to various For his head, full of siluer horie haires, being put upon a stake, persons by night and by noonday, in her own house, in the was openlie carried through London, and set vpon the bridge town and fields, at sea and upon shore. So far had she deof the same citie : in like manner was the Lord Bardolfes."'-- parted from her former urbanity, that she is recorded to have HOLINSHED's Chronicles. Lond. 1808, 4to, iii. 45. The kicked a doctor of medicine for his impolite negligence in Rokeby, or Rokesby family, continued to be distinguished un- omitting to hand her over a stile. It was also her humor to til the great Civil War, when, having embraced the cause of appear upon the quay, and call for a boat. But especially so Charles I., they suffered severely by fines and confiscations. soon as any of her son's ships approached the harbor, “this The estate then passed from its ancient possessors to the family ghost would appear in the same garb and likeness as when she of the Robinsons, from whom it was purchased by the father was alive, and, standing at the mainmast, would blow with a of my valued friend, the present proprietor.

whistle, and though it were never so great a calm, yet immediate ly there would arise a most dreadful storm, that would break, wreck, and drown ship and goods.” When she had thus pro

ceeded until her son had neither credit to freight a vessel, nor NOTE P.

could have procured men to sail in it, she began to attack the

persons of his family, and actually strangled their only child in A stern and lone, yet lovely road,

the cradle. The rest of her story, showing how the spectre As e'er the foot of Minstrel trode.-P. 308.

looked over the shoulder of her daughter-in-law while dressing What follows is an attempt to describe the romantic glen, or her hair at a looking-glass, and how Mrs. Leakey the younger rather ravine, through which the Greta finds a passage between took courage to address her, and how the beldam dispatched Rokeby and Mortham ; the former situated upon the left bank her to an Irish prelate, famous for his crimes and misfortunes, of Greta, the latter on the right bank, about half a mile nearer to exhort him to repentance, and to apprize him that otherwise to its junction with the Tees. The river runs with very great he would be hanged, and how the bishop was satisfied with rapidity over a bed of solid rock, broken by many shelving de- replying, that if he was born to be hanged, he should not be scents, down which the stream dashes with great noise and drowned ;-all these, with many more particulars, may be impetoosity, vindicating its etymology, which has been derived found at the end of one of John Danton's publications, called from the Gothic, Gridan, to clamor. The banks partake of Athenianism, London, 1710, where the tale is engrossed under the same wild and romantic character, being chiefly lofty cliffs the title of The Apparition Evidence. of limestone rock, whose gray color contrasts admirably with the varions trees and shrubs which find root among their crevices, as well as with the hue of the ivy, which clings around them in profusion, and hangs down from their projections in

NOTE R. long sweeping tendrils. At other points the rocks give place to precipitoas banks of earth, bearing large trees intermixed with

Of Erick's cap and Elmo's light.-P. 309. copsewood. In one spot the dell, which is elsewhere very “ This Ericus, King of Sweden, in his time was held second Darrow, widens for a space to leave room for a dark grove of to none in the magical art; and he was so familiar with the yew-trees, intermixed here and there with aged pines of un- evil spirits, which he exceedingly adored, that which way common size. Directly opposite to this sombre thicket, the soever he turned his cap, the wind would presently blow that eliffs on the other side of the Greta are tall, white, and fringed way. From this occasion he was called Windy Cap; and with all kinds of deciduous shrubs. The whole scenery of this many men believed that Regnerus, King of Denmark, by the spot is so much adapted to the ideas of superstition, that it has conduct of this Ericus, who was his nephew, did happily aequired the name of Blockula, from the place where the extend his piracy into the most remote parts of the earth, and Swedish witches were supposed to hold their Sabbath. The conquered many countries and fenced cities by his cunning, dell, however, has superstitions of its own growth, for it is and at last was his coadjutor; that by the consent of the supposed to be haunted by a female spectre, called the Dobie nobles, he should be chosen King of Sweden, which continued of Mortham. The cause assigned for her appearance is a la- a long time with him very happily, until he died of old age." dy's having been whilom murdered in the wood, in evidence --OLAUS, ut supra, p.

45. of wbich, her blood is shown apon the stairs of the old tow at Mortham. But whether she was slain by a jealous husband, or by savage banditti, or by an uncle who coveted her estate, o by a rejected lover, are points upon which the traditions of

NOTE S.
Rokeby do not enable us to decide.

The Demon Frigate.-P. 309.
This is an allusion to a well-known nautical superstition

concerning a fantastic vessel, called by sailors the Flying NOTE Q.

Dutchman, and supposed to be seen about the latitude of the

Cape of Good Hope. She is distinguished from earthly vessels How whistle rash bids tempests roar.-P. 309.

by bearing a press of sail when all others are unable, from That this is a general superstition, is well known to all who stress of weather, to show an inch of canvas. The cause of have been on ship-board, or who have conversed with sea- her wandering is not altogether certain ; but the general acmen. The most formidable whistler that I remember to have count is, that she was originally a vessel loaded with great met with was the apparition of a certain Mrs. Leakey, who, wealth, on board of which some horrid act of murder and about 1636, resided, we are told, at Mynehead, in Somerset, piracy had been committed ; that the plague broke out among where her only son drove a considerable trade between that he wicked crew who had perpetrated the crime, and that they

46

1

sailed in vain from port to port, offering, as the price of shelter, now converted into a farm-house and offices. The battlements the whole of their ill-gotten wealth ; that they were excluded of the tower itself are singularly elegant, the architect having from every harbor, for fear of the contagion which was devour- broken them at regular intervals into different heights; while ing them; and that, as a punishment of their crimes, the appa- those at the corners of the tower project into octangular tar rition of the ship still continues to haunt those seas in which rets. They are also from space to space covered with stones the catastrophe took place, and is considered by the mariners laid across them, as in modern embrasures, the whole forming as the worst of all possible omens.

an uncommon and beautiful effect. The surrounding buildMy late lamented friend, Dr. John Leyden, has introduced ings are of a less happy form, being pointed into high and steep this phenomenon into his Scenes of Infancy, imputing, with roofs. A wall, with embrasures, encloses the southern front, poetical ingenuity, the dreadful judgment to the first ship where a low portal arch affords an entry to what was the caswhich commenced the slave trade :

tle-court. At some distance is most happily placed, between

the stems of two magnificent elms, the monument alluded to “Stoat was the ship, from Benin's palmy shore

in the text. It is said to have been brought from the ruins of That first the weight of barter'd captives bore ;

Egliston Priory, and, from the armory with which it is richly Bedimm'd with blood, the sun with shrinking beams carved, appears to have been a tomb of the Fitz-Hughs. Bebeld her bounding o'er the ocean streams ;

The situation of Mortham is eminently beautiful, occupying But, ere the moon her silver horns had rear'd,

a high bank, at the bottom of which the Greta winds out of Amid the crew the speckled plague appear'd.

the dark, narrow, and romantic dell, which the text bas atFaint and despairing, on their watery bier,

tempted to describe, and flows onward through a more open To every friendly shore the sailors steer ;

valley to meet the Tees about a quarter of a mile from the Repellid from port to port, they sue in vain,

castle. Mortham is surrounded by old trees, happily and And track with slow, unsteady sail the main.

widely grouped with Mr. Morritt's new plantations.
Where ne'er the bright and buoyant wave is seen
To streak with wandering foam the sea-weeds green,
Towers the tall mast, a lone and leafless tree,
Till self-impellid amid the waveless sea;

NOTE V.
Where summer breezes ne'er were heard to sing,
Nor hovering snow-birds spread the downy wing,

There dig, and tomb your precious heap,
Fix'd as a rock amid the boundless plain,

And bid the dead your treasure keep.-P. 311. The yellow stream pollutes the stagnant main,

If time did not permit the Bucaniers to lavish away their Till far through night the funeral flames aspire,

plunder in their usual debaucheries, they were wont to hide As the red lightning smites the ghastly pyre.

it, with many superstitious solemnities, in the desert islands "Still doom'd by fate on weltering billows roll'd, and keys which they frequented, and where much treasure, Along the deep their restless course to hold,

whose lawless owners perished without reclaiming it, is still Scenting the storm, the shadowy sailors guide

supposed to be concealed. The most cruel of mankind are The prow with sails opposed to wind and tide ;

often the most superstitious; and these pirates are said to The Spectre Ship, in livid glimpsing light,

have had recourse to a horrid ritual, in order to secure an Glares baleful on the shuddering watch at night,

unearthly guardian to their treasures. They killed a negro Unblest of God and man !—Till time shall end,

or Spaniard, and buried him with the treasure, believing that Its view strange horror to the storm shall lend.”'

his spirit would haunt the spot, and terrify away all intruders. I cannot produce any other authority on which this custom is ascribed to them than that of maritime tradition, which is,

however, amply sufficient for the purposes of poetry.
NOTE T.

-By some dese: isle or key.-P. 309.
What contributed much to the security of the Bucaniers

NOTE W.
about the Windward Islands, was the great number of little
islets, called in that country keys. These are small sandy
patches, appearing just above the surface of the ocean, covered
only with a few bushes and weeds, but sometimes affording

That unsubdued and lurking lies springs of water, and, in general, much frequented by turtle.

To lake the felon by surprise, Sach little uninhabited spots afforded the pirates good harbors,

And force him, as by magic spell, either for refitting or for the purpose of ambush ; they were

In his despite his guilt to tell.--P. 311. occasionally the hiding-place of their treasure, and often af- All who are conversant with the administration of criminal forded a shelter to themselves. As many of the atrocities Justice, must remember many occasions in which malefactors which they practised on their prisoners were committed in appear to have conducted themselves with a species of insuch spots, there are some of these keys wbich even now have fatuation, either by making unnecessary confidences respecting an indifferent reputation among seamen, and where they are their guilt, or by sudden and involuntary allusions to circumwith difficulty prevailed on to remain ashore at night, on ac- stances by which it could not fail to be exposed. A remarkacount of the visionary terrors incident to places which have ble instance occurred in the celebrated case of Eugene Aram. been thus contaminated.

A skeleton being found near Knaresborough, was supposed. by the persons who gathered around the spot, to be the re mains of one Clarke, who had disappeared some years before,

under circumstances leading to a suspicion of his having been NOTE U.

murdered. One Houseman, who had mingled in the crowd,

suddenly said, while looking at the skeleton, and hearing the Before the gate of Mortham stood.-P. 310.

opinion which was buzzed around, “That is no more Dan The castle of Mortham, which Leland terms “Mr. Rokes- Clarke's bone than it is mine !"--a sentiment expressed so by's Place, in ripa citer, scant a quarter of a mile from Greta positively, and with such peculiarity of manner, as to lead all Bridge, and not a quarter of a mile beneath into Tees," is a who heard him to infer that he must necessarily know where picturesque tower, surrounded by buildings of different ages, the real body had been interred. Accordingly, being appre

The power

hended, he confessed having assisted Eugene Aram to murder 250 yards broad, that runs by the late dangerous AlbehamaClarke, and to hide his body in Saint Robert's Cave. It hap Fort, down to the black poisoning Mobile, and so into the pened to the author himself, while conversing with a person Gulf of Mexico. There he concealed himself under cover of accused of an atrocious crime, for the purpose of rendering the top of a fallen pine-tree, in view of the ford of the old him professional assistance upon his trial, to hear the prisoner, trading-path, where the enemy now and then pass the river in after the most solemn and reiterated protestations that he was their light poplar canoes. All his war-store of provisions congailtless, suddenly, and, as it were, involuntarily, in the course sisted of three stands of barbicued venison, till he had an opof his communications, make such an admission as was alto-portunity to revenge blood, and return home. He waited with gether incompatible with innocence.

watchfulness and patience almost three days, when a young man, a woman, and a girl, passed a little wide of him an hour before sunset. The former he shot down, tomahawked the

other two, and scalped each of them in a trice, in full view of NOTE X.

the town. By way of bravado, he shaked the scalps before

them, sounding the awful death-whoop, and set off along the Brackenbury's dismal tower.--P. 314.

trading-path, trusting to his heels, while a great many of the This tower has been already mentioned. It is situated near enemy ran to their arms and gave chase. Seven miles from the vortheastern extremity of the wall which encloses Bar- thence he entered the great blue ridge of the Apalache Mounnard Castle, and is traditionally said to have been the prison. tains. About an hour before day he had run over seventy By an odd coincidence, it bears a name which we naturally miles of that mountainous tract; then, after sleeping two connect with imprisonment, from its being that of Sir Robert hours in a sitting posture, leaning his back against a tree, he Brackenbury, lieutenant of the Tower of London under Ed- set off again with fresh speed. As he threw away the venison ward IV. and Richard III. There is, indeed, some reason to when he found himself pursued by the enemy, he was obliged conelude, that the tower may actually have derived the name to support nature with such herbs, roots, and nuts, as his sharp from that family, for Sir Robert Brackehbary himself possessed eyes, with a running glance, directed him to snatch up in his considerable property not far from Barnard Castle.

course. Though I often have rode that war-path alone, when delay might have proved dangerous, and with as fine and strong horses as any in America, it took me five days to ride

from the aforesaid Koosah to this sprightly warrior's place in NOTE Y.

the Chickasah country, the distance of 300 computed miles :

yet he ran it, and got home safe and well at about eleven Nobles and knights, so proud of late,

o'clock of the third day, which was only one day and a half Nust fine for freedom and estate.

and two nights."- ADAIR's History of the American In

dians. Lond. 1775, 4to. p. 395. Right heary shall his ransom be,

Unless that maid compound with thee!-P. 314. After the battle of Marston Moor, the Earl of Newcastle retired beyond sea in disgust, and many of his followers laid

NOTE 2 A. down their arms, and made the best composition they could with the Committees of Parliament. Fines were imposed

In Redesdale his youth had heard

Each art her wily dalesmen dared, upon them in proportion to their estates and degrees of delinquency, and these fines were often bestowed upon such per

When Rooken-edge, and Redswair high, sons as had deserved well of the Commons. In some circum

To bugle rung and blood-hound's cry.--P. 315. stances it happened, that the oppressed cavaliers were fain to " What manner of cattle-stealers they are that inhabit these form family alliances with some powerful person among the valleys in the marches of both kingdoms, John Lesley, a Scotche triumphant party. The whole of Sir Robert Howard's excel- man himself, and Bishop of Ross, will inform you. They lent comedy of The Committee turns upon the plot of Mr. and sally out of their own borders in the night, in troops, through Mrs. Day to enrich their family, by compelling Arabella, unfrequented by-ways and many intricate windings. All the whose estate was under sequestration, to marry their son day-time they refresh themselves and their horses in lurking Abel, as the price by which she was to compound with Par- holes they had pitched upon before, till they arrive in the dark liament for delinquency; that is, for attachment to the royal in those places they have a design upon. As soon as they

have seized upon the booty, they, in like manner, return home in the night, through blind ways, and fetching many a compass. The more skilful any captain is to pass through those

wild deserts, crooked turnings, and deep precipices, in the NOTE Z.

thickest mists, his reputation is the greater, and he is looked

upon as a man of an excellent head. And they are so very The Indian, prowling for his prey,

cunning, that they seldom have their booty taken from them, Who hears the settlers track his way.-P. 315.

unless sometimes when, by the help of bloodhounds following The patience, abstinence, and ingenuity, exerted by the them exactly upon the tract, they may chance to fall into the North American Indians, when in pursuit of plunder or ven- hands of their adversaries, When being taken, they have so geance, is the most distinguished feature in their character; much persuasive eloquence, and so many smooth insinuating and the activity and address which they display in their re- words at command, that if they do not move their judges, nay, treat is equally surprising. Adair, whose absurd hypothesis and even their adversaries (notwithstanding the severity of their and turgid style do not affect the general authenticity of his natures) to have mercy, yet they incite them to admiration anecdotes, has recorded an instance which seems incredible. and compassion."'--CAMDEN's Britannia.

* When the Chickasah nation was engaged in a former war The inhabitants of the valleys of Tyne and Reed were, in wità the Muskohge, one of their young warriors set off against ancient times, so inordinately addicted to these depredations, them to revenge the blood of a near relation.

He that in 1564, the Incorporated Merchant-adventurers of Newwent through the most unfrequented and thick parts of the castle made a law that none born in these districts should be woods, as such a dangerous enterprise required, till he arrived admitted apprentice. The inhabitants are stated to be so opposite to the great and old beloved town of refuge, Koo- generally addicted to rapine, that no faith should be reposed sah, woich stands high on the eastern side of a bold river, about in those proceeding from " such lewde and wicked progeni

cause.

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