Imágenes de páginas

who are indeed of an earlier period, a stronger tincture of the spirit of chivalry.

work on the same subject, “si gentement ecrit,” by the venerable Dr. Paris de Pateo. The Highlanders continued to use broadsword and target until disarmed after the affair of 1745-6.



I fared it then with Roderick Dhu,

That on the field his targe he threw,
For train'd abroad his arms to wield,

Thy threats, thy mercy I defy!
Fitz-James's blade was sword and shidd.-P. 223.

Let recreant yield, who fears to die.-P. 224. A round target of light wood, covered with strong leather, I have not ventured to render this duel so savagely despe and studded with brass or iron, was a necessary part of a rate as that of the celebrated Sir Ewan of Lochiel, chief of Highlander's equipment. In charging regular troops, they the clan Cameron, called, from his sable complexion, Ewan received the thrust of the bayonet in this buckler, twisted it Dhu. He was the last man in Scotland who maintained the aside, and used the broadsword against the encumbered royal cause during the great Civil War, and his constam soldier. In the civil war of 1745, most of the front rank of incursions rendered him a very unpleasant neighbor to the the clans were thus armed : and Captain Grose informs us, republican garrison at Inverlochy, now Fort-William.

The that, in 1747, the privates of the 420 regiment, then in Flan- governor of the fort detached a party of three hundred men ders, were, for the most part, permitted to carry targets.-- to lay waste Lochiel's possessions, and cut down his trees; Military Antiquities, vol. i. p. 164. A person thus armed but, in a sudden and desperate attack made upon them by had a considerable advantage in private fray. Among verses the chieftain with very inferior numbers, they were almost all between Swist and Sheridan, lately published by Dr. Barret, cut to pieces. The skirmish is detailed in a curious memoir of there is an account of such an encounter, in which the cir- Sir Ewan's life, printed in the Appendix of Pennant's Scotcumstances, and consequently the relative superiority of the tish Tour. combatants, are precisely the reverse of those in the text :- “ In this engagement, Lochiel himself had several wonder.

ful escapes. In the retreat of the English, one of the strong“ A Highlander once fought a Frenchman at Margate, est and bravest of the officers retired behind a bush, when he The weapons, a rapier, a backsword, and target;

observed Lochiel pursuing, and seeing him unaccompanied Brisk Monsieur advanced as fast as he could,

with any, he leapt out, and thought him his prey. They met But all his fine pushes were caught in the wood,

one another with equal fury. The combat was long and And Sawney, with backsword, did slash him and nick him, doubtful : the English gentleman had by far the advantage in While t'other, enraged that he could not once prick him, strength and size; but Lochiel, exceeding him in nimbleness Cried, “Sirrah, you rascal, you son of a whore,

and agility, in the end tript the sword out of his hand : they Me will fight you, be gar! if you'll come from your door.'” closed and wrestled, till both fell to the ground in each other's

The English officer got above Lochiel, and pressed him The use of defensive armor, and particularly of the buckler, hard, but stretching forth his neck, by attempting to disengage or target, was general in Queen Elizabeth's time, although that himself, Lochiel, who by this time had his hands at liberty, of the single rapier seems to have been occasionally practised with his left hand seized him by the collar, and jumping at big much earlier. Rowland Yorke, however, who betrayed the extended throat, he bit it with his teeth quite through, and fort of Zutphen to the Spaniards, for which good service he kept such a hold of his grasp, that he brought away his was afterwards poisoned by them, is said to have been the first mouthful: this, he said, was the sweetest bit he ever had in who brought the rapier fight into general use. Fuller, speak- his lifetime."--Vol. i. p. 375. ing of the swash-bucklers, or bullies, of Queen Elizabeth's time, says, -"West Smithfield was formerly called Ruffians' Hall, where such men usually met, casually or otherwise, to try masteries with sword and buckler. More were fright

NOTE 3 P. ened than hurt, more hurt than killed therewith, it being

Ye towers! within whose circuit dread accounted unmanly to strike beneath the knee. But since that

Douglas by his sonereign bled; desperate traitor Rowland Yorke first introduced thrusting

And thou, O sad and fatal mound! with rapiers, sword and buckler are disused." In “ The Two

That oft hast heard the death-are sound.-P. 225. Angry Women of Abingdon," a comedy, printed in 1599, we have a pathetic complaint :-"Sword and buckler fight be- An eminence on the northeast of the Castle, where state gins to grow out of use. I am sorry for it; I shall never see criminals were executed. Stirling was often polluted with good manhood again. If it be once gone, this poking fight of

noble blood. It is thus apostrophized by J. Jobnston :rapier and dagger will come up; then a tall man, and a good

" Discordia tristis sword-and-buckler man, will be spitted like a cat or rabbit.”

Heu quoties procerum sanguine tinxit humum! But the rapier had upon the continent long superseded, in

Hoc uno infelix, et felix cetera ; nusquam private duel, the use of sword and shield. The masters of

Lætior aut cæli frons geniusve soli.” the noble science of defence were chiefly Italians. They made great mystery of their art and mode of instruction, never suf- The fate of William, eighth earl of Douglas, whom James sered any person to be present but the scholar who was to be II. stabbed in Stirling Castle with his own hand, and while taught, and even examined closets, beds, and other places of under his royal safe-conduct, is familiar to all who read Scotpossible concealment. Their lessons often gave the most tish history. Murdack Duke of Albany, Duncan Earl of Lentreacherous advantages ; for the challenger, having the right to nox, his father-in-law, and his two sons, Walter and Alexander choose his weapons, frequently selected some strange, unusual, Stuart, were executed at Stirling, in 1425. They were beand inconvenient kind of arms, the use of which he practised headed upon an eminence without the castle walls, but making under these instructors, and thus killed at his ease his antago- part of the same hill, from whence they could behold their nist, to whom it was presented for the first time on the field of strong castle of Doune, and their extensive possessions. This battle. See BranToME's Discourse on Duels, and the “heading hill," as it was sometimes termed, bears commonly Lindsay, who says of the pastimes in which the young King sporting, in which kings did not disdain to be actors, was prowas engaged,

the less terrible name of Hurly-hacket, from its having been : See Douce's Illustrations of Shakspeare, vol. ii, p. 61. the scene of a courtly amusement alluded to by Sir David home to the castle. So soon as the king saw him afar off, ere he came near, he guessed it was he, and said to one of his

hibited in Scotland upon the Reformation, by a statute of the “Some harled him to the Hurley-backet ;"

6th Parliament of Queen Mary, c. 61, A. D. 1555, which or

dered, under heavy penalties, that “ na manner of person be which consisted in sliding, in some sort of chair it may be chosen Robert Hude, nor Little John, Abbot of Unreason, supposed, from top to bottom of a smooth bank. The boys of Queen of May, nor otherwise." But in 1561, the “rascal Edinburgh, about twenty years ago, used to play at the hurly- multitude,” says John Knox, “were stirred up to make a hacket, on the Calton-bill, using for their seat a horse's skull. Robin Hude, whilk enormity was of many years left and

damned by statute and act of Parliament; yet would they not be forbidden." Accordingly, they raised a very serious tu

mult, and at length made prisoners the magistrates who enNOTE 3 Q.

deavored to suppress it, and would not release them till they The burghers hold their sports to-day.-P. 225.

extorted a formal promise that no one should be punished for

his share of the disturbance. It would seem, from the comEvery burgh of Scotland, of the least note, but more espe plaints of the General Assemby of the Kirk, that these profane cially the considerable towns, had their solemn play, or fes- festivities were continued down to 1592.1 Bold Robin was, to tival, when feats of archery were exhibited, and prizes distrib- to say the least, equally successful in maintaining his ground ated to those who excelled in wrestling, hurling the bar, and against the reformed clergy of England : for the simple and the other gymnastic exercises of the period. Stirling, a usual evangelical Latimer complains of coming to a country church, place of royal residence, was not likely to be deficient in pomp where the people refused to hear him, because it was Robin upon such occasions, especially since James V. was very par Hood's day; and his mitre and rochet were fain to give way tial to them. His ready participation in these popular amuse- to the village pastime. Much curious information on this subments was one cause of his acquiring the title of King of the ject may be found in the Preliminary Dissertation to the late Commons, or Rez Plebeiorum, as Lesley has latinized it. The Mr. Ritson's edition of the songs respecting this memorable usual prize to the best shooter was a silver arrow. Such a one outlaw. The game of Robin Hood was usually acted in May; is preserved at Selkirk and at Peebles. At Dumfries, a silver and he was associated with the morrice-dancers, on whom so gan was substituted, and the contention transferred to fire- much illustration has been bestowed by the commentators on arms. The ceremony, as there performed, is the subject of an Shakspeare. A very lively picture of these festivities, conexcellent Scottish poem, by Mr. John Mayne, entitled the taining a great deal of curious information on the subject of the Biller Gun, 1808, which surpasses the efforts of Fergusson, and private life and amusements of our ancestors, was thrown, by comes near to those of Burns.

the late ingenious Mr. Strutt, into his romance entitled QueenOr James's attachment to archery, Pitscottie, the faithful, hoo Hall, published after his death, in 1808. though rade recorder of the manners of that period, has given as evidence :

** In this year there came an embassador out of England, named Lord William Howard, with a bishop with him, with

NOTE 3 S. many other gentlemen, to the number of threescore horse, which were all able men and waled [picked) men for all kinds of

Indifferent as to archer wight, games and pastimes, shooting, lonping, running, wrestling,

The monarch gave the arrow bright.-P. 226. and casting of the stone, but they were well 'sayed [essayed The Douglas of the poem is an imaginary person, a supposed or tried) ere they passed out of Scotland, and that by their own uncle of the Earl of Angus. But the King's behavior during provocation; but ever they tint: till at last, the Queen of an unexpected interview with the Laird of Kilspindie, one of Scotland, the King's mother, favoured the English-men, be- the banished Douglases, under circumstances similar to those cause she was the King of England's sister ; and therefore she in the text, is imitated from a real story told by Hume of took an enterprise of archery upon the English-men's hands, Godscroft. I would have availed myself more fully of the contrary her son the king, and any six in Scotland that he simple and affecting circumstances of the old history, had they would wale, either gentlemen or yeomen, that the English-men not been already woven into a pathetic ballad by my friend should shoot against them, either at pricks, revers, or buts, as Mr. Finlay. the Scots pleased.

" His (the king's) implacability (towards the family of ** The king, hearing this of his mother, was content, and Douglas) did also appear in his carriage towards Archibald of gart her pawn a hundred crowns, and a ton of wine, upon the Kilspindie, whom he, when he was a child, loved singularly English-men's hands; and he incontinent laid down as much well for his ability of body, and was wont to call him his for the Scottish-men. The field and ground was chosen in Gray-Steill.3 Archibald, being banished into England, could St. Andrews, and three landed men and three yeomen chosen not well comport with the humor of that nation, which he to shoot against the English-men,—to wit, David Wemyss of thought to be too proud, and that they had too high a conceit that ilk, David Arnot of that ilk, and Mr. John Wedderburn, of themselves, joined with a contempt and despising of all vicar of Dundee; the yeomen, John Thompson, in Leith, Ste- others. Wherefore, being wearied of that life, and rememven Taburner, with a piper, called Alexander Bailie ; they bering the king's favor of old towards him, he determined to sbot very near, and warred (worsted] the English-men of the try the king's mercifulness and clemency. So he comes into enterprise, and wan the hundred crowns and the tun of wine, Scotland, and taking occasion of the king's hunting in the park which made the king very merry that his men wan the vic- at Stirling, he casts himself to be in his way, as he was coming tory."-P. 147.

courtiers, yonder is my Gray-Steill, Archibald of Kilspindie, NOTE 3 R.

if he be alive. The other answered, that it could not be he,

and that he durst not come into the king's presence. The king Robin Hood.-P. 226.

approaching, he fell upon his knees and craved pardon, and The exhibition of this renowned outlaw and his band was promised from thenceforward to abstain from meddling in a favorite frolic at sach festivals as we are describing. This public affairs, and to lead a quiet and private life. The king

1 Book of the Universal Kirk, p. 414. 9 See Scottish Historical and Romantic Ballads. Glasgow, 1808, vol. 3 A champion of popular romance. See Ellis's Romances, vol. ii.

went by without giving him any answer, and trotted a good itary service by themselves and their tenants. The patriarchal round pace up the hill. Kilspindie followed, and though he influence exercised by the heads of clans in the Highlands aad wore on him a secret, or shirt of mail, for his particular ene- Borders was of a different nature, and sometimes at variance mies, was as soon at the castle gate as the king. There he sat with feudal principles. It flowed from the Patria Potestes, him down upon a stone without, and entreated some of the exercised by the chieftain as representing the original father of king's servants for a cup of drink, being weary and thirsty ; the whole name, and was often obeyed in contradiction to the but they, fearing the king's displeasure, durst give him none. feudal superior. James V. seems first to have introduced, in When the king was set at his dinner, he asked what he had addition to the militia furnished from these soarces, the service done, what he had said, and whither he had gone? It was of a small number of mercenaries, who formed a bodyguari, told him that he had desired a cup of drink, and had gotten called the Foot-Band. The satirical poet, Sir David Lindsay none. The king reproved them very sharply for their discour- (or the person who wrote the prologue to his play of the tesy, and told them, that if he had not taken an oath that no " Three Estaites"), has introduced Fiulay of the Foot-Band, Douglas should ever serve him, he would have received him

who, after much swaggering upon the stage, is at length pat into his service, for he had seen him sometime a man of great to flight by the Fool, who terrifies him by means of a sheep's ability. Then he sent him word to go to Leith, and expect skull upon a pole. I have rather chosen to give them the his further pleasure. Then some kinsman of David Falconer, harsh features of the mercenary soldiers of the period, than of the cannonier, that was slain at Tantallon, began to quarrel this Scottish Thraso. These partook of the character of the with Archibald about the matter, wherewith the king showed Adventurous Companions of Froissart or the Condottieri of himself not well pleased when he heard of it. Then he com- Italy. manded him to go to France for a certain space, till he heard One of the best and liveliest traits of such manners is the farther from him. And so he did, and died shortly after. last will of a leader, called Geffroy Tete Noir, who having This gave occasion to the King of England (Henry VIII.) to been slightly wounded in a skirmish, his intemperance brought blame his nephew, alleging the old saying, That a King's face on a mortal disease. When he found himself dying, he sumshould give grace. For this Archibald (whatsoever were An- moned to his bedside the adventurers whom he commanded. gus's or Sir George's fault) had not been principal actor of any and thus addressed them :thing, nor no counsellor nor stirrer up, but only a follower of " Fayre sirs, quod Geffray, I knowe well ye have alwayes his friends, and that noways cruelly disposed.”—Hume of served and honoured me as men ought to serve their soveraygne Godscroft, ii. 107.

and capitayne, and I shal be the gladder if ye wyll agre to have to your capitayne one that is discended of my blode. Beholde here Aleyne Roux, my cosyn, and Peter his brother,

who are men of armes and of my blode. I require you to NOTE 3 T.

make Aleyne your capitayne, and to swere to hym faythe, Prize of the wrestling match, the King

obeysaunce, love, and loyalte, here in my presence, and also To Douglas gave a golden ring.-P. 226.

to his brother: howe be it, I wyll that Aleyne have the sove

rayne charge. Sir, quod they, we are well content, for ye The usual prize of a wrestling was a ram and a ring, but the

hauve ryght well chosen. There all the companyons made animal would have embarrassed my story. Thus, in the Cokes

them breke no poynt of that ye have ordayned and comTale of Gamelyn, ascribed to Chaucer :

maunded."-LORD BERNERS' Froissart.
“ There happed to be there beside

Tryed a wrestling :
And therefore there was y-setten

A ram and als a ring."

Thou now hast glee-maiden and harp!
Again the Litil Geste of Robin Hood :

Get thee an ape, and trudge the land,

The leader of a juggler band.-P. 231.
. By a bridge was a wrestling,
And there taryed was he,

The jongleurs, or jugglers, as we learn from the elaborate
And there was all the best yemen

work of the late Mr. Strutt, on the sports and pastimes of the Of all the west countrey.

people of England, used to call in the aid of various assistA full fayre game there was set up,

ants, to render these performances as captivating as possible. A white bull up y-pight,

The glee-maiden was a necessary attendant. Her daty was A great courser with saddle and brydle,

tumbling and dancing; and therefore the Anglo-Saxon verWith gold burnished full bryght;

sion of Saint Mark's Gospel states Herodias to have vaulted A payre of gloves, a red golde ringe,

or tumbled before King Herod. In Scotland, these poor creaA pipe of wyne, gool fay;

tares seem, even at a late period, to have been bondswomen What man bereth him best, I wis,

to their masters, as appears from a case reported by FountainThe prize shall bear away.'

hall :-" Reid the mountebank pursues Scott of Harden and Ritson's Robin Hood, vol. i.

his lady, for stealing away from him a little girl, called the tumbling-lassie, that danced upon his stage ; and he claimed damages, and produced a contract, whereby be bought her

from her mother for £30 Scots. But we have no slaves in NOTE 3 U.

Scotland, and mothers cannot sell their bairns; and physicians The facetious qualities of the ape soon rendered him an ao- “In this ronghly-wooded island,' the country people seceptable addition to the strolling band of the jongleur. Ben creted their wives and children, and their most valuable efJonson, in his splenetic introduction to the comedy of “Bar- fects, from the rapacity of Cromwell's soldiers, during their tholomew Fair," is at pains to inform the audience that he inroad into this country, in the time of the republic. These has ne'er a sword-and-buckler man in his Fair, nor a juggler, invaders, not venturing to ascend by the ladders, along the with a well-educated ape, to come over the chaine for the side of the lake, took a more circuitous road, through the King of England, and back again for the Prince, and sit still heart of the Trosachs, the most frequented path at that time, on his haunches for the Pope and the King of Spaine." which penetrates the wilderness about half way between Bi

attested the employment of tumbling would kill her; and her These drew not for their fields the sword,

joints were now grown stiff, and she declined to return; though Like tenants of a feudal lord,

she was at least a 'prentice, and so could not runaway from her Nor oun'd the patriarchal claim

master: yet some cited Moses's law, that if a servant shelter Of Chieftain in their leader's name;

himself with thee, against his master's cruelty, thou shalt Adventurers they-P. 230.

surely not deliver him up. The Lords, renitente cancellario, The Scottish armies consisted chiefly of the nobility and assoilzied Harden, on the 27th of January (1687)."--Fourbarons, with their vassals, who held lands under them, for mil- TAINHALL's Decisions, vol. i. p. 439.1

1 Though less to my purpose, I cannot help noticing a circumstance respecting another of this Mr. Reid's attendants, which occurred during

James II.'s zeal for Catholic proselytism, and is told by Fountainball, with dry Scotch irony :- January 17th, 1687.-Reid the mountebank out upon the noise, and whether moved by compassion or by is received into the Popish church, and one of his blackamores was persua- i That at the eastern extremity of Loch Katrine, so often mentioned in ded to secept of baptism from the Popish priests, and to turn Christian

nean and the lake, by a tract called Yea-chilleach, or the Old Wife's Bog.

In one of the defiles of this by-road, the men of the counNOTE 3 W.

try at that time hung upon the rear of the invading enemy,

and shot one of Cromwell's men, whose grave marks the scene That stirring air that peals on high,

of action, and gives name to that pass.In revenge of this O'er Dermid's race our victory.-

insult, the soldiers resolved to plunder the island, to violate Strike it :-P. 233.

the women, and put the children to death. With this brutal

intention, one of the party, more expert than the rest, swam There are several instances, at least in tradition, of persons towards the island, to fetch the boat to his comrades, which so much attached to particular tunes, as to require to hear had carried the women to their asylum, and lay moored in one them on their deathbed. Such an anecdote is mentioned by of the creeks. · His companions stood on the shore of the mainthe late Mr. Riddel of Glenriddel, in his collection of Border land, in full view of all that was to pass, waiting anxiously for tunes, respecting an air called the “Dandling of the Bairns," his return with the boat. But just as the swimmer had got to for which a certain Gallovidian laird is said to have evinced the nearest point of the island, and was laying hold of a black this strong mark of partiality. It is popularly told of a fa- rock, to get on shore, a heroine, who stood on the very point mous freebooter, that he composed the tune known by the where he meant to land, hastily snatching a dagger from bename of Macpherson's Rant, while under sentence of death,

low her apron, with one stroke severed his head from the and played it at the gallows-tree. Some spirited words have

body. His party seeing this disaster, and relinquishing all fubeen adapted to it by Burns. A similar story is recounted ture hope of revenge or conquest, made the best of their way of a Welsh bard, who composed and played on his deathbed out of their perilous situation. This amazon's great-grandson the air called Dafyddy Garregg Wen. But the most curious lives at Bridge of Turk, who, besides others, attests the anecexample is given by Brantome, of a maid of honor at the dote.---Sketch of the Scenery near Callendar, Stirling, 1806, court of France, entitled, Mademoiselle de Limeuil.

" Do

p. 20. I have only add to this account, that the heroine's rant sa maladie, dont elle trespassa, jamais elle ne cessa, ains name was Helen Stuart. causa toasjours; car elle estoit fort grande parleuse, brocardeuse, et très-bien et fort à propos, et très-belle avec cela. Quand l'heure de sa fin fut venue, elle fit venir a soy son valet (ainsi que le filles de la coor en ont chacune un), qui s'ap pelloit Jalien, et scavoit très-bien jouer du violon. •Julien,'

NOTE 3 Y. luy dit elle, “prenez vostre violon, et sonnez mog tousjours jus

And Snowdoun's Knight is Scotland's King.-P. 237. ques a ce que vous me voyez morte (car je m'y en vais) la défaite des Suisses, et le mieux que vous pourrez, et quand This discovery will probably remind the reader of the beautivous serez sur le mot, “ Tout est perdu," sonnez le par quatre ful Arabian tale of Il Bondocani. Yet the incident is not oa eing fois le plas piteusement que vous pourrez,' ce qui fit borrowed from that elegant story, but from Scottish tradition. l'autre, et elle-mesme luy aidoit de la voix, et quand ce vint James V., of whom we are treating, was a monarch whose * tout est perdu'elle le restera par deux fois; et se tournant de good and benevolent intentions often rendered his romantic l'autre costé du chevet, elle dit à ses compagnes : Tout est freaks venial, if not respectable, since, from his anxious atperda à ce coup, et à bon escient;' et ainsi décéda. Voila une tention to the interests of the lower and most oppressed class morte joyeuse et plaisante. Je tiens ce conte de deux de ses com- of his subjects, he was, as we have seen, popularly tenned pagnes, dignes de foi, qui virent jour ce mystere."-Oeuvres the King of the Commons. For the purpose of seeing that de Brantome, iii. 507. The tune to which this fair lady chose justice was regularly administered, and frequently from the to make her final exit, was composed on the defeat of the less justifiable motive of gallantry, he used to traverse the Swiss at Marignano. The burden is quoted by Panurge, in vicinage of his several palaces in various disguises. The two Rabelais, and consists of these words, imitating the jargon of excellent comic songs, entitled, " The Gaberlunzie man," and the Swiss, which is a mixture of French and German : “We'll gae nae mair a roving,'' are said to have been founded

upon the success of his amorous adventures when travelling “ Tout est verlore,

in the disguise of a beggar. The latter is perhaps the best La Tintelore,

comic ballad in any language. Tout est verlore, bi Got!"

Another adventure, which had nearly cost James his life, is to have taken place at the village of Cramond, near Edinburgh, where he had rendered his addresses acceptable to a pretty girl of the lower rank.

Four or five persons, NOTE 3 X.

whether relations or lovers of his mistress is uncertain, beset

the disguised monarch as he returned from his rendezvous. Battle of Beal an Duine.-P. 233.

Naturally gallant, and an admirable master of his weapon, A skirmish actually took place at a pass thus called in the the king took post on the high and narrow bridge over the Trosachs, and closed with the remarkable incident mentioned Almond river, and defended himself bravely with his sword. in the text. It was greatly posterior in date to the reign of A peasant, who was thrashing in a neighboring barn, came James V.

the text. rapist; which was a great trophy : he was called James, after the king sed ehancellor, and the Apostle James," Ibid, p. 440.

2 Beallach an duine.

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natural gallantry, took the weaker side, and laid about with in the end, to leave his load ; telling him, if King James was his flail so effectually, as to disperse the assavants, well King of Scotland, he was King of Kippen, so that it was reathrashed, even according to the letter. He then conducted sonable he should share with his neighbor king in some of the king into his barn, where his guest requested a basin and these loads, so frequently carried that road. The carrier rep a towel, to remove the stains of the broil. This being pro- resenting this usage, and telling the story, as Arnpryor spoke cured with difficulty, James employed himself in learning it, to some of the king's servants, it came at length to his what was the summit of his deliverer's earthly wishes, and majesty's ears, who, shortly thereafter, with a few attendants, found that they were bounded by the desire of possessing, in came to visit his neighbor king, who was in the mean time at property, the farm of Braehead, upon which he labored as dimer. King James, having sent a servant to demand access, a bondsman. The lands chanced to belong to the crown; was denied the same by a tall fellow with a battle-axe, who and James directed him to come to the palace of Holyrood,

stood porter at the gate, telling, there could be no access till and inquire for the Guidman (i. e. farmer) of Ballengiech, a dinner was over. This answer not satisfying the king, he sent name by which he was known in his excursions, and which to demand access a second time ; upon which he was desired answered to the n Bondocani of Haroun Alraschid. He by the porter to desist, otherwise he would find cause to represented himself accordingly, and found, with due astonish- pent his rudeness. His majesty finding this method would not ment, that he had saved his monarch's life, and that he was do, desired the porter to tell his master that the Goodman of to be gratified with a crown charter of the lands of Braehead, Ballageich desired to speak with the King of Kippen. The under the service of presenting a ewer, basin, and towel, for porter telling Arnpryor so much, he, in all humble manner, the king to wash his hands when he shall happen to pass the

came and received the king, and having entertained him with Bridge of Cramond. This person was ancestor of the Howi- much sumptuousness and jollity, became so agreeable to King sons of Braehead, in Mid-Lothian, a respectable family, who James, that he allowed him to take so much of any provision continue to hold the lands (now passed into the female line) he found carrying that road as he had occasion for; and seeing under the same tenure.1

he made the first visit, desired Arnpryor in a few days to return Another of James's frolics is thus narrated by Mr. Camp- him a second to Stirling, which he performed, and continued bell from the Statistical Account :-“ Being once benighted in very much favor with the king, always thereafter being when out a-hunting, and separated from his attendants, he termed King of Kippen while he lived."-Buchanan's Essay happened to enter a cottage in the midst of a moor at the foot upon the Family of Buchanan. Edin. 1775, 8vo. p. 74. of the Ochil hills, near Alloa, where, unknown, he was kindly

The readers of Ariosto must give credit for the amiable feareceived. In order to regale their unexpected guest, the gude- tures with which he is represented, since he is generally conman (i. e. landlord, farmer) desired the gudewife to fetch the sidered as the prototype of Zerbino, the most interesting hero hen that roosted nearest the cock, which is always the plump of the Orlando Furioso. est, for the stranger's supper. The king, highly pleased with his night's lodging and hospitable entertainment, told mine host at parting, that he should be glad to return his civility, and requested that the first time he came to Stirling, he would

NOTE 3 Z. call at the castle, and inquire for the Gudeman of Ballenguich.

Stirling's tower Donaldson, the landlord, did not fail to call on the Gudeman

of yore the name of Snowdoun claims.-P. 238. of Ballenguich, when his astonishment at finding that the king William of Worcester, who wrote about the middle of the had been his guest afforded no small amusement to the merry fifteenth century, calls Stirling Castle Snowdoun. Sir David monarch and his courtiers ; and, to carry on the pleasantry, Lindsay bestows the same epithet upon it in his complaint of he was henceforth designated by James with the title of King the Papingo: of the Moors, which name and designation have descended

“Adieu, fair Snawdoun, with thy towers high, from father to son ever since, and they have continued in pos

Thy chaple-royal, park, and table round; session of the identical spot, the property of Mr. Erskine of

May, June, and July, would I dwell in thee, Mar, till very lately, when this gentleman, with reluctance, turned out the descendant and representative of the King of

Were I a man, to hear the birdis sound,

Whilk doth againe thy royal rock rebonnd." the Moors, on account of his majesty's invincible indolence, and great dislike to reform or innovation of any kind, although, Mr. Chalmers, in his late excellent edition of Sir David Lindfrom the spirited example of his neighbor tenants on the same say's works, has refuted the chimerical derivation of Snawdoon estate, he is convinced similar exertion would promote his ad- from snedding, or cutting. It was probably derived from the vantage.

romantic legend which connected Stirling with King Arthur, The author requests permission yet farther to verify the sub- to which the mention of the Round Table gives countenance. ject of his poem, by an extract from the genealogical work of The ring within which justs were formerly practised, in the Buchanan of Auchmar, apon Scottish surnames :

castle park, is still called the Round Table. Snawdoun is the “ This John Buchanan of Auchmar and Arnpryor was after- official title of one of the Scottish heralds, whose epithets seem wards termed King of Kippen," upon the following account: in all countries to have been fantastically adopted from ancient King James V., a very sociable, debonair prince, residing at history or romance. Stirling, in Buchanan of Arnpryor's time, carriers were very It appears (See Note 3 Y) that the real name by which frequently passing along the common road, being near Arn- James was actually distinguished in bis private excursions, pryor's house, with necessaries for the use of the king's family; was the Goodman of Ballenguich; derived from a steep pass and he, having some extraordinary occasion, ordered one of leading up to the Castle of Stirling, so called. But the epithet these carriers to leave his load at his house, and he would pay would not have suited poetry, and would besides at once, and him for it; which the carrier refused to do, telling him he was prematurely, have announced the plot to many of my countrythe king's carrier, and his load for his majesty's use; to which men, among whom the traditional stories above mentioned are Arnproyer seemed to have small regard, compelling the carrier, still current.

1 The render will find this story told at greater length, and with the addition in particular, of the king being recognized, like the Fitz-James of the Lady of the Lake, by being the only person covered, in the First Series of Tales of a Grandfather, vol. iii. p. 87. The heir of Braehead

discharged his duty at the banquet given to King George IV. in the Parlinment House at Edinburgh, in 1829.-ED.

A small district of Perthshire.

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