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the dominion of the English, records the no less powerful argu

in whom all follie swimme, ments used by the friar to excite their animosity :

The Irishe karne doe often lose

the life, with hedde and limme."1
“And more t' augment the flame,
and rancour of their harte,

As the Irish tribes, and those of the Scottish Highlands,
The frier, of his counsells vile,

are much more intimately allied, by language, manners, dress, to rebelles doth imparte,

and customs, than the antiquaries of either country have been Affirming that it is

willing to admit, I flatter myself I have here produced a strong an almose deede to God,

warrant for the character sketched in the text. The following To make the English subjectes taste

picture, though of a different kind, serves to establish the exthe Irish rebells' rodde.

istence of ascetic religionists, to a comparatively late period, in To spoile, to kill, to burne

the Highlands and Western Isles. There is a great deal of this frier's counsell is ;

simplicity in the description, for which, as for much similar inAnd for the doing of the same,

formation, I am obliged to Dr. John Martin, who visited the he warrantes heavenlie blisse.

Hebrides at the suggestion of Sir Robert Sibbald, a Scottish He tells a holie tale ;

antiquarian of eminence, and early in the eighteenth century the white he tournes to black;

published a description of them, which procured him admission And through the pardons in his male,

into the royal society. He died in London about 1719. His he workes a knavishe knacke.”

work is a strange mixture of learning, observation, and gross

credulity. The wreckful invasion of a part of the English pale is then “I remember," says this author, “I have seen an old laydescribed with some spirit ; the burning of houses, driving off capuchin here (in the island of Benbecula), called in their lancattle, and all pertaining to such predatory inroads, are illus- guage Brahir-bocht, that is, Poor Brother; which is literally trated by a rude cut. The defeat of the Irish, by a party of true ; for he answers this character, having nothing but what English soldiers from the next garrison, is then commemorated, is given him; he holds himself fully satisfied with food and and in like manner adorned with an engraving, in which the rayment, and lives in as great simplicity as any of his order ; frier is exhibited mourning over the slain chieftain; or, as the his diet is very mean, and he drinks only fair water; his habit rabric expresses it,

is no less mortifying than that of his brethren elsewhere : he

wears a short coat, which comes no farther than his middle, * The frier then, that treacherous knave; with ough ough- with narrow sleeves like a waistcoat: he wears a plad above hone lament,

it, girt about the middle, which reaches to his knee : the plad To see his cousin Devill's-son to have so foul event." is fastened on his breast with a wooden pin, his neck bare, and

his feet often so too: he wears a hat for ornament, and the The matter is handled at great length in the text, of which string about it is a bit of a fisher's line, made of horse-hair. the following verses are more than sufficient sample :

This plad he wears instead of a gown worn by those of his or

der in other countries. I told him he wanted the flaxen girdle “ The frier seyng this,

that men of his order usually wear: be answered me, that he laments that lucklesse parte,

wore a leathern one, which was the same thing. Upon the And curseth to the pitte of hell

matter, if he is spoke to when at meat, he answers again ; the death man's sturdie hearte;

which is contrary to the custom of his order. This poor man Yet for to quight them with

frequently diverts himself with angling of trouts; he lies upon the frier taketh paine,

straw, and has no bell as others have) to call him to his devoFor all the synnes that ere he did

tions, but only his conscience, as he told me."-MARTIN'S remission to obtaine.

Description of the Western Highlands, p. 82.
And therefore serves his booke,

the candell and the bell;
But thinke you that such apishe toies
bring damned souls from hell ?

NOTE 2 E.
It 'longs not to my parte
infernall things to knowe;

Of Brian's birth strange tales were told.-P. 203.
But I beleve till later daie,

The legend which follows is not of the author's invention. thei rise not from belowe.

It is possible he may differ from modern critics, in supposing Yet hope that friers give

that the records of human superstition, if peculiar to, and char to this rebellious rout,

acteristic of, the country in which the scene is laid, are a legitIf that their souls should channce in hell, imate subject of poetry. He gives, however, a ready assent to to bring them quicklie out,

the narrower proposition which condemns all attempts of an Doeth make them lead suche lives,

irregular and disordered fancy to excite terror, by accumulating as neither God nor man,

a train of fantastic and incoherent horrors, whether borrowed Without revenge for their desartes,

from all countries, and patched upon a narrative belonging to permitte or suffer can.

one which knew them not, or derived from the author's own Thus friers are the cause,

imagination. In the present case, therefore, I appeal to the the fountain, and the spring,

record which I have transcribed, with the variation of a very Of hurle burles in this lande,

few words, from the geographical collections made by the of eche unhappie thing.

Laird of Macfarlane. I know not whether it be necessary to Thei canse them to rebell

remark, that the miscellaneous concourse of youths and maidagainst their soveraigne quene,

ens on the night and on the spot where the miracle is said to And through rebellion often tymes,

have taken place, might, even in a credulous age, have sometheir lives do vanish clene.

what diminished the wonder which accompanied the concepSo as by friers meanes,

tion of Gilli-Doir-Magrevollich. This caricas pieture of Ireland was inserted by the author in the re- inserted, from the only impressions known to exist, belonging to the copy pablication of Somers' Tracta, vol. i., in which the plates have been also in the Advocates' Library. See Somers' Tracts, vol. i. pp. 591, 594.

murcus.

“There is bot two myles from Inverloghie, the church of hermit, that he should credit the numerous superstitions with Kilmalee, in Lochyeld. In ancient tymes there was ane church which the minds of ordinary Highlanders are almost always builded apon ane hill, which was above this church, which imbued. A few of these are slightly alluded to in this stanza. doeth now stand in this toune ; and ancient men doeth say, The River Demon, or River-horse, for it is that form which he that there was a battell foughten on ane litle hill not the tenth commonly assumes, is the Kelpy of the Lowlands, an evil and part of a myle from this church, be certaine men which they malicious spirit, delighting to forebode and to witness calamity. did not know what they were. And long tyme thereafter, He frequents most Highland lakes and rivers; and one of his certaine herds of that toune, and of the next toune, called Un- most memorable exploits was performed upon the banks of natt, both wenches and youthes, did on a tyme conveen with Loch Vennachar, in the very district which forms the scene others on that hill; and the day being somewhat cold, did of our action: it consisted in the destruction of a funeral pro gather the bones of the dead men that were slayne long tyme cession with all its attendants. The "noontide hag," called before in that place, and did make a fire to warm them. At in Gaelic Glas-lich, a tall, emaciated, gigantic female figure, last they did all remove from the fire, except one maid or is supposed in particular to haunt the district of Knoidart. A wench, which was verie cold, and she did remaine there for a goblin, dressed in antique armor, and having one hand covered space. She being quyetlie her alone, without anie other com- with blood, called from that circumstance, Lham-dearg, or panie, took up her cloaths above her knees, or thereby, to Red-hand, is a tenant of the forests of Glenmore and Rothie warm her; a wind did come and caste the ashes upon her, and

Other spirits of the desert, all frightful in shape and she was conceived of ane man-chyld. Severall tymes there- malignant in disposition, are believed to frequent different after she was verie sick, and at last she was knowne to be with mountains and glens of the Highlands, where any unusual chyld. And then her parents did ask at her the matter heiroff, appearance, produced by mist, or the strange lights that are which the wench could not weel answer which way to satisfie sometimes thrown upon particular objects, never fails to prethem. At last she resolved them with ane answer. As for- sent an apparition to the imagination of the solitary and mel. tune fell upon her concerning this marvellous miracle, the ancholy mountaineer. chyld being borne, his name was called Gili-doir Maghrevollich, that is to say, the Black Child, Son to the Bones. So called, his grandfather sent him to school, and so he was a good schollar, and godlie. He did build this church which

NOTE 2 H. doeth now stand in Lochyeld, called Kilmalie."-MACFAR

The fatal Ben-Shie's boding scream.-P. 204. LANE, ut supra, ii. 188.

Most great families in the Highlands were supposed to have a tutelar, or rather a domestic spirit, attached to them, who

took an interest in their prosperity, and intimated, by its wailNOTE 2 F.

ings, any approaching disaster. That of Grant of Grant was

called May Moullach, and appeared in the form of a girl, who Yet ne'er again to braid her hair The virgin snood did Alice wear.-P. 203.

had her arm covered with hair. Grant of Rothiemurcas had

an attendant called Bodach-an-dun, or the Ghost of the Hill ; The snood, or riband, with which a Scottish lass braided and many other examples might be mentioned. The Banher hair, had an emblematical signification, and applied to her Schie implies a female Fairy, whose lamentations were often maiden character. It was exchanged for the curch, toy, or supposed to precede the death of a chieftain of particular samcoif, when she passed, by marriage, into the matron state. ilies. When she is visible, it is in the form of an old woman, But if the damsel was so unfortunate as to lose pretensions to with a blue mantle and streaming hair. A superstition of the the name of maiden, without gaining a right to that of mat- same kind is, I believe, universally received by the inferior ron, she was neither permitted to use the snood, nor advanced ranks of the native Irish. to the graver dignity of the curch. In old Scottish songs there The death of the head of a Highland family is also some occur many sly allusions to such misfortune ; as in the old times supposed to be annonnced by a chain of lights of differwords to the popular tune of “Ower the muir amang the ent colors, called Dr'eug, or death of the Druid. The direcheather :"

tion which it takes, marks the place of the funeral. (See the

Essay on Fairy Superstitions in the Border Minstrelsy.] • Down amang the broom, the broom,

Down amang the broom, my dearie,
The lassie lost her silken snood,
That gard her greet till she was wearie.”

NOTE 2 1.
Sounds, too, had come in midnight blast,

Of charging steeds, careering fast
NOTE 2 G.

Along Benharrow's shingly side,

Where mortal horsemen ne'er might ride.-P. 204. The desert gave him visions wild,

A presage of the kind alluded to in the text, is still believed Such as might suit the spectre's child.--P. 204.

to announce death to the ancient Highland family of M'Lean In adopting the legend concerning the birth of the Founder of Lochbuy. The spirit of an ancestor slain in battle is heard of the Church of Kilmalie, the author has endeavored to trace to gallop along a stony bank, and then to ride thrice around the effects which such a belief was likely to produce, in a bar- the family residence, ringing his fairy bridle, and thus intimabarous age, on the person to whom it related. It seems likely ting the approaching calamity. How easily the eye, as well that he must have become a fanatic or an impostor, or that as the ear, may be deceived upon such occasions, is evident mixture of both which forms a more frequent character than from the stories of armies in the air, and other spectral pheeither of them, as existing separately. In truth, mad persons pomena with which history abounds. Such an apparition is are frequently more anxious to impress upon others a faith in said to have been witnessed upon the side of Southfell mountheir visions, than they are themselves confirmed in their real- tain, between Penrith and Keswick, upon the 230 June, 1744, ity; as, on the other hand, it is difficult for the most cool by two persons, William Lancaster of Blakehills, and Daniel headed impostor long to personate an enthusiast, without in Stricket, his servant, whose attestation to the fact, with a full some degree believing wbat he is so eager to have believed. account of the apparition, dated the 21st July, 1745, is printed It was a natural attribute of such a character as the supposed in Clarke's Survey of the Lakes. The apparition consisted of "We go

several troops of horse moving in regular order, with a steady clanship can be called so, turned upon the single principle of rapid motion, making a carved sweep around the fell, and family descent. * May his ashes be scattered on the water," seeming to the spectators to disappear over the ridge of the was one of the deepest and most solemn imprecations which mountain. Many persons witnessed this phenomenon, and they used against an enemy. (See a detailed description of observed the last, or last but one, of the supposed troop, oc- the funeral ceremonies of a Highland chieftain in the Fair Maid casionally leave his rank, and pass at a gallop to the front, of Perth. Waverley Novels, vol. 43, chaps. x. and xi. Edit. when he resumed the same steady pace. This curious appear- 1834.] ance, making the necessary allowance for imagination, may be perhaps sufficiently accounted for by optical deception.-Surreg oj the Lakes, p. 25.

NOTE 2 L. Supernatural intimations of approaching fate are not, I be

the dun-deer's hide lieve, confined to Highland families. Howel mentions having seen at a lapidary's, in 1632, a monumental stone, prepared

On fleeter foot was never tied.-P. 205. for four persons of the name of Oxenham, before the death of The present brogue of the Highlanders is made of half-dried each of whom, the inscription stated a white bird to have ap- leather, with holes to admit and let out the water; for walkpeared and fluttered around the bed while the patient was in ing the moors dry-shod is a matter altogether out of the quesLae lasi agony.- Familiar Letters, edit. 1736, 247. Glanville tion. The ancient buskin was still ruder, being made of unmeations one family, the members of which received this sol- dressed deer's hide, with the hair outwards; a circumstance ima sign by music, the sound of which floated from the family which procured the Highlanders the well-known epithet of residence, and seemed to die in a neighboring wood; another, Red-shanks. The process is very accurately described by one that of Captain Wood of Bampton, to whom the signal was Elder (himself a Highlander) in the project for a union between ziren by knocking. But the most remarkable instance of the England and Scotland, addressed to Henry VIII. kind occurs in the MS. Memoirs of Lady Fanshaw, so exem- a-hunting, and after that we have slain red-deer, we flay off plary for her conjugal affection. Her husband, Sir Richard, the skin, by-and-by, and setting of our bare-foot on the inside and she, chanced, during their abode in Ireland, to visit a thereof, for want of cunning shoemakers, by your grace's parfriend, the head of a sept, who resided in his ancient baronial don, we play the cobblers, compassing and measuring so much castle, surrounded with a mout. At midnight she was awa- thereof as shall reach up to our ankles, pricking the upper kened by a ghastly and supernatural scream, and, looking out part thereof with holes, that the water may repass where it of bed, beheld, by the moonlight, a female face and part of enters, and stretching it up with a strong thong of the same the formn, hovering at the window. The distance from the above our said ankles. So, and please your noble grace, we ground, as well as the circumstance of the moat, excluded the make our shoes. Therefore, we using such manner of shoes, possibility that what she beheld was of this world. The face the rough hairy side outwards, in your grace's dominions of was that of a young and rather handsome woman, but pale ; England, we be called Roughfooted Scots.”—PINKERTON'S and the hair, which was reddish, was loose and dishevelled. History, vol. ii. p. 397. The dress, which Lady Fanshaw's terror did not prevent her remarking accurately, was that of the ancient Irish. This ap parition continued to exhibit itself for some time, and then vanished with two shrieks, similar to that which bad first excited Lady Fanshaw's attention. In the morning, with infinite

NOTE 2 M. terror, she communicated to her host what she had witnessed,

The dismal coronach.-P. 206. and found him prepared not only to credit but to account for the apparition." A near relation of my family," said he, The Coronach of the Highlanders, like the Ulalatus of the ** expired last night in this castle. We disguised our certain Romans, and the Ululoo of the Irish, was a wild expression of expectation of the event from you, lest it should throw a cloud lamentation, poured forth by the mourners over the body of a over the cheerful reception which was due you. Now, be- departed friend. When the words of it were articulate, they fore such an event happens in this family and castle, the fe- expressed the praises of the deceased, and the loss the clan male spectre whom you have seen always is visible. She is would sustain by his death. The following is a lamentation of believed to be the spirit of a woman of inferior rank, whom this kind, literally translated from the Gaelic, to some of the one of my ancestors degraded himself by marrying, and whom ideas of which the text stands indebted. The tune is so popuafterwards, to expiate the dishonor done his family, he caused lar, that it has since become the war-march, or Gathering of to be drowned in the castle moat.”

the clan.

Coronach on Sir Lauchlan, Chief of Maclean.
“ Which of all the Senachies

Can trace thy line from the root up to Paradise,
NOTE 2 K.

But Macvuirih, the son of Fergus?
Whose parents in Inch-Cailliach wave

No sooner had thine ancient stately tree

Taken firm root in Albion, Their skadows o'er Clar-Alpine's grave.-P. 204.

Than one of thy forefathers fell at Harlaw.Iack-Cailliach, the Isle of Nuns, or of Old Women, is a most 'Twas then we lost a chief of deathless name. beautiful island at the lower extremity of Loch Lomond. The cdurch belonging to the former nunnery was long used as the «« 'Tis no base weed-no planted tree, place of worship for the parish of Buchanan, but scarce any Nor a seedling of last Autumn; veziges of it now remain. The burial-ground continues to be Nor a sapling planted at Beltain ;' used, and contains the family places of sepulture of several Wide, wide around were spread its lofty branchesneighboring clans. The monuments of the lairds of Mao- But the topmost bough is lowly laid ! gregor, and of other families, claiming a descent from the old Thou hast forsaken as before Sawaine. Scottish King Alpine, are most remarkable. The Highlanders are as zealous of their rights of sepulture as may be ex- “ Thy dwelling is the winter house ;pacted from a people whose whole laws and government, if Loud, sad, sad, and mighty is thy death-song!

1 Bell's fire, or Whitsunday.

2 Hallowe'en

Oh! courteous champion of Montrose !

if they broke their vow. But for oaths in the usual form, they Oh! stately warrior of the Celtic Isles !

are said to have little respect. As for the reverence due to the Thou shalt buckle thy harness on no more !"

chief, it may be guessed from the following odd example of a

Highland point of honor :The coronach has for some years past been superseded at “The clan whereto the above-mentioned tribe belongs, is funerals by the use of the bagpipe; and that also is, like many the only one I have heard of, which is without a chief; that other Highland peculiarities, falling into disuse, unless in remote is, being divided into families, under several chieftains, withdistricts.

out any particular patriarch of the whole name. And this is a great reproach, as may appear from an affair that fell out at my table in the Highlands, between one of that name and a

Cameron. The provocation given by the latter was—* Name NOTE 2 N.

your chief.:—The return of it at once was— You are a fool.'

They went out next morning, but having early notice of it, I Benledi saw the Cross of Fire,

sent a small party of soldiers after them, which, in all probaIt glanced like lightning up Strath-Ire.-P. 207. bility, prevented some barbarous mischief that might have en

sued; for the chiefless Highlander, who is himself a petty chiefInspection of the provincial map of Perthshire, or any large

tain, was going to the place appointed with a small-sword and map of Scotland, will trace the progress of the signal through pistol, whereas the Cameron (an old man) took with him only the small district of lakes and mountains, which, in exercise of his broadsword, according to the agreement. my poetical privilege, I have subjected to the authority of my “When all was over, and I had, at least seemingly, reconimaginary chieftain, and which, at the period of my romance, ciled them, I was told the words, of which I seemed to think was really occupied by a clan who claimed a descent from but slightly, were, to one of the clan, the greatest of all provoAlpine ; a clan the most unfortunate, and most persecuted, but cations."- Letters from Scotland, vol. ii. p. 221. neither the least distinguished, least powerful, nor least brave, of the tribes of the Gael.

“ Slioch non rioghridh duchaisach

Bhashios an Dun-Staiobhinish
Aig an roubh crun na Halba othus

NOTE 2 Q.
'Stag a cheil duchas fast ris."
The first stage of the Fiery Cross is to Duncraggan, a place

a low and lonely cell. near the Brigg of Turk, where a short stream divides Loch

By many a bard, in Celtic tongue, Achray from Loch Vennachar. From thence, it passes to

Has Coir-nan-Uriskin been sung.-P. 209. wards Callender, and then turning to the left up the pass of

This is a very steep and most romantic hollow in the mounLeny, is consigned to Norman at the Chapel of Saint Bride,

tain of Benvenue, overhanging the southeastern extremity of which stood on a small and romantic knoll in the middle of

Loch Katrine. It is surrounded with stupendous rocks, and the valley, called Strath-Ire. Tombea and Arnandave, or overshadowed with birch-trees, mingled with oaks, with sponArdmandave, are names of places in the vicinity. The alarm

taneous production of the mountain, even where its cliffs apis then supposed to pass along the lake of Lubnaig, and

pear denuded of soil. A dale in so wild a situation, and amid through the various glens in the district of Balquidder, in

a people whose genius bordered on the romantic, did not recluding the neighboring tracts of Glenfinlas and Strathgartney.

main without appropriate deities. The namo literally implies the Corri, or Den, of the Wild or Shaggy men. Perhaps this, as conjectured by Mr. Alexander Campbell,? may have originally only implied its being the haunt of a ferocious banditti.

But tradition has ascribed to the Urisk, who gives name to NOTE 2 O.

the cavern, a figure between a goat and a man; in short, how

ever much the classical reader may be startled, precisely that Not faster o'er thy heathery braes,

of the Grecian Satyr. The Urisk seems not to have inherited, Balquidder, speeds the midnight blaze.-P. 208.

with the form, the petulance of the silvan deity of the classics : It may be necessary to inform the southern reader, that the his occupation, on the contrary, resembled those of Milton's heath on the Scottish moorlands is often set fire to, that the Lubbar Fiend, or of the Scottish Brownie, though he differed sheep may have the advantage of the young herbage produced,

from both in name and appearance.

" The Urisks," says in room of the tough old beather plants. This custom (exe- Dr. Graham, “ were a set of lubberly supernaturals, who, like crated by sportsmen) produces occasionally the most beautiful the Brownies, could be gained over by kind attention, to pernocturnal appearances, similar almost to the discharge of a form the drudgery of the farm, and it was believed that many volcano. This simile not new to poetry. The charge of a of the families in the Highlands had one of the order attached warrior, in the fine ballad of Hardyknute, is said to be "

"like to it. They were supposed to be dispersed over the Highlands, fire to heather set."

each in his own wild recess, but the solemn stated meetings of the order were regularly held in this Cave of Benvenue. This current superstition, no doubt, alludes to some circumstance in the ancient history of this country."-Scenery on the Southern

Confines of Perthshire, p. 19, 1806. - It must be owned that NOTE 2 P.

the Coir, or Den, does not, in its present state, meet our ideas

of a subterraneous grotto, or cave, being only a small and No oath, but by his chieftain's hand, No law, but Roderick Dhu's command.-P. 208.

narrow cavity, among huge fragments of rocks rudely piled

together. But such a scene is liable to convulsions of nature, The deep and implicit respect paid by the Highland clans- which a Lowlander cannot estimate, and which may have men to their chief, rendered this both a common and a solemn choked up what was originally a cavern. At least the name oath. In other respects they were like most savage nations,

and tradition warrant the author of a fictitious tale to assert its capricious in their ideas concerning the obligatory power of having been such at the remote period in which this scene is oaths. One solemn mode of swearing was by kissing the dirk, laid. imprecating upon themselves death by that, or a similar weapon,

1 Journey frona Edinburgh, 1809, p. 109.

NOTE 2 R.

spirits, who haunt the desolate recesses. In some of these

Hebrides, they attributed the same oracular power to a large The wild pass of Beal-nam-bo.-P. 209.

black stone by the sea-shore, which they approached with cerBealach-nam-bo, or the pass of cattle, is a most magnificent tain solemnities, and considered the first fancy which came into glade, overhung with aged birch-trees, a little higher up the their own minds, after they did so, to be the undoubted dictate mountain than the Coir-nan-Uriskin, treated of in a former note. of the tutelar deity of the stone, and, as such, to be, if possiThe whole composes the most sublime piece of scenery that ble, punctually complied with. Martin has recorded the folimagination can conceive.

lowing curious modes of Highland augury, in which the Taghairm, and its effects upon the person who was subjected to it, may serve to illustrate the text.

" It was an ordinary thing among the over-curious to conNOTE 2 S.

sult an invisible oracle, concerning the fate of families and

battles, &c. This was performed three different ways: the A single page, to bear his sword,

first was by a company of men, one of whom, being detached Alone attended on his lord.-P. 209.

by lot, was afterwards carried to a river, which was the bounA Highland chief, being as absolute in his patriarchal au- dary between two villages ; four of the company laid hold thority as any prince, had a corresponding number of officers on him, and, having shut his eyes, they took him by the legs attached to his person. He had his body-guards, called and arms, and then, tossing him to and again, struck his hips Luickttach, picked from his clan for strength, activity, and with force against the bank. One of them cried out, What entire de votion to his person. These, according to their de- is it you have got here? another answers, A log of birchserts, were sure to share abundantly in the rude profusion of wood. The other cries again, Let his invisible friends appear his hospitality. It is recorded, for example, by tradition, that from all quarters, and let them relieve him by giving an answer Allan MacLean, chief of that clan, happened upon a time to to our present demands; and in a few minutes after, a number hear one of these favorite retainers observe to bis comrade, of little creatures came from the sea, who answered the questhat their chief grew old.—“Whence do you infer that ?" re- tion, and disappeared suddenly. The man was then set at plied the other." When was it," rejoined the first, “that a liberty, and they all returned home, to take their measures soldier of Allan's was obliged, as I am now, not only to eat according to the prediction of their false prophets ; but the the flesh from the bone, but even to tear off the inner skin, or poor deluded fools were abused, for their answer was still amfilament ?" The hint was quite sufficient, and MacLean next biguous. This was always practised in the night, and may morning, to relieve his followers from such dire necessity, un- literally be called the works of darkness. dertook an inroad on the mainland, the ravage of which alto- “I had an account from the most intelligent and judicious gether effaced the memory of his former expeditions for the like men in the Isle of Skie, that about sixty-two years ago, the purpose.

oracle was thus consulted only once, and that was in the paOnr officer of Engineers, so often quoted, has given us a rish of Kilmartin, on the east side, by a wicked and mischiedistinct list of the domestic officers who, independent of vous race of people, who are now extinguished, both root and Luichttach, or gardes de corps, belonged to the establishment branch. of a Highland Chief. There are, 1. The Henchman. See “ The second way of consulting the oracle was by a party these Notes, p. 447. 2. The Bard. See p. 243. 3. Bladier, of men, who first retired to solitary places, remote from any or spokesmaa, 4. Gillie-more, or sword-bearer, alluded to in house, and there they singled out one of their number, and the text.

5. Gillie-casflue, who carried the chief, if on foot, wrapt him in a big cow's hide, which they folded about him ; over the fords. 6. Gillie-comstraine, who leads the chief's his whole body was covered with it, except his head, and so horse. 7. Gillie-Trushanarinsh, the baggage man. 8. The left in this posture all night, until his invisible friends relieved piper. 9. The piper's gillie or attendant, who carries the him, by giving a proper answer to the question in hand; which bagpipe. Although this appeared, naturally enough, very he received, as ho fancied, from several persons that he found ridiculous to an English officer, who considered the master of about him all that time. His consorts returned to him at the such a retinge as no more than an English gentleman of £500 break of day, and then he communicated his news to them ; a-gear, yet in the circumstances of the chief, whose strength which often proved fatal to those concerned in such anwarand importance consisted in the number and attachment of his rantable inquiries. followers, it was of the last consequence, in point of policy, to “ There was a third way of consulting, which was a confirhave in his gift subordinate offices, which called immediately mation of the second above mentioned. The same company found his person those who were most devoted to him, and, who put the man into the hide, took a live cat, and put him being of value in their estimation, were also the means of re- on a spit; one of the number was employed to turn the spit, warding them.

and one of his consorts inquired of him, What are you doing? he answered, I roast this cat, until his friends answer the ques

tion; which must be the same that was proposed by the man NOTE 2 T.

shut up in the hide. And afterwards, a very big cat comes,

attended by a number of lesser cats, desiring to relieve the The T'aghairm call'd; by which, afar,

cat turned upon the spit, and then answers the question. If Der sires foresaw the events of war.-P. 211.

this answer proved the same that was given to the man in the The Highlanders, like all rude people, had various super- hide, then it was taken as a confirmation of the other, which, stitious modes of inquiring into futority. One of the most in this case, was believed infallible. Doted was the Taghairm, mentioned in the text.

" Mr. Alexander Cooper, present minister of North-Vist, was wrapped up in the skin of a newly-slain bullock, and de- told me, that one John Erach, in the Isle of Lewis, assured pocited beside a waterfall, or at the bottom of a precipice, or him, it was his fate to have been led by his curiosity with in some other strange, wild, and unusual situation, where the some who consulted this oracle, and that he was a night within scenery around him suggested nothing but objects of horror. the hide, as above mentioned ; during which time he felt and In this sitaation, he revolved in his mind the question pro- heard such terrible things, that he could not express them ; the posed; and whatever was impressed upon him by his exalted impression it made on him was such as could never go off, and imagination, passed for the inspiration of the disembodied he said, for a thousand worlds he would never again be con

A person

in Lord Littleton's Letters. It is well known in the Highlands as a nursery

1 Letters from Scotland, vol. ii. p 15.
-The reader may have met with the story of the "King of the Cata,”

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