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PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SIXTEENTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY
OF WASHINGTON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1820.
Monday, November 13, 1820.
The result was, that the term of service of Mr. The second session of the Sixteenth Congress Holmes will expire on the 3d March next, and commenced this day, at the City of Washington, that of Mr. CHANDLER on the 3d of March two conformably to the act, approved the thirteenth of years thereafter. May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, en
Mr. King, of Alabama, moved the appointment titled “An act fixing the time for the next meeting of a committee to acquaint the President of the of Congress," and the Senate assembled. United States of the organization of the Senate,
and of its readiness to receive
from him; whereupon, Messrs. King, of Alabama, David L. MORRIL and John F. PARROTT, from and Macon were appointed. the State of New Hampshire.
On motion of Mr. MORRIL, James BURRILL, jr., from Rhode Island.
Resolved, That two Chaplains, of different deIsaac TICHENOR, from Vermont.
nominations, be appointed to Congress, during the Rufus King and Nathan SANFORD, from New present session, one by each House, who shall inYork.
terchange weekly. MAALON DICKERSON and JAMES J. Wilson,
The orders usual at the commencement of the from New Jersey.
session having been made, the Senate adjourned. JONATHAN ROBERTS and WALTER LOWRIE, from Pennsylvania
TUESDAY, November 14.
William A. PALMER, from the State of VerJAMES BARBOUR and James Pleasants, from mont, and John Williams, from the State of Virginia.
Tennessee, severally attended. NATHANIEL Macon, from North Carolina.
The PRESIDENT communicated a copy of the John Gaillard and William Smith, from constitution, as adopted for the government of the South Carolina.
State of Missouri, which was read. Richard M. JOHNson, from Kentucky.
Whereupon, on motion of Mr. Smith, JOHN HENRY Eaton, from Tennessee.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inBenjamin Roggles and WILLIAM A. Trimble, quire whether any, and if any, what
, legislative from Ohio.
measures may be necessary for admitting the State James Brown and Henry Johnson, from Lou- of Missouri into the Union. isiana.
Messrs. Smith, BURRILL, and Macon, were apWALLER Taylor and James Noble, from In- pointed the committee. diana.
The Senate adjourned to two o'clock, to await Thomas H. Williams and David Holmes, the organization of the House of Representatives, from Mississippi.
NINIAN EDWARDS and Jesse B. Thomas, from sentatives had not yet elected a Speaker, they adIllinois.
journed until to-morrow. William R. King and John W. Walker, from Alabama.
WEDNESDAY, November 15. JOHN CHANDLER and John HOLMES, from Samuel W. DANA, from the State of ConnectiMaine.
cut, attended. John Gaillard, President pro tempore, resumed Mr. Burrill communicated a resolution, passed the Chair.
by the Legislature of the State of Rhode Island The new members having qualified and taken and Providence Plantations, instructing their Sentheir seats, they were classed, by lot, as is usual. ators, and requesting their Representatives in Con
President's Annual Message.
gress, to exert their influence to reduce the com- been shaken, and the long and destructive wars in pensation of members of Congress to six dollars which all were engaged, with their sudden transition per day; and the resolution was read.
to a state of peace, presenting, in the first instance, On motion by Mr. Walker, of Alabama, the unusual encouragement to our commerce, and withSenate adjourned to one o'clock in the afternoon. drawing it in the second, even within its wonted limit,
could not fail to be sensibly felt here. The station, One o'clock in the afternoon.
too, which we had to support through this long conA message from the House of Representatives flict, compelled as we were finally to become a party informed the Senate that a quorum of the House to it with a principal Power, and to make great exof Representatives is assembled, and have elected ertions, suffer heavy losses, and to contract considerable John W. Taylor, one of the Representatives from debts, disturbing the ordinary course of affairs, by augthe State of New York, their Speaker, in the place menting, to a vast amount, the circulating medium, of Henry Clay, resigned, and are ready to proceed and thereby elevating, at one time, the price of every to business; and that they have appointed a com- article above a just standard, and depressing it at anomittee on their part to join the committee appoint-ther below it, had likewise its due effect. ed on the part of the Senate, to wait on the Presi
It is manifest that the pressures of which we comdent of the United States, and inform him that a plain bave proceeded, in a great measure, from these quorum of the two Houses is assembled, and ready
When, then, we take into view the prosper. to receive any communications he may be pleased
ous and happy condition of our country, in all the
great circumstances which constitute the felicity of a to make to them. Mr. King, of Alabama, reported, from the joint his rights: the Union blessed with plenty, and rapidly
nation—every individual in the full enjoyment of all committee, that they had waited on the President rising to greatness, under a national Government, of the United States, and that the President in which operates with complete effect in every part, withformed the committee that he would make a com
out being felt in any, except by the ample protection munication to the two Houses forthwith.
which it affords, and under State governments which perPRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
form their equal share, according to a wise distribution
of power between them, in promoting the public hapThe following Message was received from the piness—it is impossible to behold so gratifying, so gloPRESIDENT OF THE UNITED ATES :
rious a spectacle, without being penetrated with the Fellow-citizens of the Senate
most profound and grateful acknowledgments to the and of the House of Representatives : Supreme Author of all good for such manifold and inIn communicating to you a just view of public af- estimable blessings. Deeply impressed with these fairs, at the commencement of your present labors, I i sentiments, I cannot regard the pressures to which I do it with great satisfaction ; because, taking all cir. have adverted otherwise than in the light of mild and cumstances into consideration which claim attention, instructive admonitions; warning us of dangers to be I see much cause to rejoice in the felicity of our situa- shunned in future; teaching us lessons of economy, tion. In making this remark, I do not wish to be un corresponding with the simplicity and purity of our derstood to imply that an unvaried prosperity is to be institutions, and best adapted to their support ; evinseen in every interest of this great community. In the cing the connexion and dependence which the various progress of a nation, inhabiting a territory of such vast parts of our happy Union have on each other, thereby extent and great variety of climate, every portion of augmenting daily our social incorporation, and adding, which is engaged in foreign commerce, and liable to by its strong ties, new strength and vigor to the politbe affected, in some degree, by the changes which oc- ical ; opening a wider range, and with new encourcur in the condition and regulations of foreign coun- agement, to the industry and enterprise of our fellowtries, it would be strange if the produce of our soil and citizens at home and abroad ; and more especially by the industry and enterprise of our fellow-citizens re- the multiplied proofs which it has accumulated of the ceived at all times, and in every quarter, an uniform great perfection of our most excellent system of gorand equal encouragement. This would be more than ernment, the powerful instrument, in the hands of our we would have a right to expect, under circumstances all-merciful Creator, in securing to us these blessings. the most favorable. Pressures on certain interests, it Happy as our situation is, it does not exempt us is admitted, has been felt; but allowing to these their from solicitude and care for the future. On the con. greatest extent, they detract but little from the force of trary, as the blessings which we enjoy are great, prothe remarks already made. In forming a just esti- portionably great should be our vigilance, zeal, and mate of our present situation, it is proper to look at activity, to preserve them. Foreign wars may again the whole, in the outline, as well as in the detail. A expose us to new wrongs, which would impose on us free, virtuous, and enlightened people know well the new duties, for which we ought to be prepared. The great principles and causes on which their happiness state of Europe is unsettled, and how long peace may depends; and even those who suffer most, occasion- be preserved is altogether uncertain ; in addition to ally, in their transitory concerns, find great relief un- which, we have interests of our own to adjust, which der their sufferings, from the blessings which they will require particular attention. A correct view of otherwise enjoy, and in the consoling and animating our relations with each Power will enable you to form hope which they administer. From whence do these a just idea of existing difficulties, and of the measures pressures come? Not from a Government which is of precaution best adapted to them. founded by, administered for, and supported by the Respecting our relations with Spain, nothing expeople. We trace them to the peculiar character of plicit can now be communicated. On the adjourgthe epoch in which we live, and to the extraordinary ment of Congress in May last, the Minister Plenipooccurrences which have signalized it. The convul- tentiary of the United States, at Madrid, was instruct. sions with which several of the Powers of Europe baveed to inform the Government of Spain that, if His