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has produced the same effects upon many others. For I have remarked many a towardly word to be wholly neglected or despised in discourse, which has passed very smoothly, with some consideration and esteem, after its preferment and sanction in print. But now, since, by the liberty and encouragement of the
I am grown absolute master of the occasions and opportunities to expose the talents I have acquired, I already discover, that the issues of my observanda begin to grow too large for the receipts. Therefore, I shall here pause a while, till I find, by feeling the world's pulse and my own, that it will be of absolute necessity for us both, to resume my pen,
Giving an Account of his Departure from Jack, and
their setting up for themselves, on which account they were obliged to travel and meet many Disasters, finding no shelter near Peter's Habitation : Martin succeeds in the North : Peter thunders against Martin for the Loss of the large Revenue he used to receive from thence. Harry Huff sent Martin a Challenge to fight, which he received; Peter rewards Harry for the pretended Victory, which encouraged Harry to huff Peter also. With many other extraordinary Adventures of the said Martin in several Places with many considerable Per
With a Digression concerning the Nature, Useful
ness, and Necessity of Wars and quarrels.
How Jack and Martin, being parted, set up each for himself. How they travelled over hills and dales, met many disasters, suffered much from the good cause, and struggled with difficulties and wants, not having where to lay their head; by all which they afterwards proved themselves to be right father's sons, and Peter to be spurious. Finding no shelter near Peter's habitation, Martin travelled northwards, and finding the Thuringians * and neighbouring people disposed to change, he set up his stage first among them; where, making it his business to cry down Peter's powders, plasters, salves, and drugs, which he had sold a long time at a dear rate, allowing Martin none of the profit, though he had been often employed in recommending and putting them off; the good people, willing to save their pence, began to hearken to Martin's speeches. † How'several great lords took the hint, and on the same account declared for Martin ; particularly one, who, not having enough of one wife, wanted to marry a second; and knowing Peter used not to grant such licences but at a swinging price, he struck up a bargain with Martin, whom he found more tractable, and who assured him he had the same power to allow such things. How most of the other northern lords, for their own private ends, withdrew themselves and their dependants from Peter's authority, and closed in with Martin. How Peter, enraged at the loss of such large territories, and consequently of so much revenue, thundered against Martin, and sent out the strongest and most terrible of his bulls to devour him ; but, this having no effect, and Martin defending himself boldly and dexterously, Peter at last put forth proclamations, declaring Martin, and all his adherents, rebels and traitors, ordaining and requiring all his loving subjects to take up arms, and to kill, burn, and destroy all and every one of them, promising large rewards, &c. upon which ensued bloody wars and desolation.
* This History was inserted in the former editions of the Tale of a Tub, under the title of What follows after Sect IX. in the Manuscript ;' but in subsequent editions was omitted, by the dean's direction, in order to remove the censure of those who put à construction on it foreign to his design. As in these cooler times the whole allegory has been justly esteemed, the reader will doubtless be pleased at our having preserved this part of it from oblivion.
To this notice it may be added, that the hints or fragments of allegory, here thrown out, are not in unison with the former part of the Tale, either in political principle or in the conduct of the fable. The tone of many passages is decidedly not only I higgish, but of the Low Church, and the author is forced, somewhat awko wardly, to introduce two Martins instead of one ; the first representing the sect of Luther, the second the Church of England. The fragment does not appear in the first edition; and to me has much more the appearance of a rough draught, thrown aside and altered, than of any continuation of the original story.
* The States in the North of Germany, who adopted the Lutheran religion.
+ The well-known commencement of Luther's revolt against the church of Rome is here insinuated. He was an Augustin friar; and it was to his order that the commission of publishing papal indulgences had hitherto been intrusted ; but Leo X. having transferred this charge to the Dominicans, Luther received from John Stanpitz, Vicar-General of the Augustins, authority to preach against these indulgences, a subject which soon carried him '
much farther than either he or his superior had probably anticipated.
How Harry Huff, lord of Albion, * one of the greatest bullies of those days, sent a cartel to Martin, to fight him on a staye, at cudgels, quarterstaff, back-sword, &c. Hence the origin of that genteel custom of prize-fighting, so well known and practised to this day among those polite islanders, though unknown every where else. How Martin, being a bold blustering fellow, accepted the challenge ; how they met and fought, to the great diversion of the spectators; and, after giving
* Henry VIIIth's controversy with Luther in behalf of the
one another broken heads, and many bloody wounds and bruises, how they both drew off victorious; in which their example has been frequently imitated by great clerks and others, since that time. How Martin's friends applauded his victory; and how Lord Harry's friends complimented him on the same score; and particularly Lord Peter, who sent him a fine feather for his cap, to be worn by him and his successors, as a perpetual mark for his bold defence of Lord Peter's cause. How Har
flushed with his pretended victory over Martin, began to huff Peter also, and at last downright quarrelled with him about a wench. † How some of Lord Harry's tenants, ever fond of changes, began to talk kindly of Martin, for which he mauled them soundly; as he did also those that adhered to Peter. How he turned some out of house and hold, others he hanged or burnt, &c.
How Harry Huff, after a deal of blustering, wenching, and bullying, died, and was succeeded by a good-natured boy, I who, giving way to the general bent of his tenants, allowed Martin's notions to spread every where, and take deep root in Albion. How, after his death, the farm fell into the hands of a lady, who was violently in love with Lord Peter. § How she purged the whole country with fire and sword, resolved not to leave the name or remembrance of Martin. How Peter triumphed, and set up shops again, for selling his own powders, plasters, and salves, which were
* The title of “ Defender of the Faith.”
+ The English reformation, brought about by Henry's love for Ann Bullen.
I Edward VI.