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Schwartz, and Edwards, and Martin, to say nothing of the inspired Paul-how they glow in greater glory, even among the illustrious .names of their respective periods ! Let the Church keep her eye fixed on these luminous bodies in the spiritual hemisphere, and as she contemplates the image of the exalted Saviour as it appears in them, she may hope that that image will shine out in brighter effulgence from herself.
Brainerd's success among the poor Indians, should be regarded as a pledge of the ultimate triumph of the missionary cause. He went among
and he found their minds dark as night, and their hearts hard as adamant; but he carried with him in the glorious gospel that which could enlighten, and that which could soften ; though neither the one effort nor the other could be produced independently of an influence from on high. Hence he preached for awhile with little visible success—the Indian heard but he heeded not—his savage habits were so dear to him that he could not consent to put them away. But did the faithful missionary yield to discouragement? Did he say within himself, “ these savages will never yield to the gospel call, and therefore they must be lest to their wretched condition and yet more wretched prospects !" Oh no, his faith never failed even in the darkest times—he kept on laboring in his self-denying vocation ; and when he was constrained to leave one place in the wilderness, he looked out for another; and at length be found the place where God's blessing was to be poured out upon his labors, and he was to behold the evidence that the gospel through God was mighty to conquer even an Indian's heart. As he preached, the truth came down with power; and the tear started and the bosom heaved with penitence ; and one after another felt the subduing, quickening energy, till that solitary place had really become the scene of a glorious revival-had become vocal with the praises of our God. What encouragement does the contemplation of this scene furnish to the missionary of the present day—what encouragement to the church in reference to the ultimate success of the missionary cause ! Brainerd labored a considerable time and no blessing seemed to come; but at length the Spirit was with him and aroused him as a mighty working mind. So God has often since permitted his servants to labor among the heathen for a long time, and has left them to the lamentation, “ Who hath believed our report ?”—and then has suddenly cheered them with some reviving
tokens of his favor. And is it unreasonable to suppose, either in view of prophecy or the analogies of providence, that this same characteristic may mark the divine administration in respect to the progession and universal triumph of truth and holiness? The church has been laboring long and is laboring still, with much less effect than she could desire. She erects the standard of the cross here and there, and then perhaps Satan's standard is unfurled in its place. She has some energy, but she marvels that her success is not greater, and sometimes is half inclined to fold her arms in discouragement. But let her press onward, and she shall soon find the signs of approaching victory multiplying around her. Let her prepare herself to open her eyes suddenly on a far more glorious day. Ere long-possibly before our children's chile dren shall have tasted death—there may be some mighty movement in providence in which the hand of the Lord shall be wonderfully revealed for the conversion of the nations; and the prophecy that a nation shall be born in a day, may stand forth in the glory of a literal and complete fulfilment. Let our faith take fast hold of God's promises; and let us feel assured that it is not more certain as a matter of history that the Indians expected and believed as Brainerd preached and prayed, than it is as a matter of prophecy that at some future period all the nations shall bow to Emanuel's sceptre, and shouts of jubilie shall go up to heaven, because He who created all things, has created all things new.
of Brainerd's manuscript letters, it is believed not more than three or four are in existence. We have understood that his biographer, Dr. Sereno Dwight, in all his researches preparatory to writing his life, did not find a solitary one.
The following addressed to the Rev. John Sergeant, his fellow-laborer in the missionary cause at Stockbridge, was found a few years ago among some rubbish in the garret of a house in Massachusetts that had been occupied by the clergymen of the parish successively for about a century
Woodbury, March 25, 1745. REV. AND Hon. SiR :-In November last, I attempted to send you a line by Mr. Van Skanke, to inform you of the state of affairs with me, and actually wrote: but he leaving New York an hour sooner than I expected, I was disappointed. And now I'm in the greatest hurry, and can but hint at things, I would otherwise be more particular in.
As to my affairs here - I took a journey last October to Susquehannah, and continued there some time, preaching to the Indians frequently in a place called Opehollaupung about fifteen or twenty miles down the river from the place you formerly visited. I supposed I had some encouragement among them, and I propose to visit them again about the middle of next month, with leave of Divine providence, and think to spend most of the summer in those parts, if a door opens for it. There is one peculiar difficulty in the way: The land these Indians live upon, belong to the Six Nations; that is, the Mohawks; and 'tis something doubtful whether they will suffer a missionary to come among their tributaries, and on to their lands. Yet this difficulty we hope may be removed by the influence of the Governor of Pennsylvania, who maintains a strict friendship with the Six Nations, whose assistance the correspondents have endeavored to engage in this affair. May he who bas the hearts of all men in his hands, open their hearts to receive the Gospel.
. I have this winter past had more encouragement among the Indians of Delaware than ever beiore. A spirit of seriousness and concern has seemed to spread among them, and many of them have been very attentive and desirous of instruction, but I have also met with so many discouragements, that I scarce know what to say. Yet I'm not discouraged, but still hope that the day of divine power will come, wherein they shall become a willing people.
“ I long to hear of your affairs, and especially how things are like to turn with regard to your scheme of a free boarding School, which is an arfair much upon my heart amidst all my heavy Concerns; and I can hear nothing whether 'tis likely to succeed or not.
“I fully designed to have given Something Considerable for promoting the Good Design;
but whether I shall be able to give anything, or whether 'twill be Duty for me so to do, under present Circumstances, I know not. I have met with sundry losses lately, to the value of 60 or 70 pounds, New England Money. In particular, I broke my Mare's leg last fall in my Journey to Susquehannah, and was obliged to kill her on the road, and prosecute my Journey on foot; and I can't get her place Supplied for 50 pounds. And I have lately moved to have a Colleague or Companion with me, for my Spirits sink with my Solitary Circumstances. And I expect to contribute Considerable to his Maintenance, Seeing his Salary must be gathered wholly in this Country and can't be expected from Scotland.
“I Sold my Tea Kettle to Mr. Jo. Woodbridge, and an Iron Kettle to Mr. Tem. Woodbridge, both which amounted to Something more than four pounds, which I ordered them to pay to you for the school. If that Succeeds, I hope you will use the money that way, if not, you are welcome to it yourself. I desire my Teapot and Bed Ticken may be improved to the same purpose.
“As to my blankets, I desired Mr. Woodbridge to take the trouble of turning them into Deer Skins. If he has not done it, I wish he would, and send the Skins to Mr. Hopkins, or if it might be, to Mr. Bellamy.
· Please to remember me to Maddam, and all friends. ** I am, Sir, in greatest haste, "Your obedient humble servant,
“ David BRAINERD "
The spelling, capitals, &c., as they appear in the original MS. have all been preserved, as they will be in letters that may hereafter be published in a similar connection.
THE WILD COLUMBINE.
BY E. G. WHEELER, M. D.
Class, Polyandria-order, Pentagynia. Natural order of Linnæus, Multisiliquæ--of Jussieu, Helleborinæ.
The systematic name of the wild Columbine, a representation of which embellishes our present number, is Aquilegia Canadensis. Aquilegia is from the Latin aquila, an eagle—its horns or nectaries resembling eagles' claws. Some authors think it more naturally derived from aqua, water, and lego, I gather, the edges of the leaves being slightly rolled upward and inward, so that they retain water.
Generic Description.-Calyx none: petals five, caducous : nectaries five, alternating with the petals, extending a considerable distance beyond the receptacle and terminating in a spur : capsules five, many-seeded; styles permanent. This is according to Prof. Eaton's description, but it would be more proper, perhaps, to consider the corol as a colored calyx, and the nectaries as petals.
Specific Description.—Horns strait; stamens of different length, extending beyond the corol: leaves decompound. The plant is about fifteen inches high, growing in a dry, shallow soil, often in the crevices of rocks. It is found throughout the Northern and Southern States—blossoms in April--flowers red and yellow-nodding.
Medicinal Properties.—Plants found in this natural order are acrid, caustic and poisonous. The seeds of the Aquilegia were formerly used as a remedy in eruptive diseases, and the whole plant was prescribed in the scurvy. Though retained in several of the foreign pharmacopæias, it is not much valued now by physicians in this country,
There are several species of the Aquilegia, all of which are called by the common name of Columbine-a name derived from the Latin columbinus, belonging to a dove or pigeon,-50 called from the circumstance that the blossoms of some of the species are dove-colored-or perhaps because the flower-stem bends gracefully like the neck of the pigeon when cooing to his mate.
Its sentiment is folly. It appears, at first thought, singular that such a sentiment should be given to this graceful flower, especially when
we consider that its generic name is derived from the noble and victorious eagle, and its common name from the gentle, harmless dove; but we must reflect that the old philosophers and astronomers, and poets, and naturalist were men that were moved by the spirit of c cumstance and omens—ever seeking after sim itudes and naming the objects of their resea according to their real or supposed resembla to other objects. Some think it was give because the nectaries are formed like the of the ancient jesters—others, that it we cause it decks itself out in its gaudy appal bright red and yellow. We, of course, not charge any one with folly, who is cl with high colors in these latter days of ment and improved taste ; nor would w to have the fairer flowers that adorn our exchange their dazzling splendor form bre hues.
By cultivation, the nectaries of all th of this plant would, no doubt, become and multiplied. In the Garden ( (Aquilegia Vulgaris) it is interesting these appendages—one hollow horn tained within another. Sometimes i three or four are thus arranged. readers are or have been children, almost unnecessary to add that the contain a liquid resembling honey, and quality. Who has not, in the childhood, gaily bounded along the a sunny April morn, and climbe: rock where the sweet columbine the light breeze, invited him to si its tiny cups ?
Many fond memories and m sorrow, spring up in the mind, meet with this early blooming fl youthful May-day rambles, this be seen.
In the garlands we the brightest ornament. But, that composed those garlands, they decorated has drooped and ed away for ever. On one 1 inserted this flower as the mos the crown of our “Queen," planted it on her grave !
BY E. G. WHEELER, M. D.
CLASS, Polyandria-order, Pentagynia. Natu- we consider that its generic name is derived ral order of Linnæus, Multisiliquæ-of Jussieu, from the noble and victorious eagle, and its Helleborinæ.
common name from the gentle, harmless dove ; The systematic name of the wild Columbine, but we must reflect that the old philosophers, a representation of which embellishes our pre- and astronomers, and poets, and naturalists, sent number, is Aquilegia Canadensis. Aqui- were men that were moved by the spirit of cirlegia is from the Latin aquila, an eagle—its cumstance and omens—ever seeking after similhorns or nectaries resembling eagles' claws. itudes and naming the objects of their research Some authors think it more naturally derived according to their real or supposed resemblance from aqua, water, and lego, I gather, the edges to other objects. Some think it was given it of the leaves being slightly rolled upward and because the nectaries are formed like the caps inward, so that they retain water.
of the ancient jesters—others, that it was beGeneric Description.-Calyx none: petals cause it decks itself out in its gaudy apparel of five, caducous: nectaries five, alternating with bright red and yellow. We, of course, would the petals, extending a considerable distance be- not charge any one with folly, who is charmed yond the receptacle and terminating in a spur: with high colors in these latter days of refinecapsules five, many-seeded; styles permanent. ment and improved taste; nor would we wish This is according to Prof. Eaton's description, to have the fairer flowers that adorn our streets, but it would be more proper, perhaps, to con- exchange their dazzling splendor for more somsider the corol as a colored calyx, and the nec- bre hues. taries as petals.
By cultivation, the nectaries of all the species Specific Description.—Horns strait; stamens of this plant would, no doubt, become enlarged of different length, extending beyond the corol : and multiplied. In the Garden Columbine leaves decompound. The plant is about fifteen (Aquilegia Vulgaris) it is interesting to examine inches high, growing in a dry, shallow soil, of. these appendages—one hollow horn being conten in the crevices of rocks. It is found through- tained within another. Sometimes as many as out the Northern and Southern States-blossoms three or four are thus arranged. As all our in April - flowers red and yellow-nodding. readers are or have been children, we deem it
Medicinal Properties. —Plants found in this almost unnecessary to add that these nectaries natural order are acrid, caustic and poisonous. contain a liquid resembling honey, both in taste The seeds of the Aquilegia were formerly used and quality. Who has not, in the days of his as a remedy in eruptive diseases, and the whole childhood, gaily bounded along the hill-side, on plant was prescribed in the scurvy. Though a sunny April morn, and climbed the rugged retained in several of the foreign pharmaco- rock where the sweet columbine, nodding in pæias, it is not much valued now by physicians the light breeze, invited him to sip nectar from in this country.
its tiny cups ? There are several species of the Aquilegia, all Many fond memories and many scenes of of which are called by the common name of sorrow, spring up in the mind, whenever we Columbinera name derived from the Latin meet with this early blooming flower. In our columbinus, belonging to a dove or pigeon,-so youthful May-day rambles, this was the first to called from the circumstance that the blossoms
In the garlands we wove, this was of some of the species are dove-colored-or the brightest ornament. But, like the flowers perhaps because the power-stem bends grace- that composed those garlands, many a brow fully like the neck of the pigeon when cooing they decorated has drooped and faded and pass. to his mate.
ed away for ever. On one May morning we Its sentiment is folly. It appears, at first
inserted this flower as the most brilliant star in thought, singular that such a sentiment should the crown of our “Queen,” on the next, we be given to this graceful flower, especially when planted it on her grave !