Heredity: A Psychological Study of Its Phenomena, Laws, Causes, and Consequences
D. Appleton and Company, 1875 - 393 páginas
"Heredity is that biological law by which all beings endowed with life tend to repeat themselves in their descendants: it is for the species what personal identity is for the individual. By it a groundwork remains unchanged amid incessant variation; by it Nature ever copies and imitates herself. Ideally considered, heredity would simply be the reproduction of like by like. But this conception is purely theoretical, for the phenomena of life do not lend themselves to such mathematical precision: the conditions of their occurrence grow more and more complex in proportion as we ascend from the vegetable world to the higher animals, and thence to man. Man may be regarded either in his organism or in his dynamism: in the functions which constitute his physical life, or in the operations which constitute his mental life. Are both of these forms of life subject to the law of heredity? are they subject to it wholly, or only in part? and, in the latter case, to what extent are they so subject? The physiological side of this question has been diligently studied, but not so its psychological side. We propose to supply this deficiency in the present work"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
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according action activity admitted animal appears become body brain brother called cause century certain character civilization common complex conclusion consciousness consequently consider constitution continued daughter descendants determinism effect elements evolution exceptions existence experience explain external facts faculties father force give given habits hand Hence hereditary heredity hold human hypothesis ideas important individual influence insanity instance instincts intellectual intelligence kind latter less living means mechanism memory mental mind modes moral mother nature never object observe organism origin parents pass passions perfect persons phenomena physical physiological possessed possible present probably produced Prof progress psychological qualities question race reason reduced regard relations remarkable resemble result seen sensations sense sentiments simple species suppose thing thought tion transmission transmitted true unconscious universal
Página 255 - ... the passage from the physics of the brain to the corresponding facts of consciousness is unthinkable. Granted that a definite thought and a definite molecular action in the brain occur simultaneously, we do not possess the intellectual organ, nor, apparently, any rudiment of the organ, which would enable us to pass by a process of reasoning from the one phenomenon to the other. They appear together, but we do not know why.
Página 1 - Heredity is that biological law by which all beings endowed with life tend to repeat themselves in their descendants : it is for the species what personal identity is for the individual.
Página 395 - FRS i vol. Cloth. Price, $1.50. No. 2. PHYSICS AND POLITICS; or, Thoughts on the Application of the Principles of " Natural Selection " and " Inheritance
Página 383 - ... in mass, in complexity, in activity. The larger body of emotion needed as a fountain of energy for men who have to hold their places and rear their families under the intensifying competition of social life, is, other things equal, the correlative of larger brain. Those higher feelings presupposed by the better selfregulation which, in a better society, can alone enable the individual to leave a persistent posterity, are, other things equal, the correlatives of a more complex brain ; as are also...
Página 398 - Hittell's method is compact, embracing a wide field in a few words, often presenting a mere hint, when a fuller treatment is craved by the reader; but, although his book cannot be commended as a model of literary art, it may be consulted to great advantage by every lover of free thought and novel suggestions.
Página 384 - The necessary antagonism of Individuation and Genesis, not only, then, fulfils with precision the ii priori law of maintenance of race, from the Monad up to Man, but ensures final attainment of the highest form of this maintenance — a form in which the amount of life shall be the greatest possible, and the births and deaths the fewest possible.
Página 396 - Forthcoming Volumes. Prof. W. KINGDON CLIFFORD, MA The First Principles of the Exact Sciences explained to the Non-mathematical. Prof. TH HUXLEY, LL.D,, FRS Bodily Motion and Consciousness.
Página 396 - On Cephalization ; or, Head-Characters in the Gradation and Progress of Life. Prof. SW JOHNSON, MA On the Nutrition of Plants. Prof. AUSTIN FLINT, Jr. MD The Nervous System and its Relation to the Bodily Functions.
Página 396 - MONOGRAPHS, or small works, under the above title, which will embody the results of recent inquiry in the most interesting departments of advancing science. The character and scope of this series will be best indicated by a reference to the names and subjects included in the subjoined list, from which it will be seen that the cooperation of the most distinguished professors in England...