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The fossil plants belonging to the Miocene period of Spitzbergen have been ably treated by the distinguished naturalist, Oswald Heer, in the “ Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar” for 1869. The results fully prove that a warmer climate existed in Spitzbergen when these plants flourished. In his list of the Miocene flora he identifies three species of the family of Fungi.
It will be seen by this list of easily identified species, that the plants of a temperate region once existed there, and individuals of the same species are found in the districts named below in the following order :
25 are found in Greenland.
to the Baltic Flora.
The insect fossil fauna is represented by twentythree species.
Of the nine families of the Coleoptera the list contains :
Of the Orthoptera, Blatta hyperborea is the sole representative.
Of the Hymenoptera there are two species.
Of the Marine fauna in the Miocene period we have :
1. Terebratula grandis.
Of the Bryozoa, a new species, Lunulites, has been added to the list of this interesting and little understood group.