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APPENDIX.

The fossil plants belonging to the Miocene period of Spitzbergen have been ably treated by the distinguished naturalist, Oswald Heer, in the “ Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar” for 1869. The results fully prove that a warmer climate existed in Spitzbergen when these plants flourished. In his list of the Miocene flora he identifies three species of the family of Fungi.

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It will be seen by this list of easily identified species, that the plants of a temperate region once existed there, and individuals of the same species are found in the districts named below in the following order :

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25 are found in Greenland.
8 „ „ in Iceland.
5 „ on the Mackenzie.
7 „ „ in Alaska.
30 are recognised as belonging to the Arctic Flora.
10

to the Baltic Flora.
„ Schosonetz.

„ Bonnerkohlen.
8 » » »

„ Wetterau.

»
» » » Bilin.
11 » » »

Switzerland.
5

France.
„ Italy.
„ Kumi (Greece).

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SOME OF THE FOSSIL LEAVES WE FOUND IN SPITZBERGEN.

Page 352.

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The insect fossil fauna is represented by twentythree species.

Of the nine families of the Coleoptera the list contains :

2 Carabus.
1 Dytiscidæ.
1 Sylphidæ.
1 Hydrophilidae.
2 Elateridæ.
1 Serropalpæ.
2 Donacidæ.
2 Chrysomelida.
4 Curculionida.

Of the Orthoptera, Blatta hyperborea is the sole representative.

Of the Hymenoptera there are two species.

Of the Marine fauna in the Miocene period we have :

1. Terebratula grandis.
2. Dentalium incrassatum.
3. Dentalium spec.
4. Pecten spec.
5. Corbula Henkelinsi.
6. Corbula spec.
7. Ostrea spec.
8. Perna spec.
9. Turbo sp. ?
10. Buccinum sp.
11. Natica Phasianella.

Of the Bryozoa, a new species, Lunulites, has been added to the list of this interesting and little understood group.

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